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  • ASTM D 5778 : 2012 : REDLINE

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    Standard Test Method for Electronic Friction Cone and Piezocone Penetration Testing of Soils

    Available format(s):  PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2012

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 04.08, 2018 Describes the procedure for determining the point resistance during penetration of a conical-shaped penetrometer as it is advanced into subsurface soils at a steady rate.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1 This test method covers the procedure for determining the point resistance during penetration of a conical-shaped penetrometer as it is advanced into subsurface soils at a steady rate.

    1.2 This test method is also used to determine the frictional resistance of a cylindrical sleeve located behind the conical point as it is advanced through subsurface soils at a steady rate.

    1.3 This test method applies to friction-cone penetrometers of the electric and electronic type. Field tests using mechanical-type penetrometers are covered elsewhere by Test Method D3441.

    1.4 This test method can be used to determine porewater pressures developed during the penetration, thus termed piezocone. Porewater pressure dissipation, after a push, can also be monitored for correlation to time rate of consolidation and permeability.

    1.5 Additional sensors, such as inclinometer, seismic geophones (Test Methods D7400), resistivity, electrical conductivity, dielectric, and temperature sensors, may be included in the penetrometer to provide useful information. The use of an inclinometer is highly recommended since it will provide information on potentially damaging situations during the sounding process.

    1.6 Cone penetration test data can be used to interpret subsurface stratigraphy, and through use of site specific correlations, they can provide data on engineering properties of soils intended for use in design and construction of earthworks and foundations for structures.

    1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. Within Section 13 on Calculations, SI units are considered the standard. Other commonly used units such as the inch-pound system are shown in brackets. The various data reported should be displayed in mutually compatible units as agreed to by the client or user. Cone tip projected area is commonly referred to in square centimetres for convenience. The values stated in each system are not equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other.

    Note 1—This test method does not include hydraulic or pneumatic penetrometers. However, many of the procedural requirements herein could apply to those penetrometers. Also, offshore/marine CPT systems may have procedural differences because of the difficulties of testing in those environments (for example, tidal variations, salt water, waves). Mechanical CPT systems are covered under Test Method D3441.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 18
    Document Type Redline
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    FC 1-300-09N : Change 3 FACILITIES CRITERIA - NAVY AND MARINE CORPS DESIGN PROCEDURES
    ASTM D 6635 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Performing the Flat Plate Dilatometer
    ASTM D 6232 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Selection of Sampling Equipment for Waste and Contaminated Media Data Collection Activities
    ASTM D 6187 : 1997 : R2010 Standard Practice for Cone Penetrometer Technology Characterization of Petroleum Contaminated Sites with Nitrogen Laser-Induced Fluorescence (Withdrawn 2019)
    BS EN ISO 19901-8:2015 Petroleum and natural gas industries. Specific requirements for offshore structures Marine soil investigations
    ASTM D 6725 : 2004 Standard Practice for Direct Push Installation of Prepacked Screen Monitoring Wells in Unconsolidated Aquifers
    ASTM D 8037/D8037M : 2016 Standard Practice for Direct Push Hydraulic Logging for Profiling Variations of Permeability in Soils
    ASTM D 6725 : 2004 : R2010 Standard Practice for Direct Push Installation of Prepacked Screen Monitoring Wells in Unconsolidated Aquifers
    ASTM D 6187 : 1997 : R2003 Standard Practice for Cone Penetrometer Technology Characterization of Petroleum Contaminated Sites with Nitrogen Laser-Induced Fluorescence
    ASTM D 6187 : 1997 Standard Practice for Cone Penetrometer Technology Characterization of Petroleum Contaminated Sites with Nitrogen Laser-Induced Fluorescence
    UFC 3-220-01 : 2012 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
    ISO/TS 14837-32:2015 Mechanical vibration — Ground-borne noise and vibration arising from rail systems — Part 32: Measurement of dynamic properties of the ground
    ASTM D 6066 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Determining the Normalized Penetration Resistance of Sands for Evaluation of Liquefaction Potential
    ISO 19901-8:2014 Petroleum and natural gas industries Specific requirements for offshore structures Part 8: Marine soil investigations
    CSA ISO 19901-8 : 2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS
    CSA ISO 19901-8:15 (R2020) Petroleum and natural gas industries — Specific requirements for offshore structures — Part 8: Marine soil investigations (Adopted ISO 19901-8:2014, first edition, 2014-12-01)
    ASTM D 420 : 2018 Standard Guide for Site Characterization for Engineering Design and Construction Purposes
    ASTM D 5092/D5092M : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 3441 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Mechanical Cone Penetration Testing of Soils
    ASTM D 6001 : 2005 : R2012 Standard Guide for Direct-Push Groundwater Sampling for Environmental Site Characterization
    EN ISO 19901-8 : 2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS (ISO 19901-8:2014)
    13/30257183 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 19901-8 - PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS
    ASTM D 6001 : 2005 Standard Guide for Direct-Push Groundwater Sampling for Environmental Site Characterization
    PD ISO/TS 14837-32:2015 Mechanical vibration. Ground-borne noise and vibration arising from rail systems Measurement of dynamic properties of the ground
    ASTM D 6067/D6067M : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Using the Electronic Piezocone Penetrometer Tests for Environmental Site Characterization and Estimation of Hydraulic Conductivity
    I.S. EN ISO 19901-8:2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS (ISO 19901-8:2014)
    ASTM D 6282 : 1998 Standard Guide for Direct Push Soil Sampling for Environmental Site Characterizations

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 3441 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Mechanical Cone Penetration Testing of Soils
    ASTM D 3740 : 2012-06 PRACTICE FOR MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR AGENCIES ENGAGED IN TESTING AND/OR INSPECTION OF SOIL AND ROCK AS USED IN ENGINEERING DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
    ASTM D 653 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
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