We noticed you’re not on the correct regional site. Switch to our AMERICAS site for the best experience.
  • AS 1418.1-1994

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
    Add to Watchlist
    This Standard has been added successfully to your Watchlist
    Please visit My Watchlist to see all standards that you are watching.
    Please log in or to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    You have already added this standard to your Watchlist.
    Visit My Watchlist to view the full list.

    Cranes (including hoists and winches) - General requirements

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  30-06-2017

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  01-01-1994

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

    Add to Watchlist

    Add To Cart

    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS 1418.1-1994 CRANES (INCLUDING HOISTS AND WINCHES) - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    9 - FOREWORD
    10 - SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
    10 - 1.1 SCOPE
    10 - 1.2 NEW DESIGNS AND INNOVATIONS
    10 - 1.3 INTERPRETATIONS
    10 - 1.4 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    10 - 1.5 DEFINITIONS
    10 - 1.6 NOTATION
    11 - SECTION 2 CLASSIFICATION OF CRANES
    11 - 2.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    11 - 2.2 GENERAL
    11 - 2.3 GROUP CLASSIFICATION
    11 - 2.3.1 Bases of classification
    11 - 2.3.2 Class of utilization
    12 - 2.3.3 Load spectrum
    12 - 2.3.4 Group classification
    14 - SECTION 3 MATERIALS FOR CRANES
    14 - 3.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    14 - 3.2 MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS
    14 - 3.3 MATERIAL PROPERTIES
    15 - SECTION 4 CRANE LOADS
    15 - 4.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    15 - 4.2 REFERENCE TO OTHER PARTS OF THIS STANDARD
    15 - 4.3 DETERMINATION OF CRANE LOADS
    15 - 4.4 CATEGORIZATION OF CRANE LOADS
    16 - 4.5 PRINCIPAL LOADS
    16 - 4.5.1 General
    16 - 4.5.2 Dead loads
    17 - 4.5.3 Hoisted load
    19 - 4.5.4 Inertia loads
    23 - 4.5.5 Loads induced by displacements
    23 - 4.6 ADDITIONAL LOADS
    23 - 4.6.1 General
    23 - 4.6.2 In-service wind forces
    23 - 4.6.3 Snow and ice loads
    23 - 4.6.4 Forces due to temperature variation
    23 - 4.6.5 Lateral forces due to oblique travel
    25 - 4.6.6 Bulk material impact loads
    26 - 4.7 SPECIAL LOADS
    26 - 4.7.1 General
    26 - 4.7.2 Loads due to off-vertical hoisting
    26 - 4.7.3 Out-of-service wind forces
    26 - 4.7.4 Test loads
    26 - 4.7.5 Buffer forces
    27 - 4.7.6 Tilting forces
    27 - 4.7.7 Loads on walkways and in chutes
    29 - 4.7.8 Loads caused by emergency conditions
    29 - 4.7.9 Seismic loads
    29 - 4.7.10 Loads during erection
    29 - 4.8 CATEGORIZATION OF FREQUENCY OF CRANE LOAD COMBINATIONS
    29 - 4.9 PRINCIPLES FOR DETERMINATION OF CRANE LOAD COMBINATIONS
    29 - 4.9.1 Basic considerations
    30 - 4.9.2 Application of load combinations
    32 - SECTION 5 DESIGN OF CRANE STRUCTURE
    32 - 5.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    32 - 5.2 BASIS OF DESIGN
    32 - 5.2.1 Service life of crane
    32 - 5.2.2 Design of structure
    32 - 5.2.3 Classification of crane structures
    32 - 5.3 DESIGN OBJECTIVE
    32 - 5.4 METHOD OF DESIGN
    32 - 5.4.1 General
