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  • ASTM D 4052 : 1996 : R2002 : EDT 1

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  11-11-2014

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  10-04-1996

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the density or relative density of petroleum distillates and viscous oils that can be handled in a normal fashion as liquids at test temperatures between 15 and 35°C. Its application is restricted to liquids with vapor pressures below 600 mm Hg (80 kPa) and viscosities below about 15000 cSt (mm 2/s) at the temperature of test.

    1.2 This test method should not be applied to samples so dark in color that the absence of air bubbles in the sample cell cannot be established with certainty. For the determination of density in crude oil samples use Test Method D 5002.

    1.3 The accepted units of measure for density are grams per millilitre or kilograms per cubic metre.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see 7.4, 7.5, and 9.1.

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    Committee D 02
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4615 : 2012 Standard Specification for n-Butyl Acetate (All Grades) (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 5580 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7806 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) Content of a Blend of Biodiesel and Petroleum-Based Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4837 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Specification for Propylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM E 2470 : 2009 : R2015 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Polyester Grade Ethylene Glycol
    ASTM D 7960 : 2018 Standard Specification for Unleaded Aviation Gasoline Test Fuel Containing Non-hydrocarbon Components
    ASTM D 891 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity, Apparent, of Liquid Industrial Chemicals
    ASTM D 7318 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Existent Inorganic Sulfate in Ethanol by Potentiometric Titration
    ASTM D 6823 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Specification for Commercial Boiler Fuels With Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7457 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determining Chloride in Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Chemicals by Microcoulometry (Withdrawn 2019)
    ASTM D 5917 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Trace Impurities in Monocyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Gas Chromatography and External Calibration
    ASTM D 6709 : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence VIII Spark-Ignition Engine (CLR Oil Test Engine)
    ASTM D 5966 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils for Roller Follower Wear in Light-Duty Diesel Engine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 3338/D3338M : 2009 : R2014 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels
    ASTM D 6074 : 2015 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
    ASTM D 7719 : 2018 Standard Specification for High Aromatic Content Unleaded Hydrocarbon Aviation Gasoline
    ASTM D 4652 : 2005 : R2012 Standard Specification for Silicone Fluid Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 3131 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Specification for Isopropyl Acetate (99 % Grade)
    ASTM E 1119 : 2009 : R2015 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Industrial Grade Ethylene Glycol
    ASTM D 8183 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Indicated Cetane Number (ICN) of Diesel Fuel Oils using a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber—Reference Fuels Calibration Method
    ASTM D 5194 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Trace Chloride in Liquid Aromatic Hydrocarbons
    ASTM D 1153 : 2012 Standard Specification for Methyl Isobutyl Ketone (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 4895 : 2018 Standard Specification for Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Resin Produced From Dispersion
    ASTM D 8150 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil by Distillation Followed by Detection Using Combustion Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 5769 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasolines by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7797 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Content of Aviation Turbine Fuel Using Flow Analysis by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy—Rapid Screening Method
    ASTM D 3735 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Specification for VM&P Naphthas (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 6923 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—Caterpillar 1R Test Procedure
    ASTM D 330 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Specification for 2-Butoxyethanol
    ASTM D 5845 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, Methanol, Ethanol and tert-Butanol in Gasoline by Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 7826 : 2019 Standard Guide for Evaluation of New Aviation Gasolines and New Aviation Gasoline Additives
    ASTM D 1969 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Specification for 2-Ethylhexanol (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 8074 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in DD13 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 2634 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Specification for Methyl Amyl Acetate (95 % Grade)
    ASTM D 976 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index of Distillate Fuels
    ASTM D 7156 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in the T-11 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 5964 : 2016 Standard Practice for Rubber IRM 901, IRM 902, and IRM 903 Replacement Oils for ASTM No. 1, ASTM No. 2, ASTM No. 3 Oils, and IRM 905 formerly ASTM No. 5 Oil
