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  • AS/NZS 60598.1:2003

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    Luminaires General requirements and tests (IEC 60598-1:2003, MOD)

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  23-06-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  29-09-2003

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS/NZS 60598.1:2003 LUMINAIRES - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS (IEC 60598-1:2003, MOD)
    4 - PREFACE
    6 - CONTENTS
    11 - SECTION 0: GENERAL INTRODUCTION
    11 - 0.1 Scope and object
    12 - 0.2 Normative references
    16 - 0.3 General requirements
    16 - 0.4 General test requirements and verification
    17 - 0.5 Components of luminaires
    18 - 0.6 List of sections of part 2
    19 - SECTION 1: DEFINITIONS
    19 - 1.1 General
    19 - 1.2 Definitions
    19 - 1.2.1 Luminaire
    19 - 1.2.2 Main part (of luminaire)
    19 - 1.2.3 Ordinary luminaire
    19 - 1.2.4 General purpose luminaire
    19 - 1.2.5 Adjustable luminaire
    19 - 1.2.6 Basic luminaire
    19 - 1.2.7 Combination luminaire
    20 - 1.2.8 Fixed luminaire
    20 - 1.2.9 Portable luminaire
    20 - 1.2.10 Recessed luminaire
    20 - 1.2.11 Rated voltage
    20 - 1.2.12 Supply current
    20 - 1.2.13 Rated wattage
    20 - 1.2.14 Non-detachable flexible cable or cord
    20 - 1.2.15 Live part
    20 - 1.2.16 Basic insulation
    21 - 1.2.17 Supplementary insulation
    21 - 1.2.18 Double insulation
    21 - 1.2.19 Reinforced insulation
    21 - 1.2.20 (Not used at present.)
    21 - 1.2.21 Class 0 luminaire (applicable to ordinary luminaires only)
    21 - 1.2.22 Class I luminaire
    21 - 1.2.23 Class II luminaire
    22 - 1.2.24 Class III luminaire
    22 - 1.2.25 Rated maximum ambient temperature ( t a )
    22 - 1.2.26 Rated maximum operating temperature of the case of a ballast, capacitor or starting device ( t c )
    22 - 1.2.27 Rated maximum operating temperature of a lamp controlgear winding ( t w )
    22 - 1.2.28 Ballast
    22 - 1.2.29 Independent lamp control gear
    22 - 1.2.30 Built-in lamp control gear
    23 - 1.2.31 Integral lampholder
    23 - 1.2.32 Ballast compartment
    23 - 1.2.33 Translucent cover
    23 - 1.2.34 Fixed wiring
    23 - 1.2.35 Appliance coupler
    23 - 1.2.36 External wiring
    23 - 1.2.37 Internal wiring
    23 - 1.2.38 Normally flammable material
    23 - 1.2.39 Readily flammable material
    24 - 1.2.40 Non-combustible material
    24 - 1.2.41 Flammable material
    24 - 1.2.42 Safety extra-low voltage (SELV)
    24 - 1.2.43 Working voltage
    24 - 1.2.44 Type test
    24 - 1.2.45 Type test sample
    24 - 1.2.46 By hand
    24 - 1.2.47 Terminal
    24 - 1.2.48 Looping-in (feed through)
    24 - 1.2.49 Through wiring
    25 - 1.2.50 Starting device
    25 - 1.2.51 Starter
    25 - 1.2.52 Ignitor
    25 - 1.2.53 Terminal block
    25 - 1.2.54 Rough service luminaire
    25 - 1.2.55 Electro-mechanical contact system
    25 - 1.2.56 Extra-low voltage d.c. supplied fluorescent luminaire
    26 - 1.2.57 Mounting surface
    26 - 1.2.58 Integral component
    26 - 1.2.59 Self-ballasted lamps
    26 - 1.2.60 Semi-luminaire
    26 - 1.2.61 Plug-ballast/transformer
    26 - 1.2.62 Mains socket-outlet-mounted luminaire
    26 - 1.2.63 Clip-mounted luminaire
    26 - 1.2.64 Lamp connectors
    26 - 1.2.65 Mains socket-outlet
    27 - 1.2.66 Rewireable luminaire
    27 - 1.2.67 Non-rewireable luminaire
    27 - 1.2.68 Lamp control gear
    27 - 1.2.69 Safety Extra-Low Voltage (SELV) part
    27 - 1.2.70 Dummy lamp
    27 - 1.2.71 Self-shielded tungsten halogen lamp (abbreviated: self-shielded lamp)
    27 - 1.2.72 External flexible cable or cord
    27 - 1.2.73 Functional earthing
    28 - 1.2.74 Inter-connecting cable
    28 - 1.2.75 Ferrule
    29 - SECTION 2: CLASSIFICATION OF LUMINAIRES
    29 - 2.1 General
    29 - 2.2 Classification according to type of protection against electric shock
    29 - 2.3 Classification according to degree of protection against ingress of dust, solid objects and moisture
    30 - 2.4 Classification according to material of supporting surface for which the luminaire is designed
    30 - 2.5 Classification according to the circumstances of use
    31 - SECTION 3: MARKING
    31 - 3.1 General
    31 - 3.2 Marking on luminaires
    34 - 3.3 Additional information
    36 - 3.4 Test of marking
    37 - SECTION 4: CONSTRUCTION
    37 - 4.1 General
    37 - 4.2 Replaceable components
    37 - 4.3 Wireways
    37 - 4.4 Lampholders
    39 - 4.5 Starter holders
    39 - 4.6 Terminal blocks
    39 - 4.7 Terminals and supply connections
