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  • AS 1154.1-2004

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Insulator and conductor fittings for overhead power lines - Performance, material, general requirements and dimensions

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  30-06-2017

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2004

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS 1154.1-2004 INSULATOR AND CONDUCTOR FITTINGS FOR OVERHEAD POWER LINES - PERFORMANCE, MATERIAL, GENERAL REQUIREMENTS...
    4 - PREFACE
    6 - CONTENTS
    8 - SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
    8 - 1.1 SCOPE
    8 - 1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    10 - 1.3 DEFINITIONS
    10 - 1.3.1 Batch tests
    10 - 1.3.2 Calculated breaking load (CBL)
    10 - 1.3.3 Class A joints
    10 - 1.3.4 Class B joints
    10 - 1.3.5 Conductor fittings
    11 - 1.3.6 Coupling position
    11 - 1.3.7 Electrical control fittings
    11 - 1.3.8 Failing load
    11 - 1.3.9 Full tension fittings
    11 - 1.3.10 Insulator fittings
    11 - 1.3.11 Insulator pins
    11 - 1.3.12 Locking position
    11 - 1.3.13 Nominated conductor tension (NCT)
    11 - 1.3.14 Nominated holding tension (NHT)
    11 - 1.3.15 Non°tension fittings
    11 - 1.3.16 Protective fittings
    11 - 1.3.17 Routine tests
    11 - 1.3.18 Specified minimum failing load (MFL)
    11 - 1.3.19 Support fittings
    12 - 1.3.20 Type tests
    12 - 1.4 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    12 - 1.4.1 Defects
    12 - 1.4.2 Design
    12 - 1.4.3 Materials
    12 - 1.4.4 Surface finish
    12 - 1.4.5 Protection against corrosion
    13 - 1.4.6 Forming of carbon steel components (other than stainless steel or coated sheet steel and strip)
    14 - 1.4.7 Fasteners
    14 - 1.5 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTS
    14 - 1.5.1 General
    14 - 1.5.2 Type tests
    14 - 1.6 VERIFICATION OF DIMENSIONS
    15 - SECTION 2 INSULATOR PINS
    15 - 2.1 DIMENSIONS
    15 - 2.2 DESIGN
    15 - 2.3 IDENTIFICATION REFERENCE AND MARKING
    17 - 2.4 PIN DETAILS
    17 - 2.4.1 General
    17 - 2.4.2 Shank thread
    17 - 2.4.3 Material
    17 - 2.4.4 Failing load
    17 - 2.5 PIN HEAD DETAILS
    17 - 2.5.1 General
    17 - 2.5.2 Threads
    17 - 2.5.3 Material
    17 - 2.6 MECHANICAL TYPE TEST
    17 - 2.6.1 General
    17 - 2.6.2 Test assembly and procedure
    18 - 2.6.3 Requirement
    19 - SECTION 3 INSULATOR FITTINGS
    19 - 3.1 GENERAL
    19 - 3.2 MECHANICAL STRENGTH TYPE TEST
    19 - 3.2.1 Test assembly
    19 - 3.2.2 Procedure
    19 - 3.2.3 Requirement
    19 - 3.2.4 Extended strength test
    20 - SECTION 4 TENSION FITTINGS
    20 - 4.1 GENERAL
