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  • ASTM D 445 : 2019 : REV A

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  10-05-2023

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  27-01-2020

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This test method specifies a procedure for the determination of the kinematic viscosity, ν, of liquid petroleum products, both transparent and opaque, by measuring the time for a volume of liquid to flow under gravity through a calibrated glass capillary viscometer. The dynamic viscosity, η, can be obtained by multiplying the kinematic viscosity, ν, by the density, ρ, of the liquid.

    Note 1:For the measurement of the kinematic viscosity and viscosity of bitumens, see also Test Methods D2170 and D2171.

    Note 2:ISO 3104 corresponds to Test Method D445 – 03.

    1.2The result obtained from this test method is dependent upon the behavior of the sample and is intended for application to liquids for which primarily the shear stress and shear rates are proportional (Newtonian flow behavior). If, however, the viscosity varies significantly with the rate of shear, different results may be obtained from viscometers of different capillary diameters. The procedure and precision values for residual fuel oils, which under some conditions exhibit non-Newtonian behavior, have been included.

    1.3The range of kinematic viscosities covered by this test method is from 0.2 mm2/s to 300 000 mm2/s (see Table A1.1) at all temperatures (see 6.3 and 6.4). The precision has only been determined for those materials, kinematic viscosity ranges and temperatures as shown in the footnotes to the precision section.

    1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The SI unit used in this test method for kinematic viscosity is mm2/s, and the SI unit used in this test method for dynamic viscosity is mPa·s. For user reference, 1 mm2/s = 10-6 m2/s = 1 cSt and 1 mPa·s = 1 cP = 0.001 Pa·s.

    1.5WARNING—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use Caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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    Committee D 02
    Document Type Test Method
    Product Note THIS STANDARD ALSO REFERES TO ISO 17025, NIST Technical Note 1297, NIST GMP 11, NIST SP 811, NIST SP 1088
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 8291 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Performance of Automotive Engine Oils in the Mitigation of Low-Speed, Preignition in the Sequence IX Gasoline Turbocharged Direct-Injection, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 6074 : 2015 : R2022 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
    ASTM D 4142 : 1989 : R2022 Standard Guide for Testing Epoxy Resins
    ASTM D 7468 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Cummins ISM Test
    ASTM D 7484 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Valve-Train Wear Performance in Cummins ISB Medium-Duty Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 6984 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IIIF, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 6823 : 2008 : R2021 Standard Specification for Commercial Boiler Fuels With Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 6710 : 2021 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Hydrocarbon-Based Quench Oil
    ASTM D 8114 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VIE Spark Ignition
    ASTM D 4054 : 2022 Standard Practice for Evaluation of New Aviation Turbine Fuels and Fuel Additives
    ASTM D 8240 : 2022 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Less-Flammable Synthetic Ester Liquids Used in Electrical Apparatus
    ASTM D 1655 : 2022 : REV A Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels
    ASTM D 1795 : 2013 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Intrinsic Viscosity of Cellulose
    ASTM D 8111 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IIIH, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 8180 : 2023 Standard Specification for Rerefined Mineral Insulating Liquid Used in Electrical Apparatus
    ASTM D 2170/D2170M : 2022 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Asphalts
    ASTM D 7589 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VID Spark Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 6593 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in a Spark-Ignition Internal Combustion Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions
    ASTM D 1763 : 2000 : R2021 Standard Specification for Epoxy Resins
    ASTM D 7665 : 2022 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Biodegradable Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 1243 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
    ASTM D 7528 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Bench Oxidation of Engine Oils by ROBO Apparatus
    ASTM D 117 : 2022 Standard Guide for Sampling, Test Methods, and Specifications for Electrical Insulating Liquids
    ASTM D 7720 : 2021 Standard Guide for Statistically Evaluating Measurand Alarm Limits when Using Oil Analysis to Monitor Equipment and Oil for Fitness and Contamination
    ASTM D 7109 : 2022 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Shear Stability of Polymer-Containing Fluids Using a European Diesel Injector Apparatus at 30 Cycles and 90 Cycles
    ASTM D 2226 : 1993 : R2022 Standard Classification for Various Types of Petroleum Oils for Rubber Compounding Use
    ASTM D 5704 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Thermal and Oxidative Stability of Lubricating Oils Used for Manual Transmissions and Final Drive Axles
    ASTM D 8046 : 2021 Standard Guide for Pumpability of Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 2857 : 2022 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 4293 : 2022 Standard Specification for Phosphate Ester-Based Fluids for Turbine Lubrication and Steam Turbine Electro-Hydraulic Control (EHC) Applications
