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  • ASTM D 445 : 2019

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  18-02-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-06-2019

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This test method specifies a procedure for the determination of the kinematic viscosity, ν, of liquid petroleum products, both transparent and opaque, by measuring the time for a volume of liquid to flow under gravity through a calibrated glass capillary viscometer.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method specifies a procedure for the determination of the kinematic viscosity, ν, of liquid petroleum products, both transparent and opaque, by measuring the time for a volume of liquid to flow under gravity through a calibrated glass capillary viscometer. The dynamic viscosity, η, can be obtained by multiplying the kinematic viscosity, ν, by the density, ρ, of the liquid.

    Note 1:For the measurement of the kinematic viscosity and viscosity of bitumens, see also Test Methods D2170 and D2171.

    Note 2:ISO 3104 corresponds to Test Method D445 – 03.

    1.2The result obtained from this test method is dependent upon the behavior of the sample and is intended for application to liquids for which primarily the shear stress and shear rates are proportional (Newtonian flow behavior). If, however, the viscosity varies significantly with the rate of shear, different results may be obtained from viscometers of different capillary diameters. The procedure and precision values for residual fuel oils, which under some conditions exhibit non-Newtonian behavior, have been included.

    1.3The range of kinematic viscosities covered by this test method is from 0.2 mm2/s to 300 000 mm2/s (see Table A1.1) at all temperatures (see 6.3 and 6.4). The precision has only been determined for those materials, kinematic viscosity ranges and temperatures as shown in the footnotes to the precision section.

    1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The SI unit used in this test method for kinematic viscosity is mm2/s, and the SI unit used in this test method for dynamic viscosity is mPa·s. For user reference, 1 mm2/s = 10-6 m2/s = 1 cSt and 1 mPa·s = 1 cP = 0.001 Pa·s.

