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  • ASTM D 6300 : 2021

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    Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  18-05-2021

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This practice covers the necessary preparations and planning for the conduct of interlaboratory programs for the development of estimates of precision (determinability, repeatability, and reproducibility) and of bias (absolute and relative), and further presents the standard phraseology for incorporating such information into standard test methods.

    1.2This practice is generally limited to homogeneous petroleum products, liquid fuels, and lubricants with which serious sampling problems (such as heterogeneity or instability) do not normally arise.

    1.3This practice may not be suitable for products with sampling problems as described in 1.2, solid or semisolid products such as petroleum coke, industrial pitches, paraffin waxes, greases, or solid lubricants when the heterogeneous properties of the substances create sampling problems. In such instances, consult a trained statistician.

    1.4This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 7756 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases by Gas Chromatography with Liquid, On-Column Injection
    ASTM E 1655 : 2017 Standard Practices for Infrared Multivariate Quantitative Analysis
    ASTM D 7220 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 8206 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Lubricating Greases—Rapid Small-Scale Oxidation Test (RSSOT)
    ASTM D 7525 : 2014 : R2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Spark Ignition Fuel—Rapid Small Scale Oxidation Test (RSSOT)
    ASTM D 7806 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) and Triglyceride Content in Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR Transmission Method)
    ASTM D 97 : 2017 : REV B Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2020 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 8368 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Totals of Saturate, Aromatic, Polyaromatic and Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) Content of Diesel Fuel Using Gas Chromatography with Vacuum Ultraviolet Absorption Spectroscopy Detection (GC-VUV)
    ASTM D 6708 : 2019 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 445 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 7212 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Low Sulfur in Automotive Fuels by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using a Low-Background Proportional Counter
    ASTM D 7039 : 2015 : REV A : R2020 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7798 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates with Final Boiling Points up to 538 °C by Ultra Fast Gas Chromatography (UF GC)
    ASTM E 3146 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Carbonyls in Pyrolysis Bio-Oils by Potentiometric Titration
    ASTM D 8267 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Aromatic, Monoaromatic and Diaromatic Content of Aviation Turbine Fuels Using Gas Chromatography with Vacuum Ultraviolet Absorption Spectroscopy Detection (GC-VUV)
    ASTM D 2887 : 2019 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7344 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure (Mini Method)
    ASTM D 7668 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils—Ignition Delay and Combustion Delay Using a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber Method
    ASTM D 2266 : 2001 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Wear Preventive Characteristics of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method)
    ASTM D 7751 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
    ASTM D 8183 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Indicated Cetane Number (ICN) of Diesel Fuel Oils using a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber—Reference Fuels Calibration Method
    ASTM D 7501 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Fuel Filter Blocking Potential of Biodiesel (B100) Blend Stock by Cold Soak Filtration Test (CSFT)
    ASTM D 8383 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Methyl Hydrogen Content of Hydrocarbon Oils by High Resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 8290 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in Aviation Turbine Fuel using Mid-Infrared Laser Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 7687 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Cellular Adenosine Triphosphate in Fuel and Fuel-associated Water With Sample Concentration by Filtration
    ASTM D 6822 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Thermohydrometer Method
    ASTM D 6824 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Filterability of Aviation Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 7622 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Crude Oil Using Combustion and Direct Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Method with Zeeman Background Correction
    ASTM D 1319 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    ASTM D 7847 : 2017 Standard Guide for Interlaboratory Studies for Microbiological Test Methods
    ASTM D 5800 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Oils by the Noack Method
    ASTM D 1552 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by High Temperature Combustion and Infrared (IR) Detection or Thermal Conductivity Detection (TCD)
    ASTM D 7619 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Sizing and Counting Particles in Light and Middle Distillate Fuels, by Automatic Particle Counter
    ASTM D 8071 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbon Group Types and Select Hydrocarbon and Oxygenate Compounds in Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel Using Gas Chromatography with Vacuum Ultraviolet Absorption Spectroscopy Detection (GC-VUV)
    ASTM D 8356 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Sonic Velocity in Manufactured Carbons and Graphite Materials for use in Obtaining Approximate Elastic Constants: Young’s Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson’s Ratio
    ASTM D 56 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester
    ASTM D 8184 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Ferrous Wear Debris Monitoring in In-Service Fluids Using a Particle Quantifier Instrument
    ASTM D 2892 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)
    ASTM D 8148 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Spectroscopic Determination of Haze in Fuels
    ASTM D 2885 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuels by On-Line Direct Comparison Technique
    ASTM D 7621 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrogen Sulfide in Fuel Oils by Rapid Liquid Phase Extraction
    ASTM D 7261 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determining Water Separation Characteristics of Diesel Fuels by Portable Separometer
    ASTM D 3606 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Toluene in Spark Ignition Fuels by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7483 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dynamic Viscosity and Derived Kinematic Viscosity of Liquids by Oscillating Piston Viscometer
    ASTM D 7861 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in Diesel Fuel by Linear Variable Filter (LVF) Array Based Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 8386 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining Enhanced Filter Blocking Tendency (EFBT)
    ASTM D 7463 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) Content of Microorganisms in Fuel, Fuel/Water Mixtures, and Fuel Associated Water
    ASTM D 8150 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil by Distillation Followed by Detection Using Combustion Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 7945 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dynamic Viscosity and Derived Kinematic Viscosity of Liquids by Constant Pressure Viscometer
    ASTM D 8243 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of APS Reductase to Estimate Sulfate Reducing Bacterial Bioburdens in Water – Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Method
    ASTM D 7423 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in C2, C3, C4, and C5 Hydrocarbon Matrices by Gas Chromatography and Flame Ionization Detection