    ASTM D 8074 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in DD13 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 2414 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Oil Absorption Number (OAN)
    ASTM D 6448 : 2016 : R2022 Standard Specification for Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 2532 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Viscosity and Viscosity Change After Standing at Low Temperature of Aircraft Turbine Lubricants
    ASTM D 5900 : 2023 Standard Specification for Physical and Chemical Properties of Industry Reference Materials (IRM)
    ASTM D 7412 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Condition Monitoring of Phosphate Antiwear Additives in In-Service Petroleum and Hydrocarbon Based Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7223 : 2021 Standard Specification for Aviation Certification Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 6224 : 2022 Standard Practice for In-Service Monitoring of Lubricating Oil for Auxiliary Power Plant Equipment
    ASTM D 4057 : 2022 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4378 : 2022 Standard Practice for In-Service Monitoring of Mineral Turbine Oils for Steam, Gas, and Combined Cycle Turbines
    ASTM D 5966 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils for Roller Follower Wear in Light-Duty Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 7624 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Condition Monitoring of Nitration in In-Service Petroleum and Hydrocarbon-Based Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM E 3282 : 2022 Standard Guide for NAPL Mobility and Migration in Sediments – Evaluation Metrics
    ASTM D 7945 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Dynamic Viscosity and Derived Kinematic Viscosity of Liquids by Constant Pressure Viscometer
    ASTM D 8226 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VIF Spark Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 7415 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Condition Monitoring of Sulfate By-Products in In-Service Petroleum and Hydrocarbon Based Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6750 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High-Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—1K Procedure (0.4 % Fuel Sulfur) and 1N Procedure (0.04 % Fuel Sulfur)
    ASTM D 5222 : 2023 Standard Specification for Less Flammable High Molecular Weight Hydrocarbon Mineral Electrical Insulating Liquids
    ASTM D 8092 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Kinematic Viscosity Using a Microchannel Viscometer
    ASTM D 8048 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-13 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 471 : 2016 : REV A : R2021 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Effect of Liquids
    ASTM D 8350 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IVB Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 333 : 2001 : R2021 Standard Guide for Clear and Pigmented Lacquers
    ASTM D 5964 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Practice for Rubber IRM 901, IRM 902, and IRM 903 Replacement Oils for ASTM No. 1, ASTM No. 2, ASTM No. 3 Oils, and IRM 905 formerly ASTM No. 5 Oil
    ASTM D 4283 : 1998 : R2022 Standard Test Method for Viscosity of Silicone Fluids
    ASTM D 892 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7596 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Automatic Particle Counting and Particle Shape Classification of Oils Using a Direct Imaging Integrated Tester
    ASTM D 3591 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determining Logarithmic Viscosity Number of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) in Formulated Compounds
    ASTM D 7566 : 2022 : REV A Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons
    ASTM D 6891 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IVA Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 8047 : 2023 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oil Aeration Resistance in a Caterpillar C13 Direct-Injected Turbocharged Automotive Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 5967 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4924 : 2021 Standard Classification for Petroleum Waxes for Use in Rubber Compounding
    ASTM D 7863 : 2022 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient of Liquids
    ASTM D 5763 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Oxidation and Thermal Stability Characteristics of Gear Oils Using Universal Glassware
    ASTM D 7320 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IIIG, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 975 : 2022 : REV A Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel
    ASTM D 7042 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 8256 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in the Sequence VH Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions
    ASTM D 8128 : 2022 Standard Guide for Monitoring Failure Mode Progression in Industrial Applications with Rolling Element Ball Type Bearings
    ASTM E 709 : 2021 Standard Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing
    ASTM D 7422 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-12 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4871 : 2011 : R2022 Standard Guide for Universal Oxidation/Thermal Stability Test Apparatus
    ASTM D 7826 : 2022 Standard Guide for Evaluation of New Aviation Gasolines and New Aviation Gasoline Additives
    ASTM D 7844 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Condition Monitoring of Soot in In-Service Lubricants by Trend Analysis using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6709 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence VIII Spark-Ignition Engine (CLR Oil Test Engine)
