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  • ASTM D 4483 : 1999

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Practice for Determining Precision for Test Method Standards in the Rubber and Carbon Black Industries

    Available format(s): 

    Superseded date:  11-11-2014

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  10-11-1999

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1 This practice presents guidelines for preparing clear, meaningful precision statements for test method standards under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-11 on Rubber Testing and for ASTM Committee D-24 on Carbon Black Testing. It explains the potential uses for standard test methods and gives the requirements for interlaboratory programs needed in precision formulation, the calculation algorithms for precision, and the format for expressing precision.

    1.2 Test methods are used in many ways in technology. This broad usage requires careful consideration in assessing their general precision and, where pertinent, their accuracy. Clearly outlining the objectives and the uses of test methods prior to the determination of test precision is essential. A critical requirement for this is the development of a standardized nomenclature system. This practice addresses these and other issues important in evaluating precision for test method standards.

    1.3 This practice is divided into the following sections:

    Section Terminology 3 Significance and Use 4 General Principles 5 Organizing an Interlaboratory Precision Program 6 Analysis Concepts for Interlaboratory Test Data 7 Calculating the Precision Parameters 8 Format for Precision and Bias Section (Clause) of Standard 9 Statistical Model for Precision Testing Annex A1 Practice E 691 Calculations for Cell Average Outliers: h-values AnnexA2 Practice E 691 Calculations for Cell Standard Deviation Outliers: Annex A3 k-values Establishing a Functional Relationship Between r, R, and M Annex A4 Procedure for Carbon Black Precision Evaluation Annex A5 Spreadsheet Calculation Formulas for Precision Parameters Annex A6 An Example of Precision Calculation-Mooney Viscosity Annex A7

