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  • ASTM D 7343 : 2018

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  27-08-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-06-2018

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1 This practice covers information relating to sampling, calibration and validation of X-ray fluorescence instruments for elemental analysis, including all kinds of wavelength dispersive (WDXRF) and energy dispersive (EDXRF) techniques.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This practice covers information relating to sampling, calibration and validation of X-ray fluorescence instruments for elemental analysis, including all kinds of wavelength dispersive (WDXRF) and energy dispersive (EDXRF) techniques. This practice includes sampling issues such as the selection of storage vessels, transportation, and sub-sampling. Treatment, assembly, and handling of technique-specific sample holders and cups are also included. Technique-specific requirements during analytical measurement and validation of measurement for the determination of trace elements in samples of petroleum and petroleum products are described. For sample mixing, refer to Practice D5854. Petroleum products covered in this practice are considered to be a single phase and exhibit Newtonian characteristics at the point of sampling.

    1.2Applicable Test Methods—This practice is applicable to the XRF methods under the jurisdiction of ASTM Subcommittee D02.03 on Elemental Analysis, and those under the jurisdiction of the Energy Institute’s Test Method Standardization Committee (Table 1). Some of these methods are technically equivalent though they may differ in details (Table 2).

    (A)Nadkarni, R. A., Guide to ASTM Test Methods for the Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants, 2nd edition, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2007.

    1.3Applicable Fluids—This practice is applicable to petroleum and petroleum products with vapor pressures at sampling and storage temperatures less than or equal to 101 kPa (14.7 psi). Use Practice D4057 or IP 475 to sample these materials. Refer to Practice D5842 when sampling materials that also require Reid vapor pressure (RVP) determination.

    1.4Non-applicable Fluids—Petroleum products whose vapor pressure at sampling and sample storage conditions are above 101 kPa (14.7 psi) and liquefied gases (that is, LNG, LPG, etc.) are not covered by this practice.

    1.5Sampling Methods—The physical sampling and methods of sampling from a primary source are not covered by this guide. It is assumed that samples covered by this practice are a representative sample of the primary source liquid. Refer to Practice D4057 or IP 475 for detailed sampling procedures.

    1.6The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.8This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4929 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 7757 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Silicon in Gasoline and Related Products by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7455 : 2019 Standard Practice for Sample Preparation of Petroleum and Lubricant Products for Elemental Analysis
    ASTM D 7578 : 2018 Standard Guide for Calibration Requirements for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 8056 : 2018 Standard Guide for Elemental Analysis of Crude Oil
    ASTM D 7039 : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4294 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7751 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
    ASTM D 2622 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 8252 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Vanadium and Nickel in Crude and Residual Oil by X-ray Spectrometry

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 2622 : 1992 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by X-Ray Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7751 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4929 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 2622 : 1987 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by X-Ray Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 7039 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6299 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 7220 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4929 : 2007 : R2014 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 7220 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive, Heating, and Jet Fuels by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4927 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV B Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 7212 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Low Sulfur in Automotive Fuels by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using a Low-Background Proportional Counter
    ASTM D 6334 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence
    ASTM D 6299 : 2009 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6481 : 1999 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Calcium, and Zinc in Lubrication Oils by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4294 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6299 : 2013 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4927 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4929 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 5842 : 2014 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
    ASTM D 2622 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6481 : 1999 : R2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Calcium, and Zinc in Lubrication Oils by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4927 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5854 : 1996 : R2010 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 8127 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Coupled Particulate and Elemental Analysis using X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) for In-Service Lubricants
    ASTM D 4929 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4927 : 1996 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5842 : 2004 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
    ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5854 : 2019 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6445 : 1999 : R2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (Withdrawn 2009)
    ASTM D 2622 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5059 : 1998 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Gasoline by X-Ray Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6334 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence
    ASTM D 7212 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Low Sulfur in Automotive Fuels by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using a Low-Background Proportional Counter
    ASTM D 6334 : 2012 : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 7751 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
    ASTM D 5854 : 1996 : R2005 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5842 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
    ASTM D 6299 : 2000 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6481 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Calcium, and Zinc in Lubrication Oils by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 7751 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
    ASTM D 4929 : 1999 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 6299 : 2016 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 5059 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Gasoline by X-Ray Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4294 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4929 : 2004 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 7212 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Low Sulfur in Automotive Fuels by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using a Low-Background Proportional Counter
    ASTM D 6299 : 2019 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4929 : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2000 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 7212 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Low Sulfur in Automotive Fuels by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using a Low-Background Proportional Counter
    ASTM D 4927 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6334 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence
    ASTM D 2622 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4927 : 2001 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6481 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Calcium, and Zinc in Lubrication Oils by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4294 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5059 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Gasoline by X-Ray Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 7039 : 2015 : REV A : R2020 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7039 : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4294 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 7751 : 2011 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
    ASTM D 7039 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline and Diesel Fuel by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4929 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 6299 : 2020 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 5842 : 2004 : R2009 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
    ASTM D 5059 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Lead and Manganese in Gasoline by X-Ray Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 8127 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Coupled Particulate and Elemental Analysis using X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) for In-Service Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2008 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4294 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5059 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Gasoline by X-Ray Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 7039 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, Jet Fuel, Kerosine, Biodiesel, Biodiesel Blends, and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5854 : 1996 : R2000 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6445 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4927 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4294 : 2008 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6299 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4294 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 7757 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Silicon in Gasoline and Related Products by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6334 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence
    ASTM D 6443 : 1999 Test Method for Determination of Calcium, Chlorine, Copper, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils and Additives by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (Mathematical Correction Procedure)
    ASTM D 2622 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7039 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline and Diesel Fuel by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4929 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 7751 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
    ASTM D 6443 : 2004 : R2010 Test Method for Determination of Calcium, Chlorine, Copper, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils and Additives by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (Mathematical Correction Procedure)
    ASTM D 7751 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by EDXRF Analysis
    ASTM D 2622 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5059 : 2013 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Gasoline by X-Ray Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 7220 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Automotive Fuels by Polarization X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 2622 : 1994 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by X-Ray Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6443 : 2014 : R2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Calcium, Chlorine, Copper, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils and Additives by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (Mathematical Correction Procedure)
    ASTM D 2622 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6443 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Calcium, Chlorine, Copper, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils and Additives by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (Mathematical Correction Procedure)
    ASTM D 6481 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus, Sulfur, Calcium, and Zinc in Lubrication Oils by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4294 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4294 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5854 : 2019 : REV A Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7757 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Silicon in Gasoline and Related Products by Monochromatic Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5842 : 2017 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
    ASTM D 6299 : 2007 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4929 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 4929 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil
    ASTM D 5854 : 1996 : R2015 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4294 : 1990 : R1998 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 2622 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6443 : 2004 Test Method for Determination of Calcium, Chlorine, Copper, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils and Additives by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (Mathematical Correction Procedure)
    ASTM D 6299 : 2002 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
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