We noticed you’re not on the correct regional site. Switch to our AMERICAS site for the best experience.
  • ASTM D 2892 : 2018 : REV A

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
    Add to Watchlist
    This Standard has been added successfully to your Watchlist.
    Please visit My Watchlist to see all standards that you are watching.
    Please log in or to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    You need to be logged in to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please log in now or create an account to add.
    You already added this Product in the Watchlist.

    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  28-04-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-12-2018

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

    Add to Watchlist

    Add To Cart

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This test method covers the procedure for the distillation of stabilized crude petroleum (seeNote 1) to a final cut temperature of 400 °C Atmospheric Equivalent Temperature (AET).

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method covers the procedure for the distillation of stabilized crude petroleum (see Note 1) to a final cut temperature of 400 °C Atmospheric Equivalent Temperature (AET). This test method employs a fractionating column having an efficiency of 14 to 18 theoretical plates operated at a reflux ratio of 5:1. Performance criteria for the necessary equipment is specified. Some typical examples of acceptable apparatus are presented in schematic form. This test method offers a compromise between efficiency and time in order to facilitate the comparison of distillation data between laboratories.

    Note 1:Defined as having a Reid vapor pressure less than 82.7 kPa (12 psi).

    1.2This test method details procedures for the production of a liquefied gas, distillate fractions, and residuum of standardized quality on which analytical data can be obtained, and the determination of yields of the above fractions by both mass and volume. From the preceding information, a graph of temperature versus mass % distilled can be produced. This distillation curve corresponds to a laboratory technique, which is defined at 15/5 (15 theoretical plate column, 5:1 reflux ratio) or TBP (true boiling point).

    1.3This test method can also be applied to any petroleum mixture except liquefied petroleum gases, very light naphthas, and fractions having initial boiling points above 400 °C.

    1.4This test method contains the following annexes and appendixes:

    1.4.1Annex A1Test Method for the Determination of the Efficiency of a Distillation Column,

    1.4.2Annex A2Test Method for the Determination of the Dynamic Holdup of a Distillation Column,

    1.4.3Annex A3Test Method for the Determination of the Heat Loss in a Distillation Column (Static Conditions),

    1.4.4Annex A4Test Method for the Verification of Temperature Sensor Location,

    1.4.5Annex A5Test Method for Determination of the Temperature Response Time,

    1.4.6Annex A6Practice for the Calibration of Sensors,

    1.4.7Annex A7Test Method for the Verification of Reflux Dividing Valves,

    1.4.8Annex A8Practice for Conversion of Observed Vapor Temperature to Atmospheric Equivalent Temperature (AET),

    1.4.9Appendix X1Test Method for Dehydration of a Sample of Wet Crude Oil, and

    1.4.10Appendix X2Practice for Performance Check.

    1.5The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.6WARNING—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use Caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location.

    1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see Section 10.

    1.8This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 5191 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method)
    ASTM D 7398 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in the Boiling Range from 100 °C to 615 °C by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1655 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels
    ASTM D 7807 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Hydrocarbon and Sulfur Components of Petroleum Distillates by Gas Chromatography and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 5399 : 2009 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Boiling Point Distribution of Hydrocarbon Solvents by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6378 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure (VPX) of Petroleum Products, Hydrocarbons, and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Mixtures (Triple Expansion Method)
    ASTM D 6352 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in Boiling Range from 174 °C to 700 °C by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7566 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons
    ASTM D 6377 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure of Crude Oil: VPCRx (Expansion Method)
    ASTM D 5188 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Vapor-Liquid Ratio Temperature Determination of Fuels (Evacuated Chamber and Piston Based Method)
    ASTM D 6897 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) (Expansion Method)
    ASTM D 7169 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Boiling Point Distribution of Samples with Residues Such as Crude Oils and Atmospheric and Vacuum Residues by High Temperature Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7798 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates with Final Boiling Points up to 538 °C by Ultra Fast Gas Chromatography (UF GC)
    ASTM D 2887 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7213 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in the Boiling Range from 100 °C to 615 °C by Gas Chromatography

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 6729 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100 Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6300 : 2013 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6729 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100 Meter Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6733 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 50-Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 5134 : 1998 : R2003 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4006 : 1981 : R2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
    ASTM D 4052 : 1996 : R2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 1217 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6300 : 2017 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV B Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1217 : 1993 : R1998 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 5134 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6300 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4052 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 2887 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4006 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
    ASTM D 6300 : 2016 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4006 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
    ASTM D 1298 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2006 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100–Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4052 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6300 : 2004 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 1298 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 6730 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100–Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1298 : 1999 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 4006 : 2011 : R2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
    ASTM D 6300 : 2019 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 2887 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6729 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100 Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2887 : 2006 : REV A Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2887 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6729 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100 Meter Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2887 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1298 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100–Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4006 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
    ASTM D 1217 : 1993 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4052 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 4052 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6300 : 2006 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 2887 : 2001 : REV A Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6300 : 2015 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 1298 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 6300 : 1999 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 2887 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 2887 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2887 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2887 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2887 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Peroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6300 : 2013 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6733 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 50-Meter Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6729 : 2004 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100 Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4052 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 3710 : 1995 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Gasoline and Gasoline Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4006 : 2011 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
    ASTM D 4006 : 1981 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
    ASTM D 6300 : 2008 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6300 : 2003 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 1217 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6733 : 2001 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 50-Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6300 : 2007 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4006 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation
    ASTM D 2887 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2887 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 5134 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2887 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 3710 : 1995 : R1999 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Gasoline and Gasoline Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2887 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6300 : 2002 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5134 : 1998 : R2008 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6733 : 2001 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 50-Metre Capillary High Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2887 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1298 : 1985 : R1990 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 6300 : 2016 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5134 : 2013 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4052 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 2887 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2887 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6300 : 2014 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 1217 : 1993 : R2003 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 2887 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4052 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 6730 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    • Access your standards online with a subscription

      Features

      • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations
      • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications
      • Multi - user online standards collection: secure, flexibile and cost effective