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  • ASTM D 422 : 1963 : R2002 : EDT 1

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    Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Withdrawn date:  01-01-2016

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  10-11-2002

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 04.08, 2015 Specifies the quantitative determination of the distribution of particle sizes in soils.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1 This test method covers the quantitative determination of the distribution of particle sizes in soils. The distribution of particle sizes larger than 75 μm (retained on the No. 200 sieve) is determined by sieving, while the distribution of particle sizes smaller than 75 μm is determined by a sedimentation process, using a hydrometer to secure the necessary data (Note 1 and Note 2).

    Note 1—Separation may be made on the No. 4 (4.75-mm), No. 40 (425-μm), or No. 200 (75-μm) sieve instead of the No. 10. For whatever sieve used, the size shall be indicated in the report.

    Note 2—Two types of dispersion devices are provided: (1) a high-speed mechanical stirrer, and (2) air dispersion. Extensive investigations indicate that air-dispersion devices produce a more positive dispersion of plastic soils below the 20-μm size and appreciably less degradation on all sizes when used with sandy soils. Because of the definite advantages favoring air dispersion, its use is recommended. The results from the two types of devices differ in magnitude, depending upon soil type, leading to marked differences in particle size distribution, especially for sizes finer than 20 μm.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 18
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Withdrawn
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 5202/D5202M : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining Triaxial Compression Creep Strength of Chemically Grouted Soils
    ASTM D 2435 : 2004 Standard Test Methods for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils Using Incremental Loading
    BS EN ISO 10416 : 2009 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DRILLING FLUIDS - LABORATORY TESTING
    ASTM D 4822 : 1988 : R2008 Standard Guide for Selection of Methods of Particle Size Analysis of Fluvial Sediments (Manual Methods)
    ASTM D 2434 : 1968 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Permeability of Granular Soils (Constant Head) (Withdrawn 2015)
    DD ENV 1997-2:2000 EUROCODE 7: GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: DESIGN ASSISTED BY LABORATORY TESTING
    NSF 240:2017 DRAINFIELD TRENCH PRODUCT SIZING FOR GRAVITY DISPERSAL ONSITE WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND DISPERSAL SYSTEMS
    ASTM D 5092 : 2004 : R2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    I.S. ENV 1997-2:1999 EUROCODE 7: GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: DESIGN ASSISTED BY LABORATORY TESTING
    ASTM D 4822 : 1988 : R2014 Standard Guide for Selection of Methods of Particle Size Analysis of Fluvial Sediments (Manual Methods)
    ASTM D 2435/D2435M : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils Using Incremental Loading
    ASTM D 7294 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Collecting Treatment Process Design Data at a Contaminated Site—A Site Contaminated With Chemicals of Interest
    ASTM D 3089 : 1997 : R2008 Standard Practice for Determining the A-D Dimension of Aerosol Valve Dip Tubes
    ASTM D 7664 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Unsaturated Soils
    ASTM D 5092 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Ground Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM F 1632 : 2003 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Particle Size Analysis and Sand Shape Grading of Golf Course Putting Green and Sports Field Rootzone Mixes
    ASTM D 1140 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Determining the Amount of Material Finer than 75-μm (No. 200) Sieve in Soils by Washing
    ASTM D 3282 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Classification of Soils and Soil-Aggregate Mixtures for Highway Construction Purposes
    ASTM D 5438 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Collection of Floor Dust for Chemical Analysis
    ASTM D 7277 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Performance Testing of Articulating Concrete Block (ACB) Revetment Systems for Hydraulic Stability in Open Channel Flow
    ASTM D 5567 : 1994 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Ratio (HCR) Testing of Soil/Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 4874 : 1995 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Leaching Solid Material in a Column Apparatus
    ASTM E 2277 : 2014 Standard Guide for Design and Construction of Coal Ash Structural Fills
