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  • ISO 19136:2007

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    Geographic information Geography Markup Language (GML)

    Available format(s):  PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Withdrawn date:  16-07-2021

    Language(s):  English, French

    Published date:  23-08-2007

    Publisher:  International Organization for Standardization

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    The Geography Markup Language (GML) is an XML encoding in compliance with ISO 19118 for the transport and storage of geographic information modelled in accordance with the conceptual modelling framework used in the ISO 19100 series of International Standards and including both the spatial and non-spatial properties of geographic features.

    ISO 19136:2007 defines the XML Schema syntax, mechanisms and conventions that:

    • provide an open, vendor-neutral framework for the description of geospatial application schemas for the transport and storage of geographic information in XML;
    • allow profiles that support proper subsets of GML framework descriptive capabilities;
    • support the description of geospatial application schemas for specialized domains and information communities;
    • enable the creation and maintenance of linked geographic application schemas and datasets;
    • support the storage and transport of application schemas and data sets;
    • increase the ability of organizations to share geographic application schemas and the information they describe.

    Implementers may decide to store geographic application schemas and information in GML, or they may decide to convert from some other storage format on demand and use GML only for schema and data transport.

    NOTE If an ISO 19109 conformant application schema described in UML is used as the basis for the storage and transportation of geographic information, ISO 19136 provides normative rules for the mapping of such an application schema to a GML application schema in XML Schema and, as such, to an XML encoding for data with a logical structure in accordance with the ISO 19109 conformant application schema.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee ISO/TC 211
    Development Note Supersedes ISO/DIS 19136. (08/2007)
    Document Type Standard
    Product Note THIS STANDARD ALSO REFERS TO IETF RFC 2396, W3C XLink, W3C XML, W3C XML Namespaces, W3C XML Schema Part 1,W3C XML Schema Part 2,W3C XML Base,W3C XPath, W3C XPointer Framework,W3C XPointer element() Scheme,W3C XPointer xmlns() Scheme,W3C XPointer xpointer() Scheme, W3C SMIL, W3C SVG,
    Publisher International Organization for Standardization
    Status Withdrawn
    Superseded By