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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    Committee D 11
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 3265 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Tint Strength
    ASTM D 5230 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Automated Individual Pellet Hardness
    ASTM D 7679 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Sulfur Content in Carbon Black Feedstock Oils
    ASTM D 6085 : 1997 : R2016 Standard Practice for Sampling in Rubber Testing—Terminology and Basic Concepts
    ASTM D 1512 : 2015 : REV B Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—pH Value
    ASTM D 380 : 1994 : R2012 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Hose
    ASTM D 6284 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Effect of Aqueous Solutions with Available Chlorine and Chloramine
    ASTM C 1187 : 2015 Standard Guide for Establishing Surveillance Test Program for Boron-Based Neutron Absorbing Material Systems for Use in Nuclear Fuel Storage Racks In a Pool Environment
    ASTM D 4578 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Chemicals—Determination of Percent Sulfur by Extraction
    ASTM D 6049 : 2003 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Measurement of the Viscous and Elastic Behavior of Unvulcanized Raw Rubbers and Rubber Compounds by Compression Between Parallel Plates
    ASTM D 6124 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Residual Powder on Medical Gloves
    ASTM D 4934 : 2002 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials: 2-Benzothiazyl Sulfenamide Accelerators—Insolubles
    ASTM D 6370 : 1999 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry (TGA)
    ASTM D 4936 : 2010 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Mercaptobenzothiazole Sulfenamide Assay by Reduction/Titration
    ASTM D 3314 : 2002 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Chemical Analysis for Polystyrene Blocks In SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) and Styrene-Reinforced Latices
    ASTM D 926 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Plasticity and Recovery (Parallel Plate Method)
    ASTM D 7121 : 2005 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience Using Schob Type Rebound Pendulum
    ASTM D 1630 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Abrasion Resistance (Footwear Abrader)
    ASTM D 3188 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of IIR (Isobutene-Isoprene Rubber)
    ASTM D 1508 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black, Pelleted Fines and Attrition
    ASTM D 7427 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Immunological Measurement of Four Principal Allergenic Proteins (Hev b 1, 3, 5 and 6.02) in Hevea Natural Rubber and Its Products Derived from Latex
    ASTM D 945 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Properties in Compression or Shear (Mechanical Oscillograph)
    ASTM F 421 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Measuring Groove and Void Depth in Passenger Car Tires
    ASTM F 1806 : 2014 Standard Practice for Tire Testing Operations–Basic Concepts and Terminology for Reference Tire Use
    ASTM D 1514 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Sieve Residue
    ASTM D 1513 : 2005 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black, Pelleted—Pour Density
    ASTM D 5051 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials—Benzothiazyl Disulfide (MBTS)—Assay
    ASTM D 3484 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of Oil-Extended Solution BR (Polybutadiene Rubber)
    ASTM D 5774 : 1995 : R2019 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Chemical Analysis of Extractables
    ASTM D 2632 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience by Vertical Rebound
    ASTM F 1957 : 1999 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Composite Foam Hardness-Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 1414 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Rubber O-Rings
    ASTM D 6515 : 2000 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Rubber Shaft Seals Determination of Recovery From Bending
    ASTM D 7662 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Carbon Content in Carbon Black Feedstock Oils
    ASTM D 5668 : 2009 : R2014 Standard Test Methods for Rubber From Synthetic Sources—Volatile Matter
    ASTM D 5902 : 2005 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Determination of Residual Unsaturation in Hydrogenated Nitrile Rubber (HNBR) by Iodine Value
    ASTM D 471 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Effect of Liquids
    ASTM D 5964 : 2016 Standard Practice for Rubber IRM 901, IRM 902, and IRM 903 Replacement Oils for ASTM No. 1, ASTM No. 2, ASTM No. 3 Oils, and IRM 905 formerly ASTM No. 5 Oil
    ASTM D 7605 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Thermoplastic Elastomers—Measurement of Polymer Melt Rheological Properties and Congealed Dynamic Properties Using Rotorless Shear Rheometers
    ASTM D 6204 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Measurement of Unvulcanized Rheological Properties Using Rotorless Shear Rheometers
    ASTM D 3191 : 2010 : R2014 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black in SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber)—Recipe and Evaluation Procedures
    ASTM D 7854 : 2018 : REV C Standard Test Method for Carbon Black-Void Volume at Mean Pressure
    ASTM D 1618 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black Extractables—Transmittance of Toluene Extract
    ASTM D 1937 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black, Pelleted—Mass Strength
    ASTM D 1619 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—Sulfur Content
    ASTM D 5963 : 2004 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Abrasion Resistance (Rotary Drum Abrader)
    ASTM D 4571 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Compounding Materials—Determination of Volatile Material
    ASTM D 623 : 2007 : R2014 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Heat Generation and Flexing Fatigue In Compression