    41 - 4.8 Switches
    42 - 4.9 Insulating linings and sleeves
    42 - 4.10 Double and reinforced insulation
    43 - 4.11 Electrical connections and current-carrying parts
    45 - 4.12 Screws and connections (mechanical) and glands
    48 - 4.13 Mechanical strength
    50 - 4.14 Suspensions and adjusting devices
    53 - 4.15 Flammable materials
    54 - 4.16 Luminaires for mounting on normally flammable surface
    56 - 4.17 Drain holes
    56 - 4.18 Resistance to corrosion
    57 - 4.19 Ignitors
    57 - 4.20 Rough service luminaires – Vibration requirements
    57 - 4.21 Protective shield (tungsten halogen lamps)
    58 - 4.22 Attachments to lamps
    58 - 4.23 Semi-luminaires
    58 - 4.24 UV radiation
    58 - 4.25 Mechanical hazard
    58 - 4.26 Short-circuit protection
    60 - SECTION 5: EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL WIRING
    60 - 5.1 General
    60 - 5.2 Supply connection and other external wiring
    65 - 5.3 Internal wiring
    68 - SECTION 6: NOT USED
    69 - SECTION 7: PROVISION FOR EARTHING
    69 - 7.1 General
    69 - 7.2 Provision for earthing
    72 - SECTION 8: PROTECTION AGAINST ELECTRIC SHOCK
    72 - 8.1 General
    72 - 8.2 Protection against electric shock
    75 - SECTION 9: RESISTANCE TO DUST, SOLID OBJECTS AND MOISTURE
    75 - 9.1 General
    75 - 9.2 Tests for ingress of dust, solid objects and moisture
    78 - 9.3 Humidity test
    80 - SECTION 10: INSULATION RESISTANCE AND ELECTRIC STRENGTH
    80 - 10.1 General
    80 - 10.2 Insulation resistance and electric strength
    80 - 10.2.1 Test – Insulation resistance
    81 - 10.2.2 Test – Electric strength
    83 - 10.3 Leakage current
    84 - SECTION 11: CREEPAGE DISTANCES AND CLEARANCES
    84 - 11.1 General
    84 - 11.2 Creepage distances and clearances
    87 - SECTION 12: ENDURANCE TEST AND THERMAL TEST
    87 - 12.1 General
    87 - 12.2 Selection of lamps and ballasts
    87 - 12.3 Endurance test
    87 - 12.3.1 Test
    88 - 12.3.2 Compliance
    88 - 12.4 Thermal test (normal operation)
    89 - 12.4.1 Test
    90 - 12.4.2 Compliance
    95 - 12.5 Thermal test (abnormal operation)
    95 - 12.5.1 Test
    96 - 12.5.2 Compliance
    99 - 12.6 Thermal test (failed lamp controlgear conditions)
    100 - 12.7 Thermal test in regard to fault conditions in lamp controlgear or electronic devices in plastic luminaires
    101 - 12.7.1 Test for luminaires without temperature sensing controls
    101 - 12.7.2 Test for luminaires with temperature sensing controls internal/external to the ballast or transformer
    103 - SECTION 13: RESISTANCE TO HEAT, FIRE AND TRACKING
    103 - 13.1 General
    103 - 13.2 Resistance to heat
    103 - 13.3 Resistance to flame and ignition
    105 - 13.4 Resistance to tracking
    107 - SECTION 14: SCREW TERMINALS
    107 - 14.1 General
    107 - 14.2 Definitions
    107 - 14.2.1 Pillar terminal
    107 - 14.2.2 Screw terminal
    107 - 14.2.3 Stud terminal
    107 - 14.2.4 Saddle terminal
    107 - 14.2.5 Lug terminal
    107 - 14.2.6 Mantle terminal
    108 - 14.3 General requirements and basic principles
    110 - 14.4 Mechanical
    114 - SECTION 15: SCREWLESS TERMINALS AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
    114 - 15.1 General
    114 - 15.2 Definitions
    114 - 15.2.1 Screwless terminals
    114 - 15.2.2 Permanent connections
    114 - 15.2.3 Non-permanent connections
    114 - 15.2.4 Lead assemblies
    114 - 15.2.5 Non-prepared conductors
    114 - 15.2.6 Test current
    114 - 15.3 General requirements
    116 - 15.4 General instructions on tests
    116 - 15.4.1 Preparation of samples
    116 - 15.4.2 Test conductors
    116 - 15.4.3 Multi-conductor terminals
    116 - 15.4.4 Multi-way terminals
    116 - 15.4.5 Test quantities
    116 - 15.5 Mechanical tests
    116 - 15.5.1 Non-permanent connections
    117 - 15.5.2 Permanent connections
    117 - 15.6 Electrical tests
    117 - 15.6.1 Contact resistance test
    118 - 15.6.2 Heating tests
    118 - 15.7 Conductors
    119 - 15.8 Mechanical tests
    120 - 15.9 Electrical tests
    120 - 15.9.1 Contact resistance test
    120 - 15.9.2 Heating tests
    146 - Annex A - Test to establish whether a conductive part may cause an electric shock
    147 - Annex B - Test lamps
    150 - Annex C - Abnormal circuit conditions
    153 - Annex D - Draught-proof enclosure
    156 - Annex E - Determination of winding temperature rises by the increase-in-resistance method
    157 - Annex F - Test for resistance to stress corrosion of copper and copper alloys
    157 - F.1 Test cabinet
    157 - F.2 Test solution
    157 - F.3 Test piece
    157 - F.4 Test procedure
