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  • NFPA 55 : 2016

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    COMPRESSED GASES AND CRYOGENIC FLUIDS CODE

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy

    Superseded date:  26-08-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2016

    Publisher:  National Fire Protection Association

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Chapter 1 - Administration
    Chapter 2 - Referenced Publications
    Chapter 3 - Definitions
    Chapter 4 - General Requirements
    Chapter 5 - Classification of Hazards
    Chapter 6 - Building-Related Controls
    Chapter 7 - Compressed Gases
    Chapter 8 - Cryogenic Fluids
    Chapter 9 - Bulk Oxygen Systems
    Chapter 10 - Gas Hydrogen Systems
    Chapter 11 - Bulk Liquefied Hydrogen Systems
    Chapter 12 - Gas Generation Systems
    Chapter 13 - Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide
                 Systems
    Chapter 14 - Storage, Handling, and Use of
                 Ethylene Oxide for Sterilization and
                 Fumigation
    Chapter 15 - Acetylene Cylinder Charging Plants
    Chapter 16 - Liquid Nitrous Oxide Systems
    Annex A - Explanatory Material
    Annex B - Attended Operations
    Annex C - Physical Properties of Hydrogen
    Annex D - Significant Properties of Ethylene Oxide
    Annex E - Determination of Separation Distances
              for Bulk Gaseous Hydrogen Systems
    Annex F - Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 55
    Annex G - OSHA Requirements for Hydrogen
              Systems
    Annex H - Explanation of Methodology Utilized to
              Develop Separation Distances Table 10.4.2.2.1(a),
              Table 10.4.2.2.1(b), and Table 10.4.2.2.1(c)
    Annex I - Informational References
    Index

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Gives fundamental safeguards for the installation, storage, use, and handling of compressed gases and cryogenic fluids in portable and stationary cylinders, containers, and tanks.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Development Note Supersedes NFPA 560. (02/2012) Supersedes & incorporates NFPA 51A. (08/2015)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher National Fire Protection Association
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    NFPA 560 : 2007 STORAGE, HANDLING, AND USE OF ETHYLENE OXIDE FOR STERILIZATION AND FUMIGATION
    NFPA 67 : 2016 GUIDE ON EXPLOSION PROTECTION FOR GASEOUS MIXTURES IN PIPE SYSTEMS
    BS ISO 13577-3 : 2016 INDUSTRIAL FURNACES AND ASSOCIATED PROCESSING EQUIPMENT - SAFETY - PART 3: GENERATION AND USE OF PROTECTIVE AND REACTIVE ATMOSPHERE GASES
    NFPA 32 : 2016 DRYCLEANING FACILITIES
    NFPA 497 : 2017 CLASSIFICATION OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, GASES, OR VAPORS AND OF HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN CHEMICAL PROCESS AREAS
    AAMI TIR15 : 2016 PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF ETHYLENE OXIDE STERILIZATION
    ISO/TS 19880-1:2016 Gaseous hydrogen Fuelling stations Part 1: General requirements
    NFPA 53 : 2016 MATERIALS, EQUIPMENT, AND SYSTEMS USED IN OXYGEN-ENRICHED ATMOSPHERES
    AWS WHC2.11 : 0 WELDING PROCESSES - PART 1, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH EDITION, VOL. 2 - CHAPTER 11: OXYFUEL GAS WELDING
    NFPA 804 : 2015 FIRE PROTECTION FOR ADVANCED LIGHT WATER REACTOR ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANTS