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CEN/TR 17143 : 2017 INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS - STANDARDS AND ACTIONS NECESSARY TO ENABLE URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE COORDINATION TO SUPPORT URBAN-ITS
    UNE-EN ISO 19118:2012 Geographic information - Encoding (ISO 19118:2011)
    UNE-EN ISO 19143:2012 Geographic information - Filter encoding (ISO 19143:2010)
    10/30206672 DC : 0 BS ISO 19145 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - REGISTRY OF REPRESENTATIONS OF GEOGRAPHIC POINT LOCATION
    BS EN ISO 19101-1 : 2014 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - REFERENCE MODEL - PART 1: FUNDAMENTALS
    INCITS/ISO 19118 : 2012 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - ENCODING
    ISO/TS 19163-1:2016 Geographic information — Content components and encoding rules for imagery and gridded data — Part 1: Content model
    BS ISO 11783-10:2015 TRACTORS AND MACHINERY FOR AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY - SERIAL CONTROL AND COMMUNICATIONS DATA NETWORK - PART 10: TASK CONTROLLER AND MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM DATA INTERCHANGE
    NFPA 950 : 2015 DATA DEVELOPMENT AND EXCHANGE FOR THE FIRE SERVICE
    10/30198224 DC : 0 BS ISO/IEC 13249-3 - INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY - DATABASE LANGUAGES - SQL MULTIMEDIA AND APPLICATION PACKAGES - PART 3: SPATIAL
    INCITS/ISO 19132 : 2008 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - LOCATION-BASED SERVICES - REFERENCE MODEL
    ISO 19147:2015 Geographic information Transfer Nodes
    13/30247286 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 19109 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - RULES FOR APPLICATION SCHEMA
    I.S. EN ISO 28258:2013 SOIL QUALITY - DIGITAL EXCHANGE OF SOIL-RELATED DATA (ISO 28258:2013)
    BS ISO 19145:2013 Geographic information. Registry of representations of geographic point location
    UNE-EN ISO 19109:2016 Geographic information - Rules for application schema (ISO 19109:2015)
    INCITS/ISO 19143 : 2011 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - FILTER ENCODING
    UNI EN ISO 28258 : 2014 SOIL QUALITY - DIGITAL EXCHANGE OF SOIL-RELATED DATA
    S.R. CEN/TR 15449-3:2012 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES - PART 3: DATA CENTRIC VIEW
    ISO 19155:2012 Geographic information Place Identifier (PI) architecture
    I.S. EN ISO 19142:2010 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - WEB FEATURE SERVICE
    I.S. EN ISO 19156:2013 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - OBSERVATIONS AND MEASUREMENTS (ISO 19156:2011)
    CEN/TR 15449-3 : 2012 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES - PART 3: DATA CENTRIC VIEW
    CEN/TR 15449-5 : 2015 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES - PART 5: VALIDATION AND TESTING
    PREN ISO 19118 : DRAFT 2009 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - ENCODING
    BS ISO/IEC 13249-3 : 2016 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY - DATABASE LANGUAGES - SQL MULTIMEDIA AND APPLICATION PACKAGES - PART 3: SPATIAL
    BS ISO 19150-2 : 2015 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - ONTOLOGY - PART 2: RULES FOR DEVELOPING ONTOLOGIES IN THE WEB ONTOLOGY LANGUAGE (OWL)
    13/30259766 DC : 0 BS ISO 19147 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - TRANSFER NODES
    PD ISO/TS 19115-3:2016 (published 2016-08) Geographic information. Metadata XML schema implementation for fundamental concepts
    UNI EN ISO 19101-1 : 2015 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - REFERENCE MODEL - PART 1: FUNDAMENTALS
    STANAG 2210 : 2010 DIGITAL GEODETIC DATA FOR LIST OF GEODETIC DATA (TRIG LIST) AND POSITION INFORMATION GRAPHIC (PIG) PRODUCTION
    09/30211822 DC : 0
    BS EN ISO 19156:2013 Geographic information. Observations and measurements
    BS PD CEN/TR 17143 : 2017 INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS - STANDARDS AND ACTIONS NECESSARY TO ENABLE URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE COORDINATION TO SUPPORT URBAN-ITS
    09/30192470 DC : 0 BS ISO 19143 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - FILTER ENCODING
    10/30198898 DC : 0 BS ISO 19156 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - OBSERVATIONS AND MEASUREMENTS
    UNE-EN ISO 6709:2010 Standard representation of geographic point location by coordinates (ISO 6709:2008, including Cor 1:2009)
    16/30284321 DC : 0 BS ISO 19155-2 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - PLACE IDENTIFIER (PI) ARCHITECTURE - PART 2: PLACE IDENTIFIER (PI) LINKING
    BS EN ISO 19132 : 2008 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - LOCATION-BASED SERVICES - REFERENCE MODEL
    CAN/CSA-ISO/IEC 13249-3:16 Information technology - Database languages - SQL multimedia and application packages - Part 3: Spatial (Adopted ISO/IEC 13249-3:2016, fifth edition, 2016-01-15)
    09/30192467 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 19142 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - WEB FEATURE SERVICE
    BS ISO 6709 : 2008 STANDARD REPRESENTATION OF GEOGRAPHIC POINT LOCATION BY COORDINATES
    NF EN ISO 19142 : 2012 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - WEB FEATURE SERVICE
    ISO 19149:2011 Geographic information — Rights expression language for geographic information — GeoREL
    CSA ISO/IEC/IEEE 21450:14 (R2019) Information technology - Smart transducer interface for sensors and actuators - Common functions, communication protocols, and transducer electronic data sheet (TEDS) formats (Adopted ISO/IEC/IEEE 21450:2010, first edition, 2010-05-15)
