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  • AS/NZS 5070.1:2008

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    Siting and operation of radiocommunications facilities General guidelines for fixed, mobile and broadcasting facilities including fixed location satellite earth stations independent of the operating frequency (Reconfirmed 2019)

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  19-05-2008

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS/NZS 5070.1:2008 SITING AND OPERATION OF RADIOCOMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES - GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR FIXED, MOBILE AND...
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    7 - SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
    7 - 1.1 SCOPE
    7 - 1.2 APPLICATION
    8 - 1.3 REFERENCED AND RELATED DOCUMENTS
    8 - 1.3.1 Referenced documents
    9 - 1.3.2 Related documents
    9 - 1.4 DEFINITION
    9 - 1.4.1 Electromagnetic radiation (EMR)
    10 - SECTION 2 MANAGEMENT
    10 - 2.1 GENERAL
    10 - 2.2 RESPONSIBILITY
    11 - SECTION 3 PLANNING AND DESIGN
    11 - 3.1 GENERAL
    11 - 3.2 COMMUNITY CONSULTATION
    11 - 3.3 SITE SELECTION CRITERIA
    11 - 3.3.1 General
    11 - 3.3.2 Important considerations
    12 - 3.3.3 Proximity to aerodromes
    12 - 3.3.4 Proximity to radio astronomy and sensitive sites
    12 - 3.3.5 Proximity to flammable liquids and Gas facilities and combustible dust facilities.
    13 - 3.4 SITE DESIGN EMR ASSESSMENT
    13 - 3.5 ANTENNA MOUNTING DESIGN GUIDELINES-MINIMIZATION OF ACCESSIBLE AREAS CONTAINING EMR HAZARDS
    14 - SECTION 4 CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION
    14 - 4.1 GENERAL
    14 - 4.2 PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROCESS
    14 - 4.3 SITE SAFETY
    14 - 4.3.1 Strategic safety plan
    14 - 4.3.2 Safety risks
    14 - 4.3.3 Safety plan provisions
    15 - 4.4 STRUCTURES
    15 - 4.4.1 Regulatory requirements
    15 - 4.4.2 Engineering provisions
    15 - 4.4.3 Safe working on towers
    15 - 4.4.4 Relevant Australian standards
    16 - 4.4.5 Work practices
    16 - 4.4.6 Site security
    16 - 4.5 PROVISION OF UTILITIES
    16 - 4.5.1 Electrical supplies
    17 - 4.5.2 Water supplies
    17 - 4.5.3 Communications to the site
    17 - 4.5.4 Sewerage and drainage
    17 - 4.6 INSTALLATION OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT AND CABLING
    17 - 4.6.1 Electronic equipment considerations
    17 - 4.6.2 Cabling requirements
    18 - 4.6.3 Electronic equipment labelling
    18 - 4.6.4 Documentation for maintenance purposes
    18 - 4.7 EARTHING
    18 - 4.7.1 Earthing installation practice
    18 - 4.7.2 Electrical power earthing
    18 - 4.7.3 Equipment earthing
    19 - 4.7.4 Lightning protection devices
    19 - 4.7.5 Lightning protection installation practice
    20 - SECTION 5 COMMISSIONING
    20 - 5.1 GENERAL
    20 - 5.2 COMMISSIONING PROCESS
    21 - SECTION 6 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
    21 - 6.1 MANAGEMENT
    21 - 6.1.1 Responsibility
    21 - 6.1.2 Cooperation of owners and operators
    21 - 6.1.3 Management practice
    21 - 6.2 SERVICE OBJECTIVES
    21 - 6.2.1 General
    21 - 6.2.2 Radiocommunications maintenance
    22 - 6.2.3 General maintenance
    23 - 6.2.4 Response to emergencies-Restoration of service
    23 - 6.3 INTERFERENCE
    23 - 6.3.1 Preventing interference
    23 - 6.3.2 Resolution of interference
    24 - 6.3.3 Preliminary checks
    24 - 6.3.4 Cooperative resolution
    24 - 6.4 REGULATORY COMPLIANCE
    24 - 6.4.1 General
    24 - 6.4.2 Radiocommunications licensing
    25 - 6.4.3 EMR regulations
    25 - 6.4.4 Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) regulations
    25 - 6.5 COMMUNICATIONS WITH THE PUBLIC
    26 - SECTION 7 DECOMMISSIONING
    26 - 7.1 APPLICATION
    26 - 7.2 DECOMMISSIONING PLAN
    26 - 7.3 DECOMMISSIONING REQUIREMENTS