    NFPA 805 : 2015 PERFORMANCE-BASED STANDARD FOR FIRE PROTECTION FOR LIGHT WATER REACTOR ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANTS
    NFPA 99B : 2018 HYPOBARIC FACILITIES
    NFPA 318 : 2018 PROTECTION OF SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION FACILITIES
    NFPA 801 : 2014 FIRE PROTECTION FOR FACILITIES HANDLING RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS
    NFPA 54 HDBK : 2018 NATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE HANDBOOK
    NFPA 13 HDBK : 2016 AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEMS HANDBOOK
    NFPA 99 HDBK : 2018 HEALTH CARE FACILITIES CODE HANDBOOK
    NFPA 30A : 2018 MOTOR FUEL DISPENSING FACILITIES AND REPAIR GARAGES
    NFPA 51 : 2018 DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF OXYGEN-FUEL GAS SYSTEMS FOR WELDING, CUTTING, AND ALLIED PROCESSES
    NFPA 30 : 2018 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS CODE
    NFPA 122 : 2015 FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL IN METAL/NONMETAL MINING AND METAL MINERAL PROCESSING FACILITIES
    NFPA 51A : 2012 ACETYLENE CYLINDER CHARGING PLANTS
    NFPA 101 HDBK : 2018 LIFE SAFETY CODE HANDBOOK
    NFPA 99 : 2018 HEALTH CARE FACILITIES CODE
    NFPA 400 : 2016 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS CODE
    NFPA 850 : 2015 FIRE PROTECTION FOR ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANTS AND HIGH VOLTAGE DIRECT CURRENT CONVERTER STATIONS
    NFPA 5000 : 2018 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND SAFETY CODE
    NFPA 704 : 2017 STANDARD SYSTEM FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE HAZARDS OF MATERIALS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE
    NFPA 434 : 2002 CODE FOR THE STORAGE OF PESTICIDES
    AAMI TIR67 : 2018 PROMOTING SAFE PRACTICES PERTAINING TO THE USE OF STERILANT AND DISINFECTANT CHEMICALS IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
    NFPA 1404 : 2018 FIRE SERVICE RESPIRATORY PROTECTION TRAINING
    NFPA 664 : 2017 PREVENTION OF FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS IN WOOD PROCESSING AND WOODWORKING FACILITIES
    ANSI E1.23 : 2010(R2015) ENTERTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY - DESIGN AND EXECUTION OF THEATRICAL FOG EFFECTS
    Z7396.1-17 Medical gas pipeline systems - Part 1: Pipelines for medical gases, medical vacuum, medical support gases, and anaesthetic gas scavenging systems
    NFPA 2 : 2016 HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGIES CODE
    NFPA 120 : 2015 FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL IN COAL MINES
    NFPA 58 : 2017 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS CODE
    NFPA 52 : 2016 VEHICULAR NATURAL GAS FUEL SYSTEMS CODE
    NFPA 820 : 2016 FIRE PROTECTION IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND COLLECTION FACILITIES
    NFPA 30 HDBK : 2018 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS CODE HANDBOOK
    13/30231511 DC : 0 BS ISO 13577-2 - INDUSTRIAL FURNACES AND ASSOCIATED PROCESSING EQUIPMENT - SAFETY - PART 2: COMBUSTION AND FUEL HANDLING SYSTEMS
    N293-12 (R2017) Fire protection for nuclear power plants
    NFPA 45 HDBK : 2015 FIRE PROTECTION FOR LABORATORIES USING CHEMICALS HANDBOOK
    NFPA 1 : 2021 FIRE CODE
    UFC 3-460-01 : Change 3 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - DESIGN: PETROLEUM FUEL FACILITIES
    UFC 3-600-01 : Change 2 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING FOR FACILITIES