    ASTM D 8279 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Timing-Chain Wear in a Turbocharged, Direct-Injection, Spark-Ignition, Four-Cylinder Engine
    ASTM D 4304 : 2022 Standard Specification for Mineral and Synthetic Lubricating Oil Used in Steam or Gas Turbines
    ASTM D 7414 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Condition Monitoring of Oxidation in In-Service Petroleum and Hydrocarbon Based Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4052 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 7152 : 2011 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Calculating Viscosity of a Blend of Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 341 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Viscosity-Temperature Equations and Charts for Liquid Petroleum or Hydrocarbon Products
    ASTM D 2162 : 2021 Standard Practice for Basic Calibration of Master Viscometers and Viscosity Oil Standards
    ASTM D 7109 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Shear Stability of Polymer-Containing Fluids Using a European Diesel Injector Apparatus at 30 Cycles and 90 Cycles
    ASTM D 7720 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Guide for Statistically Evaluating Measurand Alarm Limits when Using Oil Analysis to Monitor Equipment and Oil for Fitness and Contamination
    ASTM D 5966 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils for Roller Follower Wear in Light-Duty Diesel Engine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 6823 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Specification for Commercial Boiler Fuels With Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 396 : 2021 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 6709 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence VIII Spark-Ignition Engine (CLR Oil Test Engine)
    ASTM D 7863 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient of Liquids
    ASTM D 5763 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Oxidation and Thermal Stability Characteristics of Gear Oils Using Universal Glassware
    ASTM D 4040 : 2010 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Rheological Properties of Paste Printing and Vehicles by the Falling-Rod Viscometer
    ASTM E 709 : 2015 Standard Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing
    ASTM D 6618 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Diesel Four-Stroke Cycle Supercharged 1M-PC Single Cylinder Oil Test Engine
    ASTM D 7583 : 2016 Standard Test Method for John Deere Coolant Cavitation Test
    ASTM D 2880 : 2020 Standard Specification for Gas Turbine Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 5900 : 2020 Standard Specification for Physical and Chemical Properties of Industry Reference Materials (IRM)
    ASTM D 6871 : 2017 Standard Specification for Natural (Vegetable Oil) Ester Fluids Used in Electrical Apparatus
    ASTM D 892 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 2270 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Practice for Calculating Viscosity Index from Kinematic Viscosity at 40 °C and 100 °C
    ASTM D 4731 : 2013 : R2020 Standard Specification for Hot-Application Filling Compounds for Telecommunications Wire and Cable
    ASTM D 2225 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Silicone Liquids Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 2669 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Petroleum Waxes Compounded with Additives (Hot Melts)
    ASTM D 5967 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM F 2161 : 2021 Standard Guide for Instrument and Precision Bearing Lubricants—Part 1 Oils
    ASTM D 4924 : 1989 : R2017 Standard Classification for Petroleum Waxes for Use in Rubber Compounding
    ASTM D 2170/D2170M : 2018 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Asphalts
    ASTM D 7844 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Condition Monitoring of Soot in In-Service Lubricants by Trend Analysis using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 128 : 1998 : R2019 Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Lubricating Grease
    ASTM D 7549 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Heavy-Duty Engine Oils under High Output Conditions—Caterpillar C13 Test Procedure
    ASTM D 6681 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—Caterpillar 1P Test Procedure
    ASTM F 2084/F2084M : 2001 : R2018 Standard Guide for Collecting Containment Boom Performance Data in Controlled Environments
    ASTM D 7416 : 2009 : R2020 Standard Practice for Analysis of In-Service Lubricants Using a Particular Five-Part (Dielectric Permittivity, Time-Resolved Dielectric Permittivity with Switching Magnetic Fields, Laser Particle Counter, Microscopic Debris Analysis, and Orbital Viscometer) Integrated Tester
    ASTM D 6158 : 2018 Standard Specification for Mineral Hydraulic Oils
    ASTM D 975 : 2020 : REV C Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel
    ASTM D 8278 : 2020 Standard Specification for Digital Contact Thermometers for Test Methods Measuring Flow Properties of Fuels and Lubricants
    ASTM D 2226 : 1993 : R2018 Standard Classification for Various Types of Petroleum Oils for Rubber Compounding Use
    ASTM D 7544 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Specification for Pyrolysis Liquid Biofuel
    ASTM D 8279 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Timing-Chain Wear in a Turbocharged, Direct-Injection, Spark-Ignition, Four-Cylinder Engine
    ASTM D 4858 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Tendency of Lubricants to Promote Preignition in Two-Stroke-Cycle Gasoline Engines (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 7412 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Condition Monitoring of Phosphate Antiwear Additives in In-Service Petroleum and Hydrocarbon Based Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6984 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IIIF, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 1763 : 2000 : R2013 Standard Specification for Epoxy Resins
