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  • AS 2243.6-1990

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Safety in laboratories - Mechanical aspects

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  30-06-2017

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  07-05-1990

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS 2243.6-1990 SAFETY IN LABORATORIES - MECHANICAL ASPECTS
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    6 - 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
    6 - 1.1 SCOPE.
    6 - 1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS.
    6 - 1.3 MINIMIZATION OF COMMON SAFETY HAZARDS.
    6 - 1.3.1 General.
    6 - 1.3.2 Workshop training.
    6 - 1.3.3 Use of machines.
    6 - 1.3.4 Temporary apparatus.
    6 - 1.3.5 Personal care.
    6 - 1.3.6 Use of personal protective equipment.
    7 - 1.3.7 Good housekeeping.
    7 - 1.3.8 Storage of work materials.
    7 - 1.4 PLANNING FOR SAFETY.
    7 - 1.4.1 General.
    7 - 1.4.2 Purchase and installation of apparatus and machinery.
    7 - 1.4.3 Completeness of ordering instructions.
    7 - 1.4.4 Noise and hearing protection.
    7 - 1.5 FIRE, EMERGENCY AND RESCUE PROCEDURES.
    8 - SECTION 2 EQUIPMENT IN GENERAL USE
    8 - 2.1 MACHINERY.
    8 - 2.1.1 Dangers to operators.
    8 - 2.1.2 Dangers to maintenance staff.
    8 - 2.1.3 Basic principle of safeguarding.
    8 - 2.1.4 Construction of safeguards.
    8 - 2.2 FIXED POWER TOOLS.
    8 - 2.2.1 General requirements.
    8 - 2.2.2 Drilling machines.
    9 - 2.2.3 Grinding and polishing machines.
    9 - 2.2.4 Linishing machines.
    9 - 2.2.5 Lathes.
    10 - 2.2.6 Metal-cutting guillotines.
    10 - 2.2.7 Power-driven hacksaws.
    10 - 2.2.8 Power-driven band saws.
    10 - 2.2.9 Universal testing machines and testing frames.
    11 - 2.2.10 Milling machines.
    11 - 2.3 PORTABLE POWER TOOLS.
    11 - 2.3.1 General requirements.
    11 - 2.3.2 Electrical requirements.
    12 - 2.3.3 Portable saws.
    12 - 2.3.4 Portable drills.
    12 - 2.4 HAND TOOLS.
    12 - 2.4.1 Maintenance and use.
    12 - 2.4.2 General considerations.
    13 - 2.5 CENTRIFUGES.
    13 - 2.5.1 Personal safety.
    13 - 2.5.2 Purchasing considerations.
    13 - 2.6 HEATING EQUIPMENT.
    13 - 2.6.1 Personal safety.
    13 - 2.6.2 Important safety features.
    13 - 2.7 ELECTRONIC APPARATUS.
    14 - 2.8 HIGH PRESSURE EQUIPMENT.
    14 - 2.8.1 Design.
    14 - 2.8.2 Important safety considerations.
    14 - 2.9 VACUUM APPARATUS.
    14 - 2.9.1 Design.
    14 - 2.9.2 Use of vacuum apparatus.
    15 - 2.10 TUBING AND PIPING.
    15 - 2.11 MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AND PROCESSES.
    17 - SECTION 3 COMPRESSED GAS CYLINDERS
    17 - 3.1 IDENTIFICATION OF GAS CYLINDERS.
    17 - 3.2 HANDLING, USE AND STORAGE.
    17 - 3.2.1 General.
    17 - 3.2.2 General precautions.
    17 - 3.2.3 Handling and use.
    18 - 3.2.4 Storage.
    18 - 3.3 PRECAUTIONS FOR SPECIFIC GASES.
    18 - 3.3.1 General.
    18 - 3.3.2 Oxygen.
    18 - 3.3.3 Acetylene.
    18 - 3.3.4 Nitrous oxide.
    19 - 3.3.6 Hydrogen.
    19 - 3.3.7 Compressed air.
    19 - 3.3.8 Liquefied and dissolved gases.
    20 - SECTION 4 HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AND PROCESSES
    20 - 4.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS.
    20 - 4.1.1 Prevention of exposure to harmful substances.
    20 - 4.1.2 Control of hazardous operations.
    20 - 4.1.3 Ventilation.
    20 - 4.1.4 Protective clothing and apparatus.
    20 - 4.1.5 Inventory of chemical substances.
    20 - 4.1.6 Smoking.
