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  • AS 2243.5-1993

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    Safety in laboratories - Non-ionizing radiations

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  30-06-2017

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  01-01-1993

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS 2243.5:1993 SAFETY IN LABORATORIES - NON-IONIZING RADIATIONS
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    7 - FOREWORD
    8 - SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
    8 - 1.1 SCOPE
    8 - 1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    9 - 1.3 DEFINITIONS
    9 - 1.3.1 Accident
    9 - 1.3.2 Extremely low frequency (ELF)
    9 - 1.3.3 Illuminance
    9 - 1.3.4 Incident
    9 - 1.3.5 Irradiance
    9 - 1.3.6 Luminance
    9 - 1.3.7 May
    9 - 1.3.8 Non-ionizing radiation
    9 - 1.3.9 Radiant exposure
    9 - 1.3.10 Radiation
    9 - 1.3.11 Radio-frequency (RF)
    10 - 1.3.12 Specific absorption rate (SAR)
    10 - 1.3.13 Shall
    10 - 1.3.14 Should
    10 - 1.4 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF PROTECTION
    10 - 1.4.1 Training
    10 - 1.4.2 Safe guards
    10 - 1.4.3 Warning signs
    11 - 1.5 INCIDENT AND ACCIDENT REPORTING
    11 - 1.5.1 Reporting
    11 - 1.5.2 Composition of the report
    11 - 1.5.3 Disposition of equipment
    11 - 1.5.4 Disposition of reports
    11 - 1.6 STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS
    12 - SECTION 2 ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION*
    12 - 2.1 GENERAL
    12 - 2.2 HAZARDS
    13 - 2.3 RECOMMENDED EXPOSURE LIMITS
    13 - 2.3.1 Maximum permissible values
    14 - 2.3.2 Limitations in application
    14 - 2.4 PROTECTION
    14 - 2.5 SOURCES OF UV RADIATION
    17 - SECTION 3 VISIBLE LIGHT
    17 - 3.1 GENERAL
    17 - 3.2 SOURCES OF VISIBLE LIGHT
    17 - 3.3 THE EYE
    17 - 3.4 HAZARDS
    18 - 3.5 RECOMMENDED EXPOSURE LIMITS
    18 - 3.6 PROTECTION
    19 - SECTION 4 INFRARED RADIATION (RADIANT HEAT)
    19 - 4.1 GENERAL
    19 - 4.2 HAZARDS
    19 - 4.3 RECOMMENDED EXPOSURE LIMITS
    19 - 4.4 PROTECTION
    20 - 4.5 SOURCES OF RADIATION
    21 - SECTION 5 RADIO-FREQUENCY RADIATION
    21 - 5.1 GENERAL
    21 - 5.2 HAZARDS AND DEFECTS
    21 - 5.2.1 General
    21 - 5.2.2 Thermal
    21 - 5.2.3 Other thermal effects
    21 - 5.2.4 Electric burns/shock
    21 - 5.2.5 Effects
    22 - 5.3 RECOMMENDED EXPOSURE LIMITS
    22 - 5.4 PROTECTION
    22 - 5.5 SOURCES OF RADIATION
    24 - SECTION 6 EXTREMELY LOW FREQUENCY RADIATION
    24 - 6.1 GENERAL
    24 - 6.2 HAZARDS
    24 - 6.3 Exposure limits
    24 - 6.4 PROTECTION
    24 - 6.5 SOURCES OF RADIATION
    25 - SECTION 7 LASERS
    25 - 7.1 GENERAL
    25 - 7.2 HAZARDS
    25 - 7.3 PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LIMITS
    26 - 7.4 PROTECTION
    26 - 7.4.1 Classification of lasers
    27 - 7.4.2 Precautions
    28 - SECTION 8 SOUND
    28 - 8.1 GENERAL
    28 - 8.2 HAZARDS
    28 - 8.2.1 Effects of noise
    28 - 8.2.2 Hazards to hearing
    28 - 8.2.3 Interference with speech communication
    28 - 8.2.4 Disturbance of concentration on tasks
    28 - 8.2.5 Low-frequency non-auditory effects
    28 - 8.3 RECOMMENDED EXPOSURE LEVELS
    29 - 8.4 PROTECTION
    29 - 8.5 SOURCES OF NOISE
    29 - 8.6 CALCULATION OF DAILY NOISE DOSE
    31 - SECTION 9 ULTRASONIC RADIATION
    31 - 9.1 GENERAL
    31 - 9.2 HAZARDS
    31 - 9.3 RECOMMENDED EXPOSURE LEVELS
    31 - 9.4 PROTECTION
    31 - 9.5 SOURCES OF RADIATION
    33 - APPENDIX A - NON-IONIZING ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM
    34 - APPENDIX B - OPTICAL FIBRE SYSTEMS
    34 - B1 SCOPE
    34 - B2 GENERAL
    34 - B3 HAZARDS
    34 - B4 MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LEVELS
    34 - B5 CLASSIFICATION OF LASERS AND FIBRE SYSTEMS
    34 - B6 LABELLING
    35 - B7 INSTALLATION REQUIREMENT
    35 - B7.1 Fibre connectors
    35 - B7.2 Shutters
    35 - B7.3 Laser shutdown
    35 - B7.4 Link testing
    35 - B8 USER PRECAUTIONS
    35 - B9 HAZARDS
    35 - B9.1 Glass particle hazards
    36 - B9.2 Chemical hazards
    37 - APPENDIX C - REFERENCES AND RELATED DOCUMENTS
    37 - C1 SCOPE
    37 - C2 AUSTRALIAN STANDARDS
    37 - C3 OTHER RELATED DOCUMENTS
    38 - C4 SOFTWARE
    39 - APPENDIX D - THE USE OF DISTANCE AS A FORM OF PROTECTION
    39 - D1 SCOPE
    39 - D2 GENERAL
    40 - APPENDIX E - LIST OF ADVISORY AUTHORITIES
    40 - E1 SCOPE
    40 - E2 GENERAL

