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  • ASTM D 4000 : 2020

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    Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  14-12-2020

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This standard provides a classification system for tabulating the properties of unfilled, filled, and reinforced plastic materials suitable for processing into parts.

    Note 1:The classification system serves many of the needs of industries using plastic materials. The standard is subject to revision as the need requires; therefore, the latest revision should always be used.

    1.2The classification system and subsequent line call-out (specification) is intended to be a means of identifying plastic materials used in the fabrication of end items or parts. It is not intended for the selection of materials. Material selection should be made by those having expertise in the plastics field after careful consideration of the design and the performance required of the part, the environment to which it will be exposed, the fabrication process to be employed, the inherent properties of the material not covered in this document, and the economic factors.

    1.3This classification system is based on the premise that plastic materials can be arranged into broad generic families using basic properties to arrange the materials into groups, classes, and grades. A system is thus established which, together with values describing additional requirements, permits as complete a description as desired of the selected material.

    1.4In all cases where the provisions of this classification system would conflict with the referenced ASTM specification for a particular material, the latter shall take precedence.

    Note 2:When using this classification system the two-letter, three-digit suffix system applies.

    Note 3:When a material is used to fabricate a part where the requirements are too specific for a broad material call-out, it is advisable for the user to consult the supplier to secure a call-out of the properties to suit the actual conditions to which the part is to be subjected.

