We noticed you’re not on the correct regional site. Switch to our AMERICAS site for the best experience.
  • ASTM D 2559 : 2012 : REV A : R2018

    Current The latest, up-to-date edition.
    Add to Watchlist
    This Standard has been added successfully to your Watchlist.
    Please visit My Watchlist to see all standards that you are watching.
    Please log in or to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    You need to be logged in to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please log in now or create an account to add.
    You already added this Product in the Watchlist.

    Standard Specification for Adhesives for Bonded Structural Wood Products for Use Under Exterior Exposure Conditions

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-08-2018

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

    Add to Watchlist

    Add To Cart

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method covers the determination of the oil absorption number of carbon black. 1.2The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only. 1.3This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.4This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee. 1.1This specification covers adhesives suitable for the bonding of wood, including treated wood, into structural wood products for general construction or other uses where a high-strength, durable adhesive bond is required.1.2This specification includes test methods that may be referenced by specific product standards for the evaluation and approval of structural wood adhesives. Methods are included to evaluate adhesives intended for use in exterior exposure. NOTE 1:Consult the Commentary inAppendix X1regarding the intent and limitations of each test method contained in this specification.1.3Description of Bondline Performance—It is recognized that structural wood adhesives are used in various applications and levels of severity in terms of moisture content, loading, cyclic and seasonal weather conditions, heat exposure and other use conditions. It is the intent of this standard to determine the suitability of an adhesive for use under various levels of severity and conditions with specific and appropriate test methods and requirements. NOTE 2:This specification does not contain specific tests outlined for different chemical types of adhesives. 1.4Strength and durability requirements of the adhesive are based on the performance of the adhesive in laminated wood as measured by: 1.4.1Resistance to shear by compression loading after conditioning to the target moisture content indicated in14.2.3and meeting requirements in14.4. 1.4.2Resistance to delamination during exposure to three cycles of vacuum pressure wetting followed by drying at elevated temperature as indicated in15.3and meeting requirements in15.4. 1.4.3Resistance to creep under static load by subjecting test specimens to a specified shear stress and exposing one set of test specimens to an environment of elevated temperature and ambient humidity and another set to an environment of high humidity and meeting requirements set forth in16.3. 1.4.4For applications involving chemical treatment, the adhesive shall be evaluated using representative samples of treated wood. NOTE 3:When using chemically treated wood, compatibility between the treatment, adhesive, and wood is to be considered and agreed upon between the chemical manufacture and the user. NOTE 4:Additional durability testing may also be required as specified by individual product standards. Consult the Commentary inAppendix X1for additional information and guidance as to the type of durability testing that may be appropriate to supplement this specification when characterizing the adhesive for suitability with specific wood products. 1.5The evaluation of adhesives for use in ground contact and marine exposures are beyond the scope of this specification. 1.6The evaluation of binder adhesives is beyond the scope of this specification. 1.7The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only. 1.8The text of this specification references notes, footnotes and a commentary which provide explanatory material. These notes, footnotes and commentary (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification. 1.9This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.10This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This specification covers adhesives suitable for the bonding of wood, including treated wood, into structural wood products for general construction or other uses where a high-strength, durable adhesive bond is required.

    1.2This specification includes test methods that may be referenced by specific product standards for the evaluation and approval of structural wood adhesives. Methods are included to evaluate adhesives intended for use in exterior exposure.

    Note 1:Consult the Commentary in Appendix X1 regarding the intent and limitations of each test method contained in this specification.

    1.3Description of Bondline Performance—It is recognized that structural wood adhesives are used in various applications and levels of severity in terms of moisture content, loading, cyclic and seasonal weather conditions, heat exposure and other use conditions. It is the intent of this standard to determine the suitability of an adhesive for use under various levels of severity and conditions with specific and appropriate test methods and requirements.

    Note 2:This specification does not contain specific tests outlined for different chemical types of adhesives.

