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  • ASTM D 7032 : 2017

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Specification for Establishing Performance Ratings for Wood-Plastic Composite and Plastic Lumber Deck Boards, Stair Treads, Guards, and Handrails

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  04-01-2022

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  07-06-2017

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This specification covers procedures to establish a performance rating for wood-plastic composite and plastic lumber for use as exterior deck boards, stair treads, guards, and handrails.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This specification covers procedures to establish a performance rating for wood-plastic composite and plastic lumber for use as exterior deck boards, stair treads, guards, and handrails. The purpose of this specification is to establish a basis for code recognition of these products or systems in exterior applications. The products addressed in this specification are considered combustible.

    Note 1:While wood-plastic composites contain wood or other cellulosic materials, the presence of wood or other cellulosic materials in plastic lumber is not required by this specification. Due to non-wood materials in wood-plastic composites and plastic lumber the structural, physical, fire, and other attributes may not be similar to those of wood.

    1.1.1The plastic component of wood-plastic composites and plastic lumber covered by this specification shall consist primarily of thermoplastics.

    1.2Deck boards, stair treads, guards, and handrails covered by this specification are permitted to be of any code compliant shape and thickness (solid or non-solid).

    1.3Wood-plastic composites and plastic lumber are produced in a broad range of fiber and/or resin formulations. It is recognized that the performance requirements in this specification are valid for any material or combination of materials used as deck boards, stair treads, guards, or handrails.

    1.4Details of manufacturing processes are beyond the scope of this specification.

    1.5The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.

    1.7Table of Contents:

    Section

    Scope

    1

    Referenced Documents

    2

    Terminology

    3

    General Requirements

    4

     Sampling

    4.1

     Sample Size

    4.2

     Conditioning

    4.3

     Flexural Tests

    4.4

     Temperature and Moisture Effects

    4.5

     Ultraviolet (UV) Resistance Test

    4.6

     Freeze-Thaw Resistance Test

    4.7

     Biodeterioration Tests

    4.8

     Fire Performance Tests

    4.9

    Deck Board Performance Requirements

    5

     General

    5.1

     Flexural Performance Tests

    5.2

     Determination of the Unadjusted Allowable Load

    5.3

     Creep-Recovery Test

    5.4

     Mechanical Fastener Holding Tests

    5.5

     Slip Resistance Test

    5.6

    Guard and Handrail Performance Requirements

    6

     General

    6.1

     Guardrail System Test Requirements

    6.2

      One- and Two-Family Dwelling Requirements

    6.2.1.1

     Handrail Test Requirements (Concentrated Load)

    6.3

    Report

    7

    Independent Inspection

    8

    Manufacturing Standard

    9

    Precision and Bias

    10

    Keywords

    11

    Two-Span Test Method

    Annex A1

    Commentary

    Appendix X1

    1.8This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 07
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 2957 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Resistance to Wildfire Penetration of Eaves, Soffits and Other Projections
    ASTM E 2707 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determining Fire Penetration of Exterior Wall Assemblies Using a Direct Flame Impingement Exposure
    ASTM E 2726/E2726M : 2012 : REV A : R2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Fire-Test-Response of Deck Structures to Burning Brands
    ASTM D 7568 : 2017 Standard Specification for Polyethylene-Based Structural-Grade Plastic Lumber for Outdoor Applications