    1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 20
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 2632 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience by Vertical Rebound
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM D 4364 : 2013 Standard Practice for Performing Outdoor Accelerated Weathering Tests of Plastics Using Concentrated Sunlight
    ASTM D 471 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Effect of Liquids
    ASTM D 495 : 2014 Standard Test Method for High-Voltage, Low-Current, Dry Arc Resistance of Solid Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 6779 : 2020 Standard Classification System for and Basis of Specification for Polyamide Molding and Extrusion Materials (PA)
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 29 : 2013 : R2019 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
    ASTM D 955 : 2008 : R2014 Standard Test Method of Measuring Shrinkage from Mold Dimensions of Thermoplastics
    ASTM D 3892 : 2015 : R2020 Standard Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics
    ASTM D 4329 : 2021 Standard Practice for Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus Exposure of Plastics
    ASTM D 2116 : 2016 Standard Specification for FEP Resin Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 3418 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 1499 : 2013 Standard Practice for Filtered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposures of Plastics
    ASTM D 6394 : 2001 Standard Specification for Sulfone Plastics (SP)
    ASTM D 1003 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
    ASTM E 162 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 96/E96M : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
    ASTM D 3307 : 2016 Standard Specification for Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Resin Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM E 29 : 2002 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM D 3935 : 2015 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polycarbonate (PC) Unfilled and Reinforced Material
    ASTM D 3713 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Measuring Response of Solid Plastics to Ignition by a Small Flame (Withdrawn 2000)
    ASTM D 5336 : 2015 : REV A Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polyphthalamide (PPA) Injection Molding Material
    ASTM E 1354 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 257 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for DC Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials
    ASTM D 4812 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Unnotched Cantilever Beam Impact Resistance of Plastics
    ASTM D 3307 : 2021 Standard Specification for Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Resin Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 4216 : 2017 Standard Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Related PVC and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Building Products Compounds
    ASTM E 96/E96M : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 : REV D : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 3350 : 2021 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials
    ASTM D 1499 : 2013 : R2021 Standard Practice for Filtered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposures of Plastics
    ASTM D 4549 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polystyrene and Rubber-Modified Polystyrene Molding and Extrusion Materials (PS)
    ASTM D 412 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
    ASTM E 662 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM D 3350 : 2014 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM D 4067 : 2016 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Reinforced and Filled Poly(Phenylene Sulfide) (PPS) Injection Molding and Extrusion Materials Using ASTM Methods
    ASTM D 2843 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics
    ASTM D 3965 : 2021 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specifications for Rigid Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Materials for Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM E 84 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM D 3418 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 4329 : 2013 Standard Practice for Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus Exposure of Plastics
    ASTM D 6360 : 2015 Standard Practice for Enclosed Carbon-Arc Exposures of Plastics
    ASTM D 5336 : 2021 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polyphthalamide (PPA) Injection Molding Materials
    ASTM D 471 : 2016 : REV A : R2021 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Effect of Liquids
    ASTM D 6394 : 2021 : REV A Standard Classification System for and Basis for Specification for Sulfone Plastics (SP)
    ASTM D 5279 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Torsion
    ASTM D 3222 : 2020 Standard Specification for Unmodified Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) (PVDF) Molding Extrusion and Coating Materials
    ASTM D 1430 : 2017 Standard Classification System for Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) Plastics
    ASTM E 1354 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1693 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Environmental Stress-Cracking of Ethylene Plastics
    ASTM D 3222 : 2021 Standard Specification for Unmodified Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) (PVDF) Molding Extrusion and Coating Materials
    ASTM D 1203 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Volatile Loss from Plastics Using Activated Carbon Methods
    ASTM D 4067 : 2021 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Reinforced and Filled Poly(Phenylene Sulfide) (PPS) Injection Molding and Extrusion Materials Using ASTM Methods
    ASTM D 495 : 1999 Standard Test Method for High-Voltage, Low-Current, Dry Arc Resistance of Solid Electrical Insulation
    ASTM E 84 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM D 412 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
    ASTM D 5630 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Ash Content in Plastics (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 3965 : 2016 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specifications for Rigid Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Materials for Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 3638 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Comparative Tracking Index of Electrical Insulating Materials
    ASTM D 3638 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Comparative Tracking Index of Electrical Insulating Materials
    ASTM D 6360 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Practice for Enclosed Carbon-Arc Exposures of Plastics
    ASTM E 96/E96M : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
    ASTM D 1822 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Tensile-Impact Energy to Break Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
    ASTM D 2240 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 575 : 1991 : R1996 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Properties in Compression
    ASTM D 3935 : 2021 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polycarbonate (PC) Unfilled and Reinforced Material
    ASTM D 1003 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
    ASTM E 1354 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1430 : 2022 Standard Classification System for Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) Plastics
    ASTM D 618 : 2013 Standard Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
    ASTM D 4549 : 2015 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polystyrene and Rubber-Modified Polystyrene Molding and Extrusion Materials (PS)
    ASTM D 5279 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Torsion
    ASTM D 1822 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining the Tensile-Impact Resistance of Plastics
    ASTM D 3985 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Oxygen Gas Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Coulometric Sensor
    ASTM D 569 : 1990 Method for Measuring the Flow Properties of Thermoplastic Molding Materials (Withdrawn 1995)
    ASTM D 3159 : 2022 Standard Specification for Modified ETFE Fluoropolymer Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 3638 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Comparative Tracking Index of Electrical Insulating Materials
    ASTM D 955 : 2021 Standard Test Method of Measuring Shrinkage from Mold Dimensions of Thermoplastics
    ASTM E 1354 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 2240 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 5420 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Flat, Rigid Plastic Specimen by Means of a Striker Impacted by a Falling Weight (Gardner Impact)
    ASTM D 5420 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Flat, Rigid Plastic Specimen by Means of a Striker Impacted by a Falling Weight (Gardner Impact)
    ASTM D 412 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
    ASTM E 119 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM D 1693 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Environmental Stress-Cracking of Ethylene Plastics
    ASTM D 6779 : 2021 Standard Classification System for and Basis of Specification for Polyamide Molding and Extrusion Materials (PA)
    ASTM D 1203 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Volatile Loss From Plastics Using Activated Carbon Methods
    ASTM D 2843 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics
    ASTM D 2116 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Specification for FEP Resin Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM E 162 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM D 495 : 2022 Standard Test Method for High-Voltage, Low-Current, Dry Arc Resistance of Solid Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 6394 : 2021 Standard Classification System for and Basis for Specification for Sulfone Plastics (SP)
    ASTM D 257 : 2014 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for DC Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials
    ASTM D 4364 : 2013 : R2022 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Performing Outdoor Accelerated Weathering Tests of Plastics Using Concentrated Sunlight
    ASTM D 618 : 2021 Standard Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
    ASTM D 4986 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Horizontal Burning Characteristics of Cellular Polymeric Materials
    ASTM D 3159 : 2020 Standard Specification for Modified ETFE Fluoropolymer Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM E 29 : 2022 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
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