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  • ASTM D 4874 : 1995 : R2001

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Leaching Solid Material in a Column Apparatus

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  11-11-2014

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2001

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 11.04, 2015 Defines a procedure for generating aqueous leachate from materials using a column apparatus.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1 This test method is a standard laboratory procedure for generating aqueous leachate from materials using a column apparatus. It provides a leachate suitable for organic analysis of semivolatile and nonvolatile compounds as well as inorganic analyses.

    1.2 The column apparatus is designed and constructed of materials chosen to enhance the leaching of low concentrations of semivolatile and nonvolatile organic constituents as well as to maximize the leaching of metallic species from the solid. Analysis of column effluent provides information on the leaching characteristics of material under the conditions used in the test.

    1.3 This test method provides for the passage of an aqueous fluid through materials of known mass in a saturated up-flow mode.

    1.4 It is intended that the sample used in the procedure be physically, chemically, and biologically representative of the material.

    1.5 This test method does not produce results that can be used as the sole basis for (1) engineering design of a disposal site, or (2) the characterization of wastes based on their leaching characteristics.

    1.6 This test method has the following limitations

    1.6.1 Maximum particle size is 10 mm (0.4 in.). Particle size reduction is not recommended. Large-diameter material (cinders, rocks, and so forth) should be removed prior to packing the column to ensure adequate compaction.

    1.6.2 Test materials containing densely immiscible organic material may result in phase separation and lead to column plugging.

    1.6.3 This test method does not differentiate between dissolved constituents and sub-70-µm particulates that pass through the pores of the end plates.

    1.6.4 This test method is not applicable to the leachability characterization of materials with regard to volatile compounds.

    1.6.5 This test method is not applicable to the characterization of materials that dissolve in water to a degree that significantly impacts the void volume in the column or the determination of the specific gravity of the material.

    1.7 Application of this test method to materials with initial low permeability, or to those that lose permeability over the course of the test, may result in long testing periods.

    1.8 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are in approximate inch-pound equivalents.

    1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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    Committee D 34
    Document Type Test Method
    Product Note Reconfirmed 2001
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 422 : 1963 : R2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils
    ASTM D 1129 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 854 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Water Pycnometer
    ASTM D 1498 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM D 1125 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
    ASTM D 1888 : 1978 Methods of Test for Particulate and Dissolved Matter in Water (Withdrawn 1989)
    ASTM D 4253 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM C 819 : 1977 Test Method for Specific Surface Area of Carbon or Graphite (Withdrawn 1987)
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