    ASTM D 6710 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Hydrocarbon-Based Quench Oil
    ASTM D 4293 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Phosphate Ester Based Fluids for Turbine Lubrication and Steam Turbine Electro-Hydraulic Control (EHC) Applications
    ASTM D 7826 : 2020 : REV A Standard Guide for Evaluation of New Aviation Gasolines and New Aviation Gasoline Additives
    ASTM D 4378 : 2020 Standard Practice for In-Service Monitoring of Mineral Turbine Oils for Steam, Gas, and Combined Cycle Turbines
    ASTM D 7155 : 2020 Standard Practice for Evaluating Compatibility of Mixtures of Turbine Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7589 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VID Spark Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 3236 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Hot Melt Adhesives and Coating Materials
    ASTM D 7624 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Condition Monitoring of Nitration in In-Service Petroleum and Hydrocarbon-Based Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6987/D6987M : 2013 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-10 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 8048 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-13 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 8046 : 2016 : REV A Standard Guide for Pumpability of Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 6448 : 2016 Standard Specification for Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7223 : 2017 Standard Specification for Aviation Certification Turbine Fuel
    ASTM F 631 : 2015 : R2020 Standard Guide for Collecting Skimmer Performance Data in Controlled Environments
    ASTM D 3487 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Mineral Insulating Oil Used in Electrical Apparatus
    ASTM D 2501 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
    ASTM D 8164 : 2021 Standard Guide for Digital Contact Thermometers for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricant Testing
    ASTM D 3699 : 2019 Standard Specification for Kerosine
    ASTM D 4636 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness and Oxidation Stability of Hydraulic Oils, Aircraft Turbine Engine Lubricants, and Other Highly Refined Oils
    ASTM D 7666 : 2012 : R2019 Standard Specification for Triglyceride Burner Fuel
    ASTM D 3607 : 2008 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Removing Volatile Contaminants from Used Engine Oils by Stripping (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 5621 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Sonic Shear Stability of Hydraulic Fluids
    ASTM D 2893 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Oxidation Characteristics of Extreme-Pressure Lubrication Oils
    ASTM D 446 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Specifications and Operating Instructions for Glass Capillary Kinematic Viscometers
    ASTM D 6923 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—Caterpillar 1R Test Procedure
    ASTM D 7156 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in the T-11 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 8128 : 2017 Standard Guide for Monitoring Failure Mode Progression in Industrial Applications with Rolling Element Ball Type Bearings
    ASTM D 4603 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Inherent Viscosity of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) by Glass Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM D 7320 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IIIG, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 2161 : 2020 Standard Practice for Conversion of Kinematic Viscosity to Saybolt Universal Viscosity or to Saybolt Furol Viscosity
    ASTM D 5964 : 2016 Standard Practice for Rubber IRM 901, IRM 902, and IRM 903 Replacement Oils for ASTM No. 1, ASTM No. 2, ASTM No. 3 Oils, and IRM 905 formerly ASTM No. 5 Oil
    ASTM D 5372 : 2020 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 8181 : 2019 Standard Specification for Microemulsion Blendstock for Preparing Microemulsion Test Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 1655 : 2021 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels
    ASTM D 2603 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Sonic Shear Stability of Polymer-Containing Oils
    ASTM D 7417 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Analysis of In-Service Lubricants Using Particular Four-Part Integrated Tester (Atomic Emission Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy, Viscosity, and Laser Particle Counter)
    ASTM D 4052 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 4871 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Guide for Universal Oxidation/Thermal Stability Test Apparatus
    ASTM D 5363 : 2016 Standard Specification for Anaerobic Single-Component Adhesives (AN)
    ASTM D 7578 : 2020 Standard Guide for Calibration Requirements for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7973 : 2019 Standard Guide for Monitoring Failure Mode Progression in Plain Bearings
    ASTM D 6891 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IVA Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 6278 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Shear Stability of Polymer Containing Fluids Using a European Diesel Injector Apparatus
    ASTM D 7415 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Condition Monitoring of Sulfate By-Products in In-Service Petroleum and Hydrocarbon Based Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7887 : 2020 Standard Guide for Selection of Substitute, Non-hazardous, Liquid Filling Substances for Packagings Subjected to the United Nations Performance Tests
