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  • AS/NZS 1554.3:2008

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    Structural steel welding - Welding of reinforcing steel

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  23-06-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2008

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS/NZS 1554.3:2008 STRUCTURAL STEEL WELDING - WELDING OF REINFORCING STEEL
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    7 - SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
    7 - 1.1 SCOPE
    7 - 1.2 INNOVATION
    7 - 1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    7 - 1.4 DEFINITIONS
    7 - 1.4.1 Approved
    7 - 1.4.2 Designer
    8 - 1.4.3 Fabricator
    8 - 1.4.4 Inspecting authority
    8 - 1.4.5 Inspector
    8 - 1.4.6 Loadbearing welded joints
    8 - 1.4.7 May
    8 - 1.4.8 Non-loadbearing welded joints
    8 - 1.4.9 Principal
    8 - 1.4.10 Reinforcing steel
    8 - 1.4.11 Shall
    8 - 1.4.12 Should
    8 - 1.4.13 Tack welds
    8 - 1.4.14 Types of splice
    9 - 1.4.15 Welded joints
    9 - 1.5 WELD CATEGORY
    9 - 1.6 WELDING OF REINFORCING STEEL
    9 - 1.6.1 Approval
    9 - 1.6.2 Limitations
    10 - 1.6.3 Welding different grades
    10 - 1.7 BASIC WELDING REQUIREMENTS
    10 - 1.8 JOINING REINFORCING STEEL TO STRUCTURES
    10 - 1.9 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
    10 - 1.9.1 Welding safety
    10 - 1.9.2 Welding equipment
    10 - 1.9.3 Other hazards
    11 - SECTION 2 MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
    11 - 2.1 PARENT MATERIAL
    11 - 2.2 BACKING MATERIAL
    11 - 2.3 WELDING CONSUMABLES
    11 - 2.3.1 Electrodes
    12 - 2.3.2 Storage of welding consumables
    12 - 2.3.3 Shielding gas
    13 - SECTION 3 DETAILS OF FUSION-WELDED CONNECTIONS
    13 - 3.1 GENERAL
    13 - 3.1.1 Permissible weld types
    13 - 3.1.2 Non symmetric connections
    13 - 3.1.3 Size of welds
    13 - 3.1.4 Design throat thickness
    13 - 3.1.5 Effective length
    13 - 3.1.6 Effective area
    13 - 3.1.7 Finished width
    13 - 3.1.8 Welding consumable strength
    15 - 3.2 LOADBEARING WELDED JOINTS
    15 - 3.2.1 Butt splices
    15 - 3.2.2 Lap splices
    15 - 3.2.3 Transverse end plate splices
    16 - 3.3 NON-LOADBEARING WELDED JOINTS
    16 - 3.3.1 General
    16 - 3.3.2 Tack welds
    17 - 3.3.3 Cross-joints
    17 - 3.3.4 Lifting loads
    19 - SECTION 4 QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES AND WELDING PERSONNEL FOR FUSION WELDING
    19 - 4.1 QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURE
    19 - 4.2 METHODS FOR QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURE
    19 - 4.3 PREQUALIFIED WELDING PROCEDURES
    20 - 4.4 PREQUALIFIED JOINT PREPARATIONS
    20 - 4.4.1 General
    20 - 4.4.2 Prequalified butt splices
    20 - 4.4.3 Prequalified transverse end plate splices
    20 - 4.4.4 Prequalified lap splices
    20 - 4.5 QUALIFICATION OF WELDING CONSUMABLES
    20 - 4.5.1 Prequalified welding consumables
    20 - 4.5.2 Qualification of welding consumables by testing
    21 - 4.6 EXTENSION OF QUALIFICATION
    22 - 4.7 COMBINATION OF PROCESSES
    22 - 4.8 RECORDS OF TESTS
    22 - 4.9 REQUALIFICATION OF FUSION WELDING PROCEDURES
    24 - 4.10 QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL
    24 - 4.10.1 Welding supervisor
    25 - 4.10.2 Welders
    27 - 4.11 WORKMANSHIP
    27 - 4.11.1 Preparation of material for welding
    27 - 4.11.2 Assembly
    28 - 4.11.3 Gouging
    28 - 4.11.4 Positioning of work
    28 - 4.11.5 Welding in adverse weather conditions
    28 - 4.11.6 Preheat and inter-run temperature
    29 - 4.11.7 Arc strikes
    29 - 4.11.8 Correction of defective welds
    32 - SECTION 5 FLASH BUTT WELDING
    32 - 5.1 GENERAL
    32 - 5.2 SIZES
    32 - 5.3 BAR PREPARATION
    32 - 5.4 ALIGNMENT
    32 - 5.5 CLEANLINESS
