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  • ASTM D 854 : 2014 : REDLINE

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    Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Water Pycnometer

    Available format(s):  PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-05-2014

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 04.08, 2017 Defines the determination of the specific gravity of soil solids that pass the 4.75-mm (No. 4) sieve, by means of a water pycnometer.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1These test methods cover the determination of the specific gravity of soil solids that pass the 4.75-mm (No. 4) sieve, by means of a water pycnometer. When the soil contains particles larger than the 4.75-mm sieve, Test Method C127 shall be used for the soil solids retained on the 4.75-mm sieve and these test methods shall be used for the soil solids passing the 4.75-mm sieve.

    1.1.1Soil solids for these test methods do not include solids which can be altered by these methods, contaminated with a substance that prohibits the use of these methods, or are highly organic soil solids, such as fibrous matter which floats in water.

    Note 1The use of Test Method D5550 may be used to determine the specific gravity of soil solids having solids which readily dissolve in water or float in water, or where it is impracticable to use water.

    1.2Two methods for performing the specific gravity are provided. The method to be used shall be specified by the requesting authority, except when testing the types of soils listed in 1.2.1

    1.2.1Method A—Procedure for Moist Specimens, described in 9.2. This procedure is the preferred method. For organic soils; highly plastic, fine grained soils; tropical soils; and soils containing halloysite, Method A shall be used.

    1.2.2Method B—Procedure for Oven-Dry Specimens, described in 9.3.

    1.3All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026.

    1.3.1The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded and calculated in this standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user's objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of these test methods to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering design.

    1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The inch-pound units given in parentheses are mathematical conversions which are provided for information purposes only and are not considered standard.