    159 - Annex G - has been deleted
    160 - Annex H - has been deleted
    161 - Annex I - void
    162 - Annex J - Explanation of IP numbers for degrees of protection
    164 - Annex K - Temperature measurement
    166 - Annex L - Guide to good practice in luminaire design
    166 - L.1 Scope
    166 - L.2 Plastics in luminaires
    167 - L.3 Rust resistance
    167 - L.4 Corrosion resistance
    168 - L.5 Chemically corrosive atmospheres
    168 - L.6 Reflector design
    169 - L.7 Components in different kinds of luminaires
    170 - Annex M - Conversion guide for table IX of AS/NZS 60598-1 to table 11.1 – Determination of creepage distances and clearances
    171 - Annex N - Explanation of marking for luminaires that are not suitable for mounting on normally flammable surfaces
    171 - N.1 Protection against flame
    171 - N.2 Protection against heat
    172 - N.3 Thermal protectors
    174 - Annex O - void
    175 - Annex P - Requirements for the protective shield to be fitted to luminaires using metal halide lamps for protective...
    175 - P.1 Introduction
    175 - P.2 Procedure A
    176 - P.3 Procedure B
    177 - Annex Q - Conformity testing during manufacture
    179 - Annex R - Bibliography
    180 - Annex S - Schedule of amended clauses containing more serious/critical requirements which require products to be retested
    181 - Annex T - Requirements for the identification of a family or range of luminaires for type testing
    181 - T.1 General
    181 - T.2 Range or family of luminaires
    182 - Annex U - Reference to Class 0
    182 - U.1 Introduction
    182 - U.2 Definition; see 1.2.21
    182 - U.3 Requirements and tests
    183 - Annex ZZ - Variations to draft Ed.6 of IEC 60598.1:2003 for application in Australia and New Zealand
    183 - ZZ1 Introduction
    183 - ZZ2 Variations

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Specifies general and safety requirements for luminaires with related tests for mechanical and electrical constructions. This document is reproduced fromthe Lumex WG draft Edition 6 of IEC 60598-1 and varied for Australian/New Zealand conditions.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This part 1 of the Standard AS/NZS 60598 specifies general requirements for luminaires, incorporating electric light sources for operation from supply voltages up to 1 000 V. The requirements and related tests of this standard cover: classification, marking, mechanical construction and electrical construction. Each section of this part 1 should be read in conjunction with this section 0 and with other relevant sections to which reference is made. Each section of IEC 60598-2 details requirements for a particular type of luminaire or group of luminaires on supply voltages not exceeding 1 000 V. These sections are published separately for ease of revision and additional sections will be added as and when a need for them is recognized. Attention is drawn to the fact that this part 1 covers all aspects of safety (electrical, thermal and mechanical). The presentation of photometric data for luminaires is under consideration by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) and is not, therefore, included in this part 1. Requirements are included in this part 1 for luminaires incorporating ignitors with nominal peak values of the voltage pulse not exceeding those of table 11.2. The requirements apply to luminaires with ignitors built into ballasts and to luminaires with ignitors separate from ballasts. For luminaires with ignitors built into lamps, the requirements are under consideration. Requirements for semi-luminaires are included in this part 1. In general this part 1 covers safety requirements for luminaires. The object of this part 1 is to provide a set of requirements and tests which are considered to be generally applicable to most types of luminaires and which can be called up as required by the detail specifications of IEC 60598-2. This part 1 is thus not to be regarded as a specification in itself for any type of luminaire, and its provisions apply only to particular types of luminaires to the extent determined by the appropriate section of part 2. The sections of part 2, in making reference to any of the sections of part 1, specify the extent to which that section is applicable and the order in which the tests are to be performed; they also include additional requirements as necessary. The order in which the sections of part 1 are numbered has no particular significance as the order in which their provisions apply is determined for each type of luminaire or group of luminaires by the appropriate section of part 2. All