We noticed you’re not on the correct regional site. Switch to our AMERICAS site for the best experience.
  • ASTM G 88 : 2013 : REDLINE

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
    Add to Watchlist
    This Standard has been added successfully to your Watchlist
    Please visit My Watchlist to see all standards that you are watching.
    Please log in or to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    You have already added this standard to your Watchlist.
    Visit My Watchlist to view the full list.

    Standard Guide for Designing Systems for Oxygen Service

    Available format(s):  PDF

    Superseded date:  11-11-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-10-2013

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

    Add to Watchlist

    Add To Cart

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 14.04, 2015 Pertains to the design of systems for oxygen or oxygen-enriched service but is not a comprehensive document.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This guide applies to the design of systems for oxygen or oxygen-enriched service but is not a comprehensive document. Specifically, this guide addresses system factors that affect the avoidance of ignition and fire. It does not thoroughly address the selection of materials of construction for which Guides G63 and G94 are available, nor does it cover mechanical, economic or other design considerations for which well-known practices are available. This guide also does not address issues concerning the toxicity of nonmetals in breathing gas or medical gas systems.

    Note 1The American Society for Testing and Materials takes no position respecting the validity of any evaluation methods asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this guide. Users of this guide are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such evaluation methods and data and the risk of use of such evaluation methods and data are entirely their own responsibility.

    1.2This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.

    1.3This standard guide is organized as follows:

    Section Title

    Section

    Referenced Documents

    2

     ASTM Standards

    2.1

     ASTM Adjuncts

    2.2

     ASTM Manuals

    2.3

     NFPA Documents

    2.4

     CGA Documents

    2.5

     EIGA Documents

    2.6

    Terminology

    3

    Significance and Use

    4

     Purpose of G88

    4.1

     Role of G88

    4.2

     Use of G88

    4.3

    Factors Affecting the Design for an Oxygen or Oxygen-
    Enriched System

    5

     General

    5.1

     Factors Recognized as Causing Fires

    5.2

      Temperature

    5.2.1

      Spontaneous Ignition

    5.2.2

      Pressure

    5.2.3

      Concentration

    5.2.4

      Contamination

    5.2.5

      Particle Impact

    5.2.6

      Heat of Compression

    5.2.7

      Friction and Galling

    5.2.8

      Resonance

    5.2.9

      Static Electric Discharge

    5.2.10

      Electrical Arc

    5.2.11

      Flow Friction

    5.2.12

      Mechanical Impact

    5.2.13

      Kindling Chain

    5.2.14

      Other Ignition Mechanisms

    5.2.15

    Test Methods

    6

    System Design Method

    7

     Overview

    7.1

     Final Design

    7.2

     Avoid Unnecessarily Elevated Temperatures

    7.3

     Avoid Unnecessarily Elevated Pressures

    7.4

     Design for System Cleanness

    7.5

     Avoid Particle Impacts

    7.6

     Minimize Heat of Compression

    7.7

     Avoid Friction and Galling

    7.8

     Avoid Corrosion

    7.9

     Avoid Resonance

    7.10

     Use Proven Hardware

    7.11

     Design to Manage Fires

    7.12

     Anticipate Indirect Oxygen Exposure

    7.13

     Minimize Available Fuel/Oxygen

    7.14

     Avoid Potentially Exothermic Material Combinations

    7.15

     Anticipate Common Failure Mechanism Consequences

    7.16

     Avoid High Surface-Area-to-Volume (S/V) Conditions
     where Practical

    7.17

     Avoid Unnecessarily-Elevated Oxygen Concentrations

    7.18

     Anticipate Permutations from Intended System Design

    7.19

     Avoid Designs and Failure Scenarios that can Introduce
     Potential Flow Friction Ignition Hazards

    7.20

     Use Only the Most Compatible of Practical Materials
     and Designs

    7.21

     Provide Thorough Safety Training for All Personnel
     Working with Oxygen or Oxygen-Enriched
     Components or Systems, including Design,
     Cleaning, Assembly, Operations, and
     Maintenance as Applicable to Personnel