    I.S. EN ISO 6709:2009 STANDARD REPRESENTATION OF GEOGRAPHIC POINT LOCATION BY COORDINATES
    ISO/TS 19139-2:2012 Geographic information Metadata XML schema implementation Part 2: Extensions for imagery and gridded data
    ISO 19137:2007 Geographic information Core profile of the spatial schema
    I.S. EN ISO 19109:2015 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - RULES FOR APPLICATION SCHEMA (ISO 19109:2015)
    I.S. EN ISO 19118:2011 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - ENCODING (ISO 19118:2011)
    DD ISO/TS 19129 : 2009 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - IMAGERY, GRIDDED AND COVERAGE DATA FRAMEWORK
    BS ISO 19149:2011 Geographic information. Rights expression language for geographic information. GeoREL
    13/30267683 DC : 0 BS ISO 19136-2 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - GEOGRAPHY MARKUP LANGUAGE (GML) - PART 2: EXTENDED SCHEMAS AND ENCODING RULES
    UNI EN ISO 19142 : 2011 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - WEB FEATURE SERVICE
    UNI EN ISO 19137 : 2008 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - CORE PROFILE OF THE SPATIAL SCHEMA
    09/30193352 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 19118 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - ENCODING
    PD ISO/TS 19163-1:2016 (published 2016-01) Geographic information. Content components and encoding rules for imagery and gridded data Content model
    BS PD CEN/TR 15449-3 : 2012 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES - PART 3: DATA CENTRIC VIEW
    DD CEN ISO/TS 19139 : 2009 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - METADATA - XML SCHEMA IMPLEMENTATION
    15/30277011 DC : 0 BS ISO/IEC 13249-3 - INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY - DATABASE LANGUAGES - SQL MULTIMEDIA AND APPLICATION PACKAGES - PART 3: SPATIAL
    09/30187442 DC : 0 BS ISO 19149 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - RIGHTS EXPRESSION LANGUAGE FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - GEOREL
    UNE-EN ISO 19142:2012 Geographic information - Web Feature Service (ISO 19142:2010)
    BS EN ISO 19143:2012 Geographic information. Filter encoding
    BS ISO 19136-2 : 2015 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - GEOGRAPHY MARKUP LANGUAGE (GML) - PART 2: EXTENDED SCHEMAS AND ENCODING RULES
    04/30094888 DC : DRAFT DEC 2004 ISO 19137 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - GENERALLY USED PROFILES OF THE SPATIAL SCHEME AND OF SIMILAR IMPORTANT OTHER SCHEMAS
    ISO/IEC/IEEE 21450:2010 Information technology — Smart transducer interface for sensors and actuators — Common functions, communication protocols, and Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) formats
    BS EN ISO 19110:2016 (published 2017-01) Geographic information. Methodology for feature cataloguing
    I.S. EN ISO 19143:2012 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - FILTER ENCODING (ISO 19143:2010)
    S.R. CEN/TR 15449-5:2015 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES - PART 5: VALIDATION AND TESTING
    ISO/TS 19157-2:2016 Geographic information Data quality Part 2: XML schema implementation
    ISO 19110:2016 Geographic information Methodology for feature cataloguing
    I.S. EN ISO 19110:2016 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - METHODOLOGY FOR FEATURE CATALOGUING (ISO 19110:2016)
    I.S. EN ISO 19132:2008 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - LOCATION-BASED SERVICES - REFERENCE MODEL
    ISO 19111:2007 Geographic information Spatial referencing by coordinates
    EN ISO 6709 : 2009 STANDARD REPRESENTATION OF GEOGRAPHIC POINT LOCATION BY COORDINATES (ISO 6709:2008, INCLUDING COR 1:2009)
    UNI EN ISO 19118 : 2011 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - ENCODING
    INCITS/ISO 6709 : 2008(R2018) Standard representation of geographic point location by coordinates
    ISO 19145:2013 Geographic information Registry of representations of geographic point location
    BS EN ISO 28258 : 2013 SOIL QUALITY - DIGITAL EXCHANGE OF SOIL-RELATED DATA
    UNI EN ISO 19143 : 2012 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - FILTER ENCODING
    ANSI INCITS 453 : 2009 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY - NORTH AMERICAN PROFILE OF ISO 19115:2003 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - METADATA (NAP - METADATA)
    DIN EN ISO 6709:2009-10 STANDARD REPRESENTATION OF GEOGRAPHIC POINT LOCATION BY COORDINATES
    13/30259763 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 19110 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - METHODOLOGY FOR FEATURE CATALOGUING
    BS EN ISO 6709:2009 Standard representation of geographic point location by coordinates
    BS ISO 19155-2:2017 Geographic information. Place Identifier (PI) architecture Place Identifier (PI) linking
    DIN EN ISO 19142:2011-04 Geographic information - Web Feature Service (ISO 19142:2010); German version EN ISO 19142:2010
    UNI CEN ISO/TS 19139 : 2010 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - METADATA - XML SCHEMA IMPLEMENTATION
    INCITS/ISO/IEC 13249-3 : 2012 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY - DATABASE LANGUAGES - SQL MULTIMEDIA AND APPLICATION PACKAGES - PART 3: SPATIAL
    INCITS/ISO TS 19139 : 2010 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - METADATA - XML SCHEMA IMPLEMENTATION
    ISO 19150-2:2015 Geographic information Ontology Part 2: Rules for developing ontologies in the Web Ontology Language (OWL)
    UNE-EN ISO 19101-1:2015 Geographic information - Reference model - Part 1: Fundamentals (ISO 19101-1:2014)