    20 - 4.2 SOLDERING AND BRAZING.
    20 - 4.2.1 Soldering of electronic components.
    20 - 4.2.2 Brazing.
    20 - 4.3 WELDING AND CUTTING.
    20 - 4.3.1 General.
    20 - 4.3.2 Welding.
    21 - 4.3.3 Plasma cutting.
    21 - 4.3.4 Cutting and thermal welding of plastics.
    21 - 4.3.5 Radiofrequency dielectric plastics welders.
    21 - 4.3.6 Solvent welding of plastics.
    21 - 4.4 DEGREASING.
    21 - 4.4.1 Hazards.
    21 - 4.4.2 Fume and dust extraction.
    21 - 4.4.3 Skin care.
    21 - 4.5 CUTTING AND GRINDING OILS.
    21 - 4.6 GLASS WORKING.
    21 - 4.7 CRYOGENIC SUBSTANCES.
    21 - 4.7.1 General.
    22 - 4.7.2 Fire hazard.
    22 - 4.7.3 Mechanical failure.
    23 - APPENDIX A - LIST OF REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    25 - APPENDIX B - GUIDE TO THE CHEMICAL RESISTANCE OF GLOVE MATERIALS

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Sets out the general principles of safe operation of mechanical equipment and tools in laboratories. Particular attention is given to safe management of gas cylinders, harmful substances and hazardous operations. Additionally, guidelines for the safeguarding of machinery are included.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard sets out general principles and requirements of safe working practice relevant to mechanical operations performed in laboratories and describes the nature of the potential mechanical hazards. This Standard also covers safe working practices relevant to the use of compressed gas cylinders and cryogenic substances.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee CH-026
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 2243.5:2004 Safety in laboratories Non-ionizing radiations - Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound
    AS/NZS 1336:1997 Recommended practices for occupational eye protection
    AS 3147-1992 Approval and test specification - Electric cables - Thermoplastic insulated - For working voltages up to and including 0.6/1 kV
    AS 1942-1987 Refrigerant gas cylinder identification
    AS/NZS 1270:2002 Acoustics - Hearing protectors
    AS 1788.1-1987 Abrasive wheels Design, construction, and safeguarding
    AS/NZS 2399:1998 Acoustics - Specifications for personal sound exposure meters
    AS 1210-1997 Pressure vessels
    AS 2661-1983 Vapour degreasing plant - Design, installation and operation - Safety requirements
    AS 2508.2.001-1992 Safe storage and handling information card - Acetylene (Dissolved) (Ethyne)
    AS 1788.2-1987 Abrasive wheels - Selection, care, and use
    AS 3745-2002 Emergency control organization and procedures for buildings, structures and workplaces
    AS 1216.1-1984 Classification, hazard identification and information systems for dangerous goods - Classification and class labels for dangerous goods
    AS/NZS 1338.2:1992 Filters for eye protectors - Filters for protection against ultraviolet radiation
    AS 2659.1-1988 Guide to the use of sound measuring equipment - Portable sound level meters
    AS/NZS 2243.1:2005 Safety in laboratories Planning and operational aspects
    AS/NZS 1338.3:1992 Filters for eye protectors - Filters for protection against infra-red radiation
    AS 2243.4-1998 Safety in laboratories - Ionizing radiations
    AS 1375-1985 Industrial fuel-fired appliances (known as the SAA Industrial Fuel-fired Appliances Code)
    AS/NZS 1715:1994 Selection, use and maintenance of respiratory protective devices
    AS 1944-1987 Medical gas cylinder identification
    AS CZ14-1971 Code of recommended practice for guarding and safe use of milling machines (incorporating Amdt 1)
    AS 2659.2-1983 Guide to the use of sound measuring equipment - Portable equipment for integration of sound signals
    AS 1269-1989 Acoustics - Hearing conservation
    AS 1943-1987 Industrial gas cylinder identification
    AS/NZS 1338.1:1992 Filters for eye protectors - Filters for protection against radiation generated in welding and allied operations
    AS 2243.7-1991 Safety in laboratories - Electrical aspects
    AS/NZS 3116:1996 Approval and test specification - Electric cables - Elastomer insulated - For working voltages up to and including 0.6/1 kV
    AS/NZS 2243.2:2006 Safety in laboratories Chemical aspects
    AS/NZS 3100:2002 Approval and test specification - General requirements for electrical equipment
    AS 2211-1991 Laser safety
    AS 2473-1996 Valves for compressed gas cylinders (threaded outlet)
    SAA HB 9-1994 Occupational personal protection
    AS 1319-1994 Safety signs for the occupational environment (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS/NZS 1167.1:2005 Welding and brazing - Filler metals Filler metal for brazing and braze welding
    AS 1345-1995 Identification of the contents of pipes, conduits and ducts (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS/NZS 1200:2000 Pressure equipment
    AS 1894-1997 The storage and handling of non-flammable cryogenic and refrigerated liquids (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS/NZS 1337:1992 Eye protectors for industrial applications

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 1038.8.2-2003 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Coal and coke - Chlorine - High-temperature combustion method (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 2879.2-2003 Alumina - Determination of particles passing a 20 micrometre aperture sieve
    AS 2434.6-2002 Methods for the analysis and testing of lower rank coal and its chars Lower rank coal - Ultimate analysis - Classical methods