    ASTM D 7558 : 2009 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Colorimetric/Spectrophotometric Procedure to Quantify Extractable Chemical Dialkyldithiocarbamate, Thiuram, and Mercaptobenzothiazole Accelerators in Natural Rubber Latex and Nitrile Gloves
    ASTM F 414 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Energy Absorbed by a Tire When Deformed by Slow-Moving Plunger
    ASTM D 1646 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Viscosity, Stress Relaxation, and Pre-Vulcanization Characteristics (Mooney Viscometer)
    ASTM D 4574 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Compounding Materials—Determination of Ash Content
    ASTM D 1510 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Iodine Adsorption Number
    ASTM D 4678 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Rubber—Preparation, Testing, Acceptance, Documentation, and Use of Reference Materials
    ASTM D 5376 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials—Determination of the Basic Nitrogen Content in Rubber Antioxidant: Polymerized TMQ
    ASTM D 3192 : 2009 : R2019 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black Evaluation in NR (Natural Rubber)
    ASTM D 3848 : 2003 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of NBR (Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Copolymers) Mixed With Carbon Black
    ASTM D 750 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Practice for Rubber Deterioration Using Artificial Weathering Apparatus
    ASTM D 2084 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Vulcanization Using Oscillating Disk Cure Meter
    ASTM D 4986 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Horizontal Burning Characteristics of Cellular Polymeric Materials
    ASTM D 5666 : 1995 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemical Antidegradants—Purity of p-Phenylenediamine (PPD) Antidegradants by High Performance Liquid Chromatography
    ASTM D 6845 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Silica, Precipitated, Hydrated—CTAB (Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide) Surface Area
    ASTM D 2228 : 2004 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Relative Abrasion Resistance by Pico Abrader Method
    ASTM D 1991 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemicals—2-Mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT)—Assay
    ASTM D 3568 : 2003 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of EPDM (Ethylene Propylene Diene Terpolymers) Including Mixtures With Oil
    ASTM D 2240 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 3187 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of NBR (Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Rubber)
    ASTM D 624 : 2000 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Tear Strength of Conventional Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers
    ASTM D 6924 : 2003 : R2017 Standard Specification for Preformed Thermoplastic Vulcanizate Elastomeric Joint Seals for Bridges
    ASTM D 6600 : 2000 : R2017 Standard Practice for Evaluating Test Sensitivity for Rubber Test Methods
    ASTM D 4937 : 1996 : R2017 Standard Test Method for p-Phenylenediamine Antidegradants Purity by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 378 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Test Methods for Rubber (Elastomeric) Conveyor Belting, Flat Type
    ASTM D 3493 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Oil Absorption Number of Compressed Sample (COAN)
    ASTM D 7724 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Non-Dispersible Matter by Mechanical Flushing (NDM)
    ASTM F 623 : 2019 Standard Performance Specification for Foley Catheter
    ASTM D 6499 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Immunological Measurement of Antigenic Protein in Hevea Natural Rubber (HNR) and its Products
    ASTM D 1917 : 2003 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Shrinkage of Raw and Compounded Hot-Polymerized Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR)
    ASTM D 5044 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials—Free 2-Mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) in Benzothiazyl Disulfide (MBTS)
    ASTM D 6281 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Airborne Asbestos Concentration in Ambient and Indoor Atmospheres as Determined by Transmission Electron Microscopy Direct Transfer (TEM)
    ASTM D 3900 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Determination of Ethylene Units in Ethylene-Propylene Copolymers (EPM) and in Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Terpolymers (EPDM) by Infrared Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1415 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—International Hardness
    ASTM D 4026 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber Latex—Styrene-Butadiene Copolymer—Determination of Residual Styrene
    ASTM D 4572 : 1989 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemicals—Wet Sieve Analysis of Sulfur
    ASTM D 3958 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of BIIR and CIIR (Halogenated Isobutene—Isoprene Rubber)
    ASTM D 2663 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—Dispersion in Rubber
    ASTM D 7771 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzo-α-Pyrene (BaP) Content in Carbon Black
    ASTM D 297 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Products—Chemical Analysis
    ASTM D 572 : 2004 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Deterioration by Heat and Oxygen
    ASTM D 1229 : 2003 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Compression Set at Low Temperatures
    ASTM D 1076 : 2015 Standard Specification for Rubber—Concentrated, Ammonia Preserved, Creamed, and Centrifuged Natural Latex
    ASTM D 531 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Pusey and Jones Indentation
    ASTM D 1278 : 1991 : REV A : R2015 Standard Test Methods for Rubber from Natural Sources—Chemical Analysis
    ASTM D 395 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Compression Set
