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  • BS 5930:2015

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    CODE OF PRACTICE FOR GROUND INVESTIGATIONS

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  11-06-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2015

    Publisher:  British Standards Institution

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Foreword
    Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    Section 1: Preliminary considerations
    4 Primary objectives
    5 Safety on investigation sites
    6 Personnel for ground investigations
    7 Investigation strategy
    8 Planning and control of investigations
    9 Quality management
    Section 2: Desk study and field reconnaissance
    10 General
    11 Desk study
    12 Field reconnaissance
    13 Earlier uses and state of site
    14 Aerial photographs and satellite imagery
    Section 3: Planning ground investigations
    15 Types of ground investigation
    16 Geological mapping
    17 Scope of the ground investigation
    18 Frequency of sampling and testing
    19 General considerations in the selection of methods
       of ground investigation
    20 The effect of ground conditions on the selection
       of methods of intrusive investigation
    21 Ground chemically aggressive or prone to volume change
    22 Ground investigations over water
    Section 4: Exploratory holes
    23 Surveying of investigation points
    24 Excavations and boreholes
    25 Sampling the ground
    26 Groundwater monitoring and sampling
    Section 5: Geophysical field investigations
    27 General
    28 The use of geophysical surveys as part of a ground
       investigation
    29 Geophysical techniques
    30 Application of geophysical techniques
    31 Specification and planning of a geophysical survey
    Section 6: Description of soils and rocks
    32 The description process
    33 Description of soils
    34 Field procedures for description of principal inorganic soil
       type
    35 Classification of soils
    36 Description and classification of rocks
    Section 7: Field tests
    Section 8: Field instrumentation
    50 General
    51 Planning a field monitoring programme
    52 Groundwater measurements
    53 Inclinometers
    54 Extensometers
    Section 9: Laboratory tests on samples
    55 General
    56 Roles and responsibilities
    57 Health and safety in laboratories
    58 Sample storage and inspection facilities
    59 Selection of testing programme
    60 Visual examination and description of laboratory samples
    61 Laboratory tests
    Section 10: Reports and interpretation
    62 General
    63 Reports
    Section 11: Review during and after construction
    64 General
    65 Purpose of review
    66 Information required
    67 Monitoring
    68 Reporting
    Annexes
    Annex A (informative) - National safety legislation and
            guidance
    Annex B (informative) - General information for a desk study
    Annex C (informative) - Sources of information
    Annex D (informative) - Detailed information for design and
            construction
    Annex E (informative) - Notes on field reconnaissance
    Annex F (informative) - Ground investigations and
            development in ground potentially containing voids
    Annex G (informative) - Integrated investigations
    Annex H (informative) - Photographic records
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Defines recommendations for the investigation of sites for the purposes of assessing their suitability for the construction of civil engineering and building works and of acquiring knowledge of the characteristics of a site that could affect the design and construction of such work and the security of neighbouring land and property.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee B/526/3
    Development Note Supersedes BS 5930(1999) & 14/30268442 DC. (07/2015)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher British Standards Institution
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    BS 8006-2(2011) : 2011 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR STRENGTHENED/REINFORCED SOILS - PART 2: SOIL NAIL DESIGN
    BS 10175(2011) : 2011 INVESTIGATION OF POTENTIALLY CONTAMINATED SITES - CODE OF PRACTICE
    BS 1377-1:2016 Methods of test for soils for civil engineering purposes General requirements and sample preparation
    BS 5607:2017 Code of practice for the safe use of explosives in the construction industry
    BS 8081:2015 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR GROUTED ANCHORS
    BS 6349-5:2016 MARITIME WORKS - PART 5: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR DREDGING AND LAND RECLAMATION

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    BS EN ISO 5667-1:2006 Water quality. Sampling Guidance on the design of sampling programmes and sampling techniques
