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  • AS 2550.1-1993

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Cranes - Safe use - General requirements

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  30-06-2017

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  01-01-1993

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS 2550.1-1993 CRANES-SAFE USE - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    7 - SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
    7 - 1.1 SCOPE
    7 - 1.2 APPLICATION
    7 - 1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    8 - 1.4 DEFINITIONS
    8 - 1.4.1 Competent person
    8 - 1.4.2 Management
    8 - 1.4.3 Management’s instructions
    8 - 1.4.4 Shall
    8 - 1.4.5 Should
    9 - SECTION 2 PLANNING
    9 - 2.1 GENERAL
    9 - 2.2 MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED
    10 - SECTION 3 SELECTION
    10 - 3.1 GENERAL
    11 - SECTION 4 SITING
    11 - 4.1 GENERAL
    11 - 4.2 CRANE STANDING
    11 - 4.2.1 General
    11 - 4.2.2 Wind force
    11 - 4.2.3 In-service conditions
    11 - 4.2.4 Out-of-service conditions
    11 - 4.2.5 Underground services
    11 - 4.2.6 Stability on crane standing
    12 - 4.3 PROXIMITY HAZARDS AND VISIBILITY
    12 - 4.3.1 Proximity hazards
    12 - 4.3.2 Visibility
    12 - 4.4 ENVIRONMENTAL RESTRICTIONS
    12 - 4.4.1 Noise
    12 - 4.4.2 Noxious fumes
    12 - 4.5 CLEARANCES
    13 - SECTION 5 PERSONNEL
    13 - 5.1 MANAGEMENT
    14 - 5.2 CRANE OPERATORS
    14 - 5.2.1 Qualifications
    14 - 5.2.2 Authorization
    14 - 5.2.3 Physical and mental fitness of crane operator
    14 - 5.3 CRANE CHASERS AND DOGMEN
    14 - 5.3.1 Qualifications
    14 - 5.3.2 Authorization
    14 - 5.3.3 Identification
    14 - 5.4 ALCOHOL AND DRUG USAGE
    15 - SECTION 6 ERECTION AND DISMANTLING
    15 - 6.1 IDENTIFICATION OF CRANE COMPONENTS
    15 - 6.2 INSTRUCTIONS
    15 - 6.3 ELECTRICAL SUPPLY
    15 - 6.4 CORRECT FUNCTION OF SAFETY DEVICES
    16 - SECTION 7 OPERATION
    16 - 7.1 OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
    16 - 7.2 PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
    16 - 7.3 COMMUNICATION OF IRREGULARITIES
    16 - 7.4 LEAVING THE CRANE UNATTENDED
    17 - 7.5 ABNORMAL NOISE OR MOVEMENT
    17 - 7.6 HOUSEKEEPING
    17 - 7.7 ACCESS ONTO A CRANE
    17 - 7.8 PERSONS APPROACHING THE PROXIMITY OF A CRANE
    17 - 7.9 CRANE OPERATION
    17 - 7.9.1 General
    18 - 7.9.2 Hoisting of loads
    18 - 7.9.3 Multiple hoist line operation
    18 - 7.9.4 Balancing the load
    18 - 7.9.5 Use of motion limits
    18 - 7.9.6 Interruption of electric power supply
    18 - 7.9.7 Crane operation in the vicinity of air fields
    18 - 7.10 CONTROL OF LOAD
    19 - 7.11 TAG LINES
    19 - 7.12 COMMUNICATION
    19 - 7.12.1 Methods of signalling
    19 - 7.12.2 Hand signals
    19 - 7.12.3 Bell, buzzer and whistle signals
    19 - 7.13 HANDLING LOADS OVER PUBLIC ACCESS AREAS AND ADJACENT BUILDINGS
    19 - 7.14 LOADS SUPPORTED BY MAGNETIC, VACUUM AND FRICTION LIFTING ATTACHMENTS
    19 - 7.15 RIDING ON THE CRANE
    21 - 7.16 SUSPENSION OF PERSONS BY CRANE
    21 - 7.16.1 General
    21 - 7.16.2 Requirements for the workbox
    21 - 7.16.3 Requirements for the crane used with a workbox
    21 - 7.16.4 Operation of the crane with suspended personnel
    22 - 7.17 OPERATION NEAR AERIAL CONDUCTORS (OVERHEAD POWERLINES)
    22 - 7.17.1 Precautions
    24 - 7.17.2 Aerial conductor contact
    25 - 7.18 OPERATION NEAR UNDERGROUND LIVE CONDUCTORS
    25 - 7.19 MULTIPLE CRANE OPERATION
    25 - 7.19.1 General
    25 - 7.19.2 Capacity requirements
    25 - 7.19.3 Planning for multiple crane hoisting
    26 - 7.19.4 Supervision
    26 - 7.19.5 Communications
    26 - 7.20 SPECIAL DUTIES
    26 - 7.20.1 General
    26 - 7.20.2 Grabbing and magnet crane service
    26 - 7.20.3 Swinging-ball demolition service
    28 - 7.20.4 Lifting products of demolition
    28 - 7.20.5 Piling service
    28 - 7.20.6 Inspection
    29 - 7.20.7 Recreational use
    29 - 7.21 WEATHER CONDITIONS
    29 - 7.21.1 Wind conditions
    29 - 7.21.2 Visibility conditions
    29 - 7.21.3 Wet conditions
    29 - 7.21.4 Lightning
    29 - 7.22 ACCIDENT OR DAMAGE
    29 - 7.23 MODIFICATIONS TO CRANES
    29 - 7.24 NECESSARY EQUIPMENT
    29 - 7.25 GUARDING
    29 - 7.26 LOAD RATING CHARTS
    29 - 7.27 LOAD TESTING
    30 - SECTION 8 MAINTENANCE, INSPECTION AND REPAIR
    30 - 8.1 GENERAL
    30 - 8.2 INSPECTION
    30 - 8.2.1 Major inspection
    31 - 8.3 MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR
    31 - 8.3.1 General
    31 - 8.3.2 Worn or unserviceable parts
    31 - 8.3.3 Log maintenance
    32 - SECTION 9 ROPES, HOOKS AND ATTACHMENTS
    32 - 9.1 ROPES
    32 - 9.1.1 Replacement of ropes
    32 - 9.1.2 Rope reeving
    32 - 9.1.3 Rope guards or keepers
    32 - 9.1.4 Guide rollers and sheaves
    32 - 9.1.5 Rope drums and sheaves
    32 - 9.1.6 Rope terminal fittings
    32 - 9.1.7 Rope lengths
    32 - 9.1.8 Rope stretch
    33 - 9.1.9 Examination of ropes
    33 - 9.2 HOOKS AND HOOK BLOCKS
    33 - 9.3 ATTACHMENTS
    33 - 9.3.1 General
    33 - 9.3.2 Identification and marking
    33 - 9.3.3 Workboxes
    33 - 9.3.4 Inspection
    34 - APPENDIX A - SAFE BEARING PRESSURE FOR CRANE OUTRIGGERS
    35 - APPENDIX B - ROUTINE CHECKS FOR CRANES
    36 - APPENDIX C - SAFE WORK PROCEDURES FOR THE MAINTENANCE AND THE INSPECTION OF CRANES
    36 - C1 SCOPE
    36 - C2 RESTRICTION OF ACCESS
    36 - C3 AUTHORIZATION FOR ACCESS
    36 - C4 WARNING TO OTHER PERSONNEL
    36 - C5 WORK NEAR CRANES
    36 - C6 WORK ON CRANES
    36 - C7 LOCK-OUT OF MAIN ISOLATOR OR CRANE ISOLATOR
    37 - C8 OVERHEAD MAINTENANCE OR INSPECTION
    37 - C9 MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION IN ELEVATED POSITIONS
    37 - C10 HEAD PROTECTION
    38 - APPENDIX D - RECOMMENDED MINIMUM SERVICE REQUIREMENTS FOR CRANES
    38 - D1 CONTROL POINTS
    38 - D1.1 General
    38 - D1.2 Structural
    38 - D1.3 Function
    38 - D1.4 Measuring
    38 - D1.5 Adjustment
    38 - D1.6 Lubrication
    38 - D2 CONTROL FREQUENCY
    38 - D2.1 General
    38 - D2.2 Safety control
    38 - D2.3 Preventative service
    38 - D2.4 Major inspection
    39 - APPENDIX E - STANDARDS FOR COMPONENTS USED IN LIFTING SYSTEMS