    32 - 5.6 WORKMANSHIP
    32 - 5.6.1 Overhang or projection from the dies
    32 - 5.6.2 Clamping force
    32 - 5.6.3 Preheating
    33 - 5.6.4 Flashing
    33 - 5.6.5 Upsetting
    33 - 5.7 EQUIPMENT
    33 - 5.7.1 General
    33 - 5.7.2 Machine controls
    33 - 5.7.3 Flash guards
    33 - 5.7.4 Cleanliness of machine
    33 - 5.8 QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURE
    33 - 5.8.1 General
    34 - 5.8.2 Method of qualification of welding procedure
    34 - 5.8.3 Requalification of flash butt welding procedure
    34 - 5.9 PRODUCTION CONTROL TESTS
    34 - 5.9.1 General production control tests
    34 - 5.9.2 Frequency of tests
    34 - 5.10 DEFECTIVE WELDS
    35 - SECTION 6 FLAME PRESSURE WELDING
    35 - 6.1 GENERAL
    35 - 6.2 SIZES
    35 - 6.3 BAR PREPARATION
    35 - 6.4 ALIGNMENT
    35 - 6.5 CLEANLINESS
    35 - 6.6 WORKMANSHIP
    35 - 6.6.1 Positioning
    35 - 6.6.2 Clamping force
    35 - 6.6.3 Upset
    35 - 6.7 QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURE
    35 - 6.7.1 General
    36 - 6.7.2 Method of qualification of welding procedure
    36 - 6.7.3 Requalification of gas pressure welding procedures
    36 - 6.8 PRODUCTION CONTROL TESTS
    36 - 6.9 DEFECTIVE WELDS
    37 - SECTION 7 QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURE BY TESTING
    37 - 7.1 GENERAL
    37 - 7.2 METHOD
    38 - 7.3 TESTS
    38 - 7.3.1 Macro test
    38 - 7.3.2 Tensile test
    38 - 7.3.3 Bend test
    38 - 7.3.4 Shear test
    39 - 7.4 RETESTS
    40 - SECTION 8 TESTS
    40 - 8.1 PRODUCTION CONTROL TEST
    40 - 8.2 MACRO TEST
    40 - 8.3 TENSILE TEST
    40 - 8.4 BEND TEST
    40 - 8.5 SHEAR TEST
    41 - SECTION 9 QUALITY OF WELDS
    41 - 9.1 CATEGORY OF WELD QUALITY
    41 - 9.2 METHODS OF INSPECTION AND PERMISSIBLE LEVELS OF IMPERFECTIONS
    41 - 9.2.1 Methods of inspection of welds
    41 - 9.2.2 Permissible level of imperfections
    41 - 9.3 MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION
    41 - 9.4 LIQUID PENETRANT EXAMINATION
    41 - 9.5 WELD DEFECTS
    41 - 9.6 INSPECTION AFTER WELD REPAIR
    43 - SECTION 10 INSPECTION
    43 - 10.1 GENERAL
    43 - 10.2 QUALIFICATIONS OF INSPECTORS
    43 - 10.3 INSPECTION OF WORK
    43 - 10.3.1 Inspection
    43 - 10.3.2 Inspection after welding
    44 - 10.3.3 Non-destructive examination other than visual
    45 - APPENDIX A - REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    48 - APPENDIX B - TACK WELD SUITABLE FOR LOCATIONAL PURPOSES
    50 - APPENDIX C - LOCATIONAL TACK WELDS-TEST METHODS AND PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
    50 - C1 GENERAL
    50 - C2 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
    50 - C3 TEST SPECIMENS
    51 - C4 TESTING AND PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
    51 - C4.1 General
    51 - C4.2 Tensile test
    51 - C4.3 Bend test
    51 - C5 EXTENT OF TESTING
    52 - C6 EVALUATION OF TEST RESULTS
    52 - C6.1 General
    52 - C6.2 Tensile test
    52 - C6.3 Bend test
    52 - C7 EXTENSION OF TEST RESULTS
    53 - APPENDIX D - TYPICAL WELDING PROCEDURE SHEET SUITABLE FOR USE AS A PQR OR A WPS
    54 - APPENDIX E - MATTERS FOR APPROVAL BETWEEN THE FABRICATOR AND THE PRINCIPAL
    55 - APPENDIX F - WELDED JOINT AND PROCESS IDENTIFICATION
    55 - F1 NOTATION FOR JOINT IDENTIFICATION
    55 - F2 NOTATION FOR DIMENSIONS, POSITIONS AND BACKING MATERIAL
    56 - F3 NOTATION FOR PROCESSES
    73 - APPENDIX G - WELD PROCEDURE FOR CHANGES TO THE WELDING CONSUMABLE CLASSIFCATION SYSTEM
    73 - G1 GENERAL
    73 - G2 SYSTEM CHANGES
    73 - G2.1 Strength
    73 - G2.2 Impact resistance
    74 - G2.3 Flux designations (MMAW)
    74 - G2.4 Usability designations (FCAW)
    74 - G2.5 Positional designations
    74 - G2.6 Weld metal hydrogen
    74 - G3 EXTENSION OF WELD PROCEDURE QUALIFICATION
    75 - G4 OTHER PROCESSES

