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  • AS/NZS 2982:2010

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    Laboratory design and construction

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  12-03-2010

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS/NZS 2982:2010 LABORATORY DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    7 - FOREWORD
    8 - SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
    8 - 1.1 SCOPE
    8 - 1.2 DESIGN
    8 - 1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    10 - 1.4 DEFINITIONS
    11 - 1.4.1 Air-handling system
    11 - 1.4.2 Approved, approval
    11 - 1.4.3 AQIS (Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service)
    11 - 1.4.4 Contaminated
    11 - 1.4.5 Corrosive
    11 - 1.4.6 Cryogenic liquid
    11 - 1.4.7 Dangerous goods
    11 - 1.4.8 Designated radiation area (DRA)
    11 - 1.4.9 Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA)
    12 - 1.4.10 Flammable
    12 - 1.4.11 Flammable liquid
    12 - 1.4.12 Flammable liquid storage cabinet
    12 - 1.4.13 Flashpoint
    12 - 1.4.14 Fume cabinet (also known as ‘recirculating fume cabinet’)
    12 - 1.4.15 Fume (as used in the term ‘fume cupboard’ or ‘fume cabinet’)
    12 - 1.4.16 Fume cupboard
    12 - 1.4.17 Gas container
    12 - 1.4.18 OGTR (Office of the Gene Technology Regulator)
    12 - 1.4.19 Hazard
    13 - 1.4.20 Hazardous substance
    13 - 1.4.21 HEPA filter
    13 - 1.4.22 HSNO
    13 - 1.4.23 Ignition source
    13 - 1.4.24 International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP)
    13 - 1.4.25 Laboratory
    14 - 1.4.26 Laboratory-biological
    14 - 1.4.27 Laboratory-extreme hazard
    14 - 1.4.28 Laboratory-microbiological
    14 - 1.4.29 Laboratory-radiation
    14 - 1.4.30 Laboratory-radioisotope
    14 - 1.4.31 Laboratory-radiological
    14 - 1.4.32 Laboratory-secondary
    14 - 1.4.33 Laboratory waste
    14 - 1.4.34 May
    15 - 1.4.35 Mechanical ventilation
    15 - 1.4.36 Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) Biosecurity New Zealand
    15 - 1.4.37 Natural ventilation
    15 - 1.4.38 NHMRC (National Health and Medical Research Council)
    15 - 1.4.39 Pathogen
    15 - 1.4.40 Physical containment
    15 - 1.4.41 Plenum
    15 - 1.4.42 Potable water
    15 - 1.4.43 Radiation protection adviser (RPA)
    15 - 1.4.44 Reticulated services
    15 - 1.4.45 Risk
    16 - 1.4.46 Shall
    16 - 1.4.47 Should
    16 - 1.4.48 Security sensitive agents
    16 - 1.4.49 Storage room for hazardous substances
    16 - 1.4.50 Zoonosis
    17 - SECTION 2 GENERAL LABORATORY CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS
    17 - 2.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    17 - 2.2 PROTECTION AGAINST SUNLIGHT
    17 - 2.3 STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY
    17 - 2.4 CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND FINISHES
    17 - 2.5 FLOORS
    18 - 2.6 WALLS
    18 - 2.7 CEILINGS
    18 - 2.8 VENTILATION OPENINGS
    18 - 2.9 BENCHES
    19 - 2.10 AISLES
    20 - 2.11 EGRESS AND ACCESS
    20 - 2.12 SHELVING
    20 - 2.13 FIXTURES, FITTINGS AND EQUIPMENT
    22 - 2.14 FUME CUPBOARDS AND CABINETS
    22 - 2.15 LUNCH ROOMS AND TOILETS
    22 - 2.16 WRITE UP AREAS
    22 - 2.17 RESTRICTED ACCESS
    22 - 2.18 WATER HEATERS
    23 - SECTION 3 RETICULATED SERVICES
    23 - 3.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    23 - 3.2 IDENTIFICATION AND COLOUR CODING