    32 - 5.4.2 Working stress design method
    33 - 5.4.3 Limit states method
    34 - 5.5 FATIGUE STRENGTH
    34 - 5.5.1 General
    34 - 5.5.2 Working stress design
    34 - 5.5.3 Limit states design
    34 - 5.6 DESIGN FOR SERVICEABILITY DEFLECTION AND VIBRATION
    34 - 5.6.1 General
    34 - 5.6.2 Deformation limits
    35 - 5.6.3 Limits on frequency and amplitude of vibration
    35 - 5.7 DESIGN OF MONORAIL BEAMS
    35 - 5.7.1 Flange thickness
    36 - 5.7.2 Web thickness of single-web beam
    38 - SECTION 6 STABILITY
    38 - 6.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    38 - 6.2 OVERTURNING
    38 - 6.3 STABILITY DURING ERECTION, MAINTENANCE AND WEIGHING
    38 - 6.4 SAFETY AGAINST DRIFTING
    40 - SECTION 7 CRANE MECHANISMS
    40 - 7.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    40 - 7.2 MECHANISMS
    40 - 7.3 BASIS OF DESIGN
    40 - 7.3.1 Design of mechanism
    40 - 7.3.2 Design for strength
    40 - 7.3.3 Design for life
    41 - 7.3.4 Classification of crane mechanisms
    43 - 7.4 MECHANISM LOADINGS
    43 - 7.4.1 Determination of loads
    43 - 7.4.2 Categorization of mechanism loads
    43 - 7.4.3 Categorization of mechanism loading
    44 - 7.5 PRINCIPAL LOADS
    44 - 7.6 ADDITIONAL LOADS
    45 - 7.7 SPECIAL LOADS
    46 - 7.8 CATEGORIZATION OF FREQUENCY OF MECHANISM LOAD COMBINATIONS
    46 - 7.9 PRINCIPALS OF DETERMINATION OF MECHANISM LOAD COMBINATIONS
    46 - 7.9.1 General
    46 - 7.9.2 Application of load combinations
    49 - 7.10 MECHANICAL COMPONENTS
    49 - 7.10.1 General
    52 - 7.10.2 Bearings
    52 - 7.10.3 Gearing
    52 - 7.11 DRIVING MEDIA
    52 - 7.12 BRAKING
    52 - 7.12.1 Braking media
    52 - 7.12.2 Size and characteristics
    52 - 7.12.3 Environmental protection
    52 - 7.12.4 Accessibility
    52 - 7.12.5 Materials
    53 - 7.12.6 Design
    53 - 7.12.7 Operation
    53 - 7.12.8 Hoisting motion
    53 - 7.12.9 Travel and traverse motions
    54 - 7.12.10 Luffing motion
    54 - 7.12.11 Slewing motion
    54 - 7.13 MOTION LIMITS, INDICATORS AND WARNING DEVICES
    54 - 7.13.1 Provision of limits
    54 - 7.13.2 Range of limitation of motion
    54 - 7.13.3 Operation of motion limit
    54 - 7.13.4 Indicators and warning devices
    55 - 7.14 DRUMS
    55 - 7.14.1 Materials
    55 - 7.14.2 Design
    56 - 7.14.3 Diameter of drum
    56 - 7.14.4 Actual thickness of drum shell
    56 - 7.14.5 Theoretical thickness of drum shell (abbreviated method)
    58 - 7.15 SHEAVES
    58 - 7.15.1 Materials
    58 - 7.15.2 Design
    58 - 7.15.3 Diameter of sheave
    58 - 7.15.4 Sheave guard
    58 - 7.16 DRUM AND SHEAVE DIAMETERS
    58 - 7.17 ROPES AND REEVED SYSTEMS
    58 - 7.17.1 Ropes
    59 - 7.17.2 Components
    59 - 7.18 GUYS, OTHER FIXED-ROPE SYSTEMS, AND STATIONARY ROPES
    59 - 7.19 REEVED SYSTEMS
    59 - 7.19.1 Wire rope
    60 - 7.19.2 Wire rope selection procedure
    61 - 7.19.3 Fleet angle from drum or sheave
    61 - 7.19.4 Rope anchorages
    61 - 7.19.5 Rope equalizers
    61 - 7.19.6 Overhauling weight
    61 - 7.19.7 Fibre rope
    61 - 7.20 WHEELS AND RAILS
    61 - 7.20.1 Selection of wheels and rails
    61 - 7.20.2 Wheel loading
    62 - 7.20.3 Wheels
    64 - 7.20.4 Tyres
    64 - 7.20.5 Side guide rollers
    65 - 7.20.6 Rails
    70 - 7.20.7 Rail fastening
    71 - 7.20.8 Rail joints
    71 - 7.20.9 Rail alignment
    71 - 7.20.10 Runway flanges -Lateral support