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 9 : 2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM E 1354 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1413 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Wood Preservatives by Laboratory Soil-Block Cultures
    ASTM D 6662 : 2017 Standard Specification for Polyolefin-Based Plastic Lumber Decking Boards
    ASTM D 1413 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Wood Preservatives by Laboratory Soil-Block Cultures
    ASTM F 1679 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Using a Variable Incidence Tribometer (VIT)
    ASTM D 6662 : 2007 Standard Specification for Polyolefin-Based Plastic Lumber Decking Boards
    ASTM D 4092 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Terminology for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties
    ASTM D 2017 : 2005 Standard Test Method of Accelerated Laboratory Test of Natural Decay Resistance of Woods (Withdrawn 2014)
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1354 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1929 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 1972 : 1997 : R2005 Standard Practice for Generic Marking of Plastic Products (Withdrawn 2014)
    ASTM D 4000 : 2013 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 6109 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastic Lumber and Related Products
    ASTM D 3345 : 1974 : R1999 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Evaluation of Wood and Other Cellulosic Materials for Resistance to Termites
    ASTM D 1037 : 2006 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 1413 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Wood Preservatives by Laboratory Soil-Block Cultures
    ASTM D 1761 : 1988 : R2000 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Fasteners in Wood
    ASTM D 5764 : 1997 : REV A : R2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Dowel-Bearing Strength of Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 4092 : 1996 Standard Terminology: Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties
    ASTM D 1929 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 1037 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 4761 : 2013 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of Lumber and Wood-Base Structural Material
    ASTM D 4000 : 2003 : REV A Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 6109 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastic Lumber
    ASTM D 4000 : 2000 : REV A Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 1929 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 2915 : 2017 Standard Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 4000 : 2012 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 4000 : 2009 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1354 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 6109 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastic Lumber and Related Products
    ASTM E 1354 : 2010 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 2047 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Static Coefficient of Friction of Polish-Coated Floor Surfaces as Measured by the James Machine
    ASTM E 1354 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1554 : 2001 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 4000 : 2011 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 2394 : 2005 Standard Methods for Simulated Service Testing of Wood and Wood-Base Finish Flooring
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 : REV D : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1929 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 1554 : 2000 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 4761 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of Lumber and Wood-Base Structural Material
    ASTM E 1354 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 : REV D Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1554 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 2047 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Static Coefficient of Friction of Polish-Coated Flooring Surfaces as Measured by the James Machine
    ASTM D 2047 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Static Coefficient of Friction of Polish-Coated Flooring Surfaces as Measured by the James Machine
    ASTM D 1929 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 4761 : 2011 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of Lumber and Wood-Base Structural Material
    ASTM D 4092 : 2021 Standard Terminology for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties
    ASTM D 4000 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 2047 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Static Coefficient of Friction of Polish-Coated Flooring Surfaces as Measured by the James Machine
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM D 2394 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Simulated Service Testing of Wood and Wood-Base Finish Flooring
    ASTM D 198 : 2021 Standard Test Methods of Static Tests of Lumber in Structural Sizes
    ASTM D 5764 : 1997 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluating Dowel-Bearing Strength of Wood and Wood-Base Products
    ASTM D 4092 :2007 Standard Terminology: Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties
    ASTM D 1929 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 4761 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of Lumber and Wood-Based Structural Materials
    ASTM D 1929 : 2013 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 1761 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Fasteners in Wood
    ASTM D 1929 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM E 1354 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1761 : 1988 : R2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Fasteners in Wood
    ASTM D 4000 : 2009 : REV B Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 6109 : 2013 Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastic Lumber and Related Products
    ASTM D 5764 : 1997 : REV A : R2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Dowel-Bearing Strength of Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 4092 : 2001 Standard Terminology: Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties
    ASTM D 4000 : 2000 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 1761 : 2006 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Fasteners in Wood
    ASTM D 4000 : 2010 : REV A Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 3345 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Evaluation of Solid Wood for Resistance to Termites
    ASTM E 84 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM D 6662 : 2009 Standard Specification for Polyolefin-Based Plastic Lumber Decking Boards
    ASTM D 2565 : 1992 Standard Practice for Operating Xenon Arc-Type Light-Exposure Apparatus with and Without Water for Exposure of Plastics
    ASTM D 6662 : 2001 Standard Specification for Polyolefin-Based Plastic Lumber Decking Boards
    ASTM D 1037 : 1999 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 4761 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of Lumber and Wood-Based Structural Materials
    ASTM D 4000 : 2007 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 5764 : 1997 : REV A : R2002 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Dowel-Bearing Strength of Wood and Wood-Base Products
    ASTM D 4000 : 2009 : REV A Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 6662 : 2013 Standard Specification for Polyolefin-Based Plastic Lumber Decking Boards
    ASTM D 2915 : 2003 Standard Practice for Evaluating Allowable Properties for Grades of Structural Lumber
    ASTM D 3345 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Evaluation of Wood and Other Cellulosic Materials for Resistance to Termites
    ASTM D 1413 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Wood Preservatives by Laboratory Soil-Block Cultures (Withdrawn 2016)
    ASTM D 4761 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of Lumber and Wood-Base Structural Material
    ASTM D 4000 : 2001 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 2565 : 1999 Standard Practice for Xenon Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications
    ASTM D 4000 : 2008 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 6109 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastic Lumber and Related Products
    ASTM D 1037 : 2006 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 1413 : 2005 : REV B Standard Test Method for Wood Preservatives by Laboratory Soil-Block Cultures
    ASTM D 1037 : 1978 Standard Methods of Evaluating the Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 198 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Methods of Static Tests of Lumber in Structural Sizes
    ASTM D 2394 : 1983 : R1999 Standard Methods for Simulated Service Testing of Wood and Wood-Base Finish Flooring
    ASTM D 2565 : 1970 Standard Recommended Practice For Operating Xenon Arc-Type (Water-Cooled) Light - And Water-Exposure Apparatus For Exposure Of Plastics
    ASTM E 1354 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 6109 : 1997 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastic Lumber
    ASTM D 2394 : 2005 : R2011 Standard Test Methods for Simulated Service Testing of Wood and Wood-Base Finish Flooring
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 4000 : 2001 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 4000 : 2004 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 1972 : 1997 Standard Practice for Generic Marking of Plastic Products
    ASTM E 1354 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1929 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM E 1354 : 2011 : REV B Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1761 : 1988 : R1995 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Fasteners in Wood
    ASTM D 1554 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 2565 : 2016 Standard Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications
    ASTM D 1929 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM E 1354 : 2011 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 4000 : 2010 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM F 1679 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Using a Variable Incidence Tribometer (VIT) (Withdrawn 2006)
    ASTM D 4761 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of Lumber and Wood-Base Structural Material
    ASTM D 2915 : 2010 Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 1972 : 1997 : R2001 Standard Practice for Generic Marking of Plastic Products
    ASTM D 1554 : 2010 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 2915 : 1998 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Evaluating Allowable Properties for Grades of Structural Lumber
    ASTM D 5764 : 1997 : REV A : R2007 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Dowel-Bearing Strength of Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 2394 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Simulated Service Testing of Wood and Wood-Based Finish Flooring
    ASTM D 4000 : 2003 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 1413 : 2005 : REV A Standard Test Method for Wood Preservatives by Laboratory Soil-Block Cultures
    ASTM D 2915 : 2002 Standard Practice for Evaluating Allowable Properties for Grades of Structural Lumber
    ASTM D 1554 : 2001 : R2005 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 198 : 2015 Standard Test Methods of Static Tests of Lumber in Structural Sizes
    ASTM D 2017 : 1981 : R1994 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Accelerated Laboratory Test of Natural Decay Resistance of Woods (Withdrawn 2002)
    ASTM E 1354 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1354 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1354 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 6662 : 2006 Standard Specification for Polyolefin-Based Plastic Lumber Decking Boards
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