    20 - 4.2 MECHANICAL STRENGTH TYPE TEST-HOLDING STRENGTH TEST FOR FULL TENSION FITTINGS
    20 - 4.2.1 General
    20 - 4.2.2 Test assembly
    21 - 4.2.3 Procedure
    21 - 4.2.4 Requirement
    21 - 4.3 ELECTRICAL TYPE TEST
    22 - SECTION 5 NON-TENSION FITTINGS
    22 - 5.1 GENERAL
    23 - 5.2 MECHANICAL TYPE TESTS FOR FITTINGS OTHER THAN TEE FITTINGS
    23 - 5.2.1 General
    23 - 5.2.2 Test assembly
    23 - 5.2.3 Procedure
    24 - 5.2.4 Requirement
    24 - 5.3 MECHANICAL TYPE TESTS FOR TEE FITTINGS WHERE THE MAIN CONDUCTOR IS CONTINUOUS
    24 - 5.3.1 Main conductor integrity test
    24 - 5.3.2 Tensile and slip test
    25 - 5.4 ELECTRICAL TYPE TESTS OPTIONAL
    26 - SECTION 6 SUPPORT FITTINGS
    26 - 6.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTS ON SUPPORT FITTINGS
    26 - 6.2 MECHANICAL STRENGTH TYPE TESTS
    26 - 6.2.1 Holding tension (withstand slip) test
    26 - 6.2.2 Failing load test
    26 - 6.3 CLAMP BOLT TIGHTENING TEST
    28 - SECTION 7 ELECTRICAL CONTROL FITTINGS
    28 - 7.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    28 - 7.2 TYPE TESTS
    28 - 7.2.1 Mechanical strength test
    28 - 7.2.2 Electrical tests
    29 - SECTION 8 PROTECTIVE FITTINGS
    29 - 8.1 VIBRATION DAMPERS (STOCKBRIDGE TYPE)
    29 - 8.1.1 General requirements
    29 - 8.1.2 Damper efficiency type test
    31 - 8.1.3 Mechanical impedance type test
    31 - 8.1.4 Fatigue type test
    32 - 8.1.5 Weight pull°off type test
    32 - 8.2 SUBCONDUCTOR SPACERS
    32 - 8.2.1 General requirements
    32 - 8.2.2 Mechanical type tests
    33 - 8.3 GENERAL MECHANICAL TYPE TESTS
    33 - 8.3.1 Clamp slip test
    33 - 8.4 GENERAL ELECTRICAL TYPE TESTS
    33 - 8.4.1 General
    33 - 8.4.2 Corona and radio interference voltage (RIV) test
    34 - SECTION 9 DIMENSIONS AND MARKING
    34 - 9.1 DIMENSIONS
    34 - 9.1.1 General
    34 - 9.1.2 Ball and socket couplings
    34 - 9.1.3 Socket depth
    34 - 9.1.4 Locking devices for socket-ended fittings
    34 - 9.1.5 Bolts for shackle and clevis end fittings
    34 - 9.1.6 Split pins
    34 - 9.1.7 Tolerances
    34 - 9.1.8 Point of measurement
    34 - 9.1.9 Conductor fittings
    35 - 9.1.10 Tube sizes for compression fittings
    35 - 9.1.11 Palm terminals
    36 - 9.2 MARKING
    36 - 9.2.1 General
    37 - 9.2.2 Insulator fittings
    37 - 9.2.3 Conductor fittings of the compression type
    48 - APPENDIX A - FORGED STEEL FOR LOW TEMPERATURE APPLICATIONS
    48 - A1 GENERAL
    48 - A2 CHARPY TEST REQUIREMENTS
    49 - APPENDIX B - DIMENSIONS OF HEADS OF INSULATOR PINS
    49 - B1 BASIS OF DIMENSIONS
    49 - B2 DIMENSIONS OF THE HEADS OF INSULATOR PINS
    49 - B3 GAUGING PROCEDURE FOR HEADS OF INSULATOR PINS.