    23 - 3.3 SERVICE ISOLATION
    23 - 3.4 EMERGENCY SHUT OFF
    23 - 3.5 EXPOSED SERVICE PIPES
    23 - 3.6 PIPING IN CONCEALED SPACES
    23 - 3.7 RETICULATION FROM GAS CYLINDERS
    23 - 3.7.1 General
    24 - 3.7.2 Control of pressure
    24 - 3.7.3 Pipes
    24 - 3.7.4 Liquefied petroleum gas cylinders
    24 - 3.7.5 Asphyxiant gases
    24 - 3.8 VACUUM RETICULATION
    24 - 3.9 HYDRAULIC SERVICES
    24 - 3.9.1 General
    24 - 3.9.2 Materials
    24 - 3.9.3 Drinking water
    24 - 3.9.4 Safety shower and eyewash
    25 - 3.9.5 Disposal of liquid waste
    26 - SECTION 4 ELECTRICAL SERVICES
    26 - 4.1 STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS
    26 - 4.2 LABORATORY POWER
    26 - 4.3 LABORATORY LIGHTING
    27 - SECTION 5 VENTILATION AND AIR QUALITY
    27 - 5.1 GENERAL
    27 - 5.2 VENTILATION FOR OCCUPANTS
    27 - 5.3 NATURAL VENTILATION
    27 - 5.4 MECHANICAL VENTILATION
    27 - 5.4.1 General
    28 - 5.4.2 Natural ventilation as back-up
    28 - 5.5 AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS
    28 - 5.5.1 Exposure limits
    28 - 5.5.2 Contaminant control
    28 - 5.5.3 Control of flammable gases and vapours
    28 - 5.6 LOCAL EXHAUST VENTILATION
    29 - 5.7 VENTILATION FOR HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL STORES
    31 - SECTION 6 HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    31 - 6.1 GENERAL
    31 - 6.2 SAFETY SHOWERS AND EYEWASHERS
    31 - 6.2.1 Provision of equipment
    31 - 6.2.2 Operation and access
    31 - 6.2.3 Equipment specifications
    31 - 6.3 HANDWASHING FACILITIES
    32 - 6.4 SAFETY NOTICEBOARDS
    32 - 6.5 SAFETY SIGNS
    32 - 6.6 HAZARD SIGNS AND PLACARDS
    32 - 6.7 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS
    33 - SECTION 7 STORAGE OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
    33 - 7.1 GENERAL
    33 - 7.2 FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS CABINETS
    33 - 7.2.1 General
    33 - 7.2.2 Segregation
    33 - 7.2.3 Maximum capacity
    33 - 7.2.4 Cabinet venting
    33 - 7.3 FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS STORES
    34 - 7.4 COMPRESSED-GAS CYLINDERS
    34 - 7.5 STORAGE AREAS FOR CORROSIVE MATERIAL
    34 - 7.5.1 General construction
    34 - 7.5.2 Floors
    34 - 7.6 CHEMICAL STORAGE CABINETS
    34 - 7.7 STORAGE FOR SOLID AND LIQUID WASTES
    35 - SECTION 8 BIOLOGICAL LABORATORIES
    35 - 8.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    35 - 8.2 LABORATORY LAYOUT
    35 - 8.2.1 Separation of work areas
    35 - 8.2.2 Microbiological work areas
    35 - 8.3 SECURITY
    35 - 8.4 VENTILATION
    35 - 8.5 STERILIZATION
    36 - 8.6 BIOLOGICAL WASTE DISPOSAL
    36 - 8.6.1 General
    36 - 8.6.2 Incinerators
    36 - 8.7 ANIMAL ACCOMMODATION FACILITIES
    36 - 8.7.1 Application
    36 - 8.7.2 Separation of animal accommodation
    36 - 8.7.3 Prevention of vermin
    36 - 8.7.4 Separation of infected animals
    36 - 8.7.5 Clean stores
    36 - 8.7.6 Autopsy and experimental areas
    36 - 8.7.7 Waste handling and storage
    37 - 8.7.8 Cage area
    37 - 8.7.9 Ventilation
    37 - 8.7.10 Animal containment
    37 - 8.7.11 Cleaning
    37 - 8.8 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ANIMAL ACCOMMODATION
    37 - 8.9 REQUIREMENTS FOR PLANT HOUSES
    37 - 8.10 REQUIREMENTS FOR INVERTEBRATE FACILITIES
    38 - SECTION 9 LABORATORIES IN WHICH RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS AND IONIZING RADIATIONS ARE USED
