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  • ASTM D 6074 : 2015

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    Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-04-2015

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This guide suggests physical, chemical, and toxicological test methods for characterizing hydrocarbon lubricant base oils derived from various refining processes including re-refining used oils and refining crude oil.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This guide suggests physical, chemical, and toxicological test methods for characterizing hydrocarbon lubricant base oils derived from various refining processes including re-refining used oils and refining crude oil. This guide does not contain limits nor does it purport to cover all tests which could be employed; rather, it represents the first step in better describing important parameters of lubricant base oils affecting lubricant performance and safe handling. Tests have been identified to characterize the composition and performance of base oils in addition to verifying their consistency. Undesirable components have also been identified with a range of typical levels. These are not limits. It is the responsibility of the buyer and seller to determine and agree upon the implementation of this guide.

    1.2This guide applies only to base oils and not to finished lubricants.

    1.3Base oils containing detectable levels of esters, animal fats, vegetable oils, or other materials used as, or blended into, lubricants are not covered by this guide.

    1.4This guide is relevant to base oils composed of hydrocarbons and intended for use in formulating products including automotive and industrial lubricants. Although not intended to cover all base oil viscosity grades, this guide does cover the majority of viscosities that would be used in both automotive and industrial oil formulations. These base oils would typically have a viscosity of approximately 2 mm2/s to 40 mm2/s (cSt) at 100 °C (50 SUS to 3740 SUS at 100 °F).