    ASTM D 6601 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Rubber Properties—Measurement of Cure and After-Cure Dynamic Properties Using a Rotorless Shear Rheometer
    ASTM D 4569 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials—Determination of Acidity in Sulfur
    ASTM D 4482 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Extension Cycling Fatigue
    ASTM D 454 : 2004 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber Deterioration by Heat and Air Pressure
    ASTM D 6556 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Total and External Surface Area by Nitrogen Adsorption
    ASTM D 3492 : 2016 Standard Specification for Rubber Contraceptives (Male Condoms)
    ASTM D 3186 : 2007 : R2016 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) Mixed With Carbon Black or Carbon Black and Oil
    ASTM D 7772 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black Extractables – Absorbance of Cyclohexane Extract
    ASTM D 813 : 2007 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Rubber Deterioration—Crack Growth
    ASTM D 6047 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Rubber, Raw—Determination of 5-Ethylidenenorbornene (ENB) or Dicyclopentadiene (DCPD) in Ethylene-Propylene-Diene (EPDM) Terpolymers
    ASTM D 4527 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Solvent Extractables
    ASTM D 751 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics
    ASTM D 5099 : 2008 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Measurement of Processing Properties Using Capillary Rheometry
    ASTM D 5712 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Aqueous Extractable Protein in Latex, Natural Rubber, and Elastomeric Products Using the Modified Lowry Method
    ASTM D 6147 : 1997 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomer—Determination of Force Decay (Stress Relaxation) in Compression
    ASTM D 1511 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Pellet Size Distribution
    ASTM D 4573 : 2003 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemicals—Determination of Oil Content in Oil-Treated Sulfur
    ASTM D 5289 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Vulcanization Using Rotorless Cure Meters
    ASTM D 3185 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) Including Mixtures With Oil
    ASTM D 3189 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of Solution BR (Polybutadiene Rubber)
    ASTM D 1329 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Rubber Property—Retraction at Lower Temperatures (TR Test)
    ASTM D 1509 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—Heating Loss
    ASTM D 4004 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Determination of Metal Content by Flame Atomic Absorption (AAS) Analysis
    ASTM D 991 : 1989 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Volume Resistivity Of Electrically Conductive and Antistatic Products
    ASTM D 5670 : 1995 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Determination of Residual Unsaturation in Hydrogenated Nitrile Rubber (HNBR) by Infrared Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 3190 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Evaluation of Chloroprene Rubber (CR)
    ASTM D 3403 : 2007 : R2016 Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of IR (Isoprene Rubber)
    ASTM D 5775 : 1995 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Determination of Bound Styrene in Styrene Butadiene Rubber by Refractive Index
    ASTM D 6746 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Green Strength and Stress Relaxation of Raw Rubber or Unvulcanized Compounds
    ASTM D 4075 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Compounding Materials—Flame Atomic Absorption Analysis—Determination of Metals
    ASTM D 5297 : 1995 : R2019 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Chemical Accelerator—Purity by High Performance Liquid Chromatography
    ASTM D 412 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
    ASTM D 573 : 2004 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Deterioration in an Air Oven
    ASTM D 1417 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Latices—Synthetic
    ASTM D 1506 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—Ash Content
    ASTM D 3346 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Processability of Emulsion SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) With the Mooney Viscometer (Delta Mooney)
    ASTM D 6915 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Carbon Black—Evaluation of Standard Reference Blacks
    ASTM D 2414 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Oil Absorption Number (OAN)
    ASTM D 7633 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Carbon Content
    ASTM D 575 : 1991 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Properties in Compression
    ASTM D 865 : 2011 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Deterioration by Heating in Air (Test Tube Enclosure)
    ASTM D 430 : 2006 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration—Dynamic Fatigue
    ASTM F 1112 : 2006 : REV A : R2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Static Testing of Tubeless Pneumatic Tires for Rate of Loss of Inflation Pressure
    ASTM D 3616 : 1995 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Determination of Gel, Swelling Index, and Dilute Solution Viscosity
    ASTM D 1993 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Precipitated Silica-Surface Area by Multipoint BET Nitrogen Adsorption
    ASTM D 3184 : 2011 : R2018 Standard Practice for Rubber—Evaluation of NR (Natural Rubber)
    ASTM D 2137 : 2011 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Brittleness Point of Flexible Polymers and Coated Fabrics
    ASTM D 1053 : 1992 : REV A : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Stiffening at Low Temperatures: Flexible Polymers and Coated Fabrics
    ASTM D 1519 : 1995 : R2019 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Chemicals—Determination of Melting Range
    ASTM D 8016 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Silica, Precipitated, Hydrated—Sears Number
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