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  • AS/NZS 60598.1:2001

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    Luminaires General requirements and tests (IEC 60598.1:1996, MOD)

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  30-06-2017

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  24-07-2001

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS/NZS 60598.1:2001 LUMINAIRES - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS (IEC 60598.1:1996, MOD)
    4 - PREFACE
    6 - CONTENTS
    9 - SECTION 0 : GENERAL INTRODUCTION
    9 - 0.1 Scope and object
    10 - 0.2 Normative references
    14 - 0.3 General requirements
    14 - 0.4 General test requirements
    15 - 0.5 Components of luminaires
    16 - 0.6 List of sections of part 2
    17 - SECTION 1 : DEFINITIONS
    17 - 1.1 General
    17 - 1.2 Definitions
    17 - 1.2.1 Luminaire
    17 - 1.2.2 Main part (of luminaire)
    17 - 1.2.3 Ordinary luminaire
    17 - 1.2.4 General purpose luminaire
    17 - 1.2.5 Adjustable luminaire
    17 - 1.2.6 Basic luminaire
    17 - 1.2.7 Combination luminaire
    18 - 1.2.8 Fixed luminaire
    18 - 1.2.9 Portable luminaire
    18 - 1.2.10 Recessed luminaire
    18 - 1.2.11 Rated voltage
    18 - 1.2.12 Supply current
    18 - 1.2.13 Rated wattage
    18 - 1.2.14 Non-detachable flexible cable or cord
    18 - 1.2.15 Live part
    18 - 1.2.16 Basic insulation
    19 - 1.2.17 Supplementary insulation
    19 - 1.2.18 Double insulation
    19 - 1.2.19 Reinforced insulation
    19 - 1.2.20 (Not used at present.)
    19 - 1.2.21 Class 0 luminaire (applicable to ordinary luminaires only)
    19 - 1.2.22 Class I luminaire
    19 - 1.2.23 Class II luminaire
    20 - 1.2.24 Class III luminaire
    20 - 1.2.25 Rated maximum ambient temperature (ta)
    20 - 1.2.26 Rated maximum operating temperature of the case of a ballast, capacitor or starting device (tc)
    20 - 1.2.27 Rated maximum operating temperature of a winding (tw)
    20 - 1.2.28 Ballast
    20 - 1.2.29 Independent lamp control gear
    20 - 1.2.30 Built-in lamp control gear
    21 - 1.2.31 Integral lampholder
    21 - 1.2.32 Ballast compartment
    21 - 1.2.33 Translucent cover
    21 - 1.2.34 Supply cable
    21 - 1.2.35 Appliance coupler
    21 - 1.2.36 External wiring
    21 - 1.2.37 Internal wiring
    21 - 1.2.38 Normally flammable material
    21 - 1.2.39 Readily flammable material
    22 - 1.2.40 Non-combustible material
    22 - 1.2.41 Flammable material
    22 - 1.2.42 Safety extra-low voltage (SELV)
    22 - 1.2.43 Working voltage
    22 - 1.2.44 Type test
    22 - 1.2.45 Type test sample
    22 - 1.2.46 By hand
    22 - 1.2.47 Terminal
    22 - 1.2.48 Looping-in (feed through)
    22 - 1.2.49 Through wiring
    23 - 1.2.50 Starting device
    23 - 1.2.51 Starter
    23 - 1.2.52 Ignitor
    23 - 1.2.53 Terminal block
    23 - 1.2.54 Rough service luminaire
    23 - 1.2.55 Electro-mechanical contact system
    24 - 1.2.56 Extra-low voltage d. c. supplied fluorescent luminaire
    24 - 1.2.57 Mounting surface
    24 - 1.2.58 Integral component
    24 - 1.2.59 Self-ballasted lamps
    25 - 1.2.60 Semi-luminaire
    25 - 1.2.61 Plug-ballast/transformer
    25 - 1.2.62 Mains socket-outlet-mounted luminaire
    25 - 1.2.63 Clip-mounted luminaire
    25 - 1.2.64 Lamp connectors
    25 - 1.2.65 Mains socket-outlet
    25 - 1.2.66 Rewireable luminaire
