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  • AS 1647.2-1992

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Children's toys (Safety requirements) - Constructional requirements

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  24-06-2021

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  01-01-1992

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS 1647.2-1992 CHILDREN'S TOYS (SAFETY REQUIREMENTS) - CONSTRUCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    8 - FOREWORD
    9 - 1 SCOPE
    9 - 2 APPLICATION
    9 - 3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    9 - 4 DEFINITIONS
    9 - 4.1 Toy
    9 - 4.2 Accessible
    9 - 4.3 Action cycle
    9 - 4.4 Base area
    9 - 4.5 Discharge mechanism
    10 - 4.6 Edge, hemmed
    10 - 4.7 Edge, rolled
    10 - 4.8 Edge, spiralled
    10 - 4.9 Elastic
    10 - 4.10 Fabric
    10 - 4.11 Flotation toy
    10 - 4.12 Hazard, ingestion or inhalation
    10 - 4.13 Hazardous sharp edge
    10 - 4.14 Hazardous sharp point
    10 - 4.15 Hinge mechanism
    11 - 4.16 Intended
    11 - 4.17 Lap joint
    11 - 4.18 Noise, continuous
    12 - 4.19 Noise, impulsive
    12 - 4.20 Projectile
    12 - 4.21 Projection
    12 - 4.22 Protective cover
    12 - 4.23 Protective tip
    12 - 4.24 Ride-on toy
    12 - 4.25 Sit-on toy
    12 - 4.26 Years
    12 - 5 SPECIFIC MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS
    12 - 5.1 Glass
    12 - 5.2 Wood
    12 - 5.3 Flexible plastic film
    12 - 5.4 Adhesive labels, transfers and the like
    12 - 5.5 Expandable materials
    12 - 6 SPECIFIC CONSTRUCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
    12 - 6.1 General
    13 - 6.2 Exemptions
    13 - 6.3 Edges on thin materials
    13 - 6.4 Edges on lap joints
    13 - 6.5 Circular holes in thin rigid materials
    14 - 6.6 Mass supporting chains
    14 - 6.7 Coil springs
    14 - 6.8 Power-driven mechanisms
    14 - 6.9 Key- wound mechanisms
    15 - 6.10 Hinged mechanism
    16 - 7 SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR PARTICULAR TOYS
    16 - 7.1 General
    16 - 7.2 Stuffed toys
    16 - 7.3 Hand-held rattles
    16 - 7.4 Teethers
    16 - 7.5 Noise-producing toys
    17 - 7.6 Toys for cradle, cot, playpen, pram, stroller or the like
    17 - 7.7 Toys with self-retracting pull strings
    17 - 7.8 Fl ying devices
    17 - 7.9 Pull toys having string
    18 - 7.10 Pull or push toys having solid handles
    18 - 7.11 Toys that enclose the whole child, its head, or its mouth and nose
    18 - 7.12 Toy sunglasses
    18 - 7.13 Heavy stationary floor toys
    18 - 7.14 Flotation toys
    18 - 7.15 Projectile toys
    19 - 7.16 Ride-on Toys
    21 - 7.17 Sit-on toys
    21 - 7.18 Toys containing a heat source
    22 - 8 ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS
    22 - 8.1 General
    22 - 8.2 Power supply
    23 - 8.3 Batteries
    23 - 8.4 Transformers
    23 - 8.5 Flexible electric cords connected to supply mains
    23 - 8.6 Pl ugs, socket-outlets and couplers
    23 - 9 GENERAL TEST REQUIREMENTS
    23 - 9.1 General
    23 - 9.2 Hazardous sharp edges
    23 - 9.3 Hazardous sharp points
    23 - 9.4 Ingestion or inhalation hazard
    24 - 10 NORMAL USE AND REASONABLY FORESEEABLE ABUSE TEST REQUIREMENTS
    24 - 10.1 General
    24 - 10.2 Normal use testing
    24 - 10.3 Reasonably foreseeable abuse testing
    25 - 11 LABELLING
    25 - 11.1 Cautionary labelling
    25 - 11.2 Informative labelling
