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  • ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV B : R2017

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    Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  15-07-2017

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 05.01, 2017 Defines the laboratory determination using a glass hydrometer in conjunction with a series of calculations, of the density, relative density, or API gravity of crude petroleum, petroleum products, or mixtures of petroleum and nonpetroleum products normally handled as liquids, and having a Reid vapor pressure of 101.325 kPa (14.696 psi) or less.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method covers the laboratory determination using a glass hydrometer in conjunction with a series of calculations, of the density, relative density, or API gravity of crude petroleum, petroleum products, or mixtures of petroleum and nonpetroleum products normally handled as liquids, and having a Reid vapor pressure of 101.325 kPa (14.696 psi) or less. Values are determined at existing temperatures and corrected to 15 °C or 60 °F by means of a series of calculations and international standard tables.

    1.2The initial hydrometer readings obtained are uncorrected hydrometer readings and not density measurements. Readings are measured on a hydrometer at either the reference temperature or at another convenient temperature, and readings are corrected for the meniscus effect, the thermal glass expansion effect, alternative calibration temperature effects and to the reference temperature by means of the Petroleum Measurement Tables; values obtained at other than the reference temperature being hydrometer readings and not density measurements.

    1.3Readings determined as density, relative density, or API gravity can be converted to equivalent values in the other units or alternative reference temperatures by means of Interconversion Procedures (API MPMS Chapter 11.5), or Adjunct to D1250 Guide for Petroleum Measurement Tables (API MPMS Chapter 11.1), or both, or tables, as applicable.

    1.4The initial hydrometer readings determined in the laboratory shall be recorded before performing any calculations. The calculations required in Section 10 shall be applied to the initial hydrometer reading with observations and results reported as required by Section 11 prior to use in a subsequent calculation procedure (ticket calculation, meter factor calculation, or base prover volume determination).

    1.5Annex A1 contains a procedure for verifying or certifying the equipment for this test method.

    1.6The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.6.1Exception—The values given in parentheses are provided for information only.

