Sets out minimum design requirements for new building work, as required by the Building Code of Australia (BCA), to enable access for people with disabilities. It covers aspects of access to and within a building.
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This Standard specifies the design requirements for new building work, as required by the Building Code of Australia (BCA) and the Disability (Access to Premises - Buildings) Standards (Premises Standards), to provide access for people with disabilities. Particular attention is given to -
(a) continuous accessible paths of travel and circulation spaces for people who use wheelchairs;
(b) access and facilities for people with ambulatory disabilities; and
(c) access for people with sensory disabilities.
NOTE: The BCA and Premises Standards set out requirements for other features of the accessible built environment not covered in this Standard, such as lifts, hearing augmentation, tactile ground surface indicators, signage, glazing, lighting, car parking and toilet numbers, and distribution.
This Standard does not include requirements for -
(i) wheelchairs that have dimensions exceeding those shown in Figure 1; or
(ii) motorized scooters.
This Standard is referenced by the BCA and the Premises Standards for the provision of access for people with disabilities. As a BCA and Premises Standards referenced document, it is applicable to buildings as and when specified in the BCA and Premises Standards.
NOTE: Compliance with this Standard may also be required by other regulatory authorities.
This Standard provides the technical detail required to achieve the level of access for a deemed-to-satisfy solution.
The requirements specified in this Standard are intended to permit general use of buildings and facilities by people with disabilities acting independently, or where a person’s usual method of operation is with an assistant, in the company of that assistant.
NOTE: The Standard is based on data resulting from empirical testing of persons aged between 18 and 60 years and may not be appropriate when applied to persons outside this age range.
The dimensions stated in this Standard, relevant to the use of wheelchairs, relate to the 80th percentile wheelchair size and user (see Figure 1), except at the following locations where the 90th percentile dimensions are required:
(a) On an accessway, at the location of a turn greater than 60°.
(b) New accessible sanitary facilities.
(c) At doorways, including door width and circulation space.
The majority of the dimensions relevant to the 90th percentile in this Standard are based on the findings of research undertaken by J. Bails, 1983 (see Bibliography).
First published as part of AS CA52.1-1968.
Revised and redesignated AS 1428-1977.
Revised and redesignated in part as AS 1428.1-1988.
Second edition 1993.
Third edition 1998.
Jointly revised and redesignated as AS 1428.1:2001.
Fifth edition 2009.