    ISO/IEC 13249-3:2016 Information technology Database languages SQL multimedia and application packages Part 3: Spatial
    ISO 19155-2:2017 Geographic information — Place Identifier (PI) architecture — Part 2: Place Identifier (PI) linking
    ISO 19136-2:2015 Geographic information Geography Markup Language (GML) Part 2: Extended schemas and encoding rules
    ONORM EN ISO 28258 : 2015 SOIL QUALITY - DIGITAL EXCHANGE OF SOIL-RELATED DATA (ISO 28258:2013)
    ISO 19132:2007 Geographic information Location-based services Reference model
    EN ISO 19111:2007 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - SPATIAL REFERENCING BY COORDINATES
    ISO 19101-1:2014 Geographic information Reference model Part 1: Fundamentals
    BS EN ISO 19111:2007 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - SPATIAL REFERENCING BY COORDINATES
    ISO 19142:2010 Geographic information Web Feature Service
    BS EN ISO 19109:2015 (published 2015-12) Geographic information. Rules for application schema
    ISO 19109:2015 Geographic information Rules for application schema
    ISO 6709:2008 Standard representation of geographic point location by coordinates
    ISO 28258:2013 Soil quality Digital exchange of soil-related data
    ISO 19143:2010 Geographic information Filter encoding
    BS EN ISO 19118:2011 (published 2011-11) Geographic information. Encoding
    ISO 19156:2011 Geographic information Observations and measurements
    ISO 19118:2011 Geographic information — Encoding
    EN ISO 19132 : 2008 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - LOCATION-BASED SERVICES - REFERENCE MODEL
    EN ISO 19156 : 2013 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - OBSERVATIONS AND MEASUREMENTS (ISO 19156:2011)
    EN ISO 19142 : 2010 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - WEB FEATURE SERVICE
    EN ISO 19109:2015 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - RULES FOR APPLICATION SCHEMA (ISO 19109:2015)
    EN ISO 19101-1 : 2014 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - REFERENCE MODEL - PART 1: FUNDAMENTALS (ISO 19101-1:2014)
    EN ISO 19118:2011 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - ENCODING (ISO 19118:2011)
    EN ISO 19143 : 2012 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - FILTER ENCODING (ISO 19143:2010)
    EN ISO 28258:2013 SOIL QUALITY - DIGITAL EXCHANGE OF SOIL-RELATED DATA (ISO 28258:2013)
    ISO/TS 19129:2009 Geographic information — Imagery, gridded and coverage data framework
    UNI EN ISO 6709 : 2009 STANDARD REPRESENTATION OF GEOGRAPHIC POINT LOCATION BY COORDINATES
    DD ISO/TS 19104 : 2008 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - TERMINOLOGY
    BS ISO 19155:2012 Geographic information. Place Identifier (PI) architecture
    UNE-CEN ISO/TS 19139:2011 Geographic information - Metadata - XML schema implementation (ISO/TS 19139:2007)
    BS PD ISO/TS 19139-2 : 2012 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - METADATA - XML SCHEMA IMPLEMENTATION - PART 2: EXTENSIONS FOR IMAGERY AND GRIDDED DATA
    PD ISO/TS 19157-2:2016 Geographic information. Data quality XML schema implementation
    EN ISO 19110:2016 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - METHODOLOGY FOR FEATURE CATALOGUING (ISO 19110:2016)
    UNI EN ISO 19156 : 2013 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - OBSERVATIONS AND MEASUREMENTS
    17/30343665 DC : 0 BS ISO 19123-2 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - SCHEMA FOR COVERAGE GEOMETRY AND FUNCTIONS - PART 2: COVERAGE IMPLEMENTATION SCHEMA
    12/30242217 DC : 0 BS ISO 19101-1 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - REFERENCE MODEL - PART 1: FUNDAMENTALS
    BS ISO 19143 : 2010 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - FILTER ENCODING
    BS EN ISO 19142:2010 (published 2011-01) Geographic information. Web feature service
    11/30215024 DC : 0 BS ISO 19155 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - PLACE IDENTIFIER (PI) ARCHITECTURE
    UNE-EN ISO 19110:2017 Geographic information - Methodology for feature cataloguing (ISO 19110:2016)
    INCITS/ISO 19137 : 2007 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - CORE PROFILE OF THE SPATIAL SCHEMA
    I.S. EN ISO 19101-1:2014 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - REFERENCE MODEL - PART 1: FUNDAMENTALS (ISO 19101-1:2014)
    ISO 11783-10:2015 Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry Serial control and communications data network Part 10: Task controller and management information system data interchange
    17/30358355 DC : 0 BS EN 16157-2 - INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS - DATEX 2 DATA EXCHANGE SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT AND INFORMATION - PART 2: LOCATION REFERENCING
    S.R. CEN/TR 17143:2017 INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS - STANDARDS AND ACTIONS NECESSARY TO ENABLE URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE COORDINATION TO SUPPORT URBAN-ITS
    UNI EN ISO 19132 : 2009 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - LOCATION-BASED SERVICES - REFERENCE MODEL
    NF ISO 19155 : 2013 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - PLACE IDENTIFIER (PI) ARCHITECTURE
    ISO/TS 19103:2005 Geographic information Conceptual schema language
    ISO/TS 19104:2008 Geographic information Terminology
    S.R. EN ISO 19111:2007 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - SPATIAL REFERENCING BY COORDINATES
    S.R. CEN ISO/TS 19139:2009 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - METADATA - XML SCHEMA IMPLEMENTATION
    CEN ISO/TS 19139 : 2009 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION - METADATA - XML SCHEMA IMPLEMENTATION