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides requirements and recommendations to prevent accidents in laboratories when using equipment generating non-ionizing radiations.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard deals with many of the non-ionizing radiations and associated hazards encountered in laboratories. Although the Standard specifies requirements and gives recommendations to prevent personal injury caused by these radiations, or by other hazards associated with their use, it does not contain all the relevant information dealing with usage and safety requirements for non-ionizing radiations and reference should also be made to other appropriate documents.NOTES:1 Appendix A provides a schematic arrangement of the non-ionizing electromagnetic spectrum.2 Appendix B provides advisory material dealing with optical fibre systems.3 Appendix C provides a listing of documents giving other information on non-ionizing radiations.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee CH-026
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    First published as AS 2243.5-1980.
    Second edition 1993. First published as AS 2243.5-1980. Second edition 1993.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 2659.2-1983 Guide to the use of sound measuring equipment - Portable equipment for integration of sound signals
    AS 2604-1986 Sunscreen products - Evaluation and classification
    AS 1259.2-1990 Acoustics - Sound level meters - Integrating - Averaging
    AS 1633-1985 Acoustics - Glossary of terms and related symbols
    AS 2659.1-1988 Guide to the use of sound measuring equipment - Portable sound level meters
    AS 1269-1989 Acoustics - Hearing conservation
    AS 1319-1994 Safety signs for the occupational environment (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 1216.1-1984 Classification, hazard identification and information systems for dangerous goods - Classification and class labels for dangerous goods
    AS 1885.1-1990 Measurement of occupational health and safety performance Describing and reporting occupational injuries and disease, known as the Workplace injury and disease recording standard
    AS 1067.1-1990 Sunglasses and fashion spectacles - Safety requirements
    AS 2772.1-1990 Radiofrequency radiation - Maximum exposure levels - 100 kHz to 300 GHz
    AS 1259.1-1990 Acoustics - Sound level meters - Non-integrating
    AS 2107-1987 Acoustics - Recommended design sound levels and reverberation times for building interiors
    AS 2211-1991 Laser safety
    AS 1336-1982 Recommended practices for eye protection in the industrial environment
    AS 1270-1988 Acoustics - Hearing protectors
    AS 1067.2-1990 Sunglasses and fashion spectacles Performance requirements
    AS 2397-1993 Safe use of lasers in the building and construction industry

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    AS 3685-1998 Recommended procedures and principles of glow discharge mass spectrometry (GD-MS) (Reconfirmed 2016)
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