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  • ASTM D 2843 : 2019

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  28-04-2022

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  14-10-2019

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This fire-test-response test method covers a laboratory procedure for measuring and observing the relative amounts of smoke obscuration produced by the burning or decomposition of plastics. It is intended to be used for measuring the smoke-producing characteristics of plastics under controlled conditions of combustion or decomposition. Correlation with other fire conditions is not implied. The measurements are made in terms of the loss of light transmission through a collected volume of smoke produced under controlled, standardized conditions. The apparatus is constructed so that the flame and smoke is observable during the test.2

    1.2During the course of combustion, gases or vapors, or both, are evolved that are potentially hazardous to personnel. Adequate precautions shall be taken to protect the operator.

    1.3The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information purposes only.

    1.4This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

    1.5Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests. Specific safety warning statements are given in 1.2 and 9.13.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 1:There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.

    1.7This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 20
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 662 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM D 4000 : 2020 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1995 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
    ASTM D 4000 : 2016 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 662 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM D 635 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM E 1995 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 662 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 456 : 2002 Standard Terminology for Relating to Quality and Statistics
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 2935 : 2017 Standard Practice for Conducting Equivalence Testing in Laboratory Applications
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 : REV D : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 691 : 2020 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 456 : 2013 : REV A : R2017 : EDT 5 Standard Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 691 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM E 2935 : 2020 Standard Practice for Conducting Equivalence Tests for Comparing Testing Processes
    ASTM E 84 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 176 : 2021 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 691 : 2009 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM E 2935 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Conducting Equivalence Tests for Comparing Testing Processes
    ASTM E 906/E906M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method
    ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM D 618 : 2013 Standard Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
    ASTM E 691 : 2021 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM E 906/E906M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method
    ASTM E 2935 : 2021 Standard Practice for Evaluating Equivalence of Two Testing Processes
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM E 456 : 2013 : REV A : R2017 : EDT 4 Standard Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
    ASTM E 456 : 2013 : REV A : R2017 : EDT 6 Standard Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
    ASTM E 176 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM D 618 : 2021 Standard Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
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