    26 - 7.4 REMOVAL OF UNUSED ITEMS
    27 - APPENDIX A - REGULATORY AUTHORITIES
    28 - APPENDIX B - PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES
    29 - APPENDIX C - ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN THE AUSTRALIAN RADIOCOMMUNICATIONS/BROADCASTING INDUSTRY
    30 - APPENDIX D - ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN THE NEW ZEALAND RADIOCOMMUNICATIONS/BROADCASTING INDUSTRY
    31 - APPENDIX E - SITE SELECTION IN PROXIMITY TO AERODROMES
    31 - E1 TOWERS OR MASTS
    31 - E2 SUSCEPTIBILITY TO INTERFERENCE
    31 - E2.1 General
    31 - E2.2 Field strengths
    31 - E2.3 Hazardous field strengths (for aircraft)
    32 - E2.4 Transmitters
    32 - E2.5 Receivers on and off aerodromes
    33 - E2.6 Contacts in Australia
    33 - E2.7 Contacts in New Zealand
    34 - APPENDIX F - CONSIDERATION OF RADIO ASTRONOMY SITES
    36 - APPENDIX G - INTERFERENCE
    36 - G1 TYPES OF INTERFERENCE
    36 - G1.1 General
    36 - G1.2 In-band interference
    36 - G1.3 Out-of-band interference
    36 - G2 TYPES OF IN-BAND INTERFERENCE
    37 - G3 TYPES OF OUT-OF-BAND INTERFERENCE
    37 - G3.1 General
    37 - G3.2 Intermodulation
    37 - G3.3 Blocking
    37 - G3.4 Selectivity
    37 - G3.5 Spurious response
    37 - G4 MANAGING IN-BAND INTERFERENCE
    38 - G4.2 Taking account of spectrum planning policy
    38 - G5 MANAGING OUT-OF-BAND INTERFERENCE
    39 - G6 LICENSING
    39 - G7 FREQUENCY ASSIGNMENT
    39 - G7.1 General
    40 - G7.2 Change of site
    40 - G8 ANTENNA AND RADIO SYSTEM DESIGN
    40 - G8.1 General
    40 - G8.2 Preventing equipment malfunction
    41 - G9 INTERFERENCE RESOLUTION
    43 - APPENDIX H - MANAGEMENT OF EMR SITE SAFETY
    43 - H1 EMR SITE SAFETY
    43 - H1.1 General
    43 - H1.2 EMR site safety documentation
    43 - H1.3 Site access register
    44 - H1.4 Safe work procedure
    44 - H1.5 EMR evaluation
    44 - H1.6 Access controls
    44 - H1.7 Procedures for suspected EMR overexposure
    44 - H1.8 Site equipment list
    44 - H1.9 EMR prediction or measurement report
    44 - H1.10 Site compliance certificate
    44 - H1.11 Documentation version control
    45 - H2 GENERAL RF HAZARDS
    45 - H3 CHANGING SITE EQUIPMENT
    46 - APPENDIX I - COMMUNITY CONSULTATION
    46 - I1 GENERAL
    46 - I2 DESIRED OUTCOMES
    46 - I3 DETERMINING SIZE AND SCOPE OF THE CONSULTATION PLAN
    46 - I3.1 General
    46 - I3.2 Stakeholder analysis
    47 - I3.3 Consultation tools
    48 - I4 ONGOING COMMUNICATIONS WITH THE COMMUNITY
    49 - APPENDIX J - LF, MF AND HF TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING FACILITIES
    49 - J1 GENERAL PROPAGATION CHARACTERIZTICS
    49 - J2 ANTENNA CHARACTERIZTICS
    49 - J2.1 General characteriztics
    49 - J2.2 MF antennas
    49 - J2.3 HF antennas
    50 - J3 TERRAIN REQUIREMENTS
    50 - J3.1 Selection
    50 - J3.2 Ground surface
    50 - J3.3 Reflecting surface (HF)
    51 - J4 TRANSMITTING FACILITIES
    51 - J4.1 Interference
    51 - J4.2 Other transmitting facilities
    52 - J4.3 Re-radiators
    52 - J5 HF RECEIVING FACILITIES
    52 - J5.1 General
    52 - J5.2 Atmospheric noise
    52 - J5.3 Galactic noise
    52 - J5.4 Man-made noise
    54 - APPENDIX K - FIXED LOCATION SATELLITE EARTH STATIONS
    54 - K1 SECONDARY FACTORS
    54 - K1.1 General
    54 - K1.2 Radiocommunications factors
    54 - K1.3 Propagation factors
    54 - K1.4 Interference factors
    54 - K1.5 Other factors
    55 - A2 PROPAGATION EFFECTS
    55 - K1.6 General
    55 - K1.7 Impact of ionospheric effects on siting of earth stations
    56 - K1.8 Impact of tropospheric effects on earth station siting
    56 - K2 INTERFERENCE TO THE STATION™S RECEIVING FUNCTION FROM NON-COMMUNICATION SOURCES
    56 - K3 INTERFERENCE TO OR FROM OTHER RADIOCOMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
    56 - K3.1 General
    56 - K3.2 Space systems licensing
    57 - K3.3 Radiofrequency coordination