    54 - APPENDIX C - METHODS OF CALCULATING VIBRATION DAMPER EFFICIENCY
    54 - C1 VIBRATION DAMPER EFFICIENCY
    54 - C2 POWER METHOD
    54 - C3 STANDING WAVE METHOD
    57 - APPENDIX D - MECHANICAL IMPEDANCE TESTING
    57 - D1 GENERAL
    57 - D2 TEST METHOD
    57 - D3 RESULTS
    58 - APPENDIX E - TUBE SIZES FOR COMPRESSION FITTINGS
    58 - E1 GENERAL
    58 - E2 MATERIALS
    58 - E2.1 Steels
    58 - E2.2 Aluminium
    61 - APPENDIX F - ITEMS TO BE SPECIFIED BY THE PURCHASER OR SUBJECT TO AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE PURCHASER AND MANUFACTURER
    61 - F1 GENERAL
    61 - F2 ITEMS TO BE SPECIFIED BY THE PURCHASER
    61 - F2.1 General
    61 - F2.2 Insulator pins
    61 - F2.3 Insulator fittings
    61 - F2.4 Tension fittings
    62 - F2.5 Non°tension fittings
    62 - F2.6 Support fittings
    62 - F2.7 Electrical control fittings
    63 - F2.8 Protective fittings
    64 - APPENDIX G - MEANS FOR DEMONSTRATING COMPLIANCE WITH THIS STANDARD
    64 - G1 SCOPE
    64 - G2 BATCH AND ROUTINE TESTS
    64 - G2.1 Statistical sampling
    64 - G2.2 Typical batch and routine tests
    67 - G3 PRODUCT CERTIFICATION
    67 - G4 SUPPLIER'S QUALITY SYSTEM
    67 - G5 OTHER MEANS OF ASSESSMENT
    68 - APPENDIX H - ELECTRICAL HEAT CYCLE TEST
    68 - H1 PURPOSE
    68 - H2 JOINTS
    68 - H2.1 General
    68 - H2.2 Service temperatures
    68 - H2.3 Classification for test purposes
    69 - H3 TEST SPECIMENS
    69 - H3.1 General
    69 - H3.2 Multi-range connectors
    69 - H3.3 Preparation
    69 - H3.4 Data on test specimens
    69 - H4 TEST ARRANGEMENTS
    69 - H4.1 Test conditions
    70 - H4.2 Reference conductor
    70 - H4.3 Potential points
    70 - H4.4 Installation of test loop
    70 - H4.5 Measurements
    71 - H5 HEAT CYCLE TEST PROCEDURE
    71 - H5.1 General
    72 - H5.2 Joints of class A
    73 - H5.3 Joints of class B
    75 - APPENDIX I - CORONA AND RADIO INTERFERENCE VOLTAGE TESTS
    75 - I1 PURPOSE
    75 - I2 DESCRIPTION OF TEST METHODS
    76 - I3 GENERAL
    76 - I4 TEST CIRCUIT AND INSTRUMENTS
    77 - I5 CORONA AND RIV TEST PROCEDURES
    77 - I6 ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    77 - I7 TEST REPORT
    78 - APPENDIX J - TYPICAL JOINT TYPES
    79 - APPENDIX K - TYPICAL TEST CIRCUIT-CLASS A JOINTS
    80 - APPENDIX L - TYPICAL TEST CIRCUIT-CLASS B JOINTS
    81 - APPENDIX M - DIAGRAMMATIC REPRESENTATION OF HEAT CYCLE TEST SEQUENCE
    82 - APPENDIX N - MATHEMATICAL ACCEPTANCE CRITERION
    82 - N1 GENERAL
    82 - N2 DESIGNATION OF RESISTANCE MEASUREMENTS
    83 - N3 CALCULATION OF MEAN RESISTANCE
    83 - N4 CALCULATION OF SLOPE OF LINE OF BEST FIT OF RESISTANCE MEASUREMENTS
    83 - N5 CALCULATION OF CHANGE OF RESISTANCE AS A FRACTION OF MEAN RESISTANCE BASED ON LINE OF BEST FIT
    83 - N6 COMPARISON OF M WITH ACCEPTANCE CRITERION
    83 - N7 EXTEND CHANGE OF RESISTANCE CALCULATION TO TAKE ACCOUNT OF THE SCATTER OF RESISTANCE READINGS AROUND THE LINE OF...