    25 - 1.2.67 Non-rewireable luminaire
    25 - 1.2.68 Lamp control gear
    25 - 1.2.69 Safety Extra-Low Voltage (SELV) part
    25 - 1.2.70 Dummy lamp
    26 - SECTION 2 : CLASSIFICATION OF LUMINAIRES
    26 - 2.1 General
    26 - 2.2 Classification according to type of protection against electric shock
    26 - 2.3 Classification according to degree of protection against ingress of dust, solid objects and moisture
    27 - 2.4 Classification according to material of supporting surface for which the luminaire is designed
    27 - 2.5 Classification according to the circumstances of use
    28 - SECTION 3 : MARKING
    28 - 3.1 General
    28 - 3.2 Marking on luminaires
    31 - 3.3 Additional information
    32 - 3.4 Test of marking
    33 - SECTION 4 : CONSTRUCTION
    33 - 4.1 General
    33 - 4.2 Replaceable components
    33 - 4.3 Wireways
    33 - 4.4 Lampholders
    35 - 4.5 Starter holders
    35 - 4.6 Terminal blocks
    35 - 4.7 Terminals and supply connections
    37 - 4.8 Switches
    37 - 4.9 Insulating linings and sleeves
    38 - 4.10 Double and reinforced insulation
    39 - 4.11 Electrical connections and current-carrying parts
    40 - 4.12 Screws and connections (mechanical) and glands
    43 - 4.13 Mechanical strength
    46 - 4.14 Suspensions and adjusting devices
    49 - 4.15 Flammable materials
    50 - 4.16 Luminaires marked with symboll
    51 - 4.17 Drain holes
    52 - 4.18 Resistance to corrosion
    52 - 4.19 Ignitors
    52 - 4.20 Rough service luminaires - Vibration requirements
    53 - 4.21 Protective shield (tungsten halogen lamps)
    53 - 4.22 Attachments to lamps
    53 - 4.23 Semi-luminaires
    53 - 4.24 UV radiation
    53 - 4.25 Mechanical hazard
    54 - 4.26 Short-circuit protection
    55 - SECTION 5 : EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL WIRING
    55 - 5.1 General
    55 - 5.2 Supply connection and other external wiring
    60 - 5.3 Internal wiring
    62 - SECTION 6 : NOT USED
    63 - SECTION 7 : PROVISION FOR EARTHING
    63 - 7.1 General
    63 - 7.2 Provision for earthing
    65 - SECTION 8 : PROTECTION AGAINST ELECTRIC SHOCK
    65 - 8.1 General
    65 - 8.2 Protection against electric shock
    68 - SECTION 9 : RESISTANCE TO DUST, SOLID OBJECTS AND MOISTURE
    68 - 9.1 General
    68 - 9.2 Tests for ingress of dust, solid objects and moisture
    71 - 9.3 Humidity test
    73 - SECTION 10 : INSULATION RESISTANCE AND ELECTRIC STRENGTH
    73 - 10.1 General
    73 - 10.2 Insulation resistance and electric strength
    73 - 10.2.1 Test - Insulation resistance
    74 - 10.2.2 Test - Electric strength
    76 - 10.3 Leakage current
    77 - SECTION 11 : CREEPAGE DISTANCES AND CLEARANCES
    77 - 11.1 General
    77 - 11.2 Creepage distances and clearances
    80 - SECTION 12 : ENDURANCE TEST AND THERMAL TEST
    80 - 12.1 General
    80 - 12.2 Selection of lamps and ballasts
    80 - 12.3 Endurance test
    80 - 12.3.1 Test
    81 - 12.3.2 Compliance
    81 - 12.4 Thermal test (normal operation)
    81 - 12.4.1 Test
    83 - 12.4.2 Compliance
    86 - 12.5 Thermal test (abnormal operation)
    86 - 12.5.1 Test
    87 - 12.5.2 Compliance
    89 - 12.6 Thermal test (failed lamp controlgear conditions)
    89 - 12.6.1 Test for luminaires without thermal cut-outs
    90 - 12.6.2 Test for luminaires with temperature sensing controls external to the ballast or transformer and luminaires with .....
