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  • ASTM F 942 : 2018

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    Standard Guide for Selection of Test Methods for Interlayer Materials for Aerospace Transparent Enclosures

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-06-2018

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This guide summarizes the standard test methods available for determining physical and mechanical characteristics of interlayer materials used in multi-ply aerospace transparent enclosures.1.2Interlayer materials are used to laminate glass-to-glass, glass-to-plastic, and plastic-to-plastic. Interlayer materials are basically transparent adhesives with high-quality optical properties. They can also serve as an energy absorbing medium, a fail-safe membrane to contain cockpit pressure and to prevent entry of impact debris; a strain insulator to accommodate different thermal expansion rates of members being laminated and as an adherent to prevent spalling of inner surface ply material fragments. The relative importance of an interlayer characteristic will be a function of the prime use it serves in its particular application.1.3This guide, as a summary of various methods in Section2, is intended to facilitate the selection of tests that can be applied to interlayer materials.1.4The test methods listed are for use in determining basic design characteristics and in assuring lot-to-lot uniformity of the materials being tested except as noted in3.3.1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.1.6This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This guide summarizes the standard test methods available for determining physical and mechanical characteristics of interlayer materials used in multi-ply aerospace transparent enclosures.

    1.2Interlayer materials are used to laminate glass-to-glass, glass-to-plastic, and plastic-to-plastic. Interlayer materials are basically transparent adhesives with high-quality optical properties. They can also serve as an energy absorbing medium, a fail-safe membrane to contain cockpit pressure and to prevent entry of impact debris; a strain insulator to accommodate different thermal expansion rates of members being laminated and as an adherent to prevent spalling of inner surface ply material fragments. The relative importance of an interlayer characteristic will be a function of the prime use it serves in its particular application.

    1.3This guide, as a summary of various methods in Section 2, is intended to facilitate the selection of tests that can be applied to interlayer materials.

    1.4The test methods listed are for use in determining basic design characteristics and in assuring lot-to-lot uniformity of the materials being tested except as noted in 3.3.