    83 - N8 COMPARE M + S WITH ACCEPTANCE CRITERION
    84 - APPENDIX O - POTENTIAL POINTS

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provide users and manufacturers of fittings with definitions of terms, performance requirements, dimensions, test methods and acceptance criteria.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard sets out performance and general requirements for insulator and conductor fittings (other than helical fittings, which are covered in AS 1154.3) together with the critical dimensions for a limited range of insulator pins and cast, forged or fabricated insulator fittings for use on overhead electric power lines using insulators with minimum failing loads of 70 kN, 120 kN and 160 kN. Pulling eyes provided to assist installation and fittings for insulated service lines, aerial bundled cables and high-voltage covered conductors are not covered by this Standard. NOTES: 1 Appendix G provides guidance on means of demonstrating compliance with this Standard. 2 Appendix F provides guidance on items to be specified by purchasers of insulator and conductor fittings.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee EL-010
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    First published as AS C345.1-1962 and AS C345.2-1967.
    AS C345.1-1962 revised and redesignated as AS 1154.1-1972.
    AS C345.2-1967 revised and redesignated as AS 1154.2-1972.
    Second edition AS 1154.1-1980.
    Second edition AS 1154.2-1980.
    Third edition AS 1154.1-1985.
    Third edition AS 1154.2-1985.
    AS 1154.1-1985 and AS 1154.2-1985 revised, amalgamated and designated as AS 1154.1-2004. First published as AS C345.1-1962 and AS C345.2-1967. AS C345.1-1962 revised and redesignated as AS 1154.1-1972. AS C345.2-1967 revised and redesignated as AS 1154.2-1972. Second edition AS 1154.1-1980. Second edition AS 1154.2-1980. Third edition AS 1154.1-1985. Third edition AS 1154.2-1985. AS 1154.1-1985 and AS 1154.2-1985 revised, amalgamated and designated as AS 1154.1-2004.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 1111.1-2000 ISO metric hexagon bolts and screws - Product grade C - Bolts
    AS 1831-2007 Ductile cast iron
    AS 1112.1-2000 ISO metric hexagon nuts - Style 1 - Product grades A and B
    AS/NZS CISPR 16.1.3:2004 (2ND EDITION) Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Ancillary equipment - Disturbance power
    AS 1442-2007 Carbon steels and carbon-manganese steels - Hot rolled bars and semifinished products
    HB 18.44-1991 Guidelines for third-party certification and accreditation General rules for ISO or IEC international third-party certification schemes for products
    AS/NZS 1559:1997 Hot-dip galvanized steel bolts and associated nuts and washers for tower construction
    AS/NZS 1866:1997 Aluminium and aluminium alloys - Extruded rod, bar, solid and hollow shapes (Reconfirmed 2020)
    AS 2074-2003 Cast steels
    AS/NZS 4680:2006 Hot-dip galvanized (zinc) coatings on fabricated ferrous articles (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS 1214-1983 Hot-dip galvanized coatings on threaded fasteners (ISO metric coarse thread series)
    AS 1110.1-2000 ISO metric hexagon bolts and screws - Product grades A and B - Bolts
    AS/NZS CISPR 16.1.1:2004 Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Measuring apparatus
    AS 1275-1985 Metric screw threads for fasteners
    AS 1931.1-1996 High-voltage test techniques - General definitions and test requirements
    AS 1832-2002 Malleable cast iron
    AS/NZS 2947.1:1999 Insulators - Porcelain and glass for overhead power lines - Voltages greater than 1000 V a.c. Test methods - Insulator units
    AS 1442-1992 Carbon steels and carbon-manganese steels - Hot-rolled bars and semifinished products
    AS/NZS 4680:1999 Hot-dip galvanized (zinc) coatings on fabricated ferrous articles
    AS 2947.3-1995 Insulators - Porcelain and glass for overhead power lines - Voltages greater than 1000 V a.c. - Couplings
    AS/NZS ISO 9000:2000 Quality management systems - Fundamentals and vocabulary
    AS/NZS CISPR 16.1.5:2004 Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Antenna calibration test sites for 30 MHz to 1000 MHz
    AS 1544.2-2003 Method for impact tests on metals Charpy V-notch (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS 1816.3-2002 Metallic materials - Brinell hardness test - Calibration of reference blocks