    AEP-42 : 2006 GUIDE TO USE OF MATERIALS IN OXYGEN-ENRICHED ENVIRONMENTS
    NFPA 306 : 2014 CONTROL OF GAS HAZARDS ON VESSELS
    NFPA 410 : 2015 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE
    Z305.12-06 (R2017) Safe Storage, Handling, and Use of Portable Oxygen Systems in Residential Buildings and Health Care Facilities
    NFPA 160 : 2016 USE OF FLAME EFFECTS BEFORE AN AUDIENCE
    NFPA 70 : 2017 NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE
    NFPA 58 HDBK : 2017 LP-GAS CODE HANDBOOK
    NFPA 101 : 2018 LIFE SAFETY CODE
    18/30359998 DC : 0 BS ISO 19880-1 - GASEOUS HYDROGEN - FUELLING STATIONS - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    CSA N293 : 2012 : INC : UPD 1 : 2017 : R201700 FIRE PROTECTION FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
    ICC IPC CODE & COMMENTARY : 2015 IPC® Code and Commentary
    CSA W117.2 : 2012 : INC : UPD 2 : 2014 SAFETY IN WELDING, CUTTING, AND ALLIED PROCESSES
    NASA STD 5005 : 2013 STANDARD FOR THE DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT
    ICC 2012 INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE : 2012 INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE
    CSA N293 : 2012(R2018) FIRE PROTECTION FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
    ICC IFC CODE & COMMENTARY VOLUME 1 & 2 : 2015 IFC® Code and Commentary
    CSA N293 : 2012 FIRE PROTECTION FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
    CSA W117.2 : 2012 SAFETY IN WELDING, CUTTING, AND ALLIED PROCESSES
    CSA W117.2 : 2012 : INC : UPD 1 : 2013 SAFETY IN WELDING, CUTTING, AND ALLIED PROCESSES
    CAN/CSA-W117.2-12 (R2017) Safety in welding, cutting, and allied processes
    NFPA 115 : 2016 LASER FIRE PROTECTION
    NFPA 56 : 2017 FIRE AND EXPLOSION PREVENTION DURING CLEANING AND PURGING OF FLAMMABLE GAS PIPING SYSTEMS
    BS PD ISO/TR 15916 : 2015 BASIC CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE SAFETY OF HYDROGEN SYSTEMS
    NFPA 56 (PS) : 2012 FIRE AND EXPLOSION PREVENTION DURING CLEANING AND PURGING OF FLAMMABLE GAS PIPING SYSTEMS
    AAGSP-11 : 2017 GUIDE OF LUBRICANTS FOR USE IN OXYGEN SYSTEMS AND USE OF MATERIALS IN OXYGEN RICH ENVIRONMENTS
    CGA SA 30 : 2017 SAFETY ALERT, HANDLING CYLINDERS AFTER NATURAL DISASTER EXPOSURE
    ASTM G 128/G128M : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Control of Hazards and Risks in Oxygen Enriched Systems
    BS ISO 13577-2:2014 Industrial furnaces and associated processing equipment. Safety Combustion and fuel handling systems
    CGA SA 22 : 2011(R2014) SAFETY ALERT - POTENTIAL OF CARBONATED BEVERAGE SYSTEMS TO CREATE A LIFE-THREATENING ENVIRONMENT
    NFPA 50 : 2001 BULK OXYGEN SYSTEMS AT CONSUMER SITES
    NFPA 484 : 2015 COMBUSTIBLE METALS
    ISO 13577-3:2016 Industrial furnaces and associated processing equipment Safety Part 3: Generation and use of protective and reactive atmosphere gases
    CSA Z305.12 : 2006 SAFE STORAGE, HANDLING, AND USE OF PORTABLE OXYGEN SYSTEMS IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS AND HEALTH-CARE FACILITIES
    CSA N393:13 (R2018) Fire protection for facilities that process, handle, or store nuclear substances
    ISO/TR 15916:2015 Basic considerations for the safety of hydrogen systems
    ISO 13577-2:2014 Industrial furnaces and associated processing equipment Safety Part 2: Combustion and fuel handling systems
    NFPA 1 HDBK : 2015 FIRE CODE HANDBOOK
    NFPA 1 : 2018 FIRE CODE