    25 - 11.3 Age grading of toys intended for children aged less than three years
    26 - APPENDIX A - TEST FOR ACCESSIBILITY OF A PART OR COMPONENT OF A TOY*
    26 - A1 SCOPE
    26 - A2 PRINCIPLE
    26 - A3 APPARATUS
    26 - A4 PROCEDURE
    27 - A5 INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
    27 - A6 REPORT
    28 - APPENDIX B - TEST FOR HAZARDOUS SHARP EDGES*
    28 - B1 SCOPE
    28 - B2 PRINCIPLE
    28 - B3 APPARATUS
    28 - B4 PROCEDURE
    28 - B5 INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
    28 - B6 REPORT
    30 - APPENDIX C - TEST FOR HAZARDOUS SHARP POINTS*
    30 - C1 SCOPE
    30 - C2 PRINCIPLE
    30 - C3 APPARATUS
    30 - C4 PROCEDURE
    31 - C5 INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
    31 - C6 REPORT
    32 - APPENDIX D - TEST FOR INGESTION OR INHALATION HAZARD
    32 - D1 SCOPE
    32 - D2 PRINCIPLE
    32 - D3 APPARATUS
    32 - D4 PROCEDURE
    33 - D5 INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
    33 - D6 REPORT
    34 - APPENDIX E - CONDITIONING
    34 - E1 SCOPE
    34 - E2 APPLICATION
    34 - E3 PRINCIPLE
    34 - E4 APPARATUS
    34 - E5 PROCEDURE
    35 - APPENDIX F - TEST FOR TOYS WITH MOVING COMPONENTS
    35 - F1 SCOPE
    35 - F2 PRINCIPLE
    35 - F3 APPARATUS
    35 - F4 TEST SPECIMEN
    35 - F5 PROCEDURE
    35 - F6 REPORT
    36 - APPENDIX G - TEST FOR TOYS WHICH ARE LABELLED AS BEING WASHABLE*
    36 - G1 SCOPE
    36 - G2 PRINCIPLE
    36 - G3 APPARATUS
    36 - G4 REAGENTS
    36 - G5 TEST SPECIMEN
    36 - G6 PROCEDURE
    37 - G7 REPORT
    38 - APPENDIX H - DROP TEST
    38 - H1 SCOPE
    38 - H2 PRINCIPLE
    38 - H3 APPARATUS
    38 - H4 TEST SPECIMEN
    38 - H5 PROCEDURE
    38 - H6 REPORT
    39 - APPENDIX I - COMPRESSION TEST
    39 - I1 SCOPE
    39 - I2 PRINCIPLE
    39 - I3 APPARATUS
    39 - I4 TEST SPECIMEN
    39 - I5 PROCEDURE
    40 - I6 REPORT
    41 - APPENDIX J - TIP-OVER TEST FOR TOYS OF LARGE AREA OR VOLUME
    41 - J1 SCOPE
    41 - J2 PRINCIPLE
    41 - J3 APPARATUS
    41 - J4 TEST SPECIMEN
    41 - J5 PROCEDURE
    41 - J6 REPORT
    42 - APPENDIX K - TEST OF PROJECTILES PROPELLED BY A DISCHARGE MECHANISM
    42 - K1 SCOPE
    42 - K2 PRINCIPLE
    42 - K3 APPARATUS
    42 - K4 TEST SPECIMEN
    42 - K5 PROCEDURE
    42 - K6 REPORT
    43 - APPENDIX L - BITE TEST*
    43 - L1 SCOPE
    43 - L2 PRINCIPLE
    43 - L3 APPARATUS
    44 - L4 TEST SPECIMEN
    44 - L5 PROCEDURE
    44 - L6 REPORT
    45 - APPENDIX M - TORQUE TEST
    45 - M1 SCOPE
    45 - M2 PRINCIPLE
    45 - M3 APPARATUS
    45 - M4 TEST SPECIMEN
    45 - M5 PROCEDURE
    46 - M6 REPORT
    47 - APPENDIX N - TENSION TEST FOR ANY PROJECTION ON A TOY
    47 - N1 SCOPE
    47 - N2 APPLICATION
    47 - N3 PRINCIPLE
    47 - N4 APPARATUS
    47 - N5 TEST SPECIMEN
    47 - N6 PROCEDURE
    48 - N7 REPORT
    49 - APPENDIX O - TEST FOR STUFFED TOYS
    49 - O1 SCOPE
    49 - O2 PRINCIPLE
    49 - O3 APPARATUS
    49 - O4 TEST SPECIMEN
    49 - O5 PROCEDURE
    50 - O6 REPORT
    52 - APPENDIX P - FLEXURE TEST FOR TOYS WITH STIFFENING MEANS FOR RETENTION OF FORM
    52 - P1 SCOPE
    52 - P2 PRINCIPLE
    52 - P3 APPARATUS
    52 - P4 TEST SPECIMEN
    52 - P5 PROCEDURE
    53 - P6 REPORT
    54 - APPENDIX Q - TUMBLE TEST FOR WHEELED TOYS
    54 - Q1 SCOPE
    54 - Q2 PRINCIPLE
    54 - Q3 APPARATUS
    54 - Q4 TEST SPECIMEN
    54 - Q5 PROCEDURE
    55 - Q6 REPORT
    56 - APPENDIX R - TENSION TEST FOR TYRE REMOVAL
    56 - R1 SCOPE
    56 - R2 PRINCIPLE
    56 - R3 APPARATUS