    ASTM D 7467 : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oil, Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20)
    ASTM D 8029 : 2018 Standard Specification for Biodegradable, Low Aquatic Toxicity Hydraulic Fluids
    ASTM E 2412 : 2010 : R2018 Standard Practice for Condition Monitoring of In-Service Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7945 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dynamic Viscosity and Derived Kinematic Viscosity of Liquids by Constant Pressure Viscometer
    ASTM D 4243 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Average Viscometric Degree of Polymerization of New and Aged Electrical Papers and Boards
    ASTM D 2532 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Viscosity and Viscosity Change After Standing at Low Temperature of Aircraft Turbine Lubricants
    ASTM D 6080 : 2018 : REV A Standard Practice for Defining the Viscosity Characteristics of Hydraulic Fluids
    ASTM D 471 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Effect of Liquids
    ASTM D 7665 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Biodegradable Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 6751 : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels
    ASTM D 5704 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Thermal and Oxidative Stability of Lubricating Oils Used for Manual Transmissions and Final Drive Axles
    ASTM D 7483 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dynamic Viscosity and Derived Kinematic Viscosity of Liquids by Oscillating Piston Viscometer
    ASTM D 8185 : 2018 Standard Guide for In-Service Lubricant Viscosity Measurement
    ASTM D 5282 : 2005 : R2020 Standard Test Methods for Compatibility of Construction Material with Silicone Fluid Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 5222 : 2016 Standard Specification for High Fire-Point Mineral Electrical Insulating Oils
    ASTM D 4283 : 1998 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Viscosity of Silicone Fluids
    ASTM D 117 : 2018 Standard Guide for Sampling, Test Methods, and Specifications for Electrical Insulating Liquids
    ASTM D 1569 : 2005 : R2014 Standard Test Methods for Detergent Alkylate (Withdrawn 2023)
    ASTM D 7596 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Automatic Particle Counting and Particle Shape Classification of Oils Using a Direct Imaging Integrated Tester
    ASTM D 6439 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Guide for Cleaning, Flushing, and Purification of Steam, Gas, and Hydroelectric Turbine Lubrication Systems
    ASTM D 8074 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in DD13 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 1795 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Intrinsic Viscosity of Cellulose
    ASTM D 6894 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Aeration Resistance of Engine Oils in Direct-Injected Turbocharged Automotive Diesel Engine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 5275 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Fuel Injector Shear Stability Test (FISST) for Polymer Containing Fluids
    ASTM D 4863 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Lubricity of Two-Stroke-Cycle Gasoline Engine Lubricants (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 8350 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IVB Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 8147 : 2017 Standard Specification for Special-Purpose Test Fuels for Aviation Compression-Ignition Engines
    ASTM D 7484 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Valve-Train Wear Performance in Cummins ISB Medium-Duty Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 8256 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in the Sequence VH Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions
    ASTM D 8114 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VIE Spark Ignition
    ASTM D 8324 : 2021 Standard Guide for Selection of Environmentally Acceptable Lubricants for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Vessel General Permit
    ASTM D 4652 : 2020 Standard Specification for Silicone Liquid Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 8226 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VIF Spark Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 2502 : 2014 : R2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Mean Relative Molecular Mass of Petroleum Oils from Viscosity Measurements
    ASTM D 7279 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 6750 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High-Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—1K Procedure (0.4 % Fuel Sulfur) and 1N Procedure (0.04 % Fuel Sulfur)
    ASTM D 2140 : 2008 : R2017 Standard Practice for Calculating Carbon-Type Composition of Insulating Oils of Petroleum Origin
    ASTM F 3208 : 2020 Standard Guide for Selecting Test Soils for Validation of Cleaning Methods for Reusable Medical Devices
    ASTM D 3591 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determining Logarithmic Viscosity Number of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) in Formulated Compounds
    ASTM D 2414 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Oil Absorption Number (OAN)
    ASTM D 7752 : 2018 Standard Practice for Evaluating Compatibility of Mixtures of Hydraulic Fluids
    ASTM D 8111 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IIIH, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 8274 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil by Portable Rapid Mid-Infrared Analyzer
    ASTM D 4878 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Polyurethane Raw Materials: Determination of Viscosity of Polyols
