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  • ASTM E 1546 : 2021

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    Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Hazard-Assessment Standards

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  27-07-2021

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This guide covers the development of fire-hazard-assessment standards.

    1.2This guide is directed toward development of standards that will provide procedures for assessing fire hazards harmful to people, animals, or property.

    1.3Fire-hazard assessment and fire-risk assessment are both procedures for assessing the potential for harm caused by something–the subject of the assessment–when it is involved in fire, where the involvement in fire is assessed relative to a number of defined fire scenarios.

    1.4Both fire-hazard assessment and fire-risk assessment provide information that can be used to address a larger group of fire scenarios. Fire-hazard assessment provides information on the maximum potential for harm that can be caused by the fire scenarios that are analyzed or by any less severe fire scenarios. Fire-risk assessment uses information on the relative likelihood of the fire scenarios that are analyzed and the additional fire scenarios that each analyzed scenario represents. In these two ways, fire-hazard assessment and fire-risk assessment allow the user to support certain statements about the potential for harm caused by something when it is involved in fire, generally.

    1.5Fire-hazard assessment is appropriate when the goal is to characterize maximum potential for harm under worst-case conditions. Fire-risk assessment is appropriate when the goal is to characterize overall risk (average severity) or to characterize the likelihood of worst-case outcomes. It is important that the user select the appropriate type of assessment procedure for the statements the user wants to support.

    1.6Fire-hazard assessment is addressed in this guide and fire-risk assessment is addressed in Guide E1776.

    1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.8This fire standard cannot be used to provide quantitative measures.

    1.9This standard is used to predict or provide a quantitative measure of the fire hazard from a specified set of fire conditions involving specific materials, products, or assemblies. This assessment does not necessarily predict the hazard of actual fires which involve conditions other than those assumed in the analysis.

    1.10This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 05
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM F 1870 : 2016 Standard Guide for Selection of Fire Test Methods for the Assessment of Upholstered Furnishings in Detention and Correctional Facilities
    ASTM D 3675 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM D 5425 : 2018 Standard Guide for Development of Fire Hazard Assessment Standards of Electrotechnical Products
    ASTM E 2280 : 2017 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of the Effect of Upholstered Seating Furniture Within Patient Rooms of Health Care Facilities
    ASTM E 2061 : 2020 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of Rail Transportation Vehicles
    ASTM E 162 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 2900 : 2019 Standard Practice for Spacecraft Hardware Thermal Vacuum Bakeout
    ASTM E 1776 : 2016 Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Risk-Assessment Standards

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 1678 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measuring Smoke Toxicity for Use in Fire Hazard Analysis
    ASTM E 1776 : 2022 Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Risk-Assessment Standards
    ASTM E 176 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 2280 : 2017 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of the Effect of Upholstered Seating Furniture Within Patient Rooms of Health Care Facilities
    ASTM E 1354 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 2280 : 2021 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of the Effect of Upholstered Seating Furniture Within Patient Rooms of Health Care Facilities
    ASTM E 176 : 2021 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 1354 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1354 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1776 : 2016 Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Risk-Assessment Standards
    ASTM E 1678 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measuring Smoke Toxicity for Use in Fire Hazard Analysis
    ASTM E 176 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 1354 : 2022 : REV B Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
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