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  • PREN 474-1 : DRAFT 2017

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    EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

    Available format(s): 

    Superseded date:  01-01-2018

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  10-04-2017

    Publisher:  Comite Europeen de Normalisation

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    European foreword
    Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    4 List of significant hazards
    5 Safety requirements
    6 Verification
    7 Information for use
    Annex A (normative) - List of significant hazards
    Annex B (normative) - Requirements for movable
            operator's station
    Annex C (normative) - Requirements for lifting devices
            used for lifting operations
    Annex D (normative) - Requirements for earth-moving
            machinery used in underground working in
            non-explosive atmosphere
    Annex E (normative) - Demolition machinery
    Annex F (normative) - Contamination protective
            systems (Systems to provide breathing air to
            operators stations on earth-moving machinery
            used in contaminated areas)
    Annex G (informative) - Examples of minimum
            performance levels for safety related
            Functions
    Annex H (informative) - Main technical characteristics
            of base machine and interchangeable equipment to be
            provided in the instructions for use by manufacturers in
            order to assess the compatibility of the combination of
            the interchangeable equipment and the base machine
    Annex ZA (informative) - Relationship between this
             European Standard and the essential requirements
             of Directive 2006/42/EC machinery, and amending
             Directive 95/16/EC (recast) [2006 L157] aimed
             to be covered
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Defines the general safety requirements for earth-moving machinery, hereinafter also referred to as machines, described in EN ISO 6165:2012, except horizontal directional drill.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Comment Closes On
    Committee TC 151
    Document Type Draft
    Publisher Comite Europeen de Normalisation
    Status Superseded

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    PREN 474-2 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR TRACTOR-DOZERS
    PREN 474-7 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 7: REQUIREMENTS FOR SCRAPERS
    PREN 474-3 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 3: REQUIREMENTS FOR LOADERS
    PREN 474-6 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 6: REQUIREMENTS FOR DUMPERS
    BS DD237(1996) : 1996 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT - CLASSIFICATION
    PREN 474-5 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 5: REQUIREMENTS FOR HYDRAULIC EXCAVATORS
    01/105382 DC : DRAFT JULY 2001 BS EN 474-10 - EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 10: REQUIREMENTS FOR TRENCHERS
    01/105374 DC : DRAFT JUL 2001 BS EN 474-2 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR TRACTOR-DOZERS
    01/105379 DC : DRAFT JULY 2001 BS EN 474-7 - EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 7: REQUIREMENTS FOR SCRAPERS
    01/105376 DC : DRAFT JUL 2001 BS EN 474-4 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 4: REQUIREMENTS FOR BACKHOE LOADERS
    01/105378 DC : DRAFT JULY 2001 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 6: REQUIREMENTS FOR DUMPERS
    01/105381 DC : DRAFT JULY 2001 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 9: REQUIREMENTS FOR PIPELAYERS
    01/105383 DC : DRAFT JULY 2001 BS EN 474-11 - EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 11: REQUIREMENTS FOR EARTH AND LANDFILL COMPACTORS
    PREN 474-8 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 8: REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADERS
    PREN 474-12 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 12: REQUIREMENTS FOR CABLE EXCAVATORS
    PREN 474-10 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 10: REQUIREMENTS FOR TRENCHERS
    PREN 474-9 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 9: REQUIREMENTS FOR PIPELAYERS
    01/105375 DC : DRAFT JUL 2001 BS EN 474-3 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 3: REQUIREMENTS FOR LOADERS
    17/30354102 DC : 0 BS EN 17106-3-2 - ROAD OPERATION MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 3-2: WINTER SERVICE MACHINES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR SPREADING MACHINES
    01/105377 DC : DRAFT JULY 2001 BS EN 474-5 - EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 5: REQUIREMENTS FOR HYDRAULIC EXCAVATORSE
    PREN 474-11 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 11: REQUIREMENTS FOR EARTH AND LANDFILL COMPACTORS
    PREN 474-4 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 4: REQUIREMENTS FOR BACKHOE LOADERS
    01/105380 DC : DRAFT JULY 2001 BS EN 474-8 - EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 8: REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADERS

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ISO 3449:2005 Earth-moving machinery — Falling-object protective structures — Laboratory tests and performance requirements
    EN 12096:1997 Mechanical vibration - Declaration and verification of vibration emission values
    EN ISO 2860:2008 Earth-moving machinery - Minimum access dimensions (ISO 2860:1992)
    ISO 10264:1990 Earth-moving machinery — Key-locked starting systems
    ISO 10262:1998 Earth-moving machinery Hydraulic excavators Laboratory tests and performance requirements for operator protective guards
    ISO 10532:1995 Earth-moving machinery Machine-mounted retrieval device Performance requirements
    ISO 6746-1:2003 Earth-moving machinery Definitions of dimensions and codes Part 1: Base machine
    EN ISO 3164:2013 Earth-moving machinery - Laboratory evaluations of protective structures - Specifications for deflection-limiting volume (ISO 3164:2013)
    ISO 7010:2011 Graphical symbols Safety colours and safety signs Registered safety signs
    ISO 3164:2013 Earth-moving machinery — Laboratory evaluations of protective structures — Specifications for deflection-limiting volume
    EN ISO 15667 : 2000 ACOUSTICS - GUIDELINES FOR NOISE CONTROL BY ENCLOSURES AND CABINS
    ISO 4250-3:2011 Earth-mover tyres and rims Part 3: Rims
    ISO 4871:1996 Acoustics Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment
    ISO 14122-3:2016 Safety of machinery Permanent means of access to machinery Part 3: Stairs, stepladders and guard-rails
    ISO 10263-5:2009 Earth-moving machinery Operator enclosure environment Part 5: Windscreen defrosting system test method
    ISO 10261:2002 Earth-moving machinery Product identification numbering system
    ISO 17063:2003 Earth-moving machinery Braking systems of pedestrian-controlled machines Performance requirements and test procedures
    EN ISO 6683:2008 Earth-moving machinery - Seat belts and seat belt anchorages - Performance requirements and tests (ISO 6683:2005)
    ISO 17398:2004 Safety colours and safety signs Classification, performance and durability of safety signs
    ISO 10570:2004 Earth-moving machinery — Articulated frame lock — Performance requirements
    ISO 13333:1994 Earth-moving machinery Dumper body support and operator's cab tilt support devices
    ISO 6014:1986 Earth-moving machinery Determination of ground speed
    ISO/TR 11688-1:1995 Acoustics Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment Part 1: Planning
    ISO 15817:2012 Earth-moving machinery — Safety requirements for remote operator control systems
    ISO 13031:2016 Earth-moving machinery Quick couplers Safety
    ISO 7096:2000 Earth-moving machinery Laboratory evaluation of operator seat vibration
    ISO 14120:2015 Safety of machinery Guards General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards
    ISO 3864-2:2016 Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 2: Design principles for product safety labels
    ISO 3411:2007 Earth-moving machinery Physical dimensions of operators and minimum operator space envelope
    ISO 6683:2005 Earth-moving machinery Seat belts and seat belt anchorages Performance requirements and tests
    EN ISO 3449:2008 Earth-moving machinery - Falling-object protective structures - Laboratory tests and performance requirements (ISO 3449:2005)
    EN ISO 3411:2007 Earth-moving machinery - Physical dimensions of operators and minimum operator space envelope (ISO 3411:2007)
    ISO 6405-2:2017 Earth-moving machinery Symbols for operator controls and other displays Part 2: Symbols for specific machines, equipment and accessories
    EN ISO 3457:2008 Earth-moving machinery - Guards - Definitions and requirements (ISO 3457:2003)
    ISO 15667:2000 Acoustics Guidelines for noise control by enclosures and cabins
    ISO 13732-1:2006 Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Methods for the assessment of human responses to contact with surfaces — Part 1: Hot surfaces
    ISO 5353:1995 Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry Seat index point
    ISO 4413:2010 Hydraulic fluid power General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components
    ISO 12508:1994 Earth-moving machinery Operator station and maintenance areas Bluntness of edges
    PREN 474-11 : DRAFT 2017 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 11: REQUIREMENTS FOR EARTH AND LANDFILL COMPACTORS
    IEC 60364-5-51:2005 Electrical installations of buildings - Part 5-51: Selection and erection of electrical equipment - Common rules
    IEC 60204-1:2016 Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements
    IEC 60364-5-53:2001+AMD1:2002+AMD2:2015 CSV Electrical installations of buildings - Part 5-53: Selection and erection of electrical equipment - Isolation, switching and control
    EN ISO 13850:2015 Safety of machinery - Emergency stop function - Principles for design (ISO 13850:2015)
    EN 1005-2:2003+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Human physical performance - Part 2: Manual handling of machinery and component parts of machinery
    ISO 19472:2006 Machinery for forestry Winches Dimensions, performance and safety
    ISO 9606-1:2012 Qualification testing of welders — Fusion welding — Part 1: Steels
    ISO 6749:1984 Earth-moving machinery Preservation and storage
    ISO 5010:2007 Earth-moving machinery Rubber-tyred machines Steering requirements