    NFPA 804 : 2020 FIRE PROTECTION FOR ADVANCED LIGHT WATER REACTOR ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANTS

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    NFPA 50A : 1999 GASEOUS HYDROGEN SYSTEMS AT CONSUMER SITES
    CFR 21(PTS200-299) : 0 FOOD AND DRUGS - FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, CHAPTER 1 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES - PARTS 200-299
    CGA G 6.1 : 2013 STANDARD FOR INSULATED CARBON DIOXIDE SYSTEMS AT CONSUMER SITES
    NFPA 58 : 2017 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS CODE
    NFPA 259 : 2013 STANDARD TEST METHOD FOR POTENTIAL HEAT OF BUILDING MATERIALS
    CGA G 6.5 : 2013 STANDARD FOR SMALL STATIONARY INSULATED CARBON DIOXIDE SUPPLY SYSTEM
    NFPA 110 : 2016 EMERGENCY AND STANDBY POWER SYSTEMS
    CFR 29(PTS1900-1910) : 0 LABOR - OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
    NFPA 801 : 2014 FIRE PROTECTION FOR FACILITIES HANDLING RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS
    NFPA 505 : 2013 FIRE SAFETY STANDARD FOR POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS INCLUDING TYPE DESIGNATIONS, AREAS OF USE, CONVERSIONS, MAINTENANCE, AND OPERATIONS
    UL 558 : 10ED 2012 INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS, INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE-POWERED
    NFPA 101 : 2018 LIFE SAFETY CODE
    CGA H 1 : 2011 SERVICE CONDITIONS FOR PORTABLE, REVERSIBLE METAL HYDRIDE SYSTEMS
    NFPA 850 : 2015 FIRE PROTECTION FOR ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANTS AND HIGH VOLTAGE DIRECT CURRENT CONVERTER STATIONS
    ISO 10298:2010 Determination of toxicity of a gas or gas mixture
    NFPA 400 : 2016 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS CODE
    ASME B31.3:2016 PROCESS PIPING
    NFPA 5000 : 2018 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND SAFETY CODE
    NFPA 53 : 2016 MATERIALS, EQUIPMENT, AND SYSTEMS USED IN OXYGEN-ENRICHED ATMOSPHERES
    NFPA 69 : 2014 EXPLOSION PREVENTION SYSTEMS
    CGA P 18 : 2013 STANDARD FOR BULK INERT GAS SYSTEMS
    CGA H 3 : 2013 CRYOGENIC HYDROGEN STORAGE
    NFPA 704 : 2017 STANDARD SYSTEM FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE HAZARDS OF MATERIALS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE
    CFR 49(PTS100-177) : OCT 2017 TRANSPORTATION
    NFPA 496 : 2017 PURGED AND PRESSURIZED ENCLOSURES FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
    CGA P 1 : 2015 STANDARD FOR SAFE HANDLING OF COMPRESSED GASES IN CONTAINERS
    API 5L : 2012 LINE PIPE
    CGA H 5 : 2014 STANDARD FOR BULK HYDROGEN SUPPLY SYSTEMS
    UL 723 : 2010 TEST FOR SURFACE BURNING CHARACTERISTICS OF BUILDING MATERIALS
    UL 2075 : 2 GAS AND VAPOR DETECTORS AND SENSORS
    NFPA 10 : 2018 PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
    ASSE SERIES 6000 : 2015 PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS STANDARD FOR MEDICAL GAS SYSTEMS PERSONNEL
    CGA P 20 : JUNE 2017 STANDARD FOR CLASSIFICATION OF TOXIC GAS MIXTURES
    NFPA 68 : 2013 EXPLOSION PROTECTION BY DEFLAGRATION VENTING
    NFPA 86 : 2015 OVENS AND FURNACES
    CGA G 4.10 : 2017 USE OF NONMETALLIC MATERIALS IN HIGH PRESSURE OXYGEN BREATHING GAS APPLICATIONS
    NFPA 220 : 2018 TYPES OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
    NFPA 52 : 2016 VEHICULAR NATURAL GAS FUEL SYSTEMS CODE
    NFPA 51B : 2014 FIRE PREVENTION DURING WELDING, CUTTING, AND OTHER HOT WORK
    NFPA 99 : 2018 HEALTH CARE FACILITIES CODE
    NFPA 45 : 2015 FIRE PROTECTION FOR LABORATORIES USING CHEMICALS