    ASTM D 4741 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measuring Viscosity at High Temperature and High Shear Rate by Tapered-Plug Viscometer
    ASTM D 7060 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Maximum Flocculation Ratio and Peptizing Power in Residual and Heavy Fuel Oils (Optical Detection Method)
    ASTM D 7797 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Content of Aviation Turbine Fuel Using Flow Analysis by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy—Rapid Screening Method
    ASTM D 6259 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation for a Test Method
    ASTM D 2532 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Viscosity and Viscosity Change After Standing at Low Temperature of Aircraft Turbine Lubricants
    ASTM D 5580 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 8110 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Elemental Analysis of Distillate Products by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)
    ASTM D 7279 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 1218 : 2012 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids
    ASTM D 4929 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 1160 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Reduced Pressure
    ASTM D 7620 : 2010 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbon Based Fuels by Continuous Injection, Air Oxidation and Ultraviolet Fluorescence Detection
    ASTM D 2425 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Middle Distillates by Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4012 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) Content of Microorganisms in Water
    ASTM D 3831 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Manganese in Gasoline By Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 1266 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (Lamp Method)
    ASTM D 3244 : 2020 Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
    ASTM D 86 : 2020 : REV B Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
    ASTM D 6792 : 2020 Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 8166 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Sizing and Counting Particulates in Middle Distillate Fuels and Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20) Using Continuous Flow and Bottle Sampler Automatic Particle Condition Monitors
    ASTM D 7778 : 2015 Standard Guide for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM D 4683 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Measuring Viscosity of New and Used Engine Oils at High Shear Rate and High Temperature by Tapered Bearing Simulator Viscometer at 150 °C
    ASTM D 8098 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Permanent Gases in C2 and C3 Hydrocarbon Products by Gas Chromatography and Pulse Discharge Helium Ionization Detector
    ASTM D 6550 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Olefin Content of Gasolines by Supercritical-Fluid Chromatography
    ASTM D 7345 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure (Micro Distillation Method)
    ASTM D 7096 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Boiling Range Distribution of Gasoline by Wide-Bore Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 8274 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil by Portable Rapid Mid-Infrared Analyzer
    ASTM D 7416 : 2009 : R2020 Standard Practice for Analysis of In-Service Lubricants Using a Particular Five-Part (Dielectric Permittivity, Time-Resolved Dielectric Permittivity with Switching Magnetic Fields, Laser Particle Counter, Microscopic Debris Analysis, and Orbital Viscometer) Integrated Tester
    ASTM D 5481 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measuring Apparent Viscosity at High-Temperature and High-Shear Rate by Multicell Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM D 8369 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Detailed Hydrocarbon Analysis by High Resolution Gas Chromatography with Vacuum Ultraviolet Absorption Spectroscopy (GC-VUV)
    ASTM D 7043 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Indicating Wear Characteristics of Non-Petroleum and Petroleum Hydraulic Fluids in a Constant Volume Vane Pump
    ASTM D 7419 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Aromatics and Total Saturates in Lube Basestocks by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with Refractive Index Detection
    ASTM D 8146 : 2018 Standard Guide for Evaluating Test Method Capability and Fitness for Use
    ASTM D 8126 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Efficient Basicity Determination by Potentiometric Hydrochloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 8302 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Cycloparaffin Content in Saturated ATJ-SPK Jet Fuel Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7576 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Total Aromatics in Denatured Fuel Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7236 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester (Ramp Method)
    ASTM D 2500 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels
    ASTM D 6450 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Continuously Closed Cup (CCCFP) Tester
    ASTM D 7042 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 130 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test
    ASTM D 7963 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Contamination Level of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters in Middle Distillate and Residual Fuels Using Flow Analysis by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy—Rapid Screening Method
    ASTM D 7875 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Butanol and Acetone Content of Butanol for Blending with Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM E 2056 : 2004 : R2016 Standard Practice for Qualifying Spectrometers and Spectrophotometers for Use in Multivariate Analyses, Calibrated Using Surrogate Mixtures
    ASTM D 6890 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ignition Delay and Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils by Combustion in a Constant Volume Chamber
    ASTM D 6378 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure (VPX) of Petroleum Products, Hydrocarbons, and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Mixtures (Triple Expansion Method)
    ASTM D 7807 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Hydrocarbon and Sulfur Components of Petroleum Distillates by Gas Chromatography and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 7346 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Test Method for No Flow Point and Pour Point of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels
    ASTM D 7757 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Silicon in Gasoline and Related Products by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 2068 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determining Filter Blocking Tendency

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 29 : 2013 : R2019 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
    ASTM E 456 : 2013 : REV A : R2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
    ASTM D 3244 : 2021 : REV A Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
    ASTM E 691 : 2020 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM E 456 : 2013 : REV A : R2017 : EDT 5 Standard Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
    ASTM D 3244 : 2020 Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
    ASTM E 691 : 2022 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM D 6708 : 2021 Standard Practice for Statistical Assessment and Improvement of Expected Agreement Between Two Test Methods that Purport to Measure the Same Property of a Material
    ASTM D 7915 : 2018 Standard Practice for Application of Generalized Extreme Studentized Deviate (GESD) Technique to Simultaneously Identify Multiple Outliers in a Data Set
    ASTM E 691 : 2021 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM D 3244 : 2021 Standard Practice for Utilization of Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
    ASTM D 3606 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Toluene in Spark Ignition Fuels by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM E 456 : 2013 : REV A : R2017 : EDT 6 Standard Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
    ASTM E 29 : 2022 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
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