    1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.8This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Development Note Also numbered as API MPM CH9.1. (02/2013)
    Document Type Test Method
    Product Note Reconfirmed 2017
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 6201 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Dynamometer Evaluation of Unleaded Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel for Intake Valve Deposit Formation
    ASTM D 2501 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
    ASTM D 396 : 2019 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 910 : 2017 : REV A Standard Specification for Leaded Aviation Gasolines
    ASTM D 6304 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM E 126 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Inspection, Calibration, and Verification of ASTM Hydrometers
    ASTM D 5622 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Total Oxygen in Gasoline and Methanol Fuels by Reductive Pyrolysis
    ASTM D 4052 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 7576 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Total Aromatics in Denatured Fuel Ethanol by Gas Chromatography (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 6822 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Thermohydrometer Method
    ASTM D 6227 : 2018 Standard Specification for Unleaded Aviation Gasoline Containing a Non-hydrocarbon Component
    ASTM D 6560 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Asphaltenes (Heptane Insolubles) in Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4737 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
    ASTM D 3827 : 1992 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Solubility of Gases in Petroleum and Other Organic Liquids
    ASTM D 7547 : 2018 : REV A Standard Specification for Hydrocarbon Unleaded Aviation Gasoline
    ASTM D 3227 : 2016 Standard Test Method for (Thiol Mercaptan) Sulfur in Gasoline, Kerosine, Aviation Turbine, and Distillate Fuels (Potentiometric Method)
    ASTM D 5986 : 1996 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates, Benzene, Toluene, C8–C 12 Aromatics and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography/Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 2225 : 2004 : R2012 Standard Test Methods for Silicone Fluids Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 5372 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 7863 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient of Liquids
    ASTM D 5580 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7806 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) Content of a Blend of Biodiesel and Petroleum-Based Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 7960 : 2018 Standard Specification for Unleaded Aviation Gasoline Test Fuel Containing Non-hydrocarbon Components
    ASTM D 6469 : 2017 Standard Guide for Microbial Contamination in Fuels and Fuel Systems
    ASTM D 4800 : 1994 : R2015 Standard Guide for Classifying and Specifying Adhesives
    ASTM D 6871 : 2017 Standard Specification for Natural (Vegetable Oil) Ester Fluids Used in Electrical Apparatus
    ASTM D 3338/D3338M : 2009 : R2014 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels
    ASTM D 3142/D3142M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity, API Gravity, or Density of Cutback Asphalts by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 6074 : 2015 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
    ASTM D 7719 : 2018 Standard Specification for High Aromatic Content Unleaded Hydrocarbon Aviation Gasoline
    ASTM D 4056 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Solubility of Water in Hydrocarbon and Aliphatic Ester Lubricants
    ASTM D 4652 : 2005 : R2012 Standard Specification for Silicone Fluid Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 8150 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil by Distillation Followed by Detection Using Combustion Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 4552/D4552M : 2010 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classifying Hot-Mix Recycling Agents
    ASTM D 2779 : 1992 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Solubility of Gases in Petroleum Liquids
    ASTM D 5845 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, Methanol, Ethanol and tert-Butanol in Gasoline by Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 976 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index of Distillate Fuels
    ASTM D 4815 : 2015 : REV B Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1655 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels
    ASTM D 7416 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Practice for Analysis of In-Service Lubricants Using a Particular Five-Part (Dielectric Permittivity, Time-Resolved Dielectric Permittivity with Switching Magnetic Fields, Laser Particle Counter, Microscopic Debris Analysis, and Orbital Viscometer) Integrated Tester
    ASTM D 6823 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Specification for Commercial Boiler Fuels With Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 2892 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)
    ASTM D 1405/D1405M : 2008 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels (Withdrawn 2019)
    ASTM D 5769 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasolines by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7797 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Content of Aviation Turbine Fuel Using Flow Analysis by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy—Rapid Screening Method
    ASTM D 6923 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—Caterpillar 1R Test Procedure
    ASTM D 7826 : 2019 Standard Guide for Evaluation of New Aviation Gasolines and New Aviation Gasoline Additives
    ASTM D 7665 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Biodegradable Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 7371 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR-PLS Method)
    ASTM D 7862 : 2019 Standard Specification for Butanol for Blending with Gasoline for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 7666 : 2012 Standard Specification for Triglyceride Burner Fuel
    ASTM D 287 : 2012 : REV B Standard Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method)
    ASTM D 8256 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in the Sequence VH Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions
    ASTM D 7861 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in Diesel Fuel by Linear Variable Filter (LVF) Array Based Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5222 : 2016 Standard Specification for High Fire-Point Mineral Electrical Insulating Oils
    ASTM D 1903 : 2008 : R2017 Standard Practice for Determining the Coefficient of Thermal Expansion of Electrical Insulating Liquids of Petroleum Origin, and Askarels
    ASTM D 5501 : 2012 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol and Methanol Content in Fuels Containing Greater than 20% Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 3120 : 2008 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry
    ASTM D 4054 : 2019 Standard Practice for Evaluation of New Aviation Turbine Fuels and Fuel Additives
    ASTM D 3343 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Hydrogen Content of Aviation Fuels
    ASTM D 6750 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High-Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—1K Procedure (0.4 % Fuel Sulfur) and 1N Procedure (0.04 % Fuel Sulfur)
    ASTM D 1160 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Reduced Pressure
    ASTM D 6136/D6136M : 2015 Standard Test Method for Kerosine Number of Unsaturated (Dry) Felt by Vacuum Method
    ASTM D 4814 : 2019 Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 2226 : 1993 : R2018 Standard Classification for Various Types of Petroleum Oils for Rubber Compounding Use
    ASTM D 6615 : 2015 : REV A Standard Specification for Jet B Wide-Cut Aviation Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 8147 : 2017 Standard Specification for Special-Purpose Test Fuels for Aviation Compression-Ignition Engines
    ASTM D 7875 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Butanol and Acetone Content of Butanol for Blending with Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6710 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Hydrocarbon-Based Quench Oil
    ASTM D 4293 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Phosphate Ester Based Fluids for Turbine Lubrication and Steam Turbine Electro-Hydraulic Control (EHC) Applications
    ASTM B 963 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Oil Content, Oil-Impregnation Efficiency, and Surface-Connected Porosity of Sintered Powder Metallurgy (PM) Products Using Archimedes’ Principle
    ASTM D 4806 : 2019 Standard Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 7566 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons
    ASTM D 483 : 2004 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Unsulfonated Residue of Petroleum Plant Spray Oils
    ASTM D 6224 : 2016 Standard Practice for In-Service Monitoring of Lubricating Oil for Auxiliary Power Plant Equipment
    ASTM D 117 : 2018 Standard Guide for Sampling, Test Methods, and Specifications for Electrical Insulating Liquids
    ASTM D 4790 : 2014 Standard Terminology of Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Chemicals
    ASTM D 4868 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net and Gross Heat of Combustion of Hydrocarbon Burner and Diesel Fuels
    ASTM F 631 : 2015 Standard Guide for Collecting Skimmer Performance Data in Controlled Environments
    ASTM D 7044 : 2015 Standard Specification for Biodegradable Fire Resistant Hydraulic Fluids
    ASTM D 4529 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels
    ASTM D 7041 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbons and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Blends by Gas Chromatography with Flame Photometric Detection
    ASTM D 7620 : 2010 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbon Based Fuels by Continuous Injection, Air Oxidation and Ultraviolet Fluorescence Detection
    ASTM F 3350 : 2018 Standard Guide for Collecting Skimmer Performance Data in Ice Conditions
    ASTM D 6448 : 2016 Standard Specification for Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7223 : 2017 Standard Specification for Aviation Certification Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 4629 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 3487 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Mineral Insulating Oil Used in Electrical Apparatus
    ASTM D 3288/D3288M : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Magnet-Wire Enamels