    1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 18
    Document Type Redline
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM F 2747 : 2010 Standard Guide for Construction of Sand-based Rootzones for Golf Putting Greens and Tees (Withdrawn 2019)
    ACI 360R : 2010 GUIDE TO DESIGN OF SLABS-ON-GROUND
    ASTM D 6995 : 2005 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Determining Field VMA based on the Maximum Specific Gravity of the Mix (Gmm)
    ASTM D 4829 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Expansion Index of Soils
    ASTM D 2850 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Unconsolidated-Undrained Triaxial Compression Test on Cohesive Soils
    I.S. ENV 1997-2:1999 EUROCODE 7: GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: DESIGN ASSISTED BY LABORATORY TESTING
    ASTM D 7263 : 2009 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Density (Unit Weight) of Soil Specimens
    ASTM D 7181 : 2011 Method for Consolidated Drained Triaxial Compression Test for Soils
    ASTM D 4253 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM D 2435/D2435M : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils Using Incremental Loading
    ASTM D 1557 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM E 2277 : 2014 Standard Guide for Design and Construction of Coal Ash Structural Fills
    BS EN ISO 19901-8:2015 Petroleum and natural gas industries. Specific requirements for offshore structures Marine soil investigations
    16/30341482 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 11508 - SOIL QUALITY - DETERMINATION OF PARTICLE DENSITY
    UFC 3-260-03 : 2001 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - AIRFIELD PAVEMENT EVALUATION
    NORSOK G 001:2004 MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS
    ASCE/CI 36 15 : 2015 STANDARD DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION GUIDELINES FOR MICROTUNNELING
    ASTM D 5101 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Filtration Compatibility of Soil-Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 1557 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM E 2278 : 2013 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) for Surface Mine Reclamation: Revegetation and Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage
    CSA A23.1 A23.2 : 2014 CONCRETE MATERIALS AND METHODS OF CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION/TEST METHODS AND STANDARD PRACTICES FOR CONCRETE
    ASTM D 4254 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Minimum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils and Calculation of Relative Density
    UFC 3-250-03 : 2001 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - STANDARD PRACTICE MANUAL FOR FLEXIBLE PAVEMENTS
    ASTM D 7928 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Fine-Grained Soils Using the Sedimentation (Hydrometer) Analysis
    ASTM D 5567 : 1994 : R1999 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Ratio (HCR) Testing of Soil/Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 7263 : 2009 : R2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Density (Unit Weight) of Soil Specimens
    ASTM D 5311/D5311M : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Load Controlled Cyclic Triaxial Strength of Soil
    ASTM D 7664 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Unsaturated Soils
    ASTM D 7100 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Compatibility Testing of Soils with Aqueous Solutions
    ASCE 36 01 : 2001 STANDARD CONSTRUCTION GUIDELINES FOR MICROTUNNELING
    ASTM D 4874 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Leaching Solid Material in a Column Apparatus
    ASTM D 5567 : 1994 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Ratio (HCR) Testing of Soil/Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 6836 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Determination of the Soil Water Characteristic Curve for Desorption Using Hanging Column, Pressure Extractor, Chilled Mirror Hygrometer, or Centrifuge
    ASTM D 5567 : 1994 : R2001 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Ratio (HCR) Testing of Soil/Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 7608 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Torsional Ring Shear Test to Determine Drained Fully Softened Shear Strength and Nonlinear Strength Envelope of Cohesive Soils (Using Normally Consolidated Specimen) for Slopes with No Preexisting Shear Surfaces
    ISO 19901-8:2014 Petroleum and natural gas industries Specific requirements for offshore structures Part 8: Marine soil investigations
    CSA ISO 19901-8 : 2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS
    CSA ISO 19901-8:15 (R2020) Petroleum and natural gas industries — Specific requirements for offshore structures — Part 8: Marine soil investigations (Adopted ISO 19901-8:2014, first edition, 2014-12-01)
    UNI EN 1997-2 : 2007 EUROCODE 7 - GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: GROUND INVESTIGATION AND TESTING
    I.S. EN 1997-2:2007 EUROCODE 7 - GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: GROUND INVESTIGATION AND TESTING
    ASTM D 2435 : 2004 Standard Test Methods for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils Using Incremental Loading
    ASTM D 4874 : 1995 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Leaching Solid Material in a Column Apparatus
    ASTM E 2243 : 2013 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) for Surface Mine Reclamation: Re-contouring and Highwall Reclamation
    ASTM D 5856 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Porous Material Using a Rigid-Wall, Compaction-Mold Permeameter
    ASTM D 698 : 2013-05 TEST METHODS FOR LABORATORY COMPACTION CHARACTERISTICS OF SOIL USING STANDARD EFFORT (12400 FT-LBF/FT[3] (600 KN-M/M[3]))
    ASTM D 7263 : 2009 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Density (Unit Weight) of Soil Specimens
    ASTM D 5567 : 1994 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Ratio (HCR) Testing of Soil/Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 2166/D2166M : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Unconfined Compressive Strength of Cohesive Soil
    ASTM D 5101 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Filtration Compatibility of Soil-Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 4874 : 1995 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Leaching Solid Material in a Column Apparatus (Withdrawn 2021)
    DIN EN 1997-2:2010-10 Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design - Part 2: Ground investigation and testing (includes Corrigendum AC:2010)
    EN ISO 19901-8 : 2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS (ISO 19901-8:2014)
    EN 1997-2:2007/AC:2010 EUROCODE 7 - GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: GROUND INVESTIGATION AND TESTING
    ASTM C 1746/C1746M : 2012 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Suspended Sediment Removal Efficiency of Hydrodynamic Stormwater Separators and Underground Settling Devices
    13/30257183 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 19901-8 - PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS
    ASTM D 5202/D5202M : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining Triaxial Compression Creep Strength of Chemically Grouted Soils
    ASTM D 653 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    DD ENV 1997-2 : 2000 EUROCODE 7: GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: DESIGN ASSISTED BY LABORATORY TESTING
    ASTM C 128 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Relative Density (Specific Gravity) and Absorption of Fine Aggregate
    ASTM D 4767 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Triaxial Compression Test for Cohesive Soils
    I.S. EN ISO 19901-8:2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS (ISO 19901-8:2014)
    ASTM D 5550 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Gas Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6995 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Determining Field VMA based on the Maximum Specific Gravity of the Mix (Gmm)
    ASTM D 6766 : 2018 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Hydraulic Properties of Geosynthetic Clay Liners Permeated with Potentially Incompatible Aqueous Solutions
    ASTM D 6528 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Direct Simple Shear Testing of Fine Grain Soils
    ASTM D 4874 : 1995 : R2001 Standard Test Method for Leaching Solid Material in a Column Apparatus
    BS EN 1997-2 : 2007 EUROCODE 7 - GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: GROUND INVESTIGATION AND TESTING

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 177 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
    ASTM D 5550 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Gas Pycnometer
    ASTM D 3740 : 2012-06 PRACTICE FOR MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR AGENCIES ENGAGED IN TESTING AND/OR INSPECTION OF SOIL AND ROCK AS USED IN ENGINEERING DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
    ASTM C 127 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Relative Density (Specific Gravity) and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate
    ASTM E 11 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
    ASTM D 4753 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing
    ASTM D 6026 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 653 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
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