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  • ASTM D 2857 : 2016

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  20-06-2022

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  07-09-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 08.02, 2016 Defines the determination of the dilute solution viscosity of polymers.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This practice covers the determination of the dilute solution viscosity of polymers. There are several ASTM standards (Test Methods D789, D1243, D1601, and D4603, and Practice D3591) that describe dilute solution viscosity procedures for specific polymers, such as nylon, poly(vinyl chloride), polyethylene, and poly(ethylene terephthalate). This practice is written to augment these standards when problems arise with which the specific procedure is not concerned, or when no standard is available for the polymer under investigation.

    1.2This practice is applicable to all polymers that dissolve completely without chemical reaction or degradation to form solutions that are stable with time at a temperature between ambient and 150°C. Results are usually expressed as relative viscosity (viscosity ratio), inherent viscosity (logarithmic viscosity number), or intrinsic viscosity (limiting viscosity number) (see 3.1).

    1.3For polyamides, relative viscosity values by this procedure are not equivalent to those determined by Test Methods D789.

    1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 1:This standard and ISO 1628, “Plastics—Determination of Viscosity Number and Limiting Viscosity Number,” are technically equivalent.

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    Committee D 20
    Development Note Earlier declared withdrawn in January 2016 by publisher, now Reinstated. (09/2016)
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    NBR 11886 : 1992 PLASTICOS POLICARBONATO PARA USO EM ARTIGOS MEDICOS, ODONTOLOGICOS E HOSPITALARES DE USO UNICO
    ISO 12891-2:2014 Retrieval and analysis of surgical implants Part 2: Analysis of retrieved surgical implants
    DD ISO/TS 13434 : 2008 GEOSYNTHETICS - GUIDELINES FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF DURABILITY
    ASTM D 5296 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
    NBR 15891-4 : 2013 IMPLANTS FOR SURGERY - ABSORBABLE RESINS - PART 4: TEST METHOD FOR IN VITRO DEGRADATION TESTING OF HYDROLYTICALLY DEGRADABLE POLYMER RESINS AND FABRICATED FORMS
    NBR 15891-2 : 2013 IMPLANTS FOR SURGERY - BIOABSORBABLE RESINS - PART 2: SPECIFICATION FOR POLY(GLYCOLIDE) AND POLY(GLYCOLIDE-CO-LACTIDE) VIRGIN RESINS WITH MOLE FRACTIONS GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO 70% GLYCOLIDE
    API SPEC 17J : 2014 SPECIFICATION FOR UNBONDED FLEXIBLE PIPE
    ASTM F 624 : 2009 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Thermoplastic Polyurethane Solids and Solutions for Biomedical Applications
    ASTM F 2313 : 2018 Standard Specification for Poly(glycolide) and Poly(glycolide-co-lactide) Resins for Surgical Implants with Mole Fractions Greater Than or Equal to 70 % Glycolide
    ASTM D 5336 : 2015 : REV A Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polyphthalamide (PPA) Injection Molding Material
    BS ISO 12891-2:2014 RETRIEVAL AND ANALYSIS OF SURGICAL IMPLANTS - PART 2: ANALYSIS OF RETRIEVED SURGICAL IMPLANTS
    ASTM F 624 : 2009 : R2015 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Thermoplastic Polyurethane Solids and Solutions for Biomedical Applications
    NBR 15891-3 : 2013 IMPLANTS FOR SURGERY - ABSORBABLE RESINS - PART 3: SPECIFICATION FOR POLY(LACTIDE) AND POLY(LACTID-CO-GLYCOLIDE) VIRGIN AMORPHOUS RESINS
    13/30242622 DC : 0 BS ISO 12891-2 - RETRIEVAL AND ANALYSIS OF SURGICAL IMPLANTS - PART 2: ANALYSIS OF RETRIEVED SURGICAL IMPLANTS
    ASTM F 561 : 2013 Standard Practice for Retrieval and Analysis of Medical Devices, and Associated Tissues and Fluids
    ASTM F 942 : 2002 Standard Guide for Selection of Test Methods for Interlayer Materials for Aerospace Transparent Enclosures
    ASTM F 1635 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for in vitro Degradation Testing of Hydrolytically Degradable Polymer Resins and Fabricated Forms for Surgical Implants
    ASTM F 942 : 2002 : R2013 Standard Guide for Selection of Test Methods for Interlayer Materials for Aerospace Transparent Enclosures
    NBR 15891-1 : 2013 IMPLANTS FOR SURGERY - ABSORBABLE RESINS - PART 1: SPECIFICATION FOR SEMICRYSTALLINE POLY(LACTIDE) POLYMER AND COPOLYMER RESINS
    API 17J REDLINE : 2008 SPECIFICATION FOR UNBONDED FLEXIBLE PIPE
    NBR 15804-3 : 2013 POLYMERIC MATERIALS FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS - PART 3: GUIDE FOR ASSESSMENT OF THERMOPLASTIC POLYURETHANE SOLIDS AND SOLUTIONS
    ASTM D 1243 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
    ASTM D 1243 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
    ASTM F 2150 : 2013 Standard Guide for Characterization and Testing of Biomaterial Scaffolds Used in Tissue-Engineered Medical Products
    ASTM F 1925 : 2017 Standard Specification for Semi-Crystalline Poly(lactide) Polymer and Copolymer Resins for Surgical Implants
    ASTM F 561 : 2019 Standard Practice for Retrieval and Analysis of Medical Devices, and Associated Tissues and Fluids
    ASTM D 5296 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
    ASTM D 5225 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Measuring Solution Viscosity of Polymers with a Differential Viscometer
    ASTM F 1635 : 2016 Standard Test Method for in vitro Degradation Testing of Hydrolytically Degradable Polymer Resins and Fabricated Forms for Surgical Implants
    ASTM F 942 : 2018 Standard Guide for Selection of Test Methods for Interlayer Materials for Aerospace Transparent Enclosures
    ASTM F 2579 : 2018 Standard Specification for Amorphous Poly(lactide) and Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) Resins for Surgical Implants
    ASTM F 2902 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Assessment of Absorbable Polymeric Implants
    ASTM D 2952 : 1995 Specification for Ethylene Plastics (Withdrawn 1999)
    ISO/TS 13434:2008 Geosynthetics Guidelines for the assessment of durability
    ASTM F 942 : 2002 : R2008 Standard Guide for Selection of Test Methods for Interlayer Materials for Aerospace Transparent Enclosures
    ASTM F 2150 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Characterization and Testing of Biomaterial Scaffolds Used in Tissue-Engineered Medical Products
    ASTM D 5225 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Measuring Solution Viscosity of Polymers with a Differential Viscometer
    ASTM F 1925 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Semi-Crystalline Poly(lactide) Polymer and Copolymer Resins for Surgical Implants
    EN ISO 13628-2:2006/AC:2009 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DESIGN AND OPERATION OF SUBSEA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS - PART 2: UNBONDED FLEXIBLE PIPE SYSTEMS FOR SUBSEA AND MARINE APPLICATIONS
    BS EN ISO 13628-2 : 2006 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DESIGN AND OPERATION OF SUBSEA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS - PART 2: UNBONDED FLEXIBLE PIPE SYSTEMS FOR SUBSEA AND MARINE APPLICATIONS
    ISO 13628-2:2006 Petroleum and natural gas industries Design and operation of subsea production systems Part 2: Unbonded flexible pipe systems for subsea and marine applications
    I.S. EN ISO 13628-2:2006 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DESIGN AND OPERATION OF SUBSEA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS - PART 2: UNBONDED FLEXIBLE PIPE SYSTEMS FOR SUBSEA AND MARINE APPLICATIONS
    ASTM F 3384 : 2021 Standard Specification for Polydioxanone Polymer Resins for Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 5336 : 2021 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polyphthalamide (PPA) Injection Molding Materials
    ASTM F 2150 : 2019 Standard Guide for Characterization and Testing of Biomaterial Scaffolds Used in Regenerative Medicine and Tissue-Engineered Medical Products
    ASTM D 5296 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
    ASTM F 1925 : 2022 Standard Specification for Semi-Crystalline Poly(lactide) Polymer and Copolymer Resins for Surgical Implants
    UNI EN ISO 13628-2 : 2007 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DESIGN AND OPERATION OF SUBSEA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS - PART 2: UNBONDED FLEXIBLE PIPE SYSTEMS FOR SUBSEA AND MARINE APPLICATIONS