    1.4Strength and durability requirements of the adhesive are based on the performance of the adhesive in laminated wood as measured by:

    1.4.1Resistance to shear by compression loading after conditioning to the target moisture content indicated in 14.2.3 and meeting requirements in 14.4.

    1.4.2Resistance to delamination during exposure to three cycles of vacuum pressure wetting followed by drying at elevated temperature as indicated in 15.3 and meeting requirements in 15.4.

    1.4.3Resistance to creep under static load by subjecting test specimens to a specified shear stress and exposing one set of test specimens to an environment of elevated temperature and ambient humidity and another set to an environment of high humidity and meeting requirements set forth in 16.3.

    1.4.4For applications involving chemical treatment, the adhesive shall be evaluated using representative samples of treated wood.

    Note 3:When using chemically treated wood, compatibility between the treatment, adhesive, and wood is to be considered and agreed upon between the chemical manufacture and the user.

    Note 4:Additional durability testing may also be required as specified by individual product standards. Consult the Commentary in Appendix X1 for additional information and guidance as to the type of durability testing that may be appropriate to supplement this specification when characterizing the adhesive for suitability with specific wood products.

    1.5The evaluation of adhesives for use in ground contact and marine exposures are beyond the scope of this specification.

    1.6The evaluation of binder adhesives is beyond the scope of this specification.

    1.7The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.

    1.8The text of this specification references notes, footnotes and a commentary which provide explanatory material. These notes, footnotes and commentary (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification.

    1.9This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.10This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 14
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 7770 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Collection of Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted During Simulated Manufacturing of Engineered Wood Products Via a Sealed Caul Plate Method
    ASTM D 5574 : 1994 : R2012 Standard Test Methods for Establishing Allowable Mechanical Properties of Wood-Bonding Adhesives for Design of Structural Joints
    ASTM D 5266 : 2013 Standard Practice for Estimating the Percentage of Wood Failure in Adhesive Bonded Joints
    ASTM D 3535 : 2007 : REV A : R2013 Standard Test Method for Resistance to Creep Under Static Loading for Structural Wood Laminating Adhesives Used Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 7199 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Practice for Establishing Characteristic Values for Reinforced Glued Laminated Timber (Glulam) Beams Using Mechanics-Based Models
    ASTM D 5055 : 2019 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 7966/D7966M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Resistance to Creep of Adhesives in Static Shear by Compression Loading (Wood-to-Wood)
    ASTM D 4688/D4688M : 2014 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Structural Adhesives for Finger Jointing Lumber
    ASTM D 5456 : 2019 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 7469 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for End-Joints in Structural Wood Products
    ASTM D 1101 : 1997 : REV A : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Integrity of Adhesive Joints in Structural Laminated Wood Products for Exterior Use