    ISO 6396:2008 Earth-moving machinery Determination of emission sound pressure level at operator's position Dynamic test conditions
    ISO 6746-2:2003 Earth-moving machinery Definitions of dimensions and codes Part 2: Equipment and attachments
    ISO 21507:2010 Earth-moving machinery Performance requirements for non-metallic fuel tanks
    ISO 6747:2013 Earth-moving machinery — Dozers — Terminology and commercial specifications
    ISO 11862:1993 Earth-moving machinery Auxiliary starting aid electrical connector
    EN 1677-2:2000+A1:2008 Components for slings - Safety - Part 2: Forged steel lifting hooks with latch, Grade 8
    EN ISO 13857:2008 Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008)
    ISO 12509:2004 Earth-moving machinery — Lighting, signalling and marking lights, and reflex-reflector devices
    EN ISO 11688-2 : 2000 ACOUSTICS - RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR THE DESIGN OF LOW-NOISE MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT - PART 2: INTRODUCTION TO THE PHYSICS OF LOW-NOISE DESIGN
    ISO 6165:2012 Earth-moving machinery — Basic types — Identification and terms and definitions
    ISO 6011:2003 Earth-moving machinery Visual display of machine operation
    ISO 12100:2010 Safety of machinery General principles for design Risk assessment and risk reduction
    ISO 14122-4:2016 Safety of machinery Permanent means of access to machinery Part 4: Fixed ladders
    2006/42/EC : 2006 AMD 4 2014 DIRECTIVE 2006/42/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL OF 17 MAY 2006 ON MACHINERY, AND AMENDING DIRECTIVE 95/16/EC (RECAST) (TEXT WITH EEA RELEVANCE)
    IEC 60364-1:2005 Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 1: Fundamental principles, assessment of general characteristics, definitions
    ISO/IEC 80079-38:2016 Explosive atmospheres Part 38: Equipment and components in explosive atmospheres in underground mines
    ISO 3795:1989 Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Determination of burning behaviour of interior materials
    EN ISO 13732-1:2008 Ergonomics of the thermal environment - Methods for the assessment of human responses to contact with surfaces - Part 1: Hot surfaces (ISO 13732-1:2006)
    ISO 9244:2008 Earth-moving machinery Machine safety labels General principles
    EN ISO 5353:1998 Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry - Seat index point (ISO 5353:1995)
    ISO 10263-3:2009 Earth-moving machinery Operator enclosure environment Part 3: Pressurization test method
    EN 474-12:2006+A1:2008 Earth-moving machinery - Safety - Part 12: Requirements for cable excavators
    EN 1492-2:2000+A1:2008 Textile slings - Safety - Part 2: Roundslings made of man-made fibres for general purpose use
    EN ISO 3450:2011 Earth-moving machinery - Wheeled or high-speed rubber-tracked machines - Performance requirements and test procedures for brake systems (ISO 3450:2011)
    ISO 3471:2008 Earth-moving machinery — Roll-over protective structures — Laboratory tests and performance requirements
    EN ISO 12001:2009 Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Rules for the drafting and presentation of a noise test code (ISO 12001:1996)
    ISO 2860:1992 Earth-moving machinery — Minimum access dimensions
    ISO 14401-2:2009 Earth-moving machinery Field of vision of surveillance and rear-view mirrors Part 2: Performance criteria
    EN ISO 14122-3:2016 Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 3: Stairs, stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2016)
    IEC 60529:1989+AMD1:1999+AMD2:2013 CSV Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)
    ISO 14396:2002 Reciprocating internal combustion engines Determination and method for the measurement of engine power Additional requirements for exhaust emission tests in accordance with ISO 8178
    EN 13309:2010 Construction machinery - Electromagnetic compatibility of machines with internal power supply
    EN ISO 6165:2012 Earth-moving machinery - Basic types - Identification and terms and definitions (ISO 6165:2012)
    EN ISO 4414:2010 Pneumatic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components (ISO 4414:2010)
    EN ISO 14122-4:2016 Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 4: Fixed ladders (ISO 14122-4:2016)
    ISO 6405-1:2017 Earth-moving machinery Symbols for operator controls and other displays Part 1: Common symbols
    EN ISO 14122-2:2016 Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 2: Working platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2016)
    ISO 10263-2:2009 Earth-moving machinery Operator enclosure environment Part 2: Air filter element test method
    ISO 3457:2003 Earth-moving machinery Guards Definitions and requirements
    EN ISO 3471:2008 Earth-moving machinery - Roll-over protective structures - Laboratory tests and performance requirements (ISO 3471:2008)
    ISO 13857:2008 Safety of machinery Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs
    EN ISO 6682:2008 Earth-moving machinery - Zones of comfort and reach for controls (ISO 6682:1986, including Amd 1:1989)
    EN ISO 12100:2010 Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction (ISO 12100:2010)
    ISO 3864-1:2011 Graphical symbols Safety colours and safety signs Part 1: Design principles for safety signs and safety markings
    ISO 10567:2007 Earth-moving machinery Hydraulic excavators Lift capacity