    BS EN ISO 22476-3 : 2005 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - FIELD TESTING - PART 3: STANDARD PENETRATION TEST
    BS 5493:1977 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR PROTECTIVE COATING OF IRON AND STEEL STRUCTURES AGAINST CORROSION
    BS EN 933-9 : 2009 TESTS FOR GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 9: ASSESSMENT OF FINES - METHYLENE BLUE TEST
    BS EN ISO 22282-3:2012 Geotechnical investigation and testing. Geohydraulic testing Water pressure tests in rock
    BS ISO 15176:2002 SOIL QUALITY - CHARACTERIZATION OF EXCAVATED SOIL AND OTHER SOIL MATERIALS INTENDED FOR RE-USE
    BS EN 1744-5:2006 Tests for chemical properties of aggregates Determination of acid soluble chloride salts
    DIN 18196:2011-05 Earthworks and foundations - Soil classification for civil engineering purposes
    BS EN 1097-1:2011 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates Determination of the resistance to wear (micro-Deval)
    BS EN 1367-4:2008 TESTS FOR THERMAL AND WEATHERING PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 4: DETERMINATION OF DRYING SHRINKAGE
    ASTM E 228 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Push-Rod Dilatometer
    ASTM D 5731 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determination of the Point Load Strength Index of Rock and Application to Rock Strength Classifications
    BS ISO 18400-201:2017 Soil quality. Sampling Physical pretreatment in the field
    BS EN 1097-9:2014 TESTS FOR MECHANICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 9: DETERMINATION OF THE RESISTANCE TO WEAR BY ABRASION FROM STUDDED TYRES - NORDIC TEST
    BS EN 1097-7:2008 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates Determination of the particle density of filler. Pyknometer method
    BS EN ISO 17892-1:2014 Geotechnical investigation and testing. Laboratory testing of soil Determination of water content
    BS EN 933-1:2012 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates Determination of particle size distribution. Sieving method
    BS EN 933-11:2009 (published 2010-02) Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates Classification test for the constituents of coarse recycled aggregate
    BS EN 1367-1:2007 TESTS FOR THERMAL AND WEATHERING PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 1: DETERMINATION OF RESISTANCE TO FREEZING AND THAWING
    ASTM D 5335 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Linear Coefficient of Thermal Expansion of Rock Using Bonded Electric Resistance Strain Gauges
    ASTM D 5334 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determination of Thermal Conductivity of Soil and Soft Rock by Thermal Needle Probe Procedure
    BS EN ISO 22475-1:2006 (published 2007-04) Geotechnical investigation and testing. Sampling methods and groundwater measurements Technical principles for execution
    BS EN ISO 22476-1:2012 Geotechnical investigation and testing. Field testing Electrical cone and piezocone penetration test
    BS ISO 18512:2007 Soil quality. Guidance on long and short term storage of soil samples
    BS 1377-7:1990 (published 1994-11) Methods of test for soils for civil engineering purposes Shear strength tests (total stress)
    BS EN ISO 22476-12:2009 Geotechnical investigation and testing. Field testing Mechanical cone penetration test (CPTM)
    BS EN ISO 22282-4:2012 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - GEOHYDRAULIC TESTING - PART 4: PUMPING TESTS
    BS ISO 10381-3:2001 SOIL QUALITY - SAMPLING - GUIDANCE ON SAFETY
    BS ISO 5667-22:2010 WATER QUALITY - SAMPLING - PART 22: GUIDANCE ON THE DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF GROUNDWATER MONITORING POINTS
    BS 1377-6:1990 (published 1994-11) Methods of test for soils for civil engineering purposes Consolidation and permeability tests in hydraulic cells and with pore pressure measurement
    BS ISO 18400-102:2017 Soil quality. Sampling Selection and application of sampling techniques
    BS PAS 128(2014) : 2014 SPECIFICATION FOR UNDERGROUND UTILITY DETECTION, VERIFICATION AND LOCATION
    BS EN ISO 22476-7:2012 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - FIELD TESTING - PART 7: BOREHOLE JACK TEST
    BS EN 933-5:1998 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates Determination of percentage of crushed and broken surfaces in coarse aggregate particles
    BS 812-124:2009 Testing aggregates Method for determination of frost heave
    BS EN ISO 14688-1 : 2002 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - IDENTIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF SOIL - PART 1: IDENTIFICATION AND DESCRIPTION
    BS EN ISO 22282-5:2012 Geotechnical investigation and testing. Geohydraulic testing Infiltrometer tests
