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AWS B1.11:2000
Guide For The Visual Examination Of Welds

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General Product Information

Document Type Standard
Status Superseded
Publisher:    American Welding Society
Superseded By:
AWS B1.11M/B1.11:2015

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Published:   07 Jan 2000  
Pages: 45
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Delivery Time:   5-7 days

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Published:   07 Jan 2000  
Delivery Time:   5-7 days
Pages: 45

Table of Contents

List of Figures
1 General
  1.1  Application
  1.2  Scope
  1.3  Safety and Health
  1.4  References
2 Prerequisites
  2.1  General
  2.2  Visual Acuity
  2.3  Equipment
  2.4  Experience and Training
  2.5  Procedures
  2.6  Certification Programs
  2.7  Safety
3 Fundamentals of Visual Examination
  3.1  General
  3.2  Prior to Welding
  3.3  During Welding
  3.4  After Welding
4 Weld Surface Conditions
  4.1  General
  4.2  Porosity
  4.3  Incomplete Fusion
  4.4  Incomplete Joint Penetration
  4.5  Undercut
  4.6  Underfill
  4.7  Overlap
  4.8  Lamination
  4.9  Seams and Laps
  4.10 Cracks
  4.11 Slag Inclusions
  4.12 Excessive Reinforcement
  4.13 Convexity and Concavity
  4.14 Arc Strikes
  4.15 Spatter
  4.16 Melt-Through
  4.17 Weld Size
  4.18 Surface Oxidation
5 Examination Equipment
  5.1  Introduction
  5.2  Calibration and Handling of Examination 
  5.3  Linear Measuring Devices
  5.4  Temperature Measuring Devices
  5.5  Weld Gauges
  5.6  Fiberscopes and Borescopes
  5.7  Ferrite Gauges
  5.8  Light Source
  5.9  Ammeters
6 Records
Annex A - List of Standards Commonly Used in the Welding 
Annex B - Supplementary Reading Material
Annex C - Guidelines for Preparation of Technical Inquiries
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Provides an outline of fundamental prerequisites for personnel carrying out visual examination of welds. These include physical capabilities or limitations, together with technical knowledge, experience, training, certification, and judgement. Extensive treatment is supplied on weld surface conditions. Examinations may be performed by different people and organizations. These include welders, welding super- visors, contractor's inspector, purchaser's examiner or regulatory inspector. Also gives a review of visual examination equipment aids routinely used, and additional reading/references which may supply more detailed requirements are also suggested.


2000 [01/01/0001]

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