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ISO/IEC TR 10000-1:1998 Information technology Framework and taxonomy of International Standardized Profiles Part 1: General principles and documentation framework
    SA/SNZ TS ISO 19139.1:2019 Geographic information - XML schema implementation Encoding rules
    ISO 19137:2007 Geographic information Core profile of the spatial schema
    ISO 19117:2012 Geographic information — Portrayal
    AS/NZS ISO 19123.2:2019 Geographic information - Schema for coverage geometry and functions Coverage implementation schema
    ISO 19109:2015 Geographic information Rules for application schema
    ISO/IEC 19757-3:2016 Information technology Document Schema Definition Languages (DSDL) Part 3: Rule-based validation Schematron
    ISO 19108:2002 Geographic information Temporal schema
    AS/NZS ISO 19150.2:2018 Geographic information - Ontology Rules for developing ontologies in the Web Ontology Language (OWL)
    ISO 19118:2011 Geographic information — Encoding
    ISO/TS 19139:2007 Geographic information Metadata XML schema implementation
    ISO 19111:2007 Geographic information Spatial referencing by coordinates
    ISO 80000-3:2006 Quantities and units Part 3: Space and time
    ISO 19110:2016 Geographic information Methodology for feature cataloguing
    ISO/IEC 19501:2005 Information technology Open Distributed Processing Unified Modeling Language (UML) Version 1.4.2
    ISO 19115:2003 Geographic information Metadata
    ISO 8601:2004 Data elements and interchange formats Information interchange Representation of dates and times
    ISO 8879:1986 Information processing Text and office systems Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)
    ISO 19101:2002 Geographic information Reference model
    ISO/IEC 11404:2007 Information technology — General-Purpose Datatypes (GPD)
    ISO 19106:2004 Geographic information Profiles
    ISO 19133:2005 Geographic information Location-based services Tracking and navigation
    ISO 19141:2008 Geographic information — Schema for moving features
    ISO 19107:2003 Geographic information Spatial schema
    ISO 19105:2000 Geographic information — Conformance and testing
    AS/NZS ISO 19107:2020 Geographic information - Spatial schema
    ISO/TS 19103:2005 Geographic information Conceptual schema language
    ISO 19123:2005 Geographic information Schema for coverage geometry and functions
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