    BS EN 1367-3:2001 Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates Boiling test for Sonnenbrand basalt
    BS EN 1997-2:2007 Eurocode 7. Geotechnical design Ground investigation and testing
    BS EN 1744-6:2006 Tests for chemical properties of aggregates Determination of the influence of recycled aggregate extract on the initial setting time of cement
    BS 8574:2014 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF GEOTECHNICAL DATA FOR GROUND ENGINEERING PROJECTS
    BS EN ISO 11074:2015 Soil quality. Vocabulary
    BS EN 1997-2 NA : 2007 UK NATIONAL ANNEX TO EUROCODE 7: GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: GROUND INVESTIGATION AND TESTING
    BS EN 1097-10:2014 TESTS FOR MECHANICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 10: DETERMINATION OF WATER SUCTION HEIGHT
    BS EN ISO 22476-4:2012 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - FIELD TESTING - PART 4: MENARD PRESSUREMETER TEST
    BS EN 1097-3:1998 TESTS FOR MECHANICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - DETERMINATION OF LOOSE BULK DENSITY AND VOIDS
    ASTM D 6528 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Direct Simple Shear Testing of Fine Grain Soils
    BS EN 933-4:2008 TESTS FOR GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 4: DETERMINATION OF PARTICLE SHAPE - SHAPE INDEX
    ASTM D 7664 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Unsaturated Soils
    BS EN 1367-6:2008 TESTS FOR THERMAL AND WEATHERING PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 6: DETERMINATION OF RESISTANCE TO FREEZING AND THAWING IN THE PRESENCE OF SALT (NACL)
    BS EN 12620:2013 AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE
    BS EN 1367-5:2011 Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates Determination of resistance to thermal shock
    BS 1377-9:1990 METHODS OF TEST FOR SOILS FOR CIVIL ENGINEERING PURPOSES - PART 9: IN-SITU TESTS
    ISO/TS 22476-11:2005 Geotechnical investigation and testing Field testing Part 11: Flat dilatometer test
    BS ISO 14686:2003 HYDROMETRIC DETERMINATIONS - PUMPING TESTS FOR WATER WELLS - CONSIDERATIONS AND GUIDELINES FOR DESIGN, PERFORMANCE AND USE
    ASTM D 4611 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Specific Heat of Rock and Soil
    BS EN ISO 17892-2:2014 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - LABORATORY TESTING OF SOIL - PART 2: DETERMINATION OF BULK DENSITY
    BS 1377-5:1990 (published 1994-11) Methods of test for soils for civil engineering purposes Compressibility, permeability and durability tests
    BS EN 933-6:2014 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates Assessment of surface characteristics. Flow coefficient of aggregates
    BS EN ISO 19901-8:2015 Petroleum and natural gas industries. Specific requirements for offshore structures Marine soil investigations
    BS CP2012-1(1974) : 1974 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR FOUNDATIONS FOR MACHINERY - FOUNDATIONS FOR RECIPROCATING MACHINES
    BS EN 933-7:1998 TESTS FOR GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 7: DETERMINATION OF SHELL CONTENT - PERCENTAGE OF SHELLS IN COARSE AGGREGATES
    BS EN 1097-5:2008 TESTS FOR MECHANICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 5: DETERMINATION OF THE WATER CONTENT BY DRYING IN A VENTILATED OVEN
    BS ISO 5667-11:2009 WATER QUALITY - SAMPLING - PART 11: GUIDANCE ON SAMPLING OF GROUNDWATERS
    BS EN 932-1:1997 TESTS FOR GENERAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - METHODS FOR SAMPLING
    BS 1377-3:1990 METHODS OF TEST FOR SOILS FOR CIVIL ENGINEERING PURPOSES - PART 3: CHEMICAL AND ELECTRO-CHEMICAL TESTS
    BS EN 1097-2:2010 TESTS FOR MECHANICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 2: METHODS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF RESISTANCE TO FRAGMENTATION
    BS EN 1744-1 : 2009 TESTS FOR CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 1: CHEMICAL ANALYSIS
    BS EN 932-5:2012 Tests for general properties of aggregates Common equipment and calibration
    BS EN ISO 22282-1:2012 Geotechnical investigation and testing. Geohydraulic testing General rules
    BS 8576:2013 Guidance on investigations for ground gas. Permanent gases and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
    BS EN ISO 22476-15:2016 Geotechnical investigation and testing. Field testing Measuring while drilling
    BS 8008(1996) : 1996 GUIDE TO SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND PROCEDURES FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND DESCENT OF MACHINE-BORED SHAFTS FOR PILING AND OTHER PURPOSES
    BS EN ISO 22476-2 : 2005 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - FIELD TESTING - PART 2: DYNAMIC PROBING
    BS 812-1:1975 METHODS FOR SAMPLING AND TESTING OF MINERAL AGGREGATES, SANDS AND FILLERS - PART 1: SAMPLING, SIZE, SHAPE AND CLASSIFICATION