    1.5WARNING—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous material that can cause central nervous system, kidney, and liver damage. Mercury, or its vapor, may be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for details and EPA’s website—http://www.epa.gov/mercury/faq.htm—for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury and/or mercury-containing products into your state or country may be prohibited by law.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 6300 : 2013 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM E 2877 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Digital Contact Thermometers
    ASTM D 6071 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Low Level Sodium in High Purity Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6299 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM E 1750 : 1995 Standard Guide for Use of Water Triple Point Cells
    ASTM D 6708 : 2018 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6708 : 2015 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6708 : 2013 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6074 : 2015 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
    ASTM D 6074 : 1999 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV B Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 1217 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6300 : 2017 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2009 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 1481 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
    ASTM D 1481 : 1991 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6708 : 2007 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 1217 : 1993 : R1998 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM E 2593 : 2011 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Accuracy Verification of Industrial Platinum Resistance Thermometers
    ASTM D 6300 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2013 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM E 1750 : 2009 Standard Guide for Use of Water Triple Point Cells
    ASTM D 6708 : 2016 : REV B Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 1481 : 1993 : R1997 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
    ASTM D 1193 : 1977 : R1983 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 1480 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 2162 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Basic Calibration of Master Viscometers and Viscosity Oil Standards
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6300 : 2016 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6708 : 2006 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 7962 : 2015 Standard Practice for Determination of Minimum Immersion Depth and Assessment of Temperature Sensor Measurement Drift
    ASTM D 2162 : 2017 Standard Practice for Basic Calibration of Master Viscometers and Viscosity Oil Standards
    ASTM D 6300 : 2004 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6617 : 2013 Standard Practice for Laboratory Bias Detection Using Single Test Result from Standard Material
    ASTM D 6617 : 2005 Standard Practice for Laboratory Bias Detection Using Single Test Result from Standard Material
    ASTM D 2170 : 2001 : REV A : R2006 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Asphalts (Bitumens)
    ASTM E 1750 : 2002 Standard Guide for Use of Water Triple Point Cells
    ASTM D 2170 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Asphalts (Bitumens)
    ASTM E 2593 : 2012 Standard Guide for Accuracy Verification of Industrial Platinum Resistance Thermometers
    ASTM D 6300 : 2019 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM E 2593 : 2007 Standard Guide for Accuracy Verification of Industrial Platinum Resistance Thermometers
    ASTM E 2593 : 2017 Standard Guide for Accuracy Verification of Industrial Platinum Resistance Thermometers
    ASTM D 1480 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6708 : 2004 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of the Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 7962 : 2016 Standard Practice for Determination of Minimum Immersion Depth and Assessment of Temperature Sensor Measurement Drift
    ASTM D 6071 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Low Level Sodium in High Purity Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6300 : 2019 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6708 : 2019 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6708 : 2016 : REV A Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6708 : 2008 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6299 : 2000 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2016 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 2170 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Asphalts (Bitumens)
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 1217 : 1993 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 1481 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
    ASTM D 2162 : 1999 : R2004 Standard Test Method for Basic Calibration of Master Viscometers and Viscosity Oil Standards
    ASTM D 6071 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Low Level Sodium in High Purity Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
    ASTM E 2593 : 2011 Standard Guide for Accuracy Verification of Industrial Platinum Resistance Thermometers
    ASTM D 6299 : 2000 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 2170 : 2001 : REV A Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Asphalts (Bitumens)
    ASTM D 6300 : 2006 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7962 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Minimum Immersion Depth and Assessment of Temperature Sensor Measurement Drift
    ASTM E 2877 : 2012 : R2019 Standard Guide for Digital Contact Thermometers
    ASTM D 6617 : 2008 Standard Practice for Laboratory Bias Detection Using Single Test Result from Standard Material
    ASTM D 1480 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 1480 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 1480 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 2162 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Basic Calibration of Master Viscometers and Viscosity Oil Standards
    ASTM D 6708 : 2001 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of the Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6300 : 2015 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 2162 : 2006 Standard Practice for Basic Calibration of Master Viscometers and Viscosity Oil Standards
    ASTM D 6300 : 1999 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 1193 : 1991 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 6708 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of the Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6299 : 2008 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6708 : 2005 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of the Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6708 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6300 : 2013 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6708 : 2016 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 2162 : 2013 Standard Practice for Basic Calibration of Master Viscometers and Viscosity Oil Standards
    ASTM D 6071 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Low Level Sodium in High Purity Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
    ASTM E 2877 : 2012 Standard Guide for Standard Guide for Digital Contact Thermometers
    ASTM D 6300 : 2008 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6300 : 2003 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 2162 : 2014 Standard Practice for Basic Calibration of Master Viscometers and Viscosity Oil Standards
    ASTM D 2171 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Viscosity of Asphalts by Vacuum Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM D 1217 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6300 : 2007 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 2171 : 1994 Standard Test Method for Viscosity of Asphalts by Vacuum Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM D 1481 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6300 : 2002 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6708 : 2019 : REV A Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 1193 : 1970 Standard Specification For Reagent Water
    ASTM D 2171 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Viscosity of Asphalts by Vacuum Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 6300 : 2016 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6074 : 2008 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
    ASTM D 1193 : 1999 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 2171 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Viscosity of Asphalts by Vacuum Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM D 1481 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6299 : 2007 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM E 2593 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Accuracy Verification of Industrial Platinum Resistance Thermometers
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 : R2018 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 1480 : 1993 : R1997 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 6300 : 2014 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 1217 : 1993 : R2003 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 2170 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Asphalts (Bitumens)
    ASTM E 1750 : 2010 Standard Guide for Use of Water Triple Point Cells
    ASTM D 7962 : 2017 Standard Practice for Determination of Minimum Immersion Depth and Assessment of Temperature Sensor Measurement Drift
    ASTM E 1750 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Guide for Use of Water Triple Point Cells
    ASTM D 6617 : 2000 Standard Practice for Laboratory Bias Detection Using Single Test Result from Standard Material
    ASTM D 6299 : 2002 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6617 : 2017 Standard Practice for Laboratory Bias Detection Using Single Test Result from Standard Material
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