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  • ASTM E 3020 : 2016 : REV A

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Practice for Ignition Sources

    Available format(s): 

    Superseded date:  24-03-2022

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  17-10-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This practice describes a series of ignition sources that have been used and that are potentially applicable to assessing fire-test-response characteristics resulting from the ignition of materials, products, or assemblies.

    1.2This practice does not identify which of the ignition sources described is applicable to any specific use since that is a function of the associated fire hazard (see also 5.2).

    1.3This practice is not necessarily comprehensive and it is possible that other applicable ignition sources exist (see also 5.3).

    1.4This practice describes both flaming and non-flaming ignition sources, since the outcome of a non-flaming ignition can be the eventual flaming ignition of these materials or products (see also 4.2).

    1.5This practice does not provide pass/fail criteria that can be used as a regulatory tool.

    1.6This fire standard cannot be used to provide quantitative measures.

    1.7Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests.

    1.8This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

    1.9This practice contains notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered requirements of the standard.

    1.10The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard in referee decisions. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. See IEEE/ASTM SI 10 for further details.

    1.11This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 05
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 3874 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Ignition of Materials by Hot Wire Sources
    ASTM F 1870 : 2016 Standard Guide for Selection of Fire Test Methods for the Assessment of Upholstered Furnishings in Detention and Correctional Facilities
    ASTM D 5537 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Heat Release, Flame Spread, Smoke Obscuration, and Mass Loss Testing of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM D 3874 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Ignition of Materials by Hot Wire Sources

