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  • ASTM D 1687 : 2017

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    Standard Test Methods for Chromium in Water

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-06-2017

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1These test methods cover the determination of hexavalent and total chromium in water. Section 34 on Quality Control pertains to these test methods. Three test methods are included as follows:

    Test Method

    Concentration
    Range

    Sections

    A—Photometric Diphenyl-
    carbohydrazide

     0.01 to 0.5 mg/L

    7 – 15

    B—Atomic Absorption,
    Direct

     0.1 to 10 mg/L

    16 – 24

    C—Atomic Absorption, Graphite
    Furnace

     5 to 100 μg/L

    25 – 33

    1.2Test Method A is a photometric method that measures dissolved hexavalent chromium only. Hexavalent chromium can also be determined by ion chromatography, see Test Method D5257. Test Methods B and C are atomic absorption methods that are generally applicable to the determination of dissolved or total recoverable chromium in water without regard to valence state. ICP-MS or ICP-AES may also be appropriate but at a higher instrument cost. See Test Methods D5673 and D1976.

    1.3Test Method A has been used successfully with reagent grade water Types I, II, and III, tap water, 10 % NaCl solution, treated water from a synthetic organic industrial plant that meets National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit requirements, and EPA-extraction procedure leachate water, process water, lake water, effluent treatment, that is, lime neutralization and precipitation of spent pickle liquor and associated rinse water from stainless steel pickling. Test Method C has been used successfully with reagent water, stock scrubber water, lake water, filtered tap water, river water, well water, production plant water, and a condensate from a medium BTU coal gasification process. Matrices used, except for reagent water, are not available for Test Method B. It is the user's responsibility to ensure the validity of these test methods for waters of untested matrices.

    1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversion to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see 4.2, 20.3, and 20.8.1.

    1.6This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 19
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 3645 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Beryllium in Water
    ASTM D 8006 : 2016 Standard Guide for Sampling and Analysis of Residential and Commercial Water Supply Wells in Areas of Exploration and Production (E&P) Operations
    ASTM D 3557 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 1691 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Zinc in Water
    ASTM D 3558 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Cobalt in Water
    ASTM D 1971 : 2016 Standard Practices for Digestion of Water Samples for Determination of Metals by Flame Atomic Absorption, Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption, Plasma Emission Spectroscopy, or Plasma Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 858 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Manganese in Water
    ASTM D 3559 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Water
    ASTM D 1068 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 1688 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water
    ASTM D 857 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Aluminum in Water
    ASTM D 1886 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Nickel in Water
    ASTM D 4309 : 2018 Standard Practice for Sample Digestion Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating Technique for the Determination of Total Metals in Water
    ASTM D 4382 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Barium in Water, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, Graphite Furnace