    AS 1774.4.1-2002 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Preparation of test pieces - By casting
    AS/NZS 2982:2010 Laboratory design and construction
    AS 1470-1986 Health and safety at work - Principles and practices
    AS 1774.13-2000 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Permanent dimensional change (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 2503.6-2007 Refractories and refractory materials - Chemical analysis Refractories, refractory mortars and silicate materials - Determination of major and minor elements - Wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry using lithium borate fusion
    AS 1038.11-2002 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Coal - Forms of sulfur (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 1774.33-2003 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Determination of the setting time of castables
    AS 1038.14.2-2003 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Higher rank coal ash and coke ash - Major and minor elements - Acid digestion/flame atomic absorption spectrometric method
    AS 1774.34-2004 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Guide to the determination of extrusion pressure and curing time of taphole clay
    AS 1774.12-2001 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Refractoriness under load - Temperatures of deformation at constant load with rising temperature (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 1774.35-2007 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Guide to the determination of resistance to corrosive reagents (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS/NZS 2243.1:1997 Safety in laboratories - General
    AS 1038.9.4-2006 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Higher rank coal - Phosphorus - Borate fusion/molybdenum blue method
    AS 1038.25-2002 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Coal - Durham cone handleability test (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 2434.8-2002 Methods for the analysis and testing of lower rank coal and its chars Lower rank coal - Determination of ash
    AS 1774.19-2003 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods The determination of sieve analysis and moisture content (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 1038.21.1.2-2002 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Higher rank coal and coke - Relative density - Analysis sample/volumetric method
    AS 1774.5-2001 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods The determination of density, porosity and water absorption
    AS 1774.4.5-2002 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Preparation of test pieces - Gunning refractories (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 1485-1983 Safety and health in workrooms of educational establishments
    AS 1038.10.1-2003 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Determination of trace elements - Coal, coke and fly-ash - Determination of eleven trace elements - Flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 1038.6.3.2-2003 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Higher rank coal and coke - Ultimate analysis - Total sulfur - High-temperature combustion method
    SAA HB 9-1994 Occupational personal protection
    AS 1038.6.4-2005 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing - Higher rank coal and coke - Ultimate analysis - Carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental method
    AS 5006.2-2002 Silver and silver bearing alloys - Determination of silver content (1% to 99%) - Gravimetric (fire assay) method
    AS 1038.21.1.1-2002 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing - Higher rank coal and coke - Relative density - Analysis sample/density bottle method
    AS 2434.3-2002 Methods for the analysis and testing of lower rank coal and its chars Lower rank coal - Determination of the moisture holding capacity
    AS 1774.23.1-2001 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Abradability index - Oblique method
    AS 2932.3-2004 Aluminium ores - Chemical analysis Determination of loss of mass at 1000°C
    AS 1774.2-2001 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Determination of bulk density of granular materials
    AS 4538.2-2000 Guide to sampling of alumina Preparation of samples
    AS 5006.1-2002 Silver and silver bearing alloys - Determination of silver content (0.1% to 99.9%) - Tritrimetric (potentiometric) method
    AS 1774.9-2000 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods - Determination of resistance to the disintegrating effect of carbon monoxide
    AS 2434.2-2002 Methods for the analysis and testing of lower rank coal and its chars Lower rank coal - Determination of volatile matter (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 2489.11-2003 Methods for the analysis of zircon sand concentrates - Determination of acid demand value
    AS 2864.1-2003 Methods for the analysis of rutile - Determination of titanium content - Titrimetric method
    AS 1038.6.2-2007 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Higher rank coal and coke - Ultimate analysis - Nitrogen (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS 1774.29-2008 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Cast coverage (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 1774.31.2-2001 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Modulus of elasticity - Compression method
    AS/NZS 2243.1:2005 Safety in laboratories Planning and operational aspects