    7.22

     Miscellaneous

    7.23

    Examples

    8

    Key Words

    9

    References


    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee G 04
    Document Type Redline
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM G 74 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Ignition Sensitivity of Nonmetallic Materials and Components by Gaseous Fluid Impact
    SAE AS 1248 : 2012 MINIMUM STANDARD FOR GASEOUS OXYGEN PRESSURE REDUCERS
    BS ISO 15001 : 2003 AMD 15145 ANAESTHETIC AND RESPIRATORY EQUIPMENT - COMPATIBILITY WITH OXYGEN
    AEP-42 : 2006 GUIDE TO USE OF MATERIALS IN OXYGEN-ENRICHED ENVIRONMENTS
    ASME PVHO 1 : 2016 SAFETY STANDARD FOR PRESSURE VESSELS FOR HUMAN OCCUPANCY
    ASTM G 145 : 2008 Standard Guide for Studying Fire Incidents in Oxygen Systems
    SAE AS 1225 : 2012 OXYGEN SYSTEM FILL/CHECK VALVE
    ASTM G 128/G128M : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Control of Hazards and Risks in Oxygen Enriched Systems
    CSA Z15001 : 2012 ANAESTHETIC AND RESPIRATORY EQUIPMENT - COMPATIBILITY WITH OXYGEN
    ASTM G 94 : 2005 Standard Guide for Evaluating Metals for Oxygen Service
    CAN/CSA-Z15001:12 (R2017) Anaesthetic and respiratory equipment - Compatibility with oxygen (Adopted ISO 15001:2010, second edition, 2010-06-01, with Canadian deviations)
    AAGSP-11 : 2017 GUIDE OF LUBRICANTS FOR USE IN OXYGEN SYSTEMS AND USE OF MATERIALS IN OXYGEN RICH ENVIRONMENTS
    SAE AIR 1169 : 2014 BIBLIOGRAPHY OF REFERENCES PERTAINING TO THE EFFECTS OF OXYGEN ON IGNITION AND COMBUSTION OF MATERIALS
    NFPA 53 : 2016 MATERIALS, EQUIPMENT, AND SYSTEMS USED IN OXYGEN-ENRICHED ATMOSPHERES
    ASTM G 175 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Ignition Sensitivity and Fault Tolerance of Oxygen Pressure Regulators Used for Medical and Emergency Applications
    ASTM D 5885 : 2006 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Oxidative Induction Time of Polyolefin Geosynthetics by High-Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM G 126 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Terminology Relating to the Compatibility and Sensitivity of Materials in Oxygen Enriched Atmospheres
    SAE AIR 825/13 : 2003 GUIDE FOR EVALUATING COMBUSTION HAZARDS IN AIRCRAFT OXYGEN SYSTEMS
    ASTM F 1792 : 1997 : R2004 Standard Specification for Special Requirements for Valves Used in Gaseous Oxygen Service
    ASTM G 145 : 2008 : R2016 Standard Guide for Studying Fire Incidents in Oxygen Systems
    ASTM D 5885/D5885M : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Oxidative Induction Time of Polyolefin Geosynthetics by High-Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM F 1792 : 1997 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Special Requirements for Valves Used in Gaseous Oxygen Service
    ASTM F 1792 : 1997 : R2010 Standard Specification for Special Requirements for Valves Used in Gaseous Oxygen Service
    ASTM F 1792 : 1997 Standard Specification for Special Requirements for Valves Used in Gaseous Oxygen Service
    ASTM G 93 : 2003 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Cleaning Methods and Cleanliness Levels for Material and Equipment Used in Oxygen-Enriched Environments
    ASTM D 5885 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Oxidative Induction Time of Polyolefin Geosynthetics by High-Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM G 63 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Evaluating Nonmetallic Materials for Oxygen Service
    API 551 : 2016 PROCESS MEASUREMENT
    ASTM G 94 : 2005 : R2014 Standard Guide for Evaluating Metals for Oxygen Service
    ASTM G 86 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Sensitivity of Materials to Mechanical Impact in Ambient Liquid Oxygen and Pressurized Liquid and Gaseous Oxygen Environments
    ASTM G 93 : 2003 : R2011 Standard Practice for Cleaning Methods and Cleanliness Levels for Material and Equipment Used in Oxygen-Enriched Environments
    NFPA 99 HDBK : 2018 HEALTH CARE FACILITIES CODE HANDBOOK
    NFPA 99 : 2018 HEALTH CARE FACILITIES CODE
    DIN EN ISO 15001:2012-06 Anaesthetic and respiratory equipment - Compatibility with oxygen (ISO 15001:2010)
    UNE-EN ISO 15001:2012 Anaesthetic and respiratory equipment - Compatibility with oxygen (ISO 15001:2010)
    BS EN ISO 15001:2011 (published 2011-11) Anaesthetic and respiratory equipment. Compatibility with oxygen
    ISO 15001:2010 Anaesthetic and respiratory equipment Compatibility with oxygen
    NASA STD 6016(INT) : 2006 STANDARD MATERIALS AND PROCESSES REQUIREMENTS FOR SPACECRAFT
    NASA STD 5005 : 2013 STANDARD FOR THE DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT
    NASA STD 5005(INT) : 2007 THE DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT
    NASA KSC DE 512-SM : 2012 FACILITY SYSTEMS, GROUND SUPPORT SYSTEMS, AND GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT GENERAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
    NASA STD 6016 : 2016 STANDARD MATERIALS AND PROCESSES REQUIREMENTS FOR SPACECRAFT
    NASA JSC 27301 : 2009 MATERIALS AND PROCESSES SELECTION, CONTROL, AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR JSC FLIGHT HARDWARE
    SAE AIR 825/13:2003(R2018) GUIDE FOR EVALUATING COMBUSTION HAZARDS IN AIRCRAFT OXYGEN SYSTEMS
    I.S. EN ISO 15001:2011 ANAESTHETIC AND RESPIRATORY EQUIPMENT - COMPATIBILITY WITH OXYGEN (ISO 15001:2010)
    NFPA 99C : 2005 GAS AND VACUUM SYSTEMS
    EN ISO 15001:2011 ANAESTHETIC AND RESPIRATORY EQUIPMENT - COMPATIBILITY WITH OXYGEN (ISO 15001:2010)