    UL 583 : 2012 ELECTRIC-BATTERY-POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS
    NFPA 70 : 2017 NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE
    CFR 29(PT1910.1000 TO END) : 0 LABOR - OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
    ISO 10156:2017 Gas cylinders — Gases and gas mixtures — Determination of fire potential and oxidizing ability for the selection of cylinder valve outlets
    NFPA 59A : 2016 PRODUCTION, STORAGE, AND HANDLING OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG)
    NFPA 1 : 2018 FIRE CODE
    NFPA 51 : 2018 DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF OXYGEN-FUEL GAS SYSTEMS FOR WELDING, CUTTING, AND ALLIED PROCESSES
    CGA S 1.2 : 2009 PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE STANDARDS - PART 2: PORTABLE CONTAINERS FOR COMPRESSED GASES
    NFPA 72 : 2016 NATIONAL FIRE ALARM AND SIGNALING CODE
    NFPA 13 : 2016 INSTALLATION OF SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
    CGA SB 6 : 2014 NITROUS OXIDE SECURITY AND CONTROL
    NFPA 30 : 2018 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS CODE
    CGA C 7 : 2014 GUIDE TO CLASSIFICATION AND LABELING OF COMPRESSED GASES
    NFPA 77 : 2014 STATIC ELECTRICITY
    CFR 49(PTS178-199) : OCT 2017 TRANSPORTATION
    CGA G 1.6 : 2011 STANDARD FOR MOBILE ACETYLENE TRAILER SYSTEMS
    CGA G 5.5 : 2014 HYDROGEN VENT SYSTEMS
    IAPMO UMC : 2015 UNIFORM MECHANICAL CODE
    API 579-1 : 2016 FITNESS-FOR-SERVICE
    NFPA 318 : 2018 PROTECTION OF SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION FACILITIES
    CGA SB 4 : 2012 HANDLING ACETYLENE CYLINDERS IN FIRES
    NFPA 16 : 2015 INSTALLATION OF FOAM-WATER SPRINKLER AND FOAM-WATER SPRAY SYSTEMS
    CGA G 1.3 : 70(R1984) ACETYLENE TRANSMISSION FOR CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS
    CFR 40(PTS64-71) : JUL 2017 PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT - ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
    CGA G 4.1 : 2009 CLEANING EQUIPMENT FOR OXYGEN SERVICE
    CGA P 23 : 2015 STANDARD FOR CATEGORIZING GAS MIXTURES CONTAINING FLAMMABLE AND NONFLAMMABLE COMPONENTS
    CGA G 6.7 : 2009 SAFE HANDLING OF LIQUID CARBON DIOXIDE CONTAINERS THAT HAVE LOST PRESSURE
    CGA S 1.3 : 2008 PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE STANDARDS - PART 3: STATIONARY STORAGE CONTAINERS FOR COMPRESSED GASES
    AIAA G 095 : 2004 GUIDE TO SAFETY OF HYDROGEN AND HYDROGEN SYSTEMS
    ICC 2012 INTERNATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE : 2012 INTERNATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE
    CGA V 6 : 2014 STANDARD BULK REFRIGERATED LIQUID TRANSFER CONNECTIONS
    CGA S 1.1 : 2011 PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE STANDARDS - PART 1: CYLINDERS FOR COMPRESSED GASES
    CGA P 52 : 2014 SECURITY STANDARD FOR QUALIFYING CUSTOMERS PURCHASING COMPRESSED GASES
    NFPA 2 : 2016 HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGIES CODE
    CGA G 17 : 2012 PHOSPHINE
    ASTM A 380/A380M : 2017 Standard Practice for Cleaning, Descaling, and Passivation of Stainless Steel Parts, Equipment, and Systems
    CGA G 8.1 : 2013 STANDARD FOR NITROUS OXIDE SYSTEMS AT CUSTOMER SITES
    NFPA 497 : 2017 CLASSIFICATION OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, GASES, OR VAPORS AND OF HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN CHEMICAL PROCESS AREAS
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