    ASTM D 7414 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Condition Monitoring of Oxidation in In-Service Petroleum and Hydrocarbon Based Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 333 : 2001 : R2013 Standard Guide for Clear and Pigmented Lacquers
    ASTM D 2857 : 2016 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 8092 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Kinematic Viscosity Using a Microchannel Viscometer
    ASTM D 6224 : 2016 Standard Practice for In-Service Monitoring of Lubricating Oil for Auxiliary Power Plant Equipment
    ASTM D 6837 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VIB Spark Ignition Engine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 1243 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride Polymers
    ASTM D 1601 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Ethylene Polymers
    ASTM D 1934 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Oxidative Aging of Electrical Insulating Liquids by Open-Beaker Method
    ASTM D 7566 : 2020 : REV C Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons
    ASTM D 7422 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-12 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 8291 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Performance of Automotive Engine Oils in the Mitigation of Low-Speed, Preignition in the Sequence IX Gasoline Turbocharged Direct-Injection, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 6469 : 2020 Standard Guide for Microbial Contamination in Fuels and Fuel Systems
    ASTM D 4054 : 2020 : REV C Standard Practice for Evaluation of New Aviation Turbine Fuels and Fuel Additives
    ASTM D 7042 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
    ASTM F 715 : 2007 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics Used for Oil Spill Control and Storage
    ASTM D 4174 : 2017 Standard Practice for Cleaning, Flushing, and Purification of Petroleum Fluid Hydraulic Systems
    ASTM D 6666 : 2020 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Aqueous Polymer Quenchants
    ASTM D 6514 : 2003 : R2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for High Temperature Universal Oxidation Test for Turbine Oils
    ASTM D 7468 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Cummins ISM Test
    ASTM D 4732 : 2013 : R2020 Standard Specification for Cool-Application Filling Compounds for Telecommunications Wire and Cable
    ASTM D 4682 : 2018 Standard Specification for Miscibility with Gasoline and Fluidity of Two-Stroke-Cycle Gasoline Engine Lubricants
    ASTM D 4142 : 1989 : R2017 Standard Guide for Testing Epoxy Resins
    ASTM D 4889 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Polyurethane Raw Materials: Determination of Viscosity of Crude or Modified Isocyanates
    ASTM D 4486 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Volatile and Reactive Liquids
    ASTM D 7528 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Bench Oxidation of Engine Oils by ROBO Apparatus
    ASTM D 4304 : 2017 Standard Specification for Mineral and Synthetic Lubricating Oil Used in Steam or Gas Turbines
    ASTM D 4859 : 2013 Standard Specification for Lubricants for Two-Stroke-Cycle Spark-Ignition Gasoline Engines-TC (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 4504 : 1994 : R2018 Standard Specification for Molded Polyethylene Open-Head-Pails for Industrial Shipping of Nonhazardous Goods

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 6300 : 2020 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM E 563 : 1997 Standard Practice for Preparation and Use of an Ice-Point Bath as a Reference Temperature
    ASTM D 396 : 2020 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 1217 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 396 : 1998 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 6299 : 2021 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 1480 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 1217 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 1480 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer
    ASTM D 2162 : 2017 Standard Practice for Basic Calibration of Master Viscometers and Viscosity Oil Standards
    ASTM D 7962 : 2021 Standard Practice for Determination of Minimum Immersion Depth and Assessment of Temperature Sensor Measurement Drift
    ASTM D 6300 : 2021 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6300 : 2019 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6300 : 2020 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    AS 3568:2020 Oils for reducing the viscosity of bituminous binders for pavements
    ASTM D 6299 : 2019 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6300 : 2020 : REV B Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6617 : 2021 Standard Practice for Laboratory Bias Detection Using Single Test Result from Standard Material
    ASTM D 6708 : 2001 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of the Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6708 : 2021 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 6300 : 1999 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2020 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 396 : 2021 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 396 : 2009 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 6299 : 2020 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 2162 : 2021 Standard Practice for Basic Calibration of Master Viscometers and Viscosity Oil Standards
    ASTM E 77 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Inspection and Verification of Thermometers
    ASTM D 6708 : 2019 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 7962 : 2017 Standard Practice for Determination of Minimum Immersion Depth and Assessment of Temperature Sensor Measurement Drift
    ASTM D 6617 : 2017 Standard Practice for Laboratory Bias Detection Using Single Test Result from Standard Material
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