    73 - SECTION 8 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND CONTROLS
    73 - 8.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    73 - 8.2 MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT
    73 - 8.3 INFORMATION RELEVANT TO DESIGN OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
    73 - 8.4 MOTORS
    73 - 8.4.1 Enclosure and duty type
    73 - 8.4.2 Rated output and performance characteristics
    74 - 8.4.3 Resistors for motor power circuits
    74 - 8.5 MOTOR CONTROL
    74 - 8.5.1 Control systems
    74 - 8.5.2 Electrical braking
    74 - 8.5.3 Motor control circuit
    75 - 8.6 CONTACTORS
    75 - 8.7 CONTROLLERS
    75 - 8.7.1 Means of control
    75 - 8.7.2 Pendant control station
    77 - 8.7.3 Pendant cord
    77 - 8.7.4 Whole-current controller
    77 - 8.7.5 Master controller or combination controller
    77 - 8.7.6 Radio control
    79 - 8.7.7 Electronic control
    81 - 8.7.8 Automatic control
    82 - 8.7.9 Infra-red control
    83 - 8.8 LIMIT SWITCHES
    83 - 8.8.1 Purpose
    83 - 8.8.2 Mandatory and optional limit switches
    83 - 8.8.3 Working-limit switch
    83 - 8.8.4 Final-limit switch
    84 - 8.8.5 Operation of limit switches and associated electrical relays
    84 - 8.8.6 Design and construction
    85 - 8.8.7 Application
    85 - 8.9 CONTROL-CIRCUIT TRANSFORMERS
    85 - 8.10 ELECTRICAL ISOLATION
    85 - 8.10.1 Purpose
    85 - 8.10.2 Arrangement of isolation
    87 - 8.10.3 Main isolator
    88 - 8.10.4 Crane isolator
    89 - 8.10.5 Access isolators
    89 - 8.10.6 Service isolator
    89 - 8.10.7 Accessory, ancillary and auxiliary isolators
    89 - 8.10.8 Emergency isolation
    90 - 8.11 ELECTRICAL PROTECTION
    90 - 8.11.1 Purpose
    90 - 8.11.2 Overcurrent protection
    91 - 8.11.3 Motor overtemperature protection (overload protection)
    91 - 8.11.4 Earthing
    91 - 8.12 HIGH-VOLTAGE SUPPLY TO CRANES
    92 - 8.13 LIGHTNING PROTECTION
    92 - 8.14 CRANES WITH MAGNET ATTACHMENTS
    92 - 8.14.1 General
    92 - 8.14.2 Lifting capacity
    92 - 8.14.3 Magnet controllers
    92 - 8.14.4 Application of magnets
    92 - 8.14.5 Emergency batteries
    93 - 8.14.6 Magnet circuits
    93 - 8.14.7 Rectifiers
    94 - 8.14.8 Magnet leads
    94 - 8.14.9 Magnet couplings
    94 - 8.14.10 Magnet attachments
    95 - 8.14.11 Magnet testing
    95 - 8.15 WIRING AND CONDUCTORS
    95 - 8.15.1 Materials and installation
    95 - 8.15.2 Multi-outlet electrical supply
    95 - 8.15.3 Crane collector systems
    96 - 8.15.4 Collector rings
    96 - 8.15.5 Electrical supply cables
    96 - 8.15.6 Flexible cable
    97 - 8.16 ACCESSIBILITY
    97 - 8.16.1 General
    97 - 8.16.2 Servicing platforms
    97 - 8.17 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT MARKING AND INSTALLATION DIAGRAMS
    97 - 8.17.1 Marking
    97 - 8.17.2 Diagrams
    98 - SECTION 9 HYDRAULIC EQUIPMENT AND CONTROLS
    98 - 9.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    98 - 9.2 MATERIALS
    98 - 9.3 BASIS OF DESIGN
    98 - 9.3.1 General
    98 - 9.3.2 Braking
    98 - 9.3.3 Emergency stop
    98 - 9.3.4 Tubes, hoses, fittings and fluid passages
    98 - 9.3.5 Safety features
    99 - 9.4 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
    99 - 9.5 COMPONENTS
    99 - 9.5.1 Accumulators
    99 - 9.5.2 Cylinders
    99 - 9.5.3 Filters and strainers
    99 - 9.5.4 Hydraulic controls
    100 - 9.5.5 Hydraulic pumps and hydraulic motors