    EN 356:1999 Glass in building - Security glazing - Testing and classification of resistance against manual attack
    ISO 10263-4:2009 Earth-moving machinery Operator enclosure environment Part 4: Heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) test method and performance
    ISO 6395:2008 Earth-moving machinery Determination of sound power level Dynamic test conditions
    EN ISO 13849-1:2015 Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)
    ISO 4414:2010 Pneumatic fluid power General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components
    ISO 8643:2017 Earth-moving machinery Hydraulic excavator and backhoe loader lowering control device Requirements and tests
    ISO 3864-3:2012 Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 3: Design principles for graphical symbols for use in safety signs
    ISO 13850:2015 Safety of machinery Emergency stop function Principles for design
    EN 1492-1:2000+A1:2008 Textile slings - Safety - Part 1: Flat woven webbing slings made of man-made fibres for general purpose use
    EN ISO 4871:2009 Acoustics - Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment (ISO 4871:1996)
    IEC 61310-1:2007 Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation - Part 1: Requirements for visual, acoustic and tactile signals
    EN ISO 14120:2015 Safety of machinery - Guards - General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards (ISO 14120:2015)
    EN ISO 2867:2011 Earth-moving machinery - Access systems (ISO 2867:2011)
    ISO 14401-1:2009 Earth-moving machinery Field of vision of surveillance and rear-view mirrors Part 1: Test methods
    ISO 8084:2003 Machinery for forestry Operator protective structures Laboratory tests and performance requirements
    ISO 16001:2008 Earth-moving machinery Hazard detection systems and visual aids Performance requirements and tests
    EN 60529:1991/AC:2016-12 DEGREES OF PROTECTION PROVIDED BY ENCLOSURES (IP CODE) (IEC 60529 EDITION 2.2 CORRIGENDUM 2:2015)
    ISO 10533:1993 Earth-moving machinery Lift-arm support devices
    EN ISO 4413:2010 Hydraulic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components (ISO 4413:2010)
    ISO 14122-2:2016 Safety of machinery Permanent means of access to machinery Part 2: Working platforms and walkways
    EN ISO 9606-1:2017 Qualification testing of welders - Fusion welding - Part 1: Steels (ISO 9606-1:2012 including Cor 1:2012 and Cor 2:2013)
    EN ISO 11688-1:2009 Acoustics - Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment - Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)
    ISO 6016:2008 Earth-moving machinery Methods of measuring the masses of whole machines, their equipment and components
    ISO 2867:2011 Earth-moving machinery Access systems
    EN ISO 14122-1:2016 Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 1: Choice of fixed means and general requirements of access (ISO 14122-1:2016)
    ISO 9533:2010 Earth-moving machinery Machine-mounted audible travel alarms and forward horns Test methods and performance criteria
    ISO 13849-1:2015 Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles for design
    ISO/TR 11688-2:1998 Acoustics Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment Part 2: Introduction to the physics of low-noise design
    EN 61310-1:2008 Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation - Part 1: Requirements for visual, acoustic and tactile signals
    ISO 3450:2011 Earth-moving machinery — Wheeled or high-speed rubber-tracked machines — Performance requirements and test procedures for brake systems
    EN ISO 7010 : 2012 AMD 7 2017 GRAPHICAL SYMBOLS - SAFETY COLOURS AND SAFETY SIGNS - REGISTERED SAFETY SIGNS (ISO 7010:2011/AMD 7:2016)
    EN 12643:2014 Earth-moving machinery - Rubber-tyred machines - Steering requirements (ISO 5010:1992 modified)
    ISO/TR 25398:2006 Earth-moving machinery — Guidelines for assessment of exposure to whole-body vibration of ride-on machines — Use of harmonized data measured by international institutes, organizations and manufacturers
    ISO 6750:2005 Earth-moving machinery Operator's manual Content and format
    ISO 14397-1:2007 Earth-moving machinery Loaders and backhoe loaders Part 1: Calculation of rated operating capacity and test method for verifying calculated tipping load
    ISO 3864-4:2011 Graphical symbols Safety colours and safety signs Part 4: Colorimetric and photometric properties of safety sign materials
    EN ISO 7096:2008/AC:2009 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - LABORATORY EVALUATION OF OPERATOR SEAT VIBRATION
    EN ISO/IEC 80079-38:2016 Explosive atmospheres - Part 38: Equipment and components in explosive atmospheres in underground mines (ISO/IEC 80079-38:2016)
    IEC 60364-5-52:2009 Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 5-52: Selection and erection of electrical equipment - Wiring systems
    1997/23/EC : 1997 DIRECTIVE 97/23/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL OF 29 MAY 1997 ON THE APPROXIMATION OF THE LAWS OF THE MEMBER STATES CONCERNING PRESSURE EQUIPMENT
    EN 60204-1 : 2006 COR 2010 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OF MACHINES - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    ISO 10968:2004 Earth-moving machinery Operator's controls
    ISO 10265:2008 Earth-moving machinery Crawler machines Performance requirements and test procedures for braking systems
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