    1.5The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 445 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4175 : 2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2014 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 2622 : 1992 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by X-Ray Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7751 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
    ASTM D 6749 : 2002 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Air Pressure Method)
    ASTM D 2161 : 2005 Standard Practice for Conversion of Kinematic Viscosity to Saybolt Universal Viscosity or to Saybolt Furol Viscosity
    ASTM D 2896 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 91 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Precipitation Number of Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5453 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
    ASTM D 2896 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 974 : 2014 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 974 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration
    ASTM D 4929 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 7095 : 2004 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Rapid Determination of Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products Using a Disposable Copper Foil Strip
    ASTM D 6417 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Engine Oil Volatility by Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2622 : 1987 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by X-Ray Spectrometry
    ASTM D 2161 : 2019 Standard Practice for Conversion of Kinematic Viscosity to Saybolt Universal Viscosity or to Saybolt Furol Viscosity
    ASTM D 6892:2003 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Robotic Tilt Method)
    ASTM D 4175 : 2005 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5950 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)
    ASTM D 5949 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Pressure Pulsing Method)
    ASTM D 5984 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Semi-Quantitative Field Test Method for Base Number in New and Used Lubricants by Color-Indicator Titration
    ASTM D 4291 : 2004 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Trace Ethylene Glycol in Used Engine Oil
    ASTM D 1401 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Water Separability of Petroleum Oils and Synthetic Fluids
    ASTM D 5800 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
    ASTM D 3828 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
    ASTM D 3120 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry
    ASTM D 6892 : 2003 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Robotic Tilt Method)
    ASTM D 7419 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Aromatics and Total Saturates in Lube Basestocks by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with Refractive Index Detection
    ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 5800 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
    ASTM D 2501 : 1991 : R2000 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
    ASTM D 6822 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Thermohydrometer Method
    ASTM D 4951 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM E 1687 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determining Carcinogenic Potential of Virgin Base Oils in Metalworking Fluids
    ASTM D 2007 : 2003 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay-Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
    ASTM D 4530 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Determination of Carbon Residue (Micro Method)
    ASTM D 3120 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry
    ASTM D 2161 : 2010 Standard Practice for Conversion of Kinematic Viscosity to Saybolt Universal Viscosity or to Saybolt Furol Viscosity
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6160 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 5453 : 2008 : REV B Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
    ASTM D 5453 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Motor Fuels and Oils by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
    ASTM D 4929 : 2007 : R2014 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 5762 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Nitrogen in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Boat-Inlet Chemiluminescence
    ASTM D 7042 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 5185 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4629 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 2161 : 1982 Standard Method for Conversion of Kinematic Viscosity to Saybolt Universal Viscosity or to Saybolt Furol Viscosity
    ASTM D 6417 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Engine Oil Volatility by Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6375 : 2009 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) Noack Method
    ASTM D 4927 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6375 : 1999 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) Noack Method
    ASTM D 4052 : 1996 : R2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 4739 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Base Number Determination by Potentiometric Titration
    ASTM D 3828 : 2012 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
    ASTM D 7042 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 5800 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
    ASTM D 3828 : 1998 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Tester
    ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV B Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 5453 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Motor Fuels and Oils by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
    ASTM E 1687 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Determining Carcinogenic Potential of Virgin Base Oils in Metalworking Fluids
    ASTM D 2270 : 2010 Standard Practice for Calculating Viscosity Index From Kinematic Viscosity at 40 and 100°C
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6481 : 1999 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Calcium, and Zinc in Lubrication Oils by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4951 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 3339 : 1995 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Semi-Micro Color Indicator Titration
    ASTM D 2161 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Conversion of Kinematic Viscosity to Saybolt Universal Viscosity or to Saybolt Furol Viscosity
    ASTM D 2007 : 2003 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay-Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
    ASTM D 5800 : 2000 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
    ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5453 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
    ASTM D 4294 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4052 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 4530 : 2015 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Carbon Residue (Micro Method)
    ASTM D 3828 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
    ASTM D 5950 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)
    ASTM D 2887 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6304:2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 4927 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 1401 : 2018 : REV B Standard Test Method for Water Separability of Petroleum Oils and Synthetic Fluids
    ASTM D 4175 : 2009 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5293 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Engine Oils and Base Stocks Between 5 and 35°C Using Cold-Cranking Simulator
    ASTM D 4929 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 5762 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Nitrogen in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Boat-Inlet Chemiluminescence
    ASTM D 3828 : 2016 : REV A : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
    ASTM D 7042 : 2016 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 5762 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Nitrogen in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Boat-Inlet Chemiluminescence
    ASTM D 2622 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4628 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6481 : 1999 : R2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Calcium, and Zinc in Lubrication Oils by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6304 : 2004 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
    ASTM D 4927 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6160 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4291 : 2004 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Trace Ethylene Glycol in Used Engine Oil
    ASTM D 4929 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 4927 : 1996 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 1401 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Water Separability of Petroleum Oils and Synthetic Fluids
    ASTM D 5185 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 5293 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Engine Oils and Base Stocks Between –10 °C and –35 °C Using Cold-Cranking Simulator
    ASTM D 1500 : 2004 Standard Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)
    ASTM D 7094 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Modified Continuously Closed Cup (MCCCFP) Tester
    ASTM D 4629 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 7042 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 4 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 3828 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
    ASTM D 4059 : 2000 : R2005 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Insulating Liquids by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1401 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Water Separability of Petroleum Oils and Synthetic Fluids
    ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 3 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7346 : 2007 Standard Test Method for No Flow Point of Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5949 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Pressure Pulsing Method)
    ASTM D 1298 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 4059 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Insulating Liquids by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4052 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5453 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
    ASTM D 5984 : 1997 : R2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Semi-Quantitative Field Test Method for Base Number in New and Used Lubricants by Color-Indicator Titration
    ASTM D 7094 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Modified Continuously Closed Cup (MCCCFP) Tester
    ASTM D 5185 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 1401 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Water Separability of Petroleum Oils and Synthetic Fluids
    ASTM D 1298 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 4628 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc In Unused Lubricating Oils By Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1298 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 2896 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 4629 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 2622 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7042 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 4628 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc In Unused Lubricating Oils By Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4175 : 2018 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5800 : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
    ASTM D 7500 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Distillates and Lubricating Base Oils—in Boiling Range from 100 °C to 735 °C by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2007 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay-Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
    ASTM D 6304 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration (Withdrawn 2016)
    ASTM D 5984 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Semi-Quantitative Field Test Method for Base Number in New and Used Lubricants by Color-Indicator Titration
    ASTM D 974 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration
    ASTM D 6304 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
    ASTM D 1298 : 1999 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 5800 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
    ASTM D 2007 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay—Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
    ASTM D 5185 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 6160 : 1998 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7279 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 6375 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) Noack Method
    ASTM D 5762 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Nitrogen in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Boat-Inlet Chemiluminescence
    ASTM D 2896 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 1500 : 2012 Standard Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)
    ASTM D 4175 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7751 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
    ASTM D 5453 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Motor Fuels and Oils by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
    ASTM D 2887 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 5762 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Nitrogen in Liquid Hydrocarbons, Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Boat-Inlet Chemiluminescence
    ASTM D 4628 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6822 : 2012 : REV B Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Thermohydrometer Method
    ASTM D 4175 : 2001 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5950 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)
    ASTM D 6304 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 5800 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
    ASTM D 7346 : 2012 Standard Test Method for No Flow Point and Pour Point of Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6375 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) Noack Method
    ASTM D 7095 : 2004 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Rapid Determination of Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products Using a Disposable Copper Foil Strip
    ASTM D 2887 : 2006 : REV A Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4739 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Base Number Determination by Potentiometric Hydrochloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 3120 : 2008 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry
    ASTM D 5800 : 2003 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
    ASTM D 7042 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 5985 : 1996 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Rotational Method)
    ASTM D 3339 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Semi-Micro Color Indicator Titration
    ASTM D 4175 : 2002 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5800 : 2014 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
    ASTM D 5185 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 2887 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7500 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Distillates and Lubricating Base Oilsin Boiling Range from 100 to 735°C by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 93 : 1990 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Tester
    ASTM D 2270 : 2004 Standard Practice for Calculating Viscosity Index From Kinematic Viscosity at 40 and 100°C
    ASTM D 6481 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Calcium, and Zinc in Lubrication Oils by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 2501 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
    ASTM D 5949 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Pressure Pulsing Method)
    ASTM D 2887 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6160 : 1998 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6304 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
    ASTM D 3828 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester
    ASTM D 7500 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Distillates and Lubricating Base Oilsin Boiling Range from 100 to 735°C by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 445 : 1988 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 1298 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 6304 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
    ASTM D 5453 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
    ASTM D 5293 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Engine Oils and Base Stocks Between –5°C and –35°C Using Cold-Cranking Simulator
    ASTM D 7751 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
    ASTM D 5950 : 2014 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)
    ASTM D 5985 : 2002 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Rotational Method)
    ASTM D 4929 : 1999 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 5950 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Tilt Method)
    ASTM D 5984 : 1997 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Semi-Quantitative Field Test Method for Base Number in New and Used Lubricants by Color-Indicator Titration
    ASTM D 4739 : 2017