    100 - 9.5.6 Hydraulic tubing, hoses, fittings and fluid passages
    100 - 9.5.7 Reservoirs
    100 - 9.6 INSTALLATION
    100 - 9.7 TESTING
    100 - 9.8 MARKING
    101 - 9.9 INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
    101 - 9.9.1 General
    101 - 9.9.2 Replacement parts
    102 - SECTION 10 PNEUMATIC EQUIPMENT AND CONTROLS
    102 - 10.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    102 - 10.2 MATERIALS
    102 - 10.3 BASIS OF DESIGN
    102 - 10.3.1 General
    102 - 10.3.2 Braking
    102 - 10.3.3 Emergency stop
    102 - 10.3.4 Tubes, hoses, fittings and air passages
    102 - 10.3.5 Safety features
    103 - 10.4 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
    103 - 10.5 COMPONENTS
    103 - 10.5.1 Cylinders
    103 - 10.5.2 Filters
    103 - 10.5.3 Pneumatic controls
    103 - 10.5.4 Pneumatic motors
    103 - 10.5.5 Pneumatic tubing, hoses, fittings and air passages
    104 - 10.5.6 Receivers
    104 - 10.6 INSTALLATION
    104 - 10.7 TESTING
    104 - 10.8 MARKING
    104 - 10.9 INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
    104 - 10.9.1 General
    104 - 10.9.2 Replacement parts
    105 - SECTION 11 OPERATIONAL DESIGN
    105 - 11.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    105 - 11.2 CONTROL CABIN
    105 - 11.2.1 Location of control cabin
    105 - 11.2.2 Space for driver/operator
    105 - 11.2.3 Seating of driver/operator
    105 - 11.2.4 Controls and indicators
    105 - 11.2.5 Visibility from the cabin
    106 - 11.2.6 Ventilation
    106 - 11.2.7 Lighting
    106 - 11.2.8 Thermal environment
    106 - 11.2.9 Noise exposure criteria
    106 - 11.2.10 Communication
    106 - 11.2.11 Fire extinguisher
    107 - 11.2.12 Emergency entry to control cabin
    107 - 11.3 PENDANT CONTROL STATIONS AND PENDANT CORDS
    107 - 11.3.1 Pathway for crane driver
    107 - 11.3.2 Operating level of controls
    107 - 11.4 DRIVER CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
    107 - 11.4.1 Crane motions
    107 - 11.4.2 Operation of controls
    107 - 11.4.3 Interlocking of controls
    107 - 11.4.4 Controls and indicators for ancillaries
    107 - 11.5 WARNING DEVICES
    108 - SECTION 12 MANUFACTURE AND CONSTRUCTION
    108 - 12.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    108 - 12.2 MATERIALS
    108 - 12.3 FABRICATION AND ASSEMBLY
    108 - 12.4 REWORK
    108 - 12.5 FINISH
    108 - 12.6 DRAINING
    108 - 12.7 ACCESS AND CLEARANCES
    108 - 12.7.1 General
    108 - 12.7.2 Access to crane driving position
    108 - 12.7.3 Access and servicing facilities
    109 - 12.7.4 Clearances
    109 - 12.8 REPAIRS
    110 - SECTION 13 ACCESS FOR SERVICING
    110 - 13.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    110 - 13.2 ACCESS FOR SERVICING
    110 - 13.2.1 Servicing
    110 - 13.2.2 Access for servicing
    111 - SECTION 14 INSPECTION, TESTING AND MARKING
    111 - 14.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    111 - 14.2 INSPECTION
    111 - 14.3 TESTING
    111 - 14.4 MARKING
    111 - 14.4.1 General
    111 - 14.4.2 Marking on lifting means
    112 - SECTION 15 OPERATING ENVIRONMENT
    112 - 15.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    112 - 15.2 INDOOR INSTALLATION
    112 - 15.2.1 Normal service conditions
    112 - 15.2.2 Special service conditions
    113 - 15.3 OUTDOOR INSTALLATION
    113 - 15.3.1 Normal service conditions