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 1976 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4841 : 1988 : R2008 Standard Practice for Estimation of Holding Time for Water Samples Containing Organic and Inorganic Constituents
    ASTM D 1691 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Zinc in Water
    ASTM D 5673 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 3919 : 2015 Standard Practice for Measuring Trace Elements in Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 1691 : 1990 Standard Test Methods for Zinc in Water
    ASTM D 5810 : 1996 : R2021 Standard Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples
    ASTM D 3370 : 1995 : REV A : R2003 : EDT 1 Standard Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits
    ASTM D 1129 : 2003 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 1691 : 1995 Standard Test Methods for Zinc in Water
    ASTM D 1688 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water
    ASTM D 1688 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water
    ASTM D 1068 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 4841 : 1988 : R2018 Standard Practice for Estimation of Holding Time for Water Samples Containing Organic and Inorganic Constituents
    ASTM D 4691 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Practice for Measuring Elements in Water by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 1129 : 2013 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 1129 : 2013 : R2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 5847 : 1999 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
    ASTM D 5810 : 1996 : R2011 Standard Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples
    ASTM D 2777 : 2012 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
    ASTM D 3557 : 2002 : R2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 3919 : 2004 Standard Practice for Measuring Trace Elements in Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 1193 : 1977 : R1983 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 4841 : 1988 : R1998 Standard Practice for Estimation of Holding Time for Water Samples Containing Organic and Inorganic Constituents
    ASTM D 5847 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
    ASTM D 858 : 1995 Standard Test Methods for Manganese in Water
    ASTM D 5810 : 1996 : R2001 Standard Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples
    ASTM D 3559 : 1996 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Water
    ASTM D 3559 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Water
    ASTM D 5673 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1886 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Nickel in Water
    ASTM D 1129 : 2006 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 2777 : 2003 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Methods of Committee D-19 on Water
    ASTM D 2777 : 2021 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
    ASTM D 4841 : 1988 : R2003 Standard Practice for Estimation of Holding Time for Water Samples Containing Organic and Inorganic Constituents
    ASTM D 1066 : 2018 Standard Practice for Sampling Steam
    ASTM D 3370 : 2010 Standard Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits
    ASTM D 5673 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 3558 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Cobalt in Water
    ASTM D 2777 : 2013 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
    ASTM D 1066 : 2006 Standard Practice for Sampling Steam
    ASTM D 1976 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM E 275 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Practice for Describing and Measuring Performance of Ultraviolet and Visible Spectrophotometers
    ASTM D 4841 : 1988 : R2013 Standard Practice for Estimation of Holding Time for Water Samples Containing Organic and Inorganic Constituents
    ASTM E 275 : 2008 : R2022 Standard Practice for Describing and Measuring Performance of Ultraviolet and Visible Spectrophotometers
    ASTM D 3557 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 5847 : 2002 : R2012 Standard Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
    ASTM D 1066 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Sampling Steam
    ASTM D 1976 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5673 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 2777 : 1998 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Methods of Committee D-19 on Water
    ASTM D 3370 : 2008 Standard Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits
    ASTM D 1129 : 1999 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 4691 : 2002 Standard Practice for Measuring Elements in Water by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM E 60 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 4691 : 2011 Standard Practice for Measuring Elements in Water by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 1129 : 2006 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 5257 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Dissolved Hexavalent Chromium in Water by Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 3558 : 1994 : R1998 Standard Test Methods for Cobalt in Water
    ASTM D 1691 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Zinc in Water
    ASTM D 5847 : 2002 : R2020 Standard Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
    ASTM D 1129 : 2003 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 1129 : 2002 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 1688 : 1990 Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water
    ASTM D 1066 : 1997 : R2001 Standard Practice for Sampling Steam
    ASTM D 4691 : 2017 Standard Practice for Measuring Elements in Water by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 5810 : 1996 : R2006 Standard Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples
    ASTM D 1068 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 3558 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Cobalt in Water
    ASTM D 5257 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Dissolved Hexavalent Chromium in Water by Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 1688 : 1995 Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water
    ASTM D 3919 : 2008 Standard Practice for Measuring Trace Elements in Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 3557 : 1990 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 1193 : 1991 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 5673 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 3558 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Cobalt in Water
    ASTM D 1066 : 2011 Standard Practice for Sampling Steam
    ASTM D 1976 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 1129 : 2004 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 5673 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5847 : 2022 Standard Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
    ASTM D 2777 : 2008 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
    ASTM D 1691 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Zinc in Water
    ASTM D 1691 : 2002 : R2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Zinc in Water
    ASTM D 1688 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water
    ASTM D 4691 : 1996 Standard Practice for Measuring Elements in Water by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 2777 : 2006 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
    ASTM D 3559 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Water
    ASTM D 3557 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 3557 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 3370 : 2018 Standard Practices for Sampling Water from Flowing Process Streams
    ASTM D 1886 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Nickel in Water
    ASTM D 1129 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 1886 : 2014 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Nickel in Water
    ASTM D 5847 : 2002 Standard Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
    ASTM D 1068 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 3919 : 1999 Standard Practice for Measuring Trace Elements in Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 3370 : 1976 Standard Practices for Sampling Water
    ASTM D 1068 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 1976 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM E 60 : 2011 : R2022 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 1886 : 1994 : R1998 Standard Test Methods for Nickel in Water
    ASTM D 1193 : 1970 Standard Specification For Reagent Water
    ASTM D 1886 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Nickel in Water
    ASTM D 4841 : 1988 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Estimation of Holding Time for Water Samples Containing Organic and Inorganic Constituents
    ASTM D 5257 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Dissolved Hexavalent Chromium in Water by Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 3557 : 1995 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 3370 : 1995 : REV A : R1999 : EDT 1 Standard Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits
    ASTM D 5673 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1068 : 1996 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 1193 : 1999 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 1129 : 2010 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 5810 : 1996 Standard Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples
    ASTM D 3370 : 2007 Standard Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits
    ASTM D 1129 : 2006 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 1129 : 2001 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 1976 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 1129 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Water
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 : R2018 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 2777 : 2008 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
    ASTM D 3559 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Water
    ASTM D 5810 : 1996 : R2015 Standard Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples
    ASTM D 1976 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 1688 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water
    ASTM D 5257 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Dissolved Hexavalent Chromium in Water by Ion Chromatography
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