    ASTM D 5607 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Performing Laboratory Direct Shear Strength Tests of Rock Specimens Under Constant Normal Force
    BS EN ISO 22282-2:2012 Geotechnical investigation and testing. Geohydraulic testing Water permeability tests in a borehole using open systems
    BS EN 1997-1 : 2004 EUROCODE 7: GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 1: GENERAL RULES
    BS 22475-3:2011 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - SAMPLING METHODS AND GROUNDWATER MEASUREMENTS - PART 3: CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT OF ENTERPRISES AND PERSONNEL BY THIRD PARTY
    BS EN 1097-8:2009 TESTS FOR MECHANICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 8: DETERMINATION OF POLISHED STONE VALUE
    BS EN 1367-2:2009 Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates Magnesium sulfate test
    BS EN ISO 14689-1:2003 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - IDENTIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF ROCK - PART 1: IDENTIFICATION AND DESCRIPTION
    BS 1377-4:1990 (published 2002-12) Methods of test for soils for civil engineering purposes Compaction-related tests
    BS EN 1744-4:2005 (published 2005-09) Tests for chemical properties of aggregates Determination of water susceptibility of fillers for bituminous mixtures
    BS EN ISO 22282-6:2012 Geotechnical investigation and testing. Geohydraulic testing Water permeability tests in a borehole using closed systems
    BS EN ISO 14688-2 : 2004 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - IDENTIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF SOIL - PRINCIPLES FOR A CLASSIFICATION
    BS EN 933-10:2009 TESTS FOR GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 10: ASSESSMENT OF FINES - GRADING OF FILLER AGGREGATES (AIR JET SIEVING)
    ASTM D 7070 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Creep of Rock Core Under Constant Stress and Temperature
    ASTM D 5298 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Measurement of Soil Potential (Suction) Using Filter Paper
    BS EN ISO 22476-5:2012 (published 2013-03) Geotechnical investigation and testing. Field testing Flexible dilatometer test
    BS EN 933-8 : 2012 TESTS FOR GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 8: ASSESSMENT OF FINES - SAND EQUIVALENT TEST
    BS 8550:2010 Guide for the auditing of water quality sampling
    BS 7755-3.11:1995 SOIL QUALITY - CHEMICAL METHODS - DETERMINATION OF WATER-SOLUBLE AND ACID-SOLUBLE SULFATE
    ASTM D 3967 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Intact Rock Core Specimens
    BS EN 1744-3:2002 TESTS FOR CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 3: PREPARATION OF ELUATES BY LEACHING OF AGGREGATES
    BS 1377-8:1990 METHODS OF TEST FOR SOILS FOR CIVIL ENGINEERING PURPOSES - PART 8: SHEAR STRENGTH TESTS (EFFECTIVE STRESS)
    BS EN 13636:2004 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF BURIED METALLIC TANKS AND RELATED PIPING
    BS 1377-2:1990 Methods of test for soils for civil engineering purposes Classification tests
    BS EN 932-3:1997 Tests for general properties of aggregates Procedure and terminology for simplified petrographic description
    BS ISO 10381-2:2002 SOIL QUALITY - SAMPLING - PART 2: GUIDANCE ON SAMPLING TECHNIQUES
    BS EN 932-6:1999 TESTS FOR GENERAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - DEFINITIONS OF REPEATABILITY AND REPRODUCIBILITY
    BS EN ISO 10545-8:2014 CERAMIC TILES - PART 8: DETERMINATION OF LINEAR THERMAL EXPANSION (ISO 10545-8:2014)
    BS 7361-1:1991 CATHODIC PROTECTION - PART 1: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR LAND AND MARINE APPLICATIONS
    BS EN 933-3 : 2012 TESTS FOR GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 3: DETERMINATION OF PARTICLE SHAPE - FLAKINESS INDEX
    BS 10175(2011) : 2011 INVESTIGATION OF POTENTIALLY CONTAMINATED SITES - CODE OF PRACTICE
    BS EN 1097-4:2008 TESTS FOR MECHANICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 4: DETERMINATION OF THE VOIDS OF DRY COMPACTED FILLER
    BS EN ISO 18674-1:2015 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - GEOTECHNICAL MONITORING BY FIELD INSTRUMENTATION - PART 1: GENERAL RULES
    ASTM E 1225 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity of Solids Using the Guarded-Comparative-Longitudinal Heat Flow Technique
    BS EN ISO 5667-3:2012 WATER QUALITY - SAMPLING - PART 3: PRESERVATION AND HANDLING OF WATER SAMPLES (ISO 5667-3:2012)
    BS 22475-2:2011 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION AND TESTING - SAMPLING METHODS AND GROUNDWATER MEASUREMENTS - PART 2: QUALIFICATION CRITERIA FOR ENTERPRISES AND PERSONNEL
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