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  • ASTM D 3171 : 2011

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Methods for Constituent Content of Composite Materials

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  11-11-2014

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-10-2011

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1 These test methods determine the constituent content of composite materials by one of two approaches. Test Method I physically removes the matrix by digestion or ignition by one of seven procedures, leaving the reinforcement essentially unaffected and thus allowing calculation of reinforcement or matrix content (by weight or volume) as well as percent void volume. Test Method II, applicable only to laminate materials of known fiber areal weight, calculates reinforcement or matrix content (by weight or volume), and the cured ply thickness, based on the measured thickness of the laminate. Test Method II is not applicable to the measurement of void volume.

    1.1.1 These test methods are primarily intended for two-part composite material systems. However, special provisions can be made to extend these test methods to filled material systems with more than two constituents, though not all test results can be determined in every case.

    1.1.2 The procedures contained within have been designed to be particularly effective for certain classes of polymer or metal matrices. The suggested applications are discussed in Section 4, as well as at the start of each procedure.

    1.1.3 Test Method I assumes that the reinforcement is essentially unaffected by the digestion or ignition medium. A procedure for correction of the results for minor changes in the reinforcement is included. Procedures A through F are based on chemical removal of the matrix while Procedure G removes the matrix by igniting the matrix in a furnace.

    1.1.4 Test Method II assumes that the fiber areal weight of the reinforcement material form is known or controlled to an acceptable tolerance. The presence of voids is not measured. Eq 9 and 10 assume zero void content to perform the calculation.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See Section 9 for additional information.

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    Committee D 30
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 6416/D6416M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Two-Dimensional Flexural Properties of Simply Supported Sandwich Composite Plates Subjected to a Distributed Load
    ASTM D 7248/D7248M : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Bearing/Bypass Interaction Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates Using 2-Fastener Specimens
    ASTM D 4762 : 2018 Standard Guide for Testing Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
    ASTM D 5687/D5687M : 1995 : R2015 Standard Guide for Preparation of Flat Composite Panels with Processing Guidelines for Specimen Preparation
    ASTM D 3410/D3410M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials with Unsupported Gage Section by Shear Loading
    ASTM D 6484/D6484M : 2014 Standard Test Method for Open-Hole Compressive Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates
    ASTM D 7905/D7905M : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Mode II Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Unidirectional Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites
    ASTM D 2344/D2344M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Short-Beam Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials and Their Laminates
    ASTM D 5961/D5961M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Bearing Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates
    ASTM D 5379/D5379M : 2012 Standard Test Method for Shear Properties of Composite Materials by the V-Notched Beam Method
    ASTM C 1783 : 2015 Standard Guide for Development of Specifications for Fiber Reinforced Carbon-Carbon Composite Structures for Nuclear Applications
    ASTM C 297/C297M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Flatwise Tensile Strength of Sandwich Constructions
    ASTM D 7136/D7136M : 2015 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Damage Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite to a Drop-Weight Impact Event
    ASTM D 3529 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Constituent Content of Composite Prepreg
    ASTM D 6264/D6264M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Damage Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite to a Concentrated Quasi-Static Indentation Force
    ASTM D 8131/D8131M : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Tensile Properties of Tapered and Stepped Joints of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates
    ASTM D 8101/D8101M : 2018 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Penetration Resistance of Composite Materials to Impact by a Blunt Projectile
    ASTM C 364/C364M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Edgewise Compressive Strength of Sandwich Constructions
    ASTM D 5528 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Mode I Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Unidirectional Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites
    ASTM C 273/C273M : 2018 Standard Test Method for Shear Properties of Sandwich Core Materials
    ASTM C 613 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Constituent Content of Composite Prepreg by Soxhlet Extraction
    ASTM D 7205/D7205M : 2006 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Bars
    ASTM D 3039/D3039M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
    ASTM C 1793 : 2015 Standard Guide for Development of Specifications for Fiber Reinforced Silicon Carbide-Silicon Carbide Composite Structures for Nuclear Applications
    ASTM D 4255/D4255M : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Method for In-Plane Shear Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials by the Rail Shear Method
    ASTM D 7078/D7078M : 2012 Standard Test Method for Shear Properties of Composite Materials by V-Notched Rail Shear Method
    ASTM D 5450/D5450M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Transverse Tensile Properties of Hoop Wound Polymer Matrix Composite Cylinders
    ASTM D 7957/D7957M : 2017 Standard Specification for Solid Round Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Bars for Concrete Reinforcement
    ASTM D 5449/D5449M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Transverse Compressive Properties of Hoop Wound Polymer Matrix Composite Cylinders
    ASTM D 5467/D5467M : 1997 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Unidirectional Polymer Matrix Composite Materials Using a Sandwich Beam
    ASTM D 6671/D6671M : 2019 Standard Test Method for Mixed Mode I-Mode II Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Unidirectional Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites
    ASTM D 8033 : 2016 Standard Classification System for Poly(Ether Ether Ketone) (PEEK) Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 8066/D8066M : 2017 Standard Practice Unnotched Compression Testing of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates
    ASTM D 7137/D7137M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Compressive Residual Strength Properties of Damaged Polymer Matrix Composite Plates
    ASTM D 7766/D7766M : 2016 Standard Practice for Damage Resistance Testing of Sandwich Constructions
    ASTM D 7291/D7291M : 2015 Standard Test Method for Through-Thickness “Flatwise” Tensile Strength and Elastic Modulus of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Material
    ASTM D 6856/D6856M : 2003 : R2016 Standard Guide for Testing Fabric-Reinforced “Textile” Composite Materials
    ASTM D 6415/D6415M : 2006 : REV A : R2013 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Curved Beam Strength of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite
    ASTM D 6742/D6742M : 2017 Standard Practice for Filled-Hole Tension and Compression Testing of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates
    ASTM D 7332/D7332M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Fastener Pull-Through Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite
    ASTM D 5448/D5448M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Inplane Shear Properties of Hoop Wound Polymer Matrix Composite Cylinders
    ASTM D 7914/D7914M : 2014 Standard Test Method for Strength of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Bent Bars in Bend Locations
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