    113 - 15.3.2 Special service conditions
    113 - 15.4 MAINTENANCE
    114 - APPENDIX A - ORGANIZATION OF AUSTRALIAN STANDARD FOR CRANES
    118 - APPENDIX B - LIST OF REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    122 - APPENDIX C - FATIGUE DESIGN OF MECHANISMS
    122 - C1 INTRODUCTION
    122 - C2 DEFINITIONS
    122 - C2.1 Alternating stress
    122 - C2.2 Endurance limit (or fatigue limit)
    122 - C2.3 Endurance ratio
    122 - C2.4 Fatigue life
    123 - C2.5 Fatigue strength
    123 - C2.6 Finite life
    123 - C2.7 Fluctuating stress
    123 - C2.8 Frequency of stress cycle
    123 - C2.9 Infinite life
    123 - C2.10 Linear damage law
    123 - C2.11 Maximum and minimum stress
    123 - C2.12 Mean stress (or steady stress component)
    123 - C2.13 S-N diagram
    123 - C2.14 Stress amplitude
    123 - C2.15 Stress cycle
    123 - C2.16 Stress range
    123 - C2.17 Stress ratio
    123 - C3 DESIGN PROCEDURE
    123 - C3.1 General
    124 - C3.2 Selection of materials
    124 - C3.3 Detail design
    124 - C3.4 Fatigue strength design
    125 - C3.5 Fatigue life design
    125 - C3.6 Factor of safety
    125 - C4 WELDED FABRICATED COMPONENTS
    125 - C5 REFERENCES
    126 - APPENDIX D - TYPICAL CRANE APPLICATION CLASSIFICATION
    128 - APPENDIX E - OBLIQUE TRAVEL FORCES-DETAILED ANALYSIS
    128 - E1 GENERAL
    128 - E2 GENERAL METHOD OF CALCULATION APPLICABLE TO ALL BRIDGE AND GANTRY CRANES
    132 - APPENDIX F - TYPICAL CRANE DRIVE DIAGRAMS
    134 - APPENDIX G - TYPICAL METHODS OF BRAKING OPERATION
    134 - G1 BRAKE APPLICATION
    134 - G2 BRAKE RELEASE
    135 - APPENDIX H - GUIDANCE ON GROOVE PROFILES FOR ROPE DRUMS
    137 - APPENDIX I - THEORETICAL THICKNESS OF CRANE DRUM
    137 - I1 APPLICATION
    137 - I2 NOTATION
    139 - I3 PERMISSIBLE STRESSES
    139 - I4 LIMITATIONS ON DRUM-SHELL THICKNESS
    139 - I5 STRESSES IN SINGLE-LAYER DRUM
    140 - I6 STRESSES IN MULTILAYER DRUM*
    141 - I7 DRUM DESIGN FACTORS
    148 - APPENDIX J - GUIDANCE ON GROOVE PROFILES FOR WIRE ROPE SHEAVES
    151 - APPENDIX K - REEVED SYSTEMS-ALLOWANCE FOR FRICTIONAL EFFECTS
    153 - APPENDIX L - NOISE LEVELS
    154 - APPENDIX M - MAINTENANCE WORK PROCEDURES
    154 - M1 INTRODUCTION
    154 - M2 RESTRICTION OF ACCESS
    154 - M3 AUTHORIZATION FOR ACCESS
    154 - M4 WARNING TO OTHER PERSONNEL
    154 - M5 WORK NEAR CRANES AND CRANE RUNWAYS
    154 - M6 WORK ON CRANES
    154 - M7 LOCKOUT OF MAIN ISOLATOR OR CRANE ISOLATOR
    154 - M8 OVERHEAD MAINTENANCE WORK
    155 - M9 MAINTENANCE WORK IN ELEVATED POSITIONS
    155 - M10 HEAD PROTECTION
    156 - APPENDIX N - STANDARDS FOR COMPONENTS USED IN LIFTING SYSTEMS

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    The Standard specifies the general requirements for cranes. The Standard includes the design of cranes by the traditional working stress method and also allows design by the limit states design method. The partial load factors necessary for crane design by the limit states method have not been provided. Major technical changes include revisions towards harmonization with ISO Standards, development of crane loads, crane structure, stability, electrical and controls including automatic controls, radio controls and infra-red control. The Appendices have also been revised.