    56 - R4 TEST SPECIMEN
    56 - R5 PROCEDURE
    56 - R6 REPORT
    58 - APPENDIX S - TENSION TEST FOR WHEELED TOYS HAVING AN AXLE RETAINED BY A SNAP- IN FIXTURE
    58 - S1 SCOPE
    58 - S2 PRINCIPLE
    58 - S3 APPARATUS
    58 - S4 TEST SPECIMEN
    58 - S5 PROCEDURE
    58 - S6 REPORT
    60 - APPENDIX T - COMPRESSION TEST FOR WHEELED TOYS HAVING AN AXLE RETAINED BY A SNAP-IN FIXTURE
    60 - T1 SCOPE
    60 - T2 PRINCIPLE
    60 - T3 APPARATUS
    60 - T4 TEST SPECIMEN
    60 - T5 PROCEDURE
    60 - T6 REPORT
    62 - APPENDIX U - TEST FOR MOUTH-ACTUATED TOYS
    62 - U1 SCOPE
    62 - U2 PRINCIPLE
    62 - U3 APPARATUS
    62 - U4 TEST SPECIMEN
    62 - U5 PROCEDURE
    62 - U6 REPORT
    63 - APPENDIX V - IMPACT TEST FOR TOYS THAT COVER THE EYES
    63 - V1 SCOPE
    63 - V2 PRINCIPLE
    63 - V3 APPARATUS
    63 - V4 TEST SPECIMEN
    63 - V5 PROCEDURE
    63 - V6 REPORT
    64 - APPENDIX AA - TEST FOR HAND-HELD RATTLES AND TEETHERS
    64 - AA1 SCOPE
    64 - AA2 PRINCIPLE
    64 - AA3 APPARATUS
    64 - AA4 TEST SPECIMEN
    65 - AA5 PROCEDURE
    66 - AA6 REPORT
    67 - APPENDIX BB - TEST FOR PUNCTURE OF TEETHERS
    67 - BB1 SCOPE
    67 - BB2 PRINCIPLE
    67 - BB3 APPARATUS
    67 - BB4 TEST SPECIMEN
    67 - BB5 PROCEDURES
    67 - BB6 REPORT
    68 - APPENDIX CC - MEASUREMENT OF NOISE LEVEL
    68 - CC1 SCOPE
    68 - CC2 PRINCIPLE
    68 - CC3 APPARATUS AND ENVIRONMENT
    68 - CC4 TEST SPECIMEN
    68 - CC5 PROCEDURE
    69 - CC6 REPORT
    70 - APPENDIX DD - TEST FOR PENETRATION OF PROJECTILES
    70 - DD1 SCOPE
    70 - DD2 PRINCIPLE
    70 - DD3 APPARATUS
    70 - DD4 TEST FOIL
    70 - DD4.1 Samples
    70 - DD4.2 Foil verification
    71 - DD4.3 Interpretation
    71 - DD5 TEST SPECIMEN
    71 - DD6 PROCEDURE
    71 - DD7 REPORT
    74 - APPENDIX EE - TEST FOR STABILITY OF RIDE-ON OR SIT-ON TOYS
    74 - EE1 SCOPE
    74 - EE2 PRINCIPLE
    74 - EE3 APPARATUS
    74 - EE4 TEST SPECIMEN
    74 - EE5 PROCEDURE
    74 - EE5.1 Sideways stability
    75 - EE5.2 Backward and frontward stability
    76 - EE6 REPORT
    78 - APPENDIX FF - TEST FOR BRAKING ON RIDE-ON TOYS
    78 - FF1 SCOPE
    78 - FF2 PRINCIPLE
    78 - FF3 APPARATUS
    78 - FF4 TEST SPECIMEN
    78 - FF5 PROCEDURE
    78 - FF6 REPORT
    79 - APPENDIX GG - TEST FOR TOYS CONTAINING A HEAT SOURCE
    79 - GG1 SCOPE
    79 - GG2 PRINCIPLE
    79 - GG3 APPARATUS
    79 - GG4 TEST SPECIMEN
    79 - GG5 PROCEDURE
    79 - GG5.1 Temperature rise of components intended to be handled
    79 - GG5.2 Temperature rise of accessible components other than those that are intended to be handled
    79 - GG6 REPORT
    80 - APPENDIX HH - TEST FOR TOY STEAM ENGINES
    80 - HH1 SCOPE
    80 - HH2 PRINCIPLE
    80 - HH3 APPARATUS
    80 - HH4 TEST SPECIMEN
    80 - HH5 PROCEDURE
    80 - HH5.1 Fuel escape test
    80 - HH5.2 Maximum dimensions of fuel container
    80 - HH5.3 Determination of the operating pressures
    81 - HH6 RESULTS

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Specifies in two broad groups various hazards associated with constructional aspects of toys intended for use by children up to the age of 14 years. The first group of hazards is applicable to all toys (e.g. sharp edges, sharp points, pinch of crush hazard). The second group of hazards relates to specific toys which, because of their design or their traditional play modes, present a particular hazard (e.g. ingestion or inhalation hazard of small toys particularly if handled by a child aged less than three years; puncture hazard resulting from being struck by a projectile toy such as a toy dart). In addition to a series of normal use and reasonably forseeable abuse tests, the Standard specifies a number of tests for specific toys (e.g. rattlers, teethers, projectile toys). Labelling requirements and age suitability gradings are also specified.