sections of part 2 are self-contained and therefore do not contain references to other sections of part 2. Where the requirements of any of the sections of part 1 are referred to in the sections of part 2 by the phrase "The requirements of section ... of IEC 60598-1 apply", this phrase is to be interpreted as meaning that all the requirements of that section of part 1 apply except those which are clearly inapplicable to the particular type of luminaire covered by that section of part 2. For explosion proof luminaires, as covered by IEC 60079, the requirements of IEC 60598 (selecting the appropriate section(s) of Part 2) are applied in addition to the requirements of IEC 60079. In the event of any conflict between IEC 60598 and IEC 60079, the requirements of IEC 60079 are to take priority. In accordance with IEC guidelines, new IEC standards are divided into those covering either safety or performance. In the lamp safety standards, “information for luminaire design” is given for the safe operation of lamps; this should be regarded as normative when testing luminaires to this standard. Attention is drawn to lamp performance standards which contain “information for luminaire design”; this should be followed for proper lamp operation; however, this standard does not require the testing of lamps performance as part of the type test approval for luminaires. Improvements in safety to take account of the state of the art technology are incorporated in the standards with revisions and amendments on an ongoing basis. Regional standardisation bodies may include statements in their derived standards to cover products which have complied with the previous document as shown by the manufacturer or standardization body. The statements may require that for such products the previous standard may continue to apply to production until a defined date after which the new standard shall apply.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee EL-041
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    First published as AS/NZS 60598.1:1998.Second edition 2001.Third edition 2003. First published as AS/NZS 60598.1:1998. Second edition 2001. Third edition 2003.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 4695.2.2:1996 Fire hazard testing of electrotechnical products Test methods - Needle-flame test
    AS/NZS 60598.2.1:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Fixed general purpose luminaires (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 60695.2.10:2001 Glowing/hot wire based test methods Glow-wire apparatus and common test procedure
    AS/NZS 61347.2.8:2003 Lamp controlgear Particular requirements for ballasts for fluorescent lamps (IEC 61347-2-8:2000, MOD) (Reconfirmed 2019)
    AS/NZS 3000:2000 Electrical installations (known as the Australian/New Zealand Wiring Rules)
    AS/NZS 61347.1:2002 Lamp controlgear General and safety requirements (IEC 61347-1:2000, MOD)
    AS/NZS 4695.707:1996 Fire hazard testing of electrotechnical products Methods of test for the determination of the flammability of solid electrical insulating materials when exposed to an igniting source
    AS/NZS 60598.2.8:2002 Luminaires Particular requirements - Handlamps (IEC 60598-2-8:2001, MOD)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.6:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Luminaires with built-in transformers or convertors for filament lamps (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.23:2002 Luminaires Particular requirements - Extra low voltage lighting systems for filament lamps (IEC 60598.2.23:1996, MOD) (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.4:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Portable general purpose luminaires
    AS/NZS 3131:2001 Approval and test specification - Plugs and socket-outlets for stationary appliances
    AS/NZS 60598.2.2:2001 Luminaires Particular requirements - Recessed luminaires (IEC 60598-2-2:1996, MOD)
    AS/NZS 4695.112:1996 Fire hazard testing of electrotechnical products Method for determining the comparative and the proof tracking indices of solid insulating materials under moist conditions
    AS/NZS 60598.2.19:2001 Luminaires Particular requirements - Air handling luminaires (Safety requirements) (IEC 60598.2.19:1981, MOD) (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 61535.1(INT):2001 Installation couplers General requirements
    AS/NZS 61347.2.6:2002 Lamp controlgear Particular requirements for d.c. supplied electronic ballasts for aircraft lighting
    AS 1104-1978 Informative symbols for use on electrical and electronic equipment