    91 - 12.7 Thermal test in regard to fault conditions in lamp controlgear or electronic devices in plastic luminaires
    91 - 12.7.1 Test for luminaires without temperature sensing controls
    92 - 12.7.2 Test for luminaires with temperature sensing controls internal/external to the ballast or transformer
    93 - SECTION 13 : RESISTANCE TO HEAT, FIRE AND TRACKING
    93 - 13.1 General
    93 - 13.2 Resistance to heat
    93 - 13.2.1 Compliance is checked by the following test
    94 - 13.3 Resistance to flame and ignition
    95 - 13.4 Resistance to tracking
    97 - SECTION 14 : SCREW TERMINALS
    97 - 14.1 General
    97 - 14.2 Definitions
    97 - 14.2.1 Pillar terminal
    97 - 14.2.2 Screw terminal
    97 - 14.2.3 Stud terminal
    97 - 14.2.4 Saddle terminal
    97 - 14.2.5 Lug terminal
    97 - 14.2.6 Mantle terminal
    98 - 14.3 General requirements and basic principles
    100 - 14.4 Mechanical tests
    105 - SECTION 15 : SCREWLESS TERMINALS AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
    105 - 15.1 General
    105 - 15.2 Definitions
    105 - 15.2.1 Screwless terminals
    105 - 15.2.2 Permanent connections
    105 - 15.2.3 Non-permanent connections
    105 - 15.2.4 Lead assemblies
    105 - 15.2.5 Non-prepared conductors
    105 - 15.2.6 Test current
    105 - 15.3 General requirements
    107 - 15.4 General instructions on tests
    107 - 15.4.1 Preparation of samples
    107 - 15.4.2 Test conductors
    107 - 15.4.3 Multi-conductor terminals
    107 - 15.4.4 Multi-way terminals
    107 - 15.4.5 Test quantities
    107 - 15.5 Mechanical tests
    107 - 15.5.1 Non-permanent connections
    108 - 15.5.2 Permanent connections
    108 - 15.6 Electrical tests
    108 - 15.6.1 Contact resistance test
    109 - 15.6.2 Heating tests
    110 - 15.7 Conductors
    110 - 15.8 Mechanical tests
    111 - 15.9 Electrical tests
    111 - 15.9.1 Contact resistance test
    112 - 15.9.2 Heating tests
    136 - Annex A - Test to establish whether a conductive part may cause an electric shock
    137 - Annex B - Test lamps
    140 - Annex C - Abnormal circuit conditions
    143 - Annex D - Draught-proof enclosures
    147 - Annex E - Determination of winding temperature rises by the increase-in-resistance method
    148 - Annex F - Test for resistance to stress corrosion of copper and copper alloys
    148 - F.1 Test cabinet
    148 - F.2 Test solution
    148 - F.3 Test piece
    149 - F.4 Test procedure
    150 - Annex G has been deleted
    151 - Annex H has been deleted
    152 - Annex J - Explanation of IP numbers for degrees of protection
    154 - Annex K - Temperature measurement
    157 - Annex L - Guide to good practice in luminaire design
    157 - L.1 Scope
    157 - L.2 Plastics in luminaires
    158 - L.3 Rust resistance
    158 - L.4 Corrosion resistance
    159 - L.5 Chemically corrosive atmospheres
    160 - Annex M - Conversion guide for table IX of IEC 60598-1 (2nd edition) to table 11.1 - Determination of creepage distances and
    161 - Annex N - Explanation of luminaire marking
    161 - N.1 Protection against flame
    161 - N.2 Protection against heat
    162 - N.3 Thermal protectors
    164 - Annex P - Requirements for the protective shield to be fitted to luminaires using metal halide lamps for protective measures
    164 - P.1 Introduction
    164 - P.2 Procedure A
    165 - P.3 Procedure B
    166 - Annex Q - Conformity testing during manufacture
    166 - P.1 General
    166 - P.2 Testing
    168 - Annex R - Bibliography
    170 - Annex ZZ - Variations to IEC 60598.1:1996 (including Interpretation Sheets IS 02 to IS 12:1997, Amendment 1:1998 and .....
    170 - ZZ1 Introduction
    170 - ZZ2 Variations

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides the lighting industry with specifications for general and minimum safety requirements for classification and marking of luminaires for their mechanical and electrical construction with allied tests. This Standard has been reproduced from IEC 60598-1 Ed.4.1:1996 Luminaires, Part 1 General requirements and tests incorporating IEC amendment-1, interpretation sheets and corrigendum. AS/NZS deviations from IEC are also covered in this Standard. This Standard also applies to luminaires for use with electric light sources on supply voltages not exceeding 1000V.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Part 1 of International Standard IEC 60598 specifies general requirements for the classification and marking of luminaires and for their mechanical and electrical construction, together with related tests. The standard is applicable to luminaires for use with electric light sources on supply voltages not exceeding 1000 V. Additional sections will be added when a need for them is recognized.Each section of this Part 1 should be read in conjunction with this section 0 and with other relevant sections to which reference is made.Each section of IEC 60598-2 details requirements for a particular type of luminaire or group of luminaires on supply voltages not exceeding 1000 V. These sections are published separately for ease of revision and additional sections will be added as and when a need for them is recognized.Attention is drawn to the fact that this Part 1 covers all aspects of safety (electrical, thermal and mechanical).The presentation of photometric data for luminaires is under consideration by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) and is not, therefore, included in this Part 1.Requirements are included in this Part 1 for luminaires incorporating ignitors with nominal peak values of the voltage pulse not exceeding those of Table 11.2. The requirements apply to luminaires with ignitors built into ballasts and to luminaires with ignitors separate from ballasts. For luminaires with ignitors built into lamps, the