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard specifies the general requirements for cranes (including hoists and winches), as defined in AS 2549, and appliances intended to carry out similar functions. In recognition of the publication of AS 4100, the limit states design method has been included in this Standard along with the traditional working stress design method to AS 3990. The partial load factors referenced in Clauses 4.9.2.3 and 7.9.2.3 for limit states design have not been given as these have not yet been provided for in any internationally recognized crane Standard. Where the limit states design method is used, cranes shall be designed to give a degree of safety not less than that given in this Standard for the working stress design method for strength, buckling, deflection, torsion, fatigue and the like.NOTES:1 Specific requirements for particular types of cranes are specified in other Parts of AS 1418; these requirements take precedence over corresponding requirements in this Standard where any difference exists.2 Requirements for the selection and operation of some types of cranes are given in AS 2550.3 A chart showing the structure of the Crane Code and its parts is given in Appendix A.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee ME-005
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Under Revision see DR 00321 AS 1418.1 first published as part of AS CB2-1938.Second edition 1960.Revised and redesignated in part as AS 1418.1-1977.Second edition 1986.Third edition 1994. AS 1418.1 first published as part of AS CB2-1938. Second edition 1960. Revised and redesignated in part as AS 1418.1-1977. Second edition 1986. Third edition 1994.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 1720.1-1988 Timber structures (known as the SAA Timber Structures Code) - Design methods
    AS 4041-1998 Pressure piping
    AS 1288-1994 Glass in buildings - Selection and installation
    AS 1431.2-1989 Low voltage switchgear and controlgear - Control circuit devices and switching elements - Additional requirements for push-buttons and indicator lights
    AS 2670-1983 Vibration and shock - Guide to the evaluation of human exposure to whole body vibration
    AS 1801-1981 Industrial safety helmets
    AS 1831-1985 Iron castings - Spheroidal or nodular graphite cast iron
    AS 1841.6-1992 Portable fire extinguishers - Carbon dioxide type
    AS 3777-1990 Shank hooks and large-eye hooks - Maximum 25 t
    AS 2550.1-1993 Cranes - Safe use - General requirements
    AS 2741-1992 Shackles
    AS 2076-1996 Wire-rope grips for non-lifting applications
    AS 1170.2-1989 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) - Wind loads
    AS 1210-1989 Unfired Pressure Vessels (known as the SAA Unfired Pressure Vessels Code)
    AS 1418.12-1991 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Crane collector systems (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 1269-1989 Acoustics - Hearing conservation
    AS 1055.2-1997 Acoustics - Description and measurement of environmental noise Application to specific situations
    AS 1319-1994 Safety signs for the occupational environment (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 1841.5-1992 Portable fire extinguishers - Powder type
    AS 1085.1-1995 Railway permanent way material - Part 1: Steel rails
    AS 3007.2-1987 Electrical installations - Surface mines and associated processing plant - General protection requirements
    AS 1202.2-1976 A.C. motor starters (up to and including 1000 V) - Star-delta starters