    ASTM E 2060 : 2006 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products for Solidification/Stabilization of Inorganic Wastes
    ASTM D 3360 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution by Hydrometer of the Common White Extender Pigments (Withdrawn 2003)
    ASTM D 4822 : 1988 : R2003 Standard Guide for Selection of Methods of Particle Size Analysis of Fluvial Sediments (Manual Methods)
    BS EN ISO 13500 : 2008 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DRILLING FLUID MATERIALS - SPECIFICATIONS AND TESTS
    ICC 2009 INT. RESI.CODE & COMM.-I1 : 2009 2009 INTERNATIONAL RESIDENTIAL CODE & COMMENTARY - VOLUME 2: CHAPTERS 12 TO 44
    TAPPI T 649 : OM 83 PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF COATING CLAY
    ASTM F 2747 : 2010 Standard Guide for Construction of Sand-based Rootzones for Golf Putting Greens and Tees (Withdrawn 2019)
    BS EN ISO 19901-8:2015 Petroleum and natural gas industries. Specific requirements for offshore structures Marine soil investigations
    04/30124757 DC : DRAFT NOV 2004 ISO 13500 - PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DRILLING FLUID MATERIALS - SPECIFICATIONS AND TESTS
    07/30148827 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 13500 - PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DRILLING FLUID MATERIALS - SPECIFICATIONS AND TESTS
    API 13I REDLINE : 2009 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR LABORATORY TESTING OF DRILLING FLUIDS
    UFC 3-260-03 : 2001 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - AIRFIELD PAVEMENT EVALUATION
    ASTM F 2107 : 2008 Standard Guide for Construction and Maintenance of Skinned Areas on Baseball and Softball Fields
    ASTM D 6913 : 2004 Standard Test Methods for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Soils Using Sieve Analysis
    API RP 13J : 2014 TESTING OF HEAVY BRINES
    ASTM D 3397 : 1981 Method of Test for Triaxial Classification of Base Materials, S Oils and Soil (Withdrawn 1987)
    ASTM F 2107 : 2008 : R2015 Standard Guide for Construction and Maintenance of Skinned Areas on Baseball and Softball Fields
    NORSOK G 001:2004 MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS
    I.S. EN ISO 10416:2009 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DRILLING FLUIDS - LABORATORY TESTING
    AWWA B101 : 2016 PRECOAT FILTER MEDIA
    ASCE/CI 36 15 : 2015 STANDARD DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION GUIDELINES FOR MICROTUNNELING
    ASTM D 7181 : 2011 Method for Consolidated Drained Triaxial Compression Test for Soils
    ASTM D 6913 : 2004 : R2009 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Soils Using Sieve Analysis
    ASCE 32 01 : 2001 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF FROST-PROTECTED SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS
    ASTM D 1883 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
    ASTM E 2278 : 2013 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) for Surface Mine Reclamation: Revegetation and Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage
    ASTM F 1962 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Use of Maxi-Horizontal Directional Drilling for Placement of Polyethylene Pipe or Conduit Under Obstacles, Including River Crossings
    ASTM D 5921 : 1996 : R2003 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Subsurface Site Characterization of Test Pits for On-Site Septic Systems
    ASTM E 2243 : 2013 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) for Surface Mine Reclamation: Re-contouring and Highwall Reclamation
    ICC 2012 INTERNATIONAL BUILDING CODE : 2012 INTERNATIONAL BUILDING CODE
    I.S. EN ISO 13500:2008 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DRILLING FLUID MATERIALS - SPECIFICATIONS AND TESTS
    API 13A : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR DRILLING FLUIDS MATERIALS
    UFC 3-250-03 : 2001 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - STANDARD PRACTICE MANUAL FOR FLEXIBLE PAVEMENTS
    04/30096886 DC : DRAFT JUL 2004 ISO 13503-3 - PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - COMPLETION FLUIDS AND MATERIALS - PART 3: TESTING OF HEAVY BRINES
    BS ISO 10416 : 2008 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DRILLING FLUIDS - LABORATORY TESTING
    API 13A : 2010 : INC : ERR 4 : 2016 : R201500 SPECIFICATION FOR DRILLING FLUIDS MATERIALS
    ASTM D 5567 : 1994 : R1999 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Ratio (HCR) Testing of Soil/Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 2850 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Unconsolidated-Undrained Triaxial Compression Test on Cohesive Soils
    API 13A : 2010 : INC : ERR 1 : 2014 SPECIFICATION FOR DRILLING FLUIDS MATERIALS
    AASHTO T 296 : 2010 METHOD OF TEST FOR UNCONSOLIDATED, UNDRAINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF COHESIVE SOILS IN TRIAXIAL COMPRESSION
    ASCE 36 01 : 2001 STANDARD CONSTRUCTION GUIDELINES FOR MICROTUNNELING