requirements are under consideration.Requirements for semi-luminaires are included in this part.In general this Part 1 covers safety requirements for luminaires. The object of this Part 1 is to provide a set of requirements and tests which are considered to be generally applicable to most types of luminaires and which can be called up as required by the detail specifications of IEC 60598-2. This Part 1 is thus not to be regarded as a specification in itself for any type of luminaire, and its provisions apply only to particular types of luminaires to the extent determined by the appropriate section of Part 2.The sections of Part 2, in making reference to any of the sections of Part 1, specify the extent to which that section is applicable and the order in which the tests are to be performed; they also include additional requirements as necessary.The order in which the sections of Part 1 are numbered has no particular significance as the order in which their provisions apply is determined for each type of luminaire or group of luminaires by the appropriate section of Part 2. All sections of Part 2 are self-contained and therefore do not contain references to other sections of Part 2.Where the requirements of any of the sections of Part 1 are referred to in the sections of Part 2 by the phrase The requirements of section ... of IEC 60598-1 apply, this phrase is to be interpreted as meaning that all the requirements of that section of part 1 apply except those which are clearly inapplicable to the particular type of luminaire covered by that section of Part 2.In accordance with IEC guidelines, new IEC standards are divided into those covering either safety or performance. In the lamp safety standards, information for luminaire design is given for the safe operation of lamps; this should be regarded as normative when testing luminaires to this standard.Attention is drawn to lamp performance standards which contain information for luminaire design; this should be followed for proper lamp operation; however, this standard does not require the testing of lamps performance as part of the type test approval for luminaires.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee EL-041
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Under Revision see DR 03150 CP First published as AS/NZS 60598.1:1998.
    Second edition 2001. First published as AS/NZS 60598.1:1998. Second edition 2001.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 3139.1:1995 Approval and test specification - Switches for appliances General requirements
    AS/NZS 61046:2001 Auxiliaries for lamps - D.C. or A.C. supplied electronic step-down convertors for filament lamps - General and safety requirements (IEC 61046:1993, MOD)
    AS/NZS 4695.707:1996 Fire hazard testing of electrotechnical products Methods of test for the determination of the flammability of solid electrical insulating materials when exposed to an igniting source
    AS 3108-1990 Approval and test specification - Particular requirements for isolating transformers and safety isolating transformers
    AS 1939-1990 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment (IP Code)
    AS/NZS 3131:1995 Approval and test specification - Plugs and socket-outlets for use in installation wiring systems
    AS/NZS 3109.1:1996 Approval and test specification - Appliance couplers for household and similar general purposes General requirements
    AS/NZS 3250:1995 Approval and test specification - Mains operated electronic and related equipment for household and similar general use
    AS/NZS 60598.2.4:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Portable general purpose luminaires
    AS/NZS 60155:2000 Glow-starters for fluorescent lamps
    AS 1104-1978 Informative symbols for use on electrical and electronic equipment
    AS 3191-1994 Approval and test specification - Electric flexible cords
    AS 4091-1993 Tungsten filament lamps for general service - Safety requirements
    AS/NZS 60922:1998 Auxiliaries for lamps - Ballasts for discharge lamps (excluding tubular fluorescent lamps) - General and safety requirements
    AS/NZS 4695.2.11:1996 Fire hazard testing of electrotechnical products - Test methods - Glow-wire end-product test and guidance
    AS 3168-1991 Approval and test specifications - Fluorescent lamp ballasts
    AS 3112-1990 Approval and test specification - Plugs and socket-outlets
    AS/NZS 4695.2.2:1996 Fire hazard testing of electrotechnical products Test methods - Needle-flame test

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 60598.2.23:2002 Luminaires Particular requirements - Extra low voltage lighting systems for filament lamps (IEC 60598.2.23:1996, MOD) (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.19:2001 Luminaires Particular requirements - Air handling luminaires (Safety requirements) (IEC 60598.2.19:1981, MOD) (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 61048:2002 Auxiliaries for lamps - Capacitors for use in tubular fluorescent and other discharge lamp circuits - General and safety requirements (IEC 61048:1991, MOD)
    AS/NZS 60901:2003 Single-capped fluorescent lamps - Performance specifications
    AS/NZS 60598.2.2:2001 Luminaires Particular requirements - Recessed luminaires (IEC 60598-2-2:1996, MOD)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.25:2001 Luminaires Particular requirements - Luminaires for use in clinical areas of hospitals and health care buildings (IEC 60598.2.25:1994, MOD) (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 61347.1:2002 Lamp controlgear General and safety requirements (IEC 61347-1:2000, MOD)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.5:2002 Luminaires Particular requirements - Floodlights(IEC 60598.2.5:1998, MOD)
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