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  • ASTM D 388 : 2019

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Classification of Coals by Rank

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  28-04-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-06-2019

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This standard covers the classification of coals by rank, that is, according to their degree of metamorphism, or progressive alteration, in the natural series from lignite to anthracite.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This standard covers the classification of coals by rank, that is, according to their degree of metamorphism, or progressive alteration, in the natural series from lignite to anthracite.

    1.2This classification is applicable to coals that are composed mainly of vitrinite.

    Note 1:Coals rich in inertinite or liptinite (exinite), or both, cannot be properly classified because, in those macerals, the properties that determine rank (calorific value, volatile matter, and agglomerating character) differ greatly from those of vitrinite in the same coal. Often such coals can be recognized by megascopic examination. In North America, these coals are mostly nonbanded varieties that contain only a small proportion of vitrain and consist mainly of attrital materials. The degree of metamorphism of nonbanded and other vitrinite-poor coals can be estimated by determining the classification properties of isolated or concentrated vitrinite fractions, or by determining the reflectance of the vitrinite (see Test Method D2798 and Appendix X1 of this classification). However, in the use of these vitrinite-poor coals, some properties normally associated with rank, such as rheology, combustibility, hardness, and grindability (as well as the rank determining properties) may differ substantially from those of vitrinite-rich coals of the same degree of metamorphism.

    1.3The accuracy of the classification of impure coal may be impaired by the effect of large amounts of mineral matter on the determination of volatile matter and calorific value, and on their calculation to the mineral-matter-free basis.

    1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.4.1Exception—The values stated in British thermal units per pound (Btu/lb) are to be regarded as the standard. The SI equivalents of Btu/lb are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 05
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4239 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods
    ASTM D 5192 : 1991 Standard Practice for Collection of Coal Samples from Core
    ASTM D 5016 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Ash from Coal, Coke, and Residues from Coal Combustion Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Method with Infrared Absorption
    ASTM D 5865 : 2011 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 4239 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion
    ASTM D 3172 : 1989 : R2002 Standard Practice for Proximate Analysis of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 4239 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion
    ASTM D 3174 : 2004 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Ash in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke from Coal
    ASTM D 3172 : 2013 Standard Practice for Proximate Analysis of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 4239 : 1994 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods
    ASTM D 5192 : 2009 Standard Practice for Collection of Coal Samples from Core
    ASTM D 4239 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion
    ASTM D 4596 : 1993 Standard Practice for Collection of Channel Samples of Coal in a Mine
    ASTM D 3172 : 2007 Standard Practice for Proximate Analysis of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5192 : 2007 Standard Practice for Collection of Coal Samples from Core
    ASTM D 4239 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods
    ASTM D 5865 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 4596 : 1999 Standard Practice for Collection of Channel Samples of Coal in a Mine
    ASTM D 5016 : 2008 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Coal and Coke Combustion Residues Using a High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Method with Infrared Absorption
    ASTM D 5865 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 3174 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Ash in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke from Coal
    ASTM D 2798 : 2011 : REV A Standard Test Method for Microscopical Determination of the Vitrinite Reflectance of Coal
    ASTM D 2798 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Microscopical Determination of the Vitrinite Reflectance of Coal
    ASTM D 5865 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5865 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5865 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5865 : 1998 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5865 : 2003 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 3175 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 2798 : 2009 : REV A Standard Test Method for Microscopical Determination of the Vitrinite Reflectance of Coal
    ASTM D 3174 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Ash in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke from Coal
    ASTM D 4239 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods
    ASTM D 3175 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 2798 : 2011 : REV A : R2019 Standard Test Method for Microscopical Determination of the Vitrinite Reflectance of Coal
    ASTM D 3172 : 2007 : REV A Standard Practice for Proximate Analysis of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 4239 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods
    ASTM D 5192 : 1999 Standard Practice for Collection of Coal Samples from Core
    ASTM D 5865 : 1999 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 4239 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods
    ASTM D 4596 : 2008 Standard Practice for Collection of Channel Samples of Coal in a Mine
    ASTM D 3174 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Ash in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke from Coal
    ASTM D 2798 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Microscopical Determination of the Reflectance of Vitrinite in a Polished Specimen of Coal
    ASTM D 4239 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion
    ASTM D 3175 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5865 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5016 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Ash from Coal, Coke, and Residues from Coal Combustion Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Method with Infrared Absorption
    ASTM D 3175 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 3174 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Ash in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke from Coal
    ASTM D 3174 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Ash in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke from Coal
    ASTM D 4596 : 2009 Standard Practice for Collection of Channel Samples of Coal in a Mine
    ASTM D 4596 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Practice for Collection of Channel Samples of Coal in a Mine
    ASTM D 2798 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Microscopical Determination of the Vitrinite Reflectance of Coal
    ASTM D 4239 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion
    ASTM D 2798 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Microscopical Determination of the Vitrinite Reflectance of Coal
    ASTM D 5865 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 4239 : 2014 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion
    ASTM D 5192 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Practice for Collection of Coal Samples from Core
    ASTM D 5016 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Coal and Coke Combustion Residues Using a High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Method with Infrared Absorption
    ASTM D 4239 : 2004 Standard Test Methods for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods
    ASTM D 5192 : 2008 Standard Practice for Collection of Coal Samples from Core
    ASTM D 5865 : 2001 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5016 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Ash from Coal, Coke, and Residues from Coal Combustion Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Method with Infrared Absorption
    ASTM D 4239 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods
    ASTM D 5865 : 2001 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 2798 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Microscopical Determination of the Vitrinite Reflectance of Coal
    ASTM D 5865 : 2010 : REV A Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 3174 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Ash in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke from Coal
    ASTM D 4239 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods
    ASTM D 3174 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Ash in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke from Coal
    ASTM D 5016 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Coal and Coke Combustion Residues Using a High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Method with Infrared Absorption
    ASTM D 3175 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 3175 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5865 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 4239 : 2011 Standard Test Methods for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods
    ASTM D 3175 : 1989 : REV A : R1997 Standard Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5865 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5865 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 3172 : 1989 : R1997 Standard Practice for Proximate Analysis of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 4239 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion
    ASTM D 4596 : 2007 Standard Practice for Collection of Channel Samples of Coal in a Mine
    ASTM D 4239 : 1997 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods
    ASTM D 4239 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion
    ASTM D 5016 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Coal and Coke Combustion Residues Using a High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Method with Infrared Absorption
    ASTM D 5865 : 2010 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
    ASTM D 5865 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke
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