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  • ASTM E 1321 : 2018

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    Standard Test Method for Determining Material Ignition and Flame Spread Properties

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-11-2018

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This fire test response standard determines material properties related to piloted ignition of a vertically oriented sample under a constant and uniform heat flux and to lateral flame spread on a vertical surface due to an externally applied radiant-heat flux.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This fire test response standard determines material properties related to piloted ignition of a vertically oriented sample under a constant and uniform heat flux and to lateral flame spread on a vertical surface due to an externally applied radiant-heat flux.

    1.2The results of this test method provide a minimum surface flux and temperature necessary for ignition ( q˙"o,ig, Tig) and for lateral spread ( q˙"o,s, Ts,min), an effective material thermal inertia value (kρc), and a flame-heating parameter (Φ) pertinent to lateral flame spread.

    1.3The results of this test method are potentially useful to predict the time to ignition, t ig, and the velocity, V, of lateral flame spread on a vertical surface under a specified external flux without forced lateral airflow. Use the equations in Appendix X1 that govern the ignition and flame-spread processes and which have been used to correlate the data.

    1.4This test method is potentially useful to obtain results of ignition and flame spread for materials. Data are reported in units for convenient use in current fire growth models.

    1.5The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

    1.7Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests.

    1.8This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 7.

    1.9This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 05
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 3020 : 2016 : REV A Standard Practice for Ignition Sources
    ASTM E 1623 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM E 603 : 2017 Standard Guide for Room Fire Experiments
    ASTM E 2058 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    ASTM D 3675 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1591 : 2013 Standard Guide for Obtaining Data for Fire Growth Models
    ASTM F 1870 : 2016 Standard Guide for Selection of Fire Test Methods for the Assessment of Upholstered Furnishings in Detention and Correctional Facilities
    ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 2280 : 2017 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of the Effect of Upholstered Seating Furniture Within Patient Rooms of Health Care Facilities
    ASTM E 1317 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Flammability of Surface Finishes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 1317 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flammability of Marine Surface Finishes
    ASTM E 162 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1317 : 1997 : REV A : R2002 Standard Test Method for Flammability of Marine Surface Finishes
    ASTM E 970 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Exposed Attic Floor Insulation Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 1317 : 1997 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flammability of Marine Surface Finishes
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 84 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 1317 : 2008 : REV B Standard Test Method for Flammability of Marine Surface Finishes
    ASTM E 286 : 1985 Method of Test for Surface Flammability of Building Materials Using an 8-Ft. (2.44-M) Tunnel Furnace (Withdrawn 1991)
    ASTM E 84 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 176 : 2021 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 1317 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Flammability of Surface Finishes
    ASTM E 162 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 176 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 1317 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Flammability of Marine Surface Finishes
    ASTM E 970 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Exposed Attic Floor Insulation Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
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