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 1995 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 2058 : 2001 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Synthetic Polymer Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    ASTM D 6194 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Glow-Wire Ignition of Materials
    ASTM E 2058 : 2006 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Synthetic Polymer Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    ASTM D 5537 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Heat Release, Flame Spread, Smoke Obscuration, and Mass Loss Testing of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM E 1590 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
    ASTM D 5537 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Heat Release, Flame Spread, Smoke Obscuration, and Mass Loss Testing of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 2187 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes
    ASTM E 1354 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 2187 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes
    ASTM D 1929 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM E 1590 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
    ASTM D 5537 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Heat Release, Flame Spread and Mass Loss Testing of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM E 1822 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
    ASTM D 1929 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 3675 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM D 5424 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Smoke Obscuration of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM E 1353 : 1999 Standard Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM D 5025 : 2012 Standard Specification for Laboratory Burner Used for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 6194 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Glow-Wire Ignition of Materials
    ASTM E 2058 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    ASTM E 2187 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes
    ASTM E 1321 : 1997 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining Material Ignition and Flame Spread Properties
    ASTM D 1929 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 5207 : 2014 Standard Practice for Confirmation of 20–mm (50–W) and 125–mm (500–W) Test Flames for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1623 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM D 3675 : 2009 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM D 6194 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Glow-Wire Ignition of Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1354 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 162 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1352 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Assemblies
    ASTM E 1623 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM D 5424 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Smoke Obscuration of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM D 3675 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1354 : 2010 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 6194 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Glow-Wire Ignition of Materials
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM D 3874 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Ignition of Materials by Hot Wire Sources
    ASTM E 1995 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
    ASTM E 1352 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Assemblies
    ASTM E 1354 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1537 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM D 5207 : 2009 Standard Practice for Confirmation of 20-mm (50-W) and 125-mm (500-W) Test Flames for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 5025 : 2005 Standard Specification for Laboratory Burner Used for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1623 : 2003 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM D 3675 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1590 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
    ASTM D 5537 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Heat Release, Flame Spread, Smoke Obscuration, and Mass Loss Testing of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM D 3874 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Ignition of Materials by Hot Wire Sources
    ASTM D 3675 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 : REV D : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1929 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM E 1590 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
    ASTM E 1354 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 1537 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 : REV D Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 5537 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Heat Release, Flame Spread, Smoke Obscuration, and Mass Loss Testing of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM E 662 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM D 1929 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM E 1537 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM D 6194 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Glow-Wire Ignition of Materials
    ASTM D 3874 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Ignition of Materials by Hot Wire Sources
    ASTM E 1590 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
    ASTM E 1822 : 2002 : REV B Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 1623 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM E 2187 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes
    ASTM D 1929 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 3874 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Ignition of Materials by Hot Wire Sources
    ASTM E 2058 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Synthetic Polymer Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    ASTM E 1321 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determining Material Ignition and Flame Spread Properties
    ASTM D 1929 : 2013 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 5207 : 1998 Standard Practice for Calibration of 20 and 125 mm Test Flames for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 1929 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM E 2187 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes
    ASTM E 1354 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 5025 : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Laboratory Burner Used for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1353 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM D 5025 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Laboratory Burner Used for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1623 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM E 1623 : 2002 : REV B Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM E 1321 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Material Ignition and Flame Spread Properties
    ASTM D 3874 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Ignition of Materials by Hot Wire Sources
    ASTM E 2058 : 2013 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    ASTM E 1537 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM E 2574/E2574M : 2017 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of School Bus Seat Assemblies
    ASTM E 1995 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
    ASTM E 84 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 1995 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
    ASTM E 1354 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1995 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
    ASTM E 2058 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Synthetic Polymer Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 3675 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using A Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM D 3675 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1353 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM E 1353 : 2008 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM E 176 : 2021 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 2187 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes
    ASTM D 5025 : 2020 Standard Specification for Laboratory Burner Used for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 3675 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1623 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM E 1321 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determining Material Ignition and Flame Spread Properties
    ASTM E 1822 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
    ASTM E 1822 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
    ASTM E 2187 : 2002 : REV B Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes
    ASTM E 1590 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
    ASTM D 3675 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM D 5025 : 1999 Standard Specification for Laboratory Burner Used for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1353 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM E 1822 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
    ASTM E 906/E906M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method
    ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 1354 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1995 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
    ASTM D 3874 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Ignition of Materials by Hot Wire Sources
    ASTM D 5424 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Smoke Obscuration of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM D 5207 : 2003 Standard Practice for Confirmation of 20-mm (50-W) and 125-mm (500-W) Test Flames for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1352 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Assemblies
    ASTM E 2187 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes
    ASTM E 1354 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1537 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Real Scale Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 5424 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Smoke Obscuration of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM D 3675 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1590 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
    ASTM E 1353 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM D 5025 : 2011 Standard Specification for Laboratory Burner Used for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 2574/E2574M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of School Bus Seat Assemblies
    ASTM E 1537 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Real Scale Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM E 1354 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1929 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM E 1590 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
    ASTM E 906/E906M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method
    ASTM E 1354 : 2011 : REV B Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 2058 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Synthetic Polymer Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    ASTM E 2058 : 2009 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Synthetic Polymer Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    ASTM D 5537 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Heat Release, Flame Spread, Smoke Obscuration, and Mass Loss Testing of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM E 1822 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
    ASTM E 1353 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM E 1995 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
    ASTM D 1929 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM E 1354 : 2011 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 3874 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Ignition of Materials by Hot Wire Sources
    ASTM D 3675 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1623 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM E 1352 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Assemblies
    ASTM E 1537 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM E 1352 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Assemblies
    ASTM E 1321 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determining Material Ignition and Flame Spread Properties
    ASTM E 1537 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM D 3675 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM D 3675 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM D 3675 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using A Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM D 5424 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Smoke Obscuration of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM E 162 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 176 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 1995 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
    ASTM E 2058 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Synthetic Polymer Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    ASTM E 1822 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
    ASTM E 1354 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1822 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
    ASTM E 1354 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1354 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1537 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Real Scale Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM D 6194 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Glow-Wire Ignition of Materials
    ASTM E 1822 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
    ASTM E 1623 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM E 1623 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM D 6194 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Glow-Wire Ignition of Materials
    ASTM E 1590 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
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