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  • ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2016

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100–Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  13-09-2019

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-04-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 05.03, 2018 Defines the determination of individual hydrocarbon components of spark-ignition engine fuels and their mixtures containing oxygenate blends (MTBE, ETBE, ethanol, and so forth) with boiling ranges up to 225 degrees C.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method covers the determination of individual hydrocarbon components of spark-ignition engine fuels and their mixtures containing oxygenate blends (MTBE, ETBE, ethanol, and so forth) with boiling ranges up to 225 °C. Other light liquid hydrocarbon mixtures typically encountered in petroleum refining operations, such as blending stocks (naphthas, reformates, alkylates, and so forth) may also be analyzed; however, statistical data was obtained only with blended spark-ignition engine fuels.

    1.2Based on the cooperative study results, individual component concentrations and precision are determined in the range from 0.01 % to approximately 30 % by mass. The test method may be applicable to higher and lower concentrations for the individual components; however, the user must verify the accuracy if the test method is used for components with concentrations outside the specified ranges.

    1.3This test method also determines methanol, ethanol, t-butanol, methyl t-butyl ether (MTBE), ethyl t-butyl ether (ETBE), and t-amyl methyl ether (TAME) in spark ignition engine fuels in the concentration range from 1 % to 30 % by mass. However, the cooperative study data provided insufficient statistical data for obtaining a precision statement for these compounds.

    1.4Although a majority of the individual hydrocarbons present are determined, some co-elution of compounds is encountered. If this test method is utilized to estimate bulk hydrocarbon group-type composition (PONA), the user of such data should be cautioned that some error will be encountered due to co-elution and a lack of identification of all components present. Samples containing significant amounts of naphthenic (for example, virgin naphthas) constituents above n-octane may reflect significant errors in PONA-type groupings. Based on the gasoline samples in the interlaboratory cooperative study, this test method is applicable to samples containing less than 25 % by mass of olefins. However, some interfering co-elution with the olefins above C7 is possible, particularly if blending components or their higher boiling cuts such as those derived from fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) are analyzed, and the total olefin content may not be accurate. Annex A1 of this test method compares results of the test method with other test methods for selected components, including olefins, and several group types for several interlaboratory cooperative study samples. Although benzene, toulene, and several oxygenates are determined, when doubtful as to the analytical results of these components, confirmatory analyses can be obtained by using the specific test methods listed in the reference section.

    1.4.1Total olefins in the samples may be obtained or confirmed, or both, if necessary, by Test Method D1319 (percent by volume) or other test methods, such as those based on multidimentional PONA-type of instruments.

    1.5If water is or is suspected of being present, its concentration may be determined, if desired, by the use of Test Method D1744 or equivalent. Other compounds containing oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, and so forth, may also be present, and may co-elute with the hydrocarbons. If determination of these specific compounds is required, it is recommended that test methods for these specific materials be used, such as Test Methods D4815 and D5599 for oxygenates, and Test Method D5623 for sulfur compounds, or equivalent.

    1.6The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Development Note Supersedes ASTM D 6623 (12/2002)
    Document Type Test Method
    Product Note Reconfirmed 2016
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 5134 : 2013 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Detailed Analysis of Petroleum Naphthas through n-Nonane by Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 8071 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbon Group Types and Select Hydrocarbon and Oxygenate Compounds in Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel Using Gas Chromatography with Vacuum Ultraviolet Absorption Spectroscopy Detection (GC-VUV)
    ASTM D 2892 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)
    ASTM D 8267 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Saturated Hydrocarbon, Aromatic, and Diaromatic Content of Aviation Turbine Fuels Using Gas Chromatography with Vacuum Ultraviolet Absorption Spectroscopy Detection (GC-VUV)

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5580 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1319 : 1989 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Absorption
    ASTM D 1319 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4815 : 2015 : REV B Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 3700 : 2001 Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder
    ASTM D 3700 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder
    ASTM D 5623 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Sulfur Compounds in Light Petroleum Liquids by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur Selective Detection
    ASTM D 1319 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    ASTM E 1510 : 1995 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5599 : 2000 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection
    ASTM D 1319 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    ASTM D 3700 : 2014 Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder
    ASTM D 1319 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    ASTM D 5623 : 1994 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Sulfur Compounds in Light Petroleum Liquids by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur Selective Detection
    ASTM D 5599 : 2017-06 TEST METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF OXYGENATES IN GASOLINE BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY AND OXYGEN SELECTIVE FLAME IONIZATION DETECTION
    ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 3700 : 1994 Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder
    ASTM D 5599 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection
    ASTM D 5580 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1319 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    ASTM D 5580 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 : R2004 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4626 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Practice for Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Response Factors
    ASTM E 1510 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5623 : 1994 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Sulfur Compounds in Light Petroleum Liquids by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur Selective Detection
    ASTM D 1319 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM E 1510 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs
    ASTM D 4815 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 1319 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    ASTM D 5580 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4815 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4815 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4815 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4815 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4307 : 2017 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Peroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5623 : 1994 : R2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur Compounds in Light Petroleum Liquids by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur Selective Detection
    ASTM D 5599 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection
    ASTM D 5599 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection
    ASTM E 1510 : 1995 Standard Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs
    ASTM D 3700 : 2012 Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder
    ASTM D 4815 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 3700 : 2007 Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder
    ASTM D 5599 : 2000 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 : R2010 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 5580 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4815 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4626 : 1995 : R2015 Standard Practice for Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Response Factors
    ASTM D 4307 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 4626 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Response Factors
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1319 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    ASTM D 5599 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection
    ASTM D 1744 : 1992 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Liquid Petroleum Products by Karl Fischer Reagent (Withdrawn 2000)
    ASTM D 3700 : 2016 Standard Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder
    ASTM D 1319 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4626 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Practice for Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Response Factors
    ASTM D 4815 : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 5623 : 1994 : R1999 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur Compounds in Light Petroleum Liquids by Gas Chromatography and Sulfur Selective Detection
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 : R2015 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1744 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Liquid Petroleum Products by Karl Fischer Reagent (Withdrawn 2016)
    ASTM D 1319 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    ASTM D 5580 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
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