    38 - 9.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    38 - 9.2 GENERAL
    38 - 9.2.1 Radiation warning signs
    38 - 9.2.2 Shielding
    38 - 9.2.3 Limitation on access
    39 - 9.2.4 General requirements for radiation laboratories
    39 - 9.2.5 General requirements for radioisotope laboratories
    40 - 9.3 MINIMUM CRITERIA FOR RADIOISOTOPE LABORATORIES
    40 - 9.3.1 Laboratory grading
    41 - 9.3.2 General
    41 - 9.3.3 Floor penetrations
    41 - 9.3.4 Low-level laboratories
    42 - 9.3.5 Medium-level laboratories
    43 - 9.3.6 High-level laboratories
    44 - 9.4 SUMMARY OF DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
    44 - 9.5 STORAGE OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS
    44 - 9.5.1 General
    44 - 9.5.2 Security
    44 - 9.5.3 Shielding
    44 - 9.5.4 Ventilation
    44 - 9.5.5 Signage
    47 - SECTION 10 SECONDARY SCHOOL LABORATORIES
    47 - 10.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    47 - 10.2 RETICULATED SERVICES
    47 - 10.2.1 Gas isolating valves
    47 - 10.2.2 Controls labelling
    47 - 10.3 ELECTRICAL SERVICES
    47 - 10.4 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
    47 - 10.4.1 Flammable liquids
    48 - 10.4.2 Chemicals emitting hazardous vapours
    49 - APPENDIX A - PLANNING, DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
    49 - A1 THE PLANNING BRIEF
    49 - A2 SITING OF BUILDINGS
    50 - A3 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS WITHIN LABORATORIES
    50 - A4 LABORATORY ACCESS
    50 - A4.1 Laboratory egress
    50 - A4.2 Control of access
    50 - A4.3 Access for materials and equipment
    51 - A5 WORK SURFACE HEIGHTS
    51 - A6 STORAGE
    51 - A6.1 Storage heights
    51 - A6.2 Storage depths and access
    51 - A7 FUME, SAFETY, LAMINAR FLOW CABINETS AND CUPBOARDS
    51 - A7.1 Containment devices
    52 - A7.2 Laminar flow cabinets

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Sets out requirements relating to the design and construction of buildings that house laboratories. It applies both to new laboratories and to where existing buildings are converted to laboratory use. Special sections are included for hazardous substances, biological, radiological, and secondary school laboratories.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard specifies requirements for the design and construction of laboratories. Sections 1 to 7 apply to all laboratories. Sections 8, 9 and 10 contain additional requirements applicable to biological, radiological and secondary school laboratories respectively.NOTES:1 This Standard is primarily intended for those aspects of laboratory building design and construction related to the safety of the occupants. Various design and construction requirements that are intended to minimize the hazards associated with laboratories are detailed.2 This Standard should be used in conjunction with the applicable building regulations and other regulations such as those on occupational health and safety, and the relevant referenced Standards.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee BD-046
    Development Note Standard has been given Pending Revision status.
    Document Type Standard
    Product Note Pending Revision indicates that as a result of the Aged Standards review process, the document needs updating. If no project proposal, meeting the quality criteria, is received within the 12 month timeframe, the document shall be withdrawn.