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 1243 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
    ASTM D 1600 : 1999 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM D 4603 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Determining Inherent Viscosity of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) by Glass Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM E 1 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers
    ISO 1628-1:2009 Plastics Determination of the viscosity of polymers in dilute solution using capillary viscometers Part 1: General principles
    ASTM D 1601 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Ethylene Polymers
    ASTM D 5226 : 2016 Standard Practice for Dissolving Polymer Materials
    ASTM D 5226 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Dissolving Polymer Materials
    ASTM D 1600 : 2007 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM D 1600 : 2013 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM D 1243 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
    ASTM D 1600 : 2014 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM D 445 : 1988 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 1600 : 2008 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM D 3591 : 1997 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Determining Logarithmic Viscosity Number of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) in Formulated Compounds
    ASTM D 4603 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Inherent Viscosity of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) by Glass Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM D 1601 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Ethylene Polymers
    ASTM D 4603 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determining Inherent Viscosity of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) by Glass Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM D 1243 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
    ASTM D 5226 : 1998 : R2003 Standard Practice for Dissolving Polymer Materials
    ASTM D 5226 : 2021 Standard Practice for Dissolving Polymer Materials
    ASTM D 1243 : 1995 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
    ASTM D 445 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 3591 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determining Logarithmic Viscosity Number of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) in Formulated Compounds
    ASTM D 1601 : 1978 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity Of Ethylene Polymers
    ASTM D 1600 : 2018 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM D 3591 : 1997 : R2003 Standard Test Method for Determining Logarithmic Viscosity Number of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) in Formulated Compounds
    ASTM D 1243 : 1979 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity Of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
    ASTM D 445 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 445 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 5226 : 1998 : R2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Dissolving Polymer Materials
    ASTM D 1601 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Ethylene Polymers
    ASTM D 5226 : 1998 Standard Practice for Dissolving Polymer Materials
    ASTM D 1243 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
    ASTM D 1243 : 1995 : R2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
    ASTM D 445 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 3591 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Determining Logarithmic Viscosity Number of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) in Formulated Compounds
    ASTM D 4603 : 2003 : R2011 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining Inherent Viscosity of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) by Glass Capillary Viscometer
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