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides general guidelines for fixed, mobile and broadcasting facilities including fixed location satellite earth stations independent of the operating frequency

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard provides guidance of a general nature for the siting, installation and operation of radiocommunications facilities independent of the operating frequency.It is intended to assist those responsible for the planning, construction, installation, operation, maintenance and decommissioning of radiocommunications and broadcasting services. It provides information and guidance for organizations and the public, from the viewpoint of the impact on the general public and operational staff, on the siting of radiocommunications and broadcasting facilities. It also provides information on the effects that existing or planned developments in the vicinity of those facilities could be expected to have on the operations of such facilities.NOTE: Regulatory, planning and environmental authorities and bodies are listed in Appendices A and B. Appendices C and D list organizations involved in the radiocommunications/broadcasting industry. These lists may not be exhaustive. Users of this Standard should consult appropriate directories including the World Wide Web (Australian Government entry point address: http://www.nla.gov.au/oz/gov/) for up-to-date listings.In Australia, telecommunications carriers who intend to install, or who are installing or operating fixed radiocommunications infrastructure used to supply a carriage service, may be required to comply with the Australian Communications Industry Forum (ACIF) Code C564:2002.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee RC-006
    Document Type Standard
    Product Note Reconfirmation Notice 28/06/2019 Reconfirmed 28/06/2019.
    This standard has been reconfirmed in Australia in 2019 and remains current in New Zealand.
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Originated as AS 3516.1-1988 and part of AS 3516.3-1991.
    Jointly revised and redesignated as AS/NZS 5070.1:2008.
    Reconfirmed 2019. Originated as AS 3516.1-1988 and part of AS 3516.3-1991. Jointly revised and redesignated as AS/NZS 5070.1:2008.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 1801:1997 Occupational protective helmets
    AS/NZS 61241.10:2005 Electrical apparatus for use in the presence of combustible dust Classification of areas where combustible dusts are or may be present
    AS/NZS 2210.6:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional requirements and test methods
    AS/NZS 3009:1998 Electrical installations - Emergency power supplies in hospitals
    AS/NZS 2210.8:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional specifications for protective footwear
    AS/NZS 2210.3:2000 Occupational protective footwear Specification for safety footwear
    AS/NZS 2210.9:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional specifications for occupational footwear
    AS/NZS 2210.4:2000 Occupational protective footwear Specification for protective footwear
    AS/NZS 2210.5:2000 Occupational protective footwear Specification for occupational footwear
    AS 1170.4-2007 Structural design actions Earthquake actions in Australia (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS/NZS 3000:2007 Electrical installations (known as the Australian/New Zealand Wiring Rules)
    AS 3600 SUPP 1-1994 Concrete structures - Commentary (Supplement to AS 3600-1994)
    AS 1170.4 SUPP 1-1993 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) Earthquake loads - Commentary (Supplement to AS 1170.4-1993)
    AS/NZS 60079.10:2004 Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres Classification of hazardous areas (IEC 60079-10:2002 MOD)
    AS 4100-1998 Steel structures (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 2772.2-1988 Radiofrequency radiation - Principles and methods of measurement - 300 kHz to 100 GHz
    AS/NZS 2210.1:1994 Occupational protective footwear - Guide to selection, care and use
    AS/NZS 1891.1:2007 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices Harnesses and ancillary equipment
    AS/NZS 1768:2007 Lightning protection
    AS 4100 SUPP 1-1999 Steel structures - Commentary (Supplement to AS 4100-1998)
    AS 3600-2001 Concrete structures
    AS/NZS 1170.1:2002 Structural design actions Permanent, imposed and other actions
    AS 3995-1994 Design of steel lattice towers and masts
    AS/NZS 4065:2000 Concrete utility services poles
    AS/NZS 2381.1:2005 Electrical equipment for explosive gas atmospheres - Selection, installation and maintenance - General requirements
    AS 2209-1994 Timber - Poles for overhead lines
    AS/NZS 1170.2:2002 Structural design actions Wind actions
    AS/NZS 2210.7:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional specifications for safety footwear
    AS/NZS 2210.2:2000 Occupational protective footwear Requirements and test methods

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 5070.2:2008 Siting and operation of radiocommunications facilities Guidelines for siting of radiocommunications facilities: VHF, UHF and SHF (Reconfirmed 2019)
    AS/NZS 3084:2017 Telecommunications installations - Telecommunications pathways and spaces for commercial buildings
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