    ASTM D 7665 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Biodegradable Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 3238 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method
    ASTM D 3120 : 2008 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry
    ASTM D 4815 : 2015 : REV B Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1655 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels
    ASTM D 3540 : 2012 Standard Specification for Primary Amyl Acetate, Synthetic (98 % Grade) (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 2892 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)
    ASTM D 608 : 2005 : R2019 Standard Specification for Dibutyl Phthalate
    ASTM D 7371 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR-PLS Method)
    ASTM D 1405/D1405M : 2008 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels (Withdrawn 2019)
    ASTM D 7862 : 2019 Standard Specification for Butanol for Blending with Gasoline for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 4836 : 2009 : R2017 Standard Specification for Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether
    ASTM D 7666 : 2012 Standard Specification for Triglyceride Burner Fuel
    ASTM D 6550 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Olefin Content of Gasolines by Supercritical-Fluid Chromatography
    ASTM D 4857 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Ability of Lubricants to Minimize Ring Sticking and Piston Deposits in Two-Stroke-Cycle Gasoline Engines Other Than Outboards (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 5967 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 2635 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Specification for Methyl Isobutyl Carbinol (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 7319 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Existent and Potential Sulfate and Inorganic Chloride in Fuel Ethanol and Butanol by Direct Injection Suppressed Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 3734 : 2005 : R2018 Standard Specification for High-Flash Aromatic Naphthas
    ASTM D 8256 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in the Sequence VH Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions
    ASTM D 3128 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Specification for 2-Methoxyethanol
    ASTM D 1480 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 7861 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in Diesel Fuel by Linear Variable Filter (LVF) Array Based Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 1160 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Reduced Pressure
    ASTM D 5137 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Specification for Hexyl Acetate
    ASTM D 5222 : 2016 Standard Specification for High Fire-Point Mineral Electrical Insulating Oils
    ASTM D 4304 : 2017 Standard Specification for Mineral and Synthetic Lubricating Oil Used in Steam or Gas Turbines
    ASTM D 7589 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VID Spark Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 4814 : 2019 Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 329 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Specification for Acetone
    ASTM D 5164 : 2005 : R2019 Standard Specification for Propylene Glycol and Dipropylene Glycol
    ASTM D 1217 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 7422 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-12 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 7544 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Specification for Pyrolysis Liquid Biofuel
    ASTM D 6615 : 2015 : REV A Standard Specification for Jet B Wide-Cut Aviation Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 7347 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Olefin Content in Denatured Ethanol by Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
    ASTM D 6987/D6987M : 2013 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-10 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 8147 : 2017 Standard Specification for Special-Purpose Test Fuels for Aviation Compression-Ignition Engines
    ASTM D 5501 : 2012 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol and Methanol Content in Fuels Containing Greater than 20% Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7875 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Butanol and Acetone Content of Butanol for Blending with Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 8111 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IIIH, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 1492 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Coulometric Titration
    ASTM D 2140 : 2008 : R2017 Standard Practice for Calculating Carbon-Type Composition of Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin
    ASTM D 6710 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Hydrocarbon-Based Quench Oil
    ASTM D 2627 : 2008 : R2012 Standard Specification for Diacetone Alcohol (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 2694 : 2005 : R2019 Standard Specification for Diethylene Glycol,
    ASTM D 4054 : 2019 Standard Practice for Evaluation of New Aviation Turbine Fuels and Fuel Additives
    ASTM D 7328 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Existent and Potential Inorganic Sulfate and Total Inorganic Chloride in Fuel Ethanol by Ion Chromatography Using Aqueous Sample Injection
    ASTM D 1045 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Plasticizers Used in Plastics
    ASTM D 2916 : 2009 : R2017 Standard Specification for Isophorone
    ASTM D 2693 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Specification for Ethylene Glycol (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 7713 : 2018 Standard Specification for Aqueous Engine Coolant Grade Glycol (53 % by Volume Nominal)
