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  • ASTM E 800 : 2020

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    Standard Guide for Measurement of Gases Present or Generated During Fires

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-09-2020

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1Analytical methods for the measurement of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, carbonyl sulfide, hydrogen halides, hydrogen cyanide, aldehydes, and hydrocarbons are described, along with sampling considerations. Many of these gases may be present in any fire environment. Several analytical techniques are described for each gaseous species, together with advantages and disadvantages of each. The test environment, sampling constraints, analytical range, and accuracy often dictate use of one analytical method over another.

    1.2These techniques have been used to measure gases under fire test conditions (laboratory, small scale, or full scale). With proper sampling considerations, any of these methods could be used for measurement in most fire environments.

    1.3This document is intended to be a guide for investigators and for subcommittee use in developing standard test methods. A single analytical technique has not been recommended for any chemical species unless that technique is the only one available.

    1.4The techniques described herein can be used to determine the concentration of a specific gas in the total sample collected for analysis. These techniques do not determine the total amount of fire gases that would be generated by a specimen during a fire test.

    1.5This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assembles to heat and flame under controlled conditions but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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    Committee E 05
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 662 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM D 1246 : 2016 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Bromide Ion in Water
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 7309 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining Flammability Characteristics of Plastics and Other Solid Materials Using Microscale Combustion Calorimetry
    ASTM D 1179 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Fluoride Ion in Water
    ASTM D 512 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Chloride Ion In Water (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 5466 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds in Atmospheres (Canister Sampling Methodology)
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1354 : 2002 : REV D : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM D 2777 : 2013 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
    ASTM E 662 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM D 2036 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Test Methods for Cyanides in Water
    ASTM E 1354 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 84 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 84 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM E 176 : 2021 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 176 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM E 2257 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Room Fire Test of Wall and Ceiling Materials and Assemblies
    ASTM D 7309 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining Flammability Characteristics of Plastics and Other Solid Materials Using Microscale Combustion Calorimetry
    ASTM E 1354 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 5197 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Formaldehyde and Other Carbonyl Compounds in Air (Active Sampler Methodology)
    ASTM D 6696 : 2001 Standard Guide for Understanding Cyanide Species
    ASTM D 7309 : 2021 : REV B Standard Test Method for Determining Flammability Characteristics of Plastics and Other Solid Materials Using Microscale Combustion Calorimetry
    ASTM E 1354 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 7365 : 2009 : REV A : R2015 Standard Practice for Sampling, Preservation and Mitigating Interferences in Water Samples for Analysis of Cyanide
    ASTM D 5466 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds in Atmospheres (Canister Sampling, Mass Spectrometry Analysis Methodology)
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM D 123 : 2001 Standard Terminology Relating to Textiles
    ASTM E 176 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    ASTM D 1246 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Bromide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 7309 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determining Flammability Characteristics of Plastics and Other Solid Materials Using Microscale Combustion Calorimetry
    ASTM D 1179 : 2016 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Fluoride Ion in Water
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