    1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee F 07
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 2857 : 2016 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 2240 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM F 1316 : 1990 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Transmissivity of Transparent Parts
    ASTM D 1004 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM D 3167 : 2010 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Floating Roller Peel Resistance of Adhesives
    ASTM F 1164 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Transparent Plastics Exposed to Accelerated Weathering Combined with Biaxial Stress
    ASTM D 3418 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 2857 : 1995 : R2001 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM F 1316 : 1990 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Transmissivity of Transparent Parts
    ASTM D 1204 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature
    ASTM F 521 : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Bond Integrity of Transparent Laminates
    ASTM D 3418 : 1982 : R1988 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures of Polymers By Thermal Analysis
    ASTM D 1824 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Plastisols and Organosols at Low Shear Rates
    ASTM E 1530 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Resistance to Thermal Transmission of Thin Specimens of Materials by the Guarded Heat Flow Meter Technique
    ASTM D 3418 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures of Polymers By Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 2857 : 1995 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 1004 : 1994 : REV A Standard Test Method for Initial Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM D 3167 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Floating Roller Peel Resistance of Adhesives
    ASTM D 1004 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM D 3418 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 3465 : 2021 Standard Guide for Purity of Monomeric Plasticizers by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1204 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature
    ASTM D 1003 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
    ASTM F 1362 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Shear Strength and Shear Modulus of Aerospace Glazing Interlayer Materials
    ASTM D 1004 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM E 1640 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature By Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
    ASTM D 1824 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Plastisols and Organosols at Low Shear Rates
    ASTM D 1004 : 1994 : REV A : R2003 Standard Test Method for Initial Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM D 2240 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 3465 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Purity of Monomeric Plasticizers by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 3167 : 2003 : REV A : R2004 Standard Test Method for Floating Roller Peel Resistance of Adhesives
    ASTM E 1640 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature By Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
    ASTM E 1640 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature By Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
    ASTM D 1045 : 1995 Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Plasticizers Used in Plastics
    ASTM D 1045 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Plasticizers Used in Plastics
    ASTM D 1204 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature
    ASTM F 1164 : 1997 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Transparent Plastics Exposed to Accelerated Weathering Combined with Biaxial Stress
    ASTM E 1530 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Resistance to Thermal Transmission by the Guarded Heat Flow Meter Technique
    ASTM D 412 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
    ASTM F 1164 : 1997 : R2003 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Transparent Plastics Exposed to Accelerated Weathering Combined with Biaxial Stress
    ASTM D 2766 : 1995 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Specific Heat of Liquids and Solids (Withdrawn 2018)
    ASTM F 521 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Bond Integrity of Transparent Laminates
    ASTM D 1045 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Plasticizers Used in Plastics
    ASTM D 3418 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 1004 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Initial Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM D 1003 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
    ASTM D 3418 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 1204 : 2014 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature
    ASTM F 1164 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Transparent Plastics Exposed to Accelerated Weathering Combined with Biaxial Stress
    ASTM F 1362 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Shear Strength and Shear Modulus of Aerospace Glazing Interlayer Materials
    ASTM D 2240 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM F 1316 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Transmissivity of Transparent Parts
    ASTM D 1004 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM F 1316 : 1990 : R2002 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Transmissivity of Transparent Parts
    ASTM D 3418 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 1530 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Resistance to Thermal Transmission of Materials by the Guarded Heat Flow Meter Technique
    ASTM F 520 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Environmental Resistance of Aerospace Transparencies to Artificially Induced Exposures
    ASTM D 3167 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Floating Roller Peel Resistance of Adhesives
    ASTM E 1530 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Resistance to Thermal Transmission of Materials by the Guarded Heat Flow Meter Technique
    ASTM D 2857 : 1995 : R2007 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers (Withdrawn 2016)
    ASTM D 2857 : 1970 : R1977 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity Of Polymers
    ASTM E 1530 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Resistance to Thermal Transmission of Materials by the Guarded Heat Flow Meter Technique
    ASTM D 412 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
    ASTM D 2857 : 2022 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 3167 : 2003 : REV A Standard Test Method for Floating Roller Peel Resistance of Adhesives
    ASTM D 1824 : 1966 : R1972 Standard Method Of Test For Apparent Viscosity Of Plastisols And Organosols At Low Shear Rates By Brookfield Viscometer
    ASTM D 1003 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
    ASTM E 1640 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature By Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
    ASTM F 1164 : 1997 : R2009 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Transparent Plastics Exposed to Accelerated Weathering Combined with Biaxial Stress
    ASTM D 3835 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer
    ASTM D 2240 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 3835 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer
    ASTM D 1824 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Plastisols and Organosols at Low Shear Rates
    ASTM D 2240 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM E 1530 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Resistance to Thermal Transmission of Materials by the Guarded Heat Flow Meter Technique
    ASTM D 1045 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Plasticizers Used in Plastics
    ASTM F 1316 : 1990 : R1996 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Transmissivity of Transparent Parts
    ASTM D 1003 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
    ASTM D 2240 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 2240 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 3418 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 3465 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Purity of Monomeric Plasticizers by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2240 : 2002 : REV B Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 1204 : 1994 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature
    ASTM D 3835 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer
    ASTM E 313 : 1998 Standard Practice for Calculating Yellowness and Whiteness Indices from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates
    ASTM D 1003 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
    ASTM D 2766 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Specific Heat of Liquids and Solids
    ASTM F 520 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Environmental Resistance of Aerospace Transparencies to Artificially Induced Exposures
    ASTM D 2240 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM F 1362 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Shear Strength and Shear Modulus of Aerospace Glazing Interlayer Materials
    ASTM D 3835 : 1979 : R1983 Standard Test Method for Rheological Properties of Thermoplastics with a Capillary Rheometer
    ASTM D 412 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
    ASTM D 2766 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Test Method for Specific Heat of Liquids and Solids
    ASTM D 2240 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM E 1640 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature By Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
    ASTM D 1003 : 2011 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
    ASTM D 1204 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Nonrigid Thermoplastic Sheeting or Film at Elevated Temperature
    ASTM D 3835 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer
    ASTM D 2240 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 2766 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Specific Heat of Liquids and Solids
    ASTM D 3465 : 2000 : R2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Purity of Monomeric Plasticizers by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1824 : 1995 : R2002 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Plastisols and Organosols at Low Shear Rates
    ASTM F 1362 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Shear Strength and Shear Modulus of Aerospace Glazing Interlayer Materials
    ASTM D 2240 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 1003 : 1992 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
    ASTM E 1640 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature By Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
    ASTM D 3167 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Floating Roller Peel Resistance of Adhesives
    ASTM D 1004 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
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