    AS 1360.11-1980 Rotating electrical machines of particular types or for particular applications - Dimensions and performance of small power electrical machines
    AS 3100-1990 Approval and test specification - General requirements for electrical equipment
    AS 3108-1990 Approval and test specification - Particular requirements for isolating transformers and safety isolating transformers
    AS 1832-1985 Iron castings - Malleable cast iron
    AS 3000-1986 Electrical installations - Buildings, structures and premises (known as the SAA Wiring Rules)
    AS 3007.1-1987 Electrical installations - Surface mines and associated processing plant - Scope and definitions
    AS 2319-1984 Rigging screws and turnbuckles
    AS 1202.1-1981 A.C. motor starters (up to and including 1000 V) - Direct-on-line (full voltage) starters
    AS 1170.3-1990 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) - Snow loads
    AS 1170.1-1981 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) Dead and live loads
    AS 1874-1988 Aluminium and aluminium alloys - Ingots and castings
    AS 2549-1996 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - Glossary of terms
    AS 1202.4-1976 A.C. motor starters (up to and including 1000 V) - Rheostatic rotor starters
    AS 1841.7-1992 Portable fire extinguishers - Vapourizing-liquid type
    AS 1594-1989 Hot-rolled steel flat products
    AS 3947.3-1994 Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Switches, disconnectors, switch-disconnectors and fuse-combination units
    AS 3990-1993 Mechanical equipment - Steelwork (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 3600-1994 Concrete structures
    AS 1138-1992 Thimbles for wire rope
    AS 1418.2-1997 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Serial hoists and winches
    AS 1101.1-1993 Graphic symbols for general engineering - Hydraulic and pneumatic systems
    AS 2318-1990 Swivels for hoists
    AS 2740-1984 Lifting tackle - Wedge type sockets
    AS 1431.7-1989 Low voltage switchgear and controlgear - Control circuit devices and switching elements - Additional requirements for control switches with positive-opening operation
    AS 4100-1990 Steel structures
    AS 1657-1992 Fixed platforms, walkways, stairways and ladders - Design, construction and installation
    AS 3791-1991 Hydraulic hose
    AS 1726-1993 Geotechnical site investigations
    AS 1891-1983 Industrial safety belts and harnesses
    AS 3608-1989 Insulators - Porcelain and glass, pin and shackle type - Voltages not exceeding 1000 V a.c.
    AS 2759-1985 Steel wire rope - Application guide
    AS 1664-1979 Rules for the use of aluminium in structures (known as the SAA Aluminium Structures Code) (incorporating Corrig.)
    AS 1768-1991 Lightning protection
    AS 1939-1990 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment (IP Code)
    AS 1554.1-1985 Structural steel welding (known as the SAA Structural Steel Welding Code) - Welding of steel structures
    AS 3859-1991 Effects of current passing through the human body
    AS 4024.1-1996 Safeguarding of machinery General principles
    AS B291-1971 Lifting rings and links
    AS 1830-1986 Iron castings - Grey cast iron
    AS 1202.3-1976 A.C. motor starters (up to and including 1000 V) - Autotransformer starters
    AS 1029.1-1985 Low voltage contactors - Electromechanical (up to and including 1000 V a.c. and 1200 V d.c.)