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Specifies the general requirements for the planning, selection, siting, personnel, erection, dismantling, operation maintenance, inspection, repair, ropes, hooks and attachment for the safe use of cranes. It does not include specific requirements for cranes, hoists and winches mounted on waterborne vessels.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard specifies the general requirements for cranes, hoists and winches. Except as given in Clause 7.20.4(a), it does not include requirements for cranes, hoists and winches mounted on waterborne vessels.NOTE: Where this Standard uses the word 'crane' it shall be taken to mean 'hoist' or 'winch' as applicable.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee ME-005
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Under Revision see DR 00277 First published as part of AS 2550-1982.Revised and redesignated in part as AS 2550.1-1993. First published as part of AS 2550-1982. Revised and redesignated in part as AS 2550.1-1993.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 3000-1986 Electrical installations - Buildings, structures and premises (known as the SAA Wiring Rules)
    AS 2076-1996 Wire-rope grips for non-lifting applications
    AS 1801-1981 Industrial safety helmets
    AS 1418.1-1994 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - General requirements
    AS 2549-1996 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - Glossary of terms
    AS 2759-1985 Steel wire rope - Application guide
    AS 1891-1983 Industrial safety belts and harnesses
    AS 4024.1-1996 Safeguarding of machinery General principles

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 1418.3-1997 Cranes, hoists and winches Bridge, gantry, portal (including container cranes) and jib cranes (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 2550.7-1996 Cranes - Safe use Builders' hoists and associated equipment
    AS 2550.15-1994 Cranes - Safe use - Concrete placing equipment
    AS 2550.6-1995 Cranes - Safe use Guided storing and retrieving appliances (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 2550.5-1993 Cranes - Safe use - Mobile and vehicle-loading cranes
    AS 2550.4-1994 Cranes - Safe use - Tower cranes
    AS/NZS 2550.9:1996 Cranes - Safe use Vehicle hoists
    AS 1418.16-1997 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Mast climbing work platforms
    AS 3533.2-1997 Amusement rides and devices - Operation and maintenance
    AS 1418.2-1997 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Serial hoists and winches
    AS/NZS 1418.9:1996 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Vehicle hoists
    AS 3828-1998 Guidelines for the erection of building steelwork
    AS 2550.16-1997 Cranes - Safe use Mast climbing work platforms
    AS 1418.13-1996 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Building maintenance units
    AS 1418.17-1996 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Design and construction of workboxes (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 2601-2001 The demolition of structures
    AS 2550.13-1997 Cranes - Safe use Building maintenance units
    AS 1418.1-1994 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - General requirements
    AS 2550.10-1994 Cranes - Safe use - Elevating work platforms
    AS 1418.5-1995 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - Mobile and vehicle-loading cranes
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