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 1165 : 1980 : R1994 : EDT 1 Standard Nonmenclature of Domestic Hardwoods and Softwoods (Withdrawn 2002)
    ASTM D 1165 : 2007 Standard Nomenclature of Commercial Hardwoods and Softwoods
    ASTM D 9 : 2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 2555 : 2005 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 5266 : 1999 Standard Practice for Estimating the Percentage of Wood Failure in Adhesive Bonded Joints
    ASTM D 5055 : 2011 : REV A Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5055 : 2000 : REV A Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 4442 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 5456 : 2006 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 5055 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5456 : 2014 : REV A Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 5055 : 2005 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5456 : 2005 : REV A Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 5456 : 2014 : REV B Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 2555 : 2006 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 4300 : 2001 : R2013 Standard Test Methods for Ability of Adhesive Films to Support or Resist the Growth of Fungi
    ASTM D 143 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber
    ASTM D 5266 : 2013 Standard Practice for Estimating the Percentage of Wood Failure in Adhesive Bonded Joints
    ASTM D 4442 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 2555 : 2017 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 1583 : 2001 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Ion Concentration of Dry Adhesive Films
    ASTM E 6 : 2002 Standard Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing
    ASTM D 905 : 2008 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
    ASTM D 3535 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Method for Resistance to Creep Under Static Loading for Structural Wood Laminating Adhesives Used Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 5055 : 2010 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM E 691 : 2020 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM D 5456 : 2021 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 2555 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 5266 : 2013 : R2020 Standard Practice for Estimating the Percentage of Wood Failure in Adhesive Bonded Joints
    ASTM D 905 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
    ASTM D 5456 : 2012 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 5456 : 2014 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 1583 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Ion Concentration of Dry Adhesive Films
    ASTM D 5055 : 2011 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5456 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM E 691 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM D 4300 : 2001 Standard Test Methods for Ability of Adhesive Films to Support or Resist the Growth of Fungi
    ASTM D 4442 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 5456 : 2008 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 1165 : 2018 Standard Nomenclature of Commercial Hardwoods and Softwoods
    ASTM D 3535 : 2007 : REV A : R2013 Standard Test Method for Resistance to Creep Under Static Loading for Structural Wood Laminating Adhesives Used Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 5456 : 2017 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 1583 : 2001 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Ion Concentration of Dry Adhesive Films
    ASTM E 691 : 2022 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM D 5456 : 2005 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 4300 : 1998 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Ability of Adhesive Films to Support or Resist the Growth of Fungi
    ASTM D 3535 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Resistance to Creep Under Static Loading for Structural Wood Laminating Adhesives Used Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 5055 : 2019 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 1583 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Ion Concentration of Dry Adhesive Films
    ASTM D 5456 : 2011 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 5456 : 2010 : REV A Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM E 691 : 2009 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM D 1583 : 2001 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Ion Concentration of Dry Adhesive Films
    ASTM D 5055 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 4442 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM E 6 : 2015 : EDT 3 Standard Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing
    ASTM D 2555 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 5055 : 2002 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5055 : 2013 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5456 : 2009 : REV A Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM E 691 : 2021 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM D 5055 : 2008 : REV A Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5456 : 2001 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 5456 : 1999 : REV A Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 905 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
    ASTM D 5456 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 4300 : 2001 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Ability of Adhesive Films to Support or Resist the Growth of Fungi
    ASTM D 2555 : 2005 : REV A Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 5055 : 2003 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5055 : 2008 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 2555 : 1998 Standard Test Methods for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 5456 : 2013 : REV A Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 143 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber
    ASTM D 4300 : 2001 : R2008 Standard Test Methods for Ability of Adhesive Films to Support or Resist the Growth of Fungi
    ASTM D 5456 : 2009 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM E 6 : 2015 : EDT 4 Standard Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing
    ASTM D 5055 : 2008 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5456 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 5456 : 2003 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 5456 : 2019 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 5456 : 2001 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 1165 : 2003 Standard Nonmenclature of Domestic Hardwoods and Softwoods
    ASTM D 5456 : 2007 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 3535 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Resistance to Deformation Under Static Loading for Structural Wood Laminating Adhesives Used Under Exterior (Wet Use) Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 2555 : 1998 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 5456 : 2010 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 1165 : 2013 Standard Nomenclature of Commercial Hardwoods and Softwoods
    ASTM D 5055 : 2016 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5055 : 2004 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5055 : 2009 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 5456 : 2001 : REV A Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 3535 : 2007 : REV A : R2021 Standard Test Method for Resistance to Creep Under Static Loading for Structural Wood Laminating Adhesives Used Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 5456 : 2013 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 2555 : 2015 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 5456 : 2011 : REV A Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 4442 : 1992 : R1997 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 4442 : 1984 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 5456 : 2018 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 5055 : 2012 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    ASTM D 4442 : 1992 : R2003 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 2555 : 2016 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 5055 : 2007 Standard Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
    • Access your standards online with a subscription

      Features

      • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations
      • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications
      • Multi - user online standards collection: secure, flexibile and cost effective