    AS/NZS 61347.2.11:2003 Lamp controlgear Particular requirements for miscellaneous electronic circuits used with luminaires (IEC 61347-2-11:2001 MOD) (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.10:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Portable child-appealing luminaires (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 3108:1994 Approval and test specification - Particular requirements for isolating transformers and safety isolating transformers
    AS/NZS 60598.2.20:2002 Luminaires Particular requirements - Lighting chains (IEC 60598-2-20:1996, MOD)
    AS/NZS 61347.2.1:2002 Lamp controlgear Particular requirements for starting devices (other than glow starters)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.25:2001 Luminaires Particular requirements - Luminaires for use in clinical areas of hospitals and health care buildings (IEC 60598.2.25:1994, MOD) (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 1939-1990 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment (IP Code)
    AS/NZS 61347.2.4:2002 Lamp controlgear Particular requirements for d.c. supplied electronic ballasts for general lighting
    AS/NZS 60598.2.18:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Luminaires for swimming pools and similar applications (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 3100:2002 Approval and test specification - General requirements for electrical equipment
    AS/NZS 60598.2.5:2002 Luminaires Particular requirements - Floodlights(IEC 60598.2.5:1998, MOD)
    AS/NZS 3109.1:1996 Approval and test specification - Appliance couplers for household and similar general purposes General requirements
    AS/NZS 60155:2000 Glow-starters for fluorescent lamps
    AS/NZS 3112:2000 Approval and test specification - Plugs and socket-outlets
    AS/NZS 61347.2.5:2002 Lamp controlgear Particular requirements for d.c. supplied electronic ballasts for public transport

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 60598.2.12:2013 Luminaires Particular requirements - Mains socket-outlet mounted nightlights
    AS/NZS 1158.6:2010 Lighting for roads and public spaces Luminaires
    AS/NZS IEC 61347.2.13:2013 Lamp controlgear Particular requirements for d.c. or a.c. supplied electronic controlgear for LED modules (IEC 61347-2-13, Ed.1.0 (2006) MOD)
    AS/NZS 3140:2007 Approval and test specification - Edison-type screw lampholders
    AS 2293.3-2005 Emergency escape lighting and exit signs for buildings - Emergency escape luminaires and exit signs
    AS/NZS 1680.1:2006 Interior and workplace lighting General principles and recommendations
    AS/NZS 3004.2:2008 Electrical installations - Marinas and recreational boats Recreational boats installations
    AS/NZS 60432.1:2007 Incandescent lamps - Safety specifications Tungsten filament lamps for domestic and similar general lighting purposes (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS/NZS 60238:2007 Edison screw lampholders (IEC 60238, Ed.8.0 (2004) MOD)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.22:2005 Luminaires Particular requirements - Luminaires for emergency lighting (IEC 60598-2 22, Ed. 3.1(2002) MOD)
    AS/NZS CISPR 15:2011 Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of electrical lighting and similar equipment (CISPR 15, Ed.7.2 (2009) MOD)
    AS/NZS CISPR 15:2006 Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of electrical lighting and similar equipment
    AS/NZS 60598.2.4:2005 Luminaires Particular requirements - Portable general purpose luminaires (IEC 60598-2-4, Ed. 2.0 (1997) MOD) (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 5110:2011 Recessed luminaire barriers (Reconfirmed 2020)
    AS/NZS 3000:2007 Electrical installations (known as the Australian/New Zealand Wiring Rules)
    AS/NZS 4703:2007 Electrical wiring in furniture (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS/NZS 3117:2007 Approval and test specification - Bayonet lampholders
    AS/NZS 60927:2005 Auxiliaries for lamps - Starting devices (other than glow starters) - Performance requirements (IEC 60927, Ed.2.2 (2004) MOD)
    AS/NZS 60079.15:2011 Explosive atmospheres Equipment protection by type of protection 'n'
    AS/NZS 1158.6:2004 Lighting for roads and public spaces Luminaires
    AS/NZS 3350.1:2002 Safety of household and similar electrical appliances - General requirements (IEC 60335-1:1991, MOD)
    AS/NZS 4782.1:2004 Double-capped fluorescent lamps - Performance specifications General (IEC 60081:2000, MOD) (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 61184:2007 Bayonet lampholders (IEC 61184, Ed. 2.0 (1997) MOD)
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