    ASTM D 4806 : 2019 Standard Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 7566 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons
    ASTM D 483 : 2004 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Unsulfonated Residue of Petroleum Plant Spray Oils
    ASTM D 6224 : 2016 Standard Practice for In-Service Monitoring of Lubricating Oil for Auxiliary Power Plant Equipment
    ASTM D 117 : 2018 Standard Guide for Sampling, Test Methods, and Specifications for Electrical Insulating Liquids
    ASTM D 1475 : 2013 Standard Test Method For Density of Liquid Coatings, Inks, and Related Products
    ASTM D 2414 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Oil Absorption Number (OAN)
    ASTM E 1177 : 2014 Standard Specification for Engine Coolant Grade Glycol
    ASTM D 4868 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net and Gross Heat of Combustion of Hydrocarbon Burner and Diesel Fuels
    ASTM D 7640 : 2016 Standard Specification for Engine Coolant Grade Glycerin
    ASTM D 7044 : 2015 Standard Specification for Biodegradable Fire Resistant Hydraulic Fluids
    ASTM D 4529 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels
    ASTM D 7583 : 2016 Standard Test Method for John Deere Coolant Cavitation Test
    ASTM D 7041 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbons and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Blends by Gas Chromatography with Flame Photometric Detection
    ASTM D 7620 : 2010 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbon Based Fuels by Continuous Injection, Air Oxidation and Ultraviolet Fluorescence Detection
    ASTM D 7042 : 2016 : EDT 3 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 6448 : 2016 Standard Specification for Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7223 : 2017 Standard Specification for Aviation Certification Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 6756 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Red Dye Concentration and Estimation of the ASTM Color of Diesel Fuel and Heating Oil Using a Portable Visible Spectrophotometer
    ASTM D 4629 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 6681 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—Caterpillar 1P Test Procedure
    ASTM D 8048 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-13 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 3487 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Mineral Insulating Oil Used in Electrical Apparatus
    ASTM D 2501 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
    ASTM D 6894 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Aeration Resistance of Engine Oils in Direct-Injected Turbocharged Automotive Diesel Engine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 4737 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
    ASTM D 4171 : 2016 : REV A Standard Specification for Fuel System Icing Inhibitors
    ASTM D 7388 : 2018 Standard Specification for Engine Coolant Grade 1,3-Propanediol (PDO)
    ASTM D 7547 : 2018 : REV A Standard Specification for Hydrocarbon Unleaded Aviation Gasoline
    ASTM D 7961 : 2017 Standard Practice for Calibrating U-tube Density Cells over Large Ranges of Temperature and Pressure
    ASTM D 396 : 2019 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 8047 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oil Aeration Resistance in a Caterpillar C13 Direct-Injected Turbocharged Automotive Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 910 : 2017 : REV A Standard Specification for Leaded Aviation Gasolines
    ASTM D 1555M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Volume and Weight of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Cyclohexane [Metric]
    ASTM D 2636 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Specification for Hexylene Glycol (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 6304 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 5622 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Total Oxygen in Gasoline and Methanol Fuels by Reductive Pyrolysis
    ASTM D 7576 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Total Aromatics in Denatured Fuel Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1481 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
    ASTM D 1718 : 2009 : R2017 Standard Specification for Isobutyl Acetate (95 % Grade)
    ASTM D 6227 : 2018 Standard Specification for Unleaded Aviation Gasoline Containing a Non-hydrocarbon Component
    ASTM D 6560 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Asphaltenes (Heptane Insolubles) in Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 2917 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Specification for Methyl Isoamyl Ketone
    ASTM D 6618 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Diesel Four-Stroke Cycle Supercharged 1M-PC Single Cylinder Oil Test Engine
    ASTM D 3227 : 2016 Standard Test Method for (Thiol Mercaptan) Sulfur in Gasoline, Kerosine, Aviation Turbine, and Distillate Fuels (Potentiometric Method)
    ASTM D 5986 : 1996 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates, Benzene, Toluene, C8–C 12 Aromatics and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography/Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 7951 : 2018 Standard Specification for Disproportionation (TDP) Toluene
    ASTM D 2190 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Specification for Vinyl Acetate
    ASTM D 2225 : 2004 : R2012 Standard Test Methods for Silicone Fluids Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 5372 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 7863 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient of Liquids
    ASTM D7468 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Cummins ISM Test
    ASTM D 1555 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Volume and Weight of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Cyclohexane
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