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard specifies constructional and labelling requirements for toys intended for use by children up to 14 years of age.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee CS-018
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Under Revision see DR 01339 First published as part of AS 1647-1974.Revised and redesignated in part as AS 1647.2-1981.Second edition 1992. First published as part of AS 1647-1974. Revised and redesignated in part as AS 1647.2-1981. Second edition 1992.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ANSI/AAMI CI86:2017 COCHLEAR IMPLANT SYSTEMS: REQUIREMENTS FOR SAFETY, FUNCTIONAL VERIFICATION, LABELING AND RELIABILITY REPORTING
    AS 3109.1-1987 Approval and test specification - Appliance couplers for household and similar general purposes - General requirements
    AS 2842-1986 Fluid power - O-rings and housings - Inch series, metric conversion
    AS 3191-1981 Approval and test specification for electric flexible cords (incorporating Corrigenda)
    AS 3100-1990 Approval and test specification - General requirements for electrical equipment
    AS 1924.1-1981 Playground equipment for parks, schools and domestic use - General requirements
    AS 1055.1-1997 Acoustics - Description and measurement of environmental noise - General procedures
    AS 1259.1-1990 Acoustics - Sound level meters - Non-integrating
    AS 3108-1990 Approval and test specification - Particular requirements for isolating transformers and safety isolating transformers
    AS 2001.5.5-1987 Methods of test for textiles Dimensional change - Determination of dimensional change in laundering of textile fabrics and garments - Cubex machine method
    AS 1067.1-1990 Sunglasses and fashion spectacles Safety requirements
    AS 1927-1989 Pedal bicycles for normal road use - Safety requirements
    AS 3112-1990 Approval and test specification - Plugs and socket-outlets
    AS 1900-1991 Flotation toys and swimming aids for children
    AS 1815-1991 Metallic materials - Rockwell hardness test
    AS 1647.1-1990 Children's toys (Safety requirements) - General requirements

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 1927:1998 Pedal bicycles - Safety requirements
    AS/NZS 2088:2000 Prams and strollers - Safety requirements
    AS/NZS 2130:1998 Cots for day nursery, hospital and institutional use - Safety requirements
    AS/NZS 4385:1996 Infants' rocking cradles - Safety requirements
    AS 1900-2002 Flotation aids for water familiarization and swimming tuition
    AS 1647.3-1995 Children's toys (safety requirements) - Toxicological requirements
    AS/NZS 1754:1995 Child restraint systems for use in motor vehicles
    AS/NZS 2172:1995 Cots for household use - Safety requirements
    AS/NZS 2195:1999 Folding cots - Safety requirements
    AS/NZS 2088:1993 Prams and strollers - Safety requirements
    AS/NZS 3200.2.202:1996 Approval and test specification - Medical electrical equipment Particular requirements for safety - Infant apnoea monitors for domestic use
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