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  • ASTM D 4057 : 2019

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  28-06-2022

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  26-08-2019

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This practice covers procedures and equipment for manually obtaining samples of liquid petroleum and petroleum products, crude oils, and intermediate products from the sample point into the primary container are described. Procedures are also included for the sampling of free water and other heavy components associated with petroleum and petroleum products.

    1.2This practice also addresses the sampling of semi-liquid or solid-state petroleum products. For the sampling of green petroleum coke, see Practice D8145. For the sampling of calcined petroleum coke, see Practice D6970.

    1.3This practice provides additional specific information about sample container selection, preparation, and sample handling.

    1.4This practice does not cover sampling of electrical insulating oils and hydraulic fluids. If sampling is for the precise determination of volatility, use Practice D5842 (API MPMS Chapter 8.4) in conjunction with this practice. For sample mixing and handling, refer to Practice D5854 (API MPMS Chapter 8.3).

    1.5The procedures described in this practice may also be applicable in sampling most non-corrosive liquid industrial chemicals provided that all safety precautions specific to these chemicals are followed. Also, refer to Practice E300. The procedures described in this practice are also applicable to sampling liquefied petroleum gases and chemicals. Also refer to Practices D1265 and D3700. The procedure for sampling bituminous materials is described in Practice D140. Practice D4306 provides guidance on sample containers and preparation for sampling aviation fuel.

    1.6Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. USC units are reflected in parentheses.

    1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.8This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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    Committee D 02
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 6615 : 2015 : REV A Standard Specification for Jet B Wide-Cut Aviation Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 613 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Cetane Number of Diesel Fuel Oil
    ASTM D 91 : 2002 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Precipitation Number of Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 2070 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Thermal Stability of Hydraulic Oils
    ASTM D 86 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
    ASTM D 7875 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Butanol and Acetone Content of Butanol for Blending with Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 5304 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Assessing Middle Distillate Fuel Storage Stability by Oxygen Overpressure
    ASTM D 6890 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ignition Delay and Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils by Combustion in a Constant Volume Chamber
    ASTM D 7418 : 2012 Standard Practice for Set-Up and Operation of Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometers for In-Service Oil Condition Monitoring
    ASTM D 5134 : 2013 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 808 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Chlorine in New and Used Petroleum Products (High Pressure Decomposition Device Method) (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 923 : 2015 Standard Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids
    ASTM D 8149 : 2017 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Ion Chromatographic Determination of Heteroatoms and Anions in Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7671 : 2010 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness to Silver by Automotive Spark–Ignition Engine Fuel–Silver Strip Method
    ASTM D 4293 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Phosphate Ester Based Fluids for Turbine Lubrication and Steam Turbine Electro-Hydraulic Control (EHC) Applications
    ASTM D 6892 : 2003 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Robotic Tilt Method)
    ASTM D 5773 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Constant Cooling Rate Method)
    ASTM D 1015 : 2005 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Freezing Points of High-Purity Hydrocarbons (Withdrawn 2019)
    ASTM D 5853 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Crude Oils
    ASTM D 4806 : 2019 Standard Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 483 : 2004 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Unsulfonated Residue of Petroleum Plant Spray Oils
    ASTM D 5187 : 2010 : R2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Crystallite Size (Lc) of Calcined Petroleum Coke by X-Ray Diffraction
    ASTM D 6732 : 2004 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Copper in Jet Fuels by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 8073 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water Separation Characteristics of Aviation Turbine Fuel by Small Scale Water Separation Instrument
    ASTM D 7260 : 2019 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7455 : 2019 Standard Practice for Sample Preparation of Petroleum and Lubricant Products for Elemental Analysis
    ASTM D 7923 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Water in Ethanol and Hydrocarbon Blends by Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 4860 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Free Water and Particulate Contamination in Middle Distillate Fuels (Clear and Bright Numerical Rating)
    ASTM D 6468 : 2008 : R2019 Standard Test Method for High Temperature Stability of Middle Distillate Fuels
    ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 5184 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Aluminum and Silicon in Fuel Oils by Ashing, Fusion, Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry, and Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1401 : 2018 : REV B Standard Test Method for Water Separability of Petroleum Oils and Synthetic Fluids
    ASTM D 7041 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbons and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Blends by Gas Chromatography with Flame Photometric Detection
    ASTM D 3228 : 2008 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Total Nitrogen in Lubricating Oils and Fuel Oils by Modified Kjeldahl Method
    ASTM D 6448 : 2016 Standard Specification for Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7223 : 2017 Standard Specification for Aviation Certification Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 7343 : 2018 Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6377 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure of Crude Oil: VPCRx (Expansion Method)
    ASTM D 5004 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Real Density of Calcined Petroleum Coke by Xylene Displacement
    ASTM D 7464 : 2014 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Liquid Fuels, Associated Materials and Fuel System Components for Microbiological Testing
    ASTM D 4930 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Dust Control Material on Calcined Petroleum Coke
    ASTM D 6898 : 2003 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Diesel Fuel Lubricity by an Injection Pump Rig (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 6379 : 2011 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Types in Aviation Fuels and Petroleum Distillates—High Performance Liquid Chromatography Method with Refractive Index Detection
    ASTM D 4176 : 2004 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Free Water and Particulate Contamination in Distillate Fuels (Visual Inspection Procedures)
    ASTM D 1552 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by High Temperature Combustion and Infrared (IR) Detection or Thermal Conductivity Detection (TCD)
    ASTM D 7619 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Sizing and Counting Particles in Light and Middle Distillate Fuels, by Automatic Particle Counter
    ASTM D 6201 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Dynamometer Evaluation of Unleaded Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel for Intake Valve Deposit Formation
    ASTM D 8127 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Coupled Particulate and Elemental Analysis using X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) for In-Service Lubricants
    ASTM D 8236 : 2018 Standard Practice for Preparing an Equilibrium Liquid/Vapor Sample of Live Crude Oil, Condensates, or Liquid Petroleum Products Using a Manual Piston Cylinder for Subsequent Liquid Analysis or Gas Analysis
    ASTM D 7154 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Freezing Point of Aviation Fuels (Automatic Fiber Optical Method)
    ASTM D 7419 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Aromatics and Total Saturates in Lube Basestocks by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with Refractive Index Detection
    ASTM D 8056 : 2018 Standard Guide for Elemental Analysis of Crude Oil
    ASTM D 910 : 2017 : REV A Standard Specification for Leaded Aviation Gasolines
    ASTM D 94 : 2007 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Saponification Number of Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 3427 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Air Release Properties of Hydrocarbon Based Oils
    ASTM D 6304 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 5622 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Total Oxygen in Gasoline and Methanol Fuels by Reductive Pyrolysis
    ASTM D 4052 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 7279 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 7576 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Total Aromatics in Denatured Fuel Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6822 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Thermohydrometer Method
    ASTM D 7303 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Metals in Lubricating Greases by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1093 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Acidity of Hydrocarbon Liquids and Their Distillation Residues
    ASTM D 4310 : 2010 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Sludging and Corrosion Tendencies of Inhibited Mineral Oils
    ASTM D 7236 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester (Ramp Method)
    ASTM D 5482 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method—Atmospheric)
    ASTM D 130 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test
    ASTM D 3227 : 2016 Standard Test Method for (Thiol Mercaptan) Sulfur in Gasoline, Kerosine, Aviation Turbine, and Distillate Fuels (Potentiometric Method)
    ASTM D 6824 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Filterability of Aviation Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 6560 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Asphaltenes (Heptane Insolubles) in Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7547 : 2018 : REV A Standard Specification for Hydrocarbon Unleaded Aviation Gasoline