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CGA P 25 : 2007 GUIDE FOR FLAT-BOTTOMED LOX/LIN/LAR STORAGE TANK SYSTEMS
    NFPA 53 : 2016 MATERIALS, EQUIPMENT, AND SYSTEMS USED IN OXYGEN-ENRICHED ATMOSPHERES
    CGA P 8.4 : 2013 SAFE OPERATION OF REBOILERS/CONDENSERS IN AIR SEPARATION UNITS
    ASTM G 72 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Autogenous Ignition Temperature of Liquids and Solids in a High-Pressure Oxygen-Enriched Environment
    NFPA 50 : 2001 BULK OXYGEN SYSTEMS AT CONSUMER SITES
    CGA G 4.11 : 2017 RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS FOR OXYGEN SERVICE
    CGA P 8 : 2013 SAFE PRACTICES GUIDE FOR CRYOGENIC AIR SEPARATION PLANTS
    CGA SB 2 : 2014 OXYGEN-DEFICIENT ATMOSPHERES
    CGA G 4.13 : 2012 CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS FOR OXYGEN SERVICE
    ASTM G 175 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Ignition Sensitivity and Fault Tolerance of Oxygen Pressure Regulators Used for Medical and Emergency Applications
    CGA G 4.7 : 2014 INSTALLATION GUIDE FOR STATIONARY, ELECTRIC-MOTOR-DRIVEN, CENTRIFUGAL LIQUID OXYGEN PUMPS
    CGA G 4 : 2015 OXYGEN
    CGA G 4.8 : 2013 SAFE USE OF ALUMINUM-STRUCTURED PACKING FOR OXYGEN DISTILLATION
    CGA PS 15 : 2003 CGA POSITION STATEMENT ON TOXICITY CONSIDERATIONS OF NONMETALLIC MATERIALS IN MEDICAL OXYGEN CYLINDER VALVES
    ASTM G 63 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Evaluating Nonmetallic Materials for Oxygen Service
    CGA G 4.6 : 2014 OXYGEN COMPRESSOR INSTALLATION AND OPERATION GUIDE
    ASTM G 74 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Ignition Sensitivity of Nonmetallic Materials and Components by Gaseous Fluid Impact
    CGA G 4.4 : 2012 OXYGEN PIPELINE AND PIPING SYSTEMS
    CGA G 4.1 : 2009 CLEANING EQUIPMENT FOR OXYGEN SERVICE
    • Access your standards online with a subscription

      Features

      • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations
      • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications
      • Multi - user online standards collection: secure, flexibile and cost effective