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Specifies requirements for the welding of reinforcing steel used in concrete structures that are designed and constructed in accordance with AS 3600 or NZS 3101.1, as well as other Standards that may be appropriate. It also applies to the welding of steel connection devices, inserts, anchors and anchor details, including prefabricated assemblies required in reinforced and precast concrete constructions

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard specifies requirements for the welding of reinforcing steel used in concrete structures that are designed and constructed in accordance with AS 3600 or NZS 3101.1, as well as other Standards that may be appropriate, by the following processes:(a) Manual metal-arc welding (MMAW).(b) Gas metal-arc welding (GMAW).(c) Flux-cored arc welding (FCAW).(d) Flash butt welding.(e) Flame-pressure welding or other processes approved by the principal.The Standard applies specifically to the welding of reinforcing steels complying with AS/NZS 4671, but other steels may be used as provided for in Clause 2.1. It also applies to the welding of steel connection devices, inserts, anchors and anchor details, including prefabricated assemblies required in reinforced and precast concrete constructions.NOTE: Further information is given in WTIA Technical Note 11.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee WD-003
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    First published as AS CA8.3-1970.
    Revised and redesignated as AS 1554.3-1974.
    Second edition 1983.
    Jointly revised and designated as AS/NZS 1554.3:2002.
    Second edition 2008. Originated as AS CA8.3-1970. Previous edition AS 1554.3-1983. Jointly revised and designated AS/NZS 1554.3:2002. Second edition 2008.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 3752:2006 Welding and allied processes - Determination of hydrogen content in ferritic steel arc weld metal
    AS 1796-2001 Certification of welders and welding supervisors (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 1338.1:1992 Filters for eye protectors Filters for protection against radiation generated in welding and allied operations
    AS/NZS 4855:2007 Welding consumables - Covered electrodes for manual metal arc welding of non-alloy and fine grain steels - Classification
    AS 1171-1998 Non-destructive testing - Magnetic particle testing of ferromagnetic products, components and structures
    AS/NZS 1167.2:1999 Welding and brazing - Filler metals Filler metal for welding
    AS 60974.11-2005 Arc welding equipment - Electrode holders
    AS 2799-1992 Resistance welding equipment - Single-phase a.c. transformer type
    AS/NZS ISO 3834.3:1999 Quality requirements for welding - Fusion welding of metallic materials Standards quality requirements
    AS/NZS 3992:1998 Pressure equipment - Welding and brazing qualification
    AS/NZS 4360:2004 Risk management
    AS 2205.3.1-2003 Methods for destructive testing of welds in metal Transverse guided bend test
    AS/NZS ISO 17632:2006 Welding consumables - Tubular cored electrodes for gas shielded and non-gas shielded metal arc welding of non-alloy and fine grain steels - Classification (ISO 17632:2004, MOD) (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS/NZS ISO 3834.2:1999 Quality requirements for welding - Fusion welding of metallic materials Comprehensive quality requirements
    AS/NZS 1336:1997 Recommended practices for occupational eye protection
    AS/NZS 1553.1:1995 Covered electrodes for welding - Low carbon steel electrodes for manual metal-arc welding of carbon steels and carbon-manganese steels
    AS 3600-2001 Concrete structures
    AS/NZS 1553.2:1999 Covered electrodes for welding - Low and intermediate alloy steel electrodes for manual metal-arc welding of carbon steels and low and intermediate alloy steels
    AS/NZS 4671:2001 Steel reinforcing materials