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM E 1 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM E 100 : 1995 : R2001 Standard Specification for ASTM Hydrometers
    ASTM D 1250 : 2007 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1250 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for the Use of the Joint API and ASTM Adjunct for Temperature and Pressure Volume Correction Factors for Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products, and Lubricating Oils: API MPMS Chapter 11.1
    ASTM D 1250 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables
    ASTM D 5854 : 1996 : R2010 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5854 : 2019 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1250 : 2004 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables
    ASTM D 1250 : 1980 : R2002 Standard Guide for Petroleum Measurement Tables
    ASTM D 1250 : 2019 Standard Guide for the Use of the Joint API and ASTM Adjunct for Temperature and Pressure Volume Correction Factors for Generalized Crude Oils, Refined Products, and Lubricating Oils: API MPMS Chapter 11.1
    ASTM D 5854 : 1996 : R2005 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1250 : 1980 : R1997 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Petroleum Measurement Tables
    AS 3568:2020 Oils for reducing the viscosity of bituminous binders for pavements
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1250 : 2008 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4177 : 2022 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Peroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM E 100 : 2017 : REDLINE SPECIFICATION FOR ASTM HYDROMETERS
    API MPM CH8.1 : 2013 MANUAL OF PETROLEUM MEASUREMENT STANDARDS - CHAPTER 8.1: STANDARD PRACTICE FOR MANUAL SAMPLING OF PETROLEUM AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
    ASTM D 5854 : 1996 : R2000 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4057 : 2022 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4177 : 2020 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5854 : 2019 : REV A Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    IP STANDARD METHODS : 76ED 2017 IP STANDARD TEST METHODS FOR ANALYSIS AND TESTING OF PETROLEUM AND RELATED PRODUCTS, AND BRITISH STANDARD 2000 PARTS, 2017
    ASTM D 1250 : 2008 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ISO 649-1:1981 Laboratory glassware — Density hydrometers for general purposes — Part 1: Specification
    ASTM D 5854 : 1996 : R2015 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    API MPM CH8.2 : 2016 MANUAL OF PETROLEUM MEASUREMENT STANDARDS - CHAPTER 8.2: STANDARD PRACTICE FOR AUTOMATIC SAMPLING OF PETROLEUM AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
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