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    First published in Australia as part of AS 2982-1987.Jointly revised and redesignated in part AS/NZS 2982.1:1997.Jointly revised and redesignated as AS/NZS 2982:2010. Originated in Australia as AS 2982-1987. Previous edition AS/NZS 2982.1:1997. Jointly revised and redesignated as AS/NZS 2982:2010.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 2639-1994 Laminar flow cytotoxic drug safety cabinets - Installation and use
    AS 4260-1997 High efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters - Classification, construction and performance (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 1482-1985 Electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres - Protection by ventilation - Type of protection v
    AS/NZS 2022:2003 Anhydrous ammonia - Storage and handling
    AS 1735.1-2003 Lifts, escalators and moving walks General requirements
    AS/NZS 1596:2008 The storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS/NZS 2243.8:2006 Safety in laboratories - Fume cupboards
    AS 1735.15-2002 Lifts, escalators, and moving walks Low-rise passenger lifts - Non-automatically controlled
    AS 1735.12-1999 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Facilities for persons with disabilities
    AS 2243.4-1998 Safety in laboratories - Ionizing radiations
    AS 1735.9-1994 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Special purpose industrial lifts
    AS 4775-2007 Emergency eyewash and shower equipment
    AS/NZS 2647:2000 Biological safety cabinets - Installation and use
    AS 1735.16-1993 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Lifts for persons with limited mobility - Restricted use - Automatically controlled
    AS 2507-1998 The storage and handling of agricultural and veterinary chemicals
    AS/NZS 2430.3.6:2004 Classification of hazardous areas Examples of area classification - Laboratories, including fume cupboards and flammable medical agents
    AS/NZS 1680.1:2006 Interior and workplace lighting General principles and recommendations
    AS 1735.2-2001 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Passenger and goods lifts - Electric
    AS 1735.17-1995 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Lifts for people with limited mobility - Restricted use - Water-drive
    AS 1735.7-1998 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Stairway lifts
    AS/NZS 60079.10.1:2009 Explosive atmospheres Classification of areas - Explosive gas atmospheres (IEC 60079-10-1, Ed.1.0(2008) MOD)
    AS 3780-2008 The storage and handling of corrosive substances
    AS 2243.7-1991 Safety in laboratories - Electrical aspects
    AS/NZS 3500.3:2003 Plumbing and drainage Stormwater drainage
    AS/NZS 3000:2007 Electrical installations (known as the Australian/New Zealand Wiring Rules)
    AS 2252.2-2009 Controlled environments Biological safety cabinets Class II - Design
    AS/NZS 2106.1:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Abel closed cup method
    AS/NZS 4801:2001 Occupational health and safety management systems - Specification with guidance for use
    AS 5601-2004 Gas installations
    AS/NZS 2243.9:2009 Safety in laboratories Recirculating fume cabinets
    AS 2714-2008 The storage and handling of organic peroxides (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS/NZS 2243.3:2002 Safety in laboratories - Microbiological aspects and containment facilities
    AS 1735.8-1986 Lifts, escalators and moving walks (known as the SAA Lift Code) Inclined lifts
    AS 1216-2006 Class labels for dangerous goods
    AS 2243.6-1990 Safety in laboratories - Mechanical aspects
    AS 1735.14-1998 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Low-rise platforms for passengers
    AS/NZS 3500.2:2003 Plumbing and drainage Sanitary plumbing and drainage
    AS 1319-1994 Safety signs for the occupational environment (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 2567-2002 Laminar flow cytotoxic drug safety cabinets
    AS/NZS 2243.2:2006 Safety in laboratories Chemical aspects
    AS/NZS 2243.5:2004 Safety in laboratories Non-ionizing radiations - Electromagnetic, sound and ultrasound
    AS/NZS 3500.0:2003 Plumbing and drainage Glossary of terms
    AS/NZS 3500.1:2003 Plumbing and drainage Water services
    AS/NZS 3500.5:2000 National Plumbing and Drainage - Domestic installations
    AS/NZS 4663:2004 Slip resistance measurement of existing pedestrian surfaces
    AS 1735.3-2002 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Passenger and goods lifts - Electrohydraulic
    AS 1735.4-1986 SAA Lift Code Service lifts - Power-operated
    AS 1940-2004 The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids
    AS/NZS 2927:2001 The storage and handling of liquefied chlorine gas
    AS/NZS 2243.10:2004 Safety in laboratories Storage of chemicals
    AS/NZS 2243.1:2005 Safety in laboratories Planning and operational aspects
    AS/NZS 3816:1998 Management of clinical and related wastes
    AS 1345-1995 Identification of the contents of pipes, conduits and ducts (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 1735.11-1986 SAA Lift Code Fire-rated landing doors
    AS 1735.5-2003 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Lifts, escalators and moving walks
    AS 1894-1997 The storage and handling of non-flammable cryogenic and refrigerated liquids (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS/NZS 3500.4:2003 Plumbing and drainage Heated water services
    AS 2676.1-1992 Guide to the installation, maintenance, testing and replacement of secondary batteries in buildings - Vented cells
    AS/NZS 4586:2004 Slip resistance classification of new pedestrian surface materials
    AS 2676.2-1992 Guide to the installation, maintenance, testing and replacement of secondary batteries in buildings - Sealed cells

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 2243.4:2018 Safety in laboratories Ionizing radiations
    AS/NZS 1680.2.4:2017 Interior and workplace lighting Industrial tasks and processes
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