    AS 1800-1981 The selection, care and use of industrial safety helmets
    AS 1403-1985 Design of rotating steel shafts
    AS 2019-1986 Fluid power - Hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders - Bore and rod dimensions
    AS 1202.5-1985 A.C. motor starters (up to and including 1000 V) - Semiconductor (solid state) starters
    AS 3569-1989 Steel wire ropes
    AS 1431.1-1989 Low voltage switchgear and controlgear - Control circuit devices and switching elements - General requirements
    AS 1250-1981 The use of steel in structures (known as the SAA Steel Structures Code)
    AS 3679.1-1990 Structural steel - Hot-rolled bars and sections
    AS 2080-1983 Safety glass for land vehicles
    AS 2074-1982 Steel castings
    AS 1680-1976 Code of practice for interior lighting and the visual environment
    AS 2938-1993 Gears - Spur and helical - Guide to specification and rating
    AS 2752-1985 Preferred numbers and their use
    AS 1163-1991 Structural steel hollow sections
    AS 1418.6-1988 Cranes (including hoists and winches) (known as the SAA Crane Code) - Guided storing and retrieving appliances
    AS 3678-1990 Structural steel - Hot-rolled plates, floorplates and slabs
    AS 1448-1981 Carbon steels and carbon-manganese steels - Forgings (ruling section 300 mm maximum)
    AS 3007.3-1987 Electrical installations - Surface mines and associated processing plant - General requirements for equipment and ancillaries

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    SAA/SNZ HB62.2:1995 Guidelines for erection of building steelwork Multi storey buildings and structures
    AS 1418.3-1997 Cranes, hoists and winches Bridge, gantry, portal (including container cranes) and jib cranes (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 1418.10-1996 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - Elevating work platforms
    AS 1418.18-2001 Cranes, hoists and winches Crane runways and monorails
    AS/NZS 1170.1:2002 Structural design actions Permanent, imposed and other actions
    AS 2740-2001 Wedge-type sockets
    AS 1380.2-1998 Fibre-rope slings - Care and use
    AS 1666.2-1995 Wire-rope slings - Care and use
    AS 1138-1992 Thimbles for wire rope
    AS 2089-1993 Sheave blocks for lifting purposes
    AS 3990-1993 Mechanical equipment - Steelwork (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 3962-1991 Guidelines for design of marinas
    AS 2550.1-1993 Cranes - Safe use - General requirements
    AS 2550.15-1994 Cranes - Safe use - Concrete placing equipment
    AS 4324.1-1995 Mobile equipment for continuous handling of bulk materials - General requirements for the design of steel structures
    AS 1418.14-1996 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Requirements for cranes subject to arduous working conditions
    AS 3850.3-1992 Tilt-up concrete and precast concrete elements for use in buildings - Guide to the erection of precast concrete members
    AS 1418.15-1994 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - Concrete placing equipment
    AS/NZS 2550.9:1996 Cranes - Safe use Vehicle hoists
    AS 1418.16-1997 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Mast climbing work platforms
    AS 1418.12-1991 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Crane collector systems (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 2601-1991 The demolition of structures
    AS 3533.1-1997 Amusement rides and devices - Design and construction
    AS/NZS 1170.0:2002 Structural design actions General principles
    AS 1418.2-1997 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Serial hoists and winches
    AS/NZS 1418.9:1996 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Vehicle hoists
    AS 2317-1998 Collared eyebolts
    AS 1576.4-1991 Scaffolding - Suspended scaffolding
    AS/NZS 4249:1994 Electrical safety practices - Film, video and television sites
    AS 1438.2-1998 Wire-coil flat slings Care and use (Reconfirmed 2014)
    AS 3785.5-1991 Underground mining - Shaft equipment - Headframes
    AS 2321-2001 Short-link chain for lifting purposes
    AS 1418.13-1996 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Building maintenance units
    AS 2741-1992 Shackles
    AS 1418.17-1996 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Design and construction of workboxes (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 3785.5-1998 Underground mining - Shaft equipment Headframes
    AS 2601-2001 The demolition of structures
    AS 1353.2-1997 Flat synthetic-webbing slings Care and use
    AS 1418.7-1999 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Builders hoists and associated equipment
    AS 2550.1-2002 Cranes, hoists and winches - Safe use - General requirements
    AS 1418.4-2001 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - Tower cranes
    AS 2550.13-1997 Cranes - Safe use Building maintenance units
    AS 2550.10-1994 Cranes - Safe use - Elevating work platforms
    AS 3850.2-1990 Tilt-up concrete and precast concrete elements for use in buildings - Guide to design, casting and erection of tilt-up panels
    AS 1418.5-1995 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - Mobile and vehicle-loading cranes
    AS 2741-2002 Shackles
    AS 4497.2-1997 Roundslings - Synthetic fibre - Care and use
    • Access your standards online with a subscription

      Features

      • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations
      • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications
      • Multi - user online standards collection: secure, flexibile and cost effective
Need help?
Call us on 131 242, then click here to start a Screen Sharing session
so we can help right away! Learn more