    AS 2879.4-2003 Alumina - Determination of specific surface area by nitrogen adsorption
    AS 1774.22-2000 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Refractory mortar - Test methods
    AS 1774.27-2001 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Modulus of rupture at elevated temperatures
    AS 1038.12.3-2002 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing - Higher rank coal - Caking and coking properties - Dilatation
    AS/NZS 2982.1:1997 Laboratory design and construction - General requirements
    AS 1774.32-2002 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Refractory products containing carbon - Test methods
    AS/NZS 2243.2:1997 Safety in laboratories - Chemical aspects
    AS 4332-2004 The storage and handling of gases in cylinders
    AS 1038.14.1-2003 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Higher rank coal ash and coke ash - Major and minor elements - Borate fusion/flame atomic absorption spectrometric method (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 4119-2007 Determination of platinum and palladium in gold and gold bearing alloys - Flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) or inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) (fire assay methods)
    AS 2434.5-2002 Methods for the analysis and testing of lower rank coal and its chars Lower rank coal and its chars - Determination of moisture in bulk samples of lower rank coal and in analysis samples of char (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 2715-2003 Heavy mineral sand concentrates - Determination of pH value
    AS 1038.23-2002 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Higher rank coal and coke - Carbonate carbon
    AS 1774.31.1-2000 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Modulus of elasticity - Flexural method
    AS 1038.17-2000 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Higher rank coal - Moisture-holding capacity (equilibrium moisture)
    AS 2879.10-2003 Alumina - Determination of attrition index
    AS 3515.2-2002 Gold and gold bearing alloys - Determination of gold content 30% to 99.5% - Gravimetric (fire assay) method
    AS 1774.21-2005 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Determination of workability index - Mouldable refractories
    AS 1038.1-2001 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing - Higher rank coal - Total moisture
    AS 1774.24-2006 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Determination of the resistance to thermal shock
    AS 1038.10.5.1-2003 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Coal, coke and fly-ash - Trace elements - Determination of mercury content - Tube combustion method (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 2434.7-2002 Methods for the analysis and testing of lower rank coal and its chars Lower rank coal - Determination of moisture in the analysis sample
    AS 1038.26-2005 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Higher rank coal and coke - Guide for the determination of apparent relative density
    AS 1774.7-2001 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods - Permeability to gases
    AS 2134.3-1994 Recommended practice for chemical analysis by atomic absorption spectrometry Vapour generation atomic absorption spectrometry
    AS 1038.12.1-2002 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing - Higher rank coal - Caking and coking propertiese - Crucible swelling number
    AS 2503.5-2003 Refractories and refractory materials - Chemical analysis Chrome-bearing materials
    AS 1774.1-2000 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Determination of cold compressive strength (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 2879.9-2002 Alumina Determination of flow time
    AS/NZS 2243.2:2006 Safety in laboratories Chemical aspects
    AS 2489.5-2003 Methods for the analysis of zircon sand concentrates - Determination of zirconium plus hafnium content (Gravimetric method)
    AS 1038.10.5.2-2007 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Coal and fly-ash - Trace elements - Determination of mercury content - Acid extraction method (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS 2434.4-2002 Methods for the analysis and testing of lower rank coal and its chars Dried lower rank coal and its chars - Determination of apparent density - Mercury displacement method
    AS 2879.1-2000 Alumina - Determination of loss of mass at 300 degrees Celsius and 1000 degrees Celsius
    AS 1774.3-2000 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Determination of cold modulus of rupture
    AS/NZS 4782.3(INT):2006 Double-capped fluorescent lamps - Performance specifications Procedure for quantitative analysis of mercury present in fluorescent lamps
    AS 1774.4.4-2001 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Preparation of test pieces - Mouldable refractories
    AS 4332-1995 The storage and handling of gases in cylinders
    AS 2879.8-2000 Alumina Determination of bulk density
    AS 1774.11-2005 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods - Determination of thermal expansion
    AS 2434.9-2000 Method for the analysis and testing of lower rank coal and its chars Determination of four acid-extractable inorganic ions in lower rank coal
    AS 1038.10.4-2001 Coal and coke - Analysis and testing Determination of trace elements - Coal, coke and fly-ash - Determination of fluorine content - Pyrohydrolysis method (Reconfirmed 2013)
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