    ASTM D 5101 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Filtration Compatibility of Soil-Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 4319 : 1993 Standard Test Method for Distribution Ratios by the Short-Term Batch Method
    ASTM D 7830/D7830M : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for In-Place Density (Unit Weight) and Water Content of Soil Using an Electromagnetic Soil Density Gauge
    ASTM F 1632 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Particle Size Analysis and Sand Shape Grading of Golf Course Putting Green and Sports Field Rootzone Mixes
    ASTM D 546 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Mineral Filler for Asphalt Paving Mixtures
    ASTM D 4319 : 1993 : R2001 Standard Test Method for Distribution Ratios by the Short-Term Batch Method (Withdrawn 2007)
    ASTM D 4874 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Leaching Solid Material in a Column Apparatus
    ASTM D 5567 : 1994 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Ratio (HCR) Testing of Soil/Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 4554 : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Direct Shear Strength of Rock Discontinuities
    ASTM D 5730 : 2004 Standard Guide for Site Characterization for Environmental Purposes With Emphasis on Soil, Rock, the Vadose Zone and Groundwater (Withdrawn 2013)
    ASTM D 5567 : 1994 : R2001 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Ratio (HCR) Testing of Soil/Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 6913 : 2004 : R2009 Standard Test Methods for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Soils Using Sieve Analysis
    ASTM D 7608 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Torsional Ring Shear Test to Determine Drained Fully Softened Shear Strength and Nonlinear Strength Envelope of Cohesive Soils (Using Normally Consolidated Specimen) for Slopes with No Preexisting Shear Surfaces
    ASTM D 5092/D5092M : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6913 : 2004 : EDT 2 Standard Test Methods for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Soils Using Sieve Analysis
    ASTM D 3080/D3080M : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Direct Shear Test of Soils Under Consolidated Drained Conditions
    ISO 19901-8:2014 Petroleum and natural gas industries Specific requirements for offshore structures Part 8: Marine soil investigations
    BS EN ISO 13503-3:2005 Petroleum and natural gas industries. Completion fluids and materials Testing of heavy brines
    ICC IRC CODE AND COMMENTARY VOLUME 2 : 2015 IRC® Code and Commentary, Volume 2
    CSA ISO 19901-8 : 2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS
    ICC 2012 INTERNATIONAL RESI. CODE : 2012 INTERNATIONAL RESIDENTIAL CODE FOR ONE- AND TWO-FAMILY DWELLINGS
    CSA ISO 19901-8:15 (R2020) Petroleum and natural gas industries — Specific requirements for offshore structures — Part 8: Marine soil investigations (Adopted ISO 19901-8:2014, first edition, 2014-12-01)
    UNI EN ISO 13500 : 2011 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DRILLING FLUID MATERIALS - SPECIFICATIONS AND TESTS
    UNI EN ISO 13503-3 : 2006 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - COMPLETION FLUIDS AND MATERIALS - PART 3: TESTING OF HEAVY BRINES
    UNI EN 1997-2 : 2007 EUROCODE 7 - GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: GROUND INVESTIGATION AND TESTING
    ASTM D 4822 : 1988 : R1999 Standard Guide for Selection of Methods of Particle Size Analysis of Fluvial Sediments (Manual Methods)
    ASTM F 1632 : 2003 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Particle Size Analysis and Sand Shape Grading of Golf Course Putting Green and Sports Field Rootzone Mixes
    CSA A23.1 A23.2 : 2014 CONCRETE MATERIALS AND METHODS OF CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION/TEST METHODS AND STANDARD PRACTICES FOR CONCRETE
    API 13J SPANISH : 1996 PRUEBAS CON SALMUERAS PESADAS
    I.S. EN 1997-2:2007 EUROCODE 7 - GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: GROUND INVESTIGATION AND TESTING
    ASTM D 6460 : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determination of Rolled Erosion Control Product (RECP) Performance in Protecting Earthen Channels from Stormwater-Induced Erosion
    ASTM D 2940/D2940M : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Graded Aggregate Material For Bases or Subbases for Highways or Airports
    UNI EN ISO 10416 : 2010 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DRILLING FLUIDS - LABORATORY TESTING
    API 13A : 2010 : INC : ERR 3 : 2015 SPECIFICATION FOR DRILLING FLUIDS MATERIALS
    ASTM E 1197 : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Conducting a Terrestrial Soil-Core Microcosm Test
    AEP-55 VOL 3 PART I : 2014 PROCEDURES FOR EVALUATING THE PROTECTION LEVEL OF ARMOURED VEHICLES - IED THREAT
    API RP 13I : 2009 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR LABORATORY TESTING OF DRILLING FLUIDS