    AS/NZS 1554.1:2004 Structural steel welding Welding of steel structures
    AS 2203.1-1990 Cored electrodes for arc-welding - Ferritic steel electrodes
    AS/NZS 1554.6:1994 Structural steel welding - Welding stainless steels for structural purposes
    AS/NZS 1995:2003 Welding cables (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS 3600 SUPP 1-1994 Concrete structures - Commentary (Supplement to AS 3600-1994)
    AS 2205.5.1-2003 Methods for destructive testing of welds in metal Macro metallographic test for cross-section examination
    AS 1101.3-2005 Graphical symbols for general engineering Welding and non-destructive examination
    AS 1391-2007 Metallic materials - Tensile testing at ambient temperature
    AS/NZS 2980:2007 Qualification of welders for fusion welding of steels
    AS/NZS 2717.1:1996 Welding - Electrodes - Gas metal arc - Ferritic steel electrodes
    AS/NZS ISO 3834.1:1999 Quality requirements for welding - Fusion welding of metallic materials Guidelines for selection and use
    AS 1674.1-1997 Safety in welding and allied processes Fire precautions (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 2062-1997 Non-destructive testing - Penetrant testing of products and components
    AS 2214-2004 Certification of welding supervisors - Structural steel welding
    AS 3978-2003 Non-destructive testing - Visual inspection of metal products and components
    AS/NZS ISO 18276:2006 Welding consumables - Tubular cored electrodes for gas shielded and non-gas shielded metal arc welding of high strength steels - Classification (ISO 18276:2005, MOD) (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS/NZS 4857:2006 Welding consumables - Covered electrodes for manual metal arc welding of high-strength steels - Classification (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS 1674.2-2007 Safety in welding and allied processes Electrical (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 4882-2003 Shielding gases for welding
    AS 2812-2005 Welding, brazing and cutting of metals - Glossary of terms (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 2205.2.1-2003 Methods for destructive testing of welds in metal Transverse butt tensile test
    AS/NZS 1337.4:2004 Personal eye-protection - Filters and eye-protectors against laser radiation (laser eye-protectors)
    AS/NZS 1337.6:2007 Personal eye protection - Prescription eye protectors against low and medium impact
    AS/NZS 2865:2001 Safe working in a confined space
    AS/NZS ISO 3834.4:1999 Quality requirements for welding - Fusion welding of metallic materials Elementary quality requirements
    AS/NZS 1337:1992 Eye protectors for industrial applications
    AS/NZS 1337.5:2004 Personal eye-protection Eye-protectors for adjustment work on lasers and laser systems (laser adjustment eye-protectors)
    AS 60974.1-2006 Arc welding equipment Welding power sources (IEC 60974-1:2000, MOD)

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 1597.1-2010 Precast reinforced concrete box culverts Small culverts (not exceeding 1200 mm span and 1200 mm height)
    AS 1597.2-2013 Precast reinforced concrete box culverts Large culverts (exceeding 1200 mm span or 1200 mm height and up to and including 4200 mm span and 4200 mm height)
    AS 4722-2009 Passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors
    AS EN 12079.2-2010 Offshore containers and associated lifting sets Lifting sets - Design, manufacture and marking (EN 12079-2:2006, MOD)
    AS 3533.1-2009 Amusement rides and devices Design and construction
    AS 3600-2009 Concrete structures
    AS EN 12079.3-2010 Offshore containers and associated lifting sets Periodic inspection, examination and testing (EN 12079-3:2006, MOD)
    AS/NZS 3584.3:2012 Diesel engine systems for underground coal mines Maintenance
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