    AS 1112.4-2000 ISO metric hexagon nuts - Chamfered thin nuts - Product grades A and B
    AS 1448-1981 Carbon steels and carbon-manganese steels - Forgings (ruling section 300 mm maximum)
    AS 1832-2007 Malleable cast iron
    AS/NZS ISO 9000:2006 Quality management systems - Fundamentals and vocabulary
    AS/NZS 4435.2:1999 Insulators - Composite for overhead power lines - Voltages greater than 1000 V a.c. Standard strength classes and end fittings for string insulator units (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 1867:1997 Aluminium and aluminium alloys - Drawn tubes (Reconfirmed 2020)
    AS 1733-1976 Methods for the determination of grain size in metals (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 1444-1996 Wrought alloy steels - Standard, hardenability (H) series and hardened and tempered to designated mechanical properties
    AS 1816.2-2002 Metallic materials - Brinell hardness test - Verificaiton and calibration of testing machines
    AS/NZS CISPR 16.1.4:2004 Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Ancillary equipment - Radiated disturbances
    AS 1112.2-2000 ISO metric hexagon nuts - Style 2 - Product grades A and B
    AS 1816.2-2007 Metallic materials - Brinell hardness test Verification and calibration of testing machines
    AS/NZS 2947.4:1999 Insulators - Porcelain and glass for overhead power lines - Voltages greater than 1000 V a.c. Test methods - Insulator strings and insulator sets
    AS 1237.2-2002 Plain washers for metric bolts, screws and nuts for general purposes - Tolerances
    AS 1154.3-1985 Insulator and conductor fittings for overhead power lines - Performance and general requirements for helical fittings
    AS 1816.1-2002 Metallic materials - Brinell hardness test Test method (ISO 6506-1:1999, MOD)
    AS 1112.3-2000 ISO metric hexagon nuts - Product grade C
    AS 2837-1986 Wrought alloy steels - Stainless steel bars and semi-finished products
    AS 1199.0-2003 Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes Introduction to the ISO 2859 attribute sampling system
    AS/NZS CISPR 16.1.2:2004 Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Ancillary equipment - Conducted disturbances
    AS 1448-2007 Carbon steel and carbon-manganese steels - Forgings (ruling section 300 mm maximum)
    AS/NZS 1390:1997 Cup head bolts with ISO metric coarse pitch threads (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS CISPR 16.1:2002 Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus
    AS/NZS 3678:1996 Structural steel - Hot-rolled plates, floorplates and slabs
    AS/NZS 3679.1:1996 Structural steel - Hot-rolled bars and sections
    AS 1199.1-2003 Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes Sampling schemes indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection
    AS 2395-1980 Terminals for switchgear assemblies for alternating voltages above 1 kV
    AS 1831-2002 Ductile cast iron
    AS 1816.1-2007 Metallic materials - Brinell hardness test Test method (ISO 6506-1:2005, MOD)
    AS/NZS ISO 9004:2000 Quality management systems - Guidelines for performance improvements
    AS 1816.3-2007 Metallic materials - Brinell hardness test Calibration of reference blocks
    AS 1444-2007 Wrought alloy steels - Standard, hardenability (H) series and hardened and tempered to designated mechanical properties
    AS/NZS CISPR 16.1.3:2004 Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Disturbance power (Reconfirmed 2016)

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 2947.3-1995 Insulators - Porcelain and glass for overhead power lines - Voltages greater than 1000 V a.c. - Couplings
    AS 3768-1990 Guide to the effects of temperature on electrical equipment
    AS 1154.3-2009 Insulator and conductor fittings for overhead power lines Performance and general requirements for helical fittings (Reconfirmed 2019)
    AS 1154.1-2009 Insulator and conductor fittings for overhead power lines Performance, material, general requirements and dimensions (Reconfirmed 2019)
    AS 2067-1984 Switchgear assemblies and ancillary equipment for alternating voltages above 1 kV
    AS 4899-2007 Pin insulators - Porcelain and glass for overhead power lines - Voltages greater than 1000 V a.c.
    AS 3766-1990 Mechanical fittings for low voltage aerial bundled cables
    AS 3608-2005 Insulators - Porcelain and glass, pin and shackle type - Voltages not exceeding 1000 V a.c.
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