    I.S. EN ISO 19901-8:2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS (ISO 19901-8:2014)
    ACI 360R : 2010 GUIDE TO DESIGN OF SLABS-ON-GROUND
    ASTM D 5311/D5311M : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Load Controlled Cyclic Triaxial Strength of Soil
    ASTM E 2060 : 2006 : R2014 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products for Solidification/Stabilization of Inorganic Wastes
    ASTM D 2434 : 1968 : R2000 Standard Test Method for Permeability of Granular Soils (Constant Head)
    ASTM D 4874 : 1995 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Leaching Solid Material in a Column Apparatus (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 2940 : 2003 Standard Specification for Graded Aggregate Material For Bases or Subbases for Highways or Airports
    ASTM D 5299/D5299M : 2018 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Decommissioning of Groundwater Wells, Vadose Zone Monitoring Devices, Boreholes, and Other Devices for Environmental Activities
    ASTM D 5101 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Filtration Compatibility of Soil-Geotextile Systems
    ACI 522R : 2010(R2011) REPORT ON PERVIOUS CONCRETE
    EN ISO 13500:2008/A1:2010 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DRILLING FLUID MATERIALS - SPECIFICATIONS AND TESTS
    DIN EN 1997-2:2010-10 Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design - Part 2: Ground investigation and testing (includes Corrigendum AC:2010)
    ISO 10416:2008 Petroleum and natural gas industries — Drilling fluids — Laboratory testing
    ISO 13503-3:2005 Petroleum and natural gas industries Completion fluids and materials Part 3: Testing of heavy brines
    EN ISO 19901-8 : 2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS (ISO 19901-8:2014)
    EN 1997-2:2007/AC:2010 EUROCODE 7 - GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: GROUND INVESTIGATION AND TESTING
    EN ISO 13503-3:2005/AC:2007 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - COMPLETION FLUIDS AND MATERIALS - PART 3: TESTING OF HEAVY BRINES
    EN ISO 10416 : 2009 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DRILLING FLUIDS - LABORATORY TESTING
    ACI 522R : 2010 REPORT ON PERVIOUS CONCRETE
    ASTM C 1746/C1746M : 2012 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Suspended Sediment Removal Efficiency of Hydrodynamic Stormwater Separators and Underground Settling Devices
    ASTM D 5921 : 1996 : R2010 Standard Practice for Subsurface Site Characterization of Test Pits for On-Site Septic Systems (Withdrawn 2019)
    13/30257183 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 19901-8 - PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS
    ASTM F 1953 : 2010 Standard Guide for Construction and Maintenance of Grass Tennis Courts
    UFC 3-260-02 : 2001 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - PAVEMENT DESIGN FOR AIRFIELDS
    API 13I : 2009 : R2016 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR LABORATORY TESTING OF DRILLING FLUIDS
    ASTM F 2396 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Construction of High Performance Sand-Based Rootzones for Athletic Fields
    ASTM D 4767 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Triaxial Compression Test for Cohesive Soils
    API 13A REDLINE : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR DRILLING FLUIDS MATERIALS
    UFC 3-280-04 : 2003 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - ARMY FILTRATION OF LIQUIDS
    UFC 3-250-11 : 2004 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - SOIL STABILIZATION FOR PAVEMENTS
    ASTM D 5921 : 1996 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Subsurface Site Characterization of Test Pits for On-Site Septic Systems
    API 13A : 2010 : INC : ERR 4 : 2016 SPECIFICATION FOR DRILLING FLUIDS MATERIALS
    API 13I SPANISH : 1995 PRACTICA RECOMENDADA PROCEDIMIENTO ESTANDAR PARA LAS PRUEBAS DE LABORATORIO CON FLUIDOS DE PEFORACION
    API 13A : 2010 : INC : ERR 2 : 2015 SPECIFICATION FOR DRILLING FLUIDS MATERIALS
    ASTM D 5092 : 2004 Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Ground Water Monitoring Wells in Aquifers
    ASTM D 6913 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Soils Using Sieve Analysis
    ASTM D 3080 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Direct Shear Test of Soils Under Consolidated Drained Conditions
    ASTM D 4874 : 1995 : R2001 Standard Test Method for Leaching Solid Material in a Column Apparatus
    ASTM D 4647/D4647M : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Identification and Classification of Dispersive Clay Soils by the Pinhole Test
    BS EN 1997-2:2007 Eurocode 7. Geotechnical design Ground investigation and testing

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 100 : 2017 : REDLINE SPECIFICATION FOR ASTM HYDROMETERS
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