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  • ASTM D 7596 : 2014

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    Standard Test Method for Automatic Particle Counting and Particle Shape Classification of Oils Using a Direct Imaging Integrated Tester

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-06-2014

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of particle concentration, particle size distribution, particle shape, and soot content for new and in-service oils used for lubrication and hydraulic systems by a direct imaging integrated tester.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method covers the determination of particle concentration, particle size distribution, particle shape, and soot content for new and in-service oils used for lubrication and hydraulic systems by a direct imaging integrated tester.

    1.1.1The test method is applicable to petroleum and synthetic based fluids. Samples from 2 to 150 mm2/s at 40°C may be processed directly. Samples of greater viscosity may be processed after solvent dilution.

    1.1.2Particles measured are in the range from 4 μm to 70 μm with the upper limit dependent upon passing through a 100 μm mesh inlet screen.

    1.1.3Particle concentration measured may be as high as 5 000 000 particles per mL without significant coincidence error.

    1.1.4Particle shape is determined for particles greater than approximately 20 µm in length. Particles are categorized into the following categories: sliding, cutting, fatigue, nonmetallic, fibers, water droplets, and air bubbles.

    1.1.5Soot is determined up to approximately 1.5 % by weight.

    1.1.6This test method uses objects of known linear dimension for calibration.

    1.2The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 7684 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Guide for Microscopic Characterization of Particles from In-Service Lubricants
    ASTM D 7720 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Guide for Statistically Evaluating Measurand Alarm Limits when Using Oil Analysis to Monitor Equipment and Oil for Fitness and Contamination
    ASTM D 8128 : 2017 Standard Guide for Monitoring Failure Mode Progression in Industrial Applications with Rolling Element Ball Type Bearings

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4175 : 2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2014 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5967 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 2896 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 2896 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6595 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4175 : 2005 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5967 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5967 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 5967 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM G 40 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
    ASTM D 5185 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5967 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5967 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5967 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6304:2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 4175 : 2009 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5967 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 6304 : 2004 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
    ASTM E 2412 : 2010 : R2018 Standard Practice for Condition Monitoring of In-Service Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5185 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 4 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 3 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5967 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 5185 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 2896 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 4175 : 2018 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6304 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration (Withdrawn 2016)
    ASTM D 6304 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
    ASTM D 5185 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 7279 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 2896 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 4175 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6595 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4175 : 2001 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6304 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 4175 : 2002 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5185 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 6304 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
    ASTM D 445 : 1988 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 6304 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
    ASTM D 5967 : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 7279 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7279 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 4175 : 2015 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6304 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 2896 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 5185 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 5 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6595 : 2000 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5967 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7279 : 2014 : REV A Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 2896 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5967 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM G 40 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
    ASTM D 445 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 4177 : 2022 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7279 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 2896 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2008 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Peroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4175 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2016 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5967 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 2896 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 5967 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 6595 : 2000 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4175 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6304 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fisher Titration
    ASTM G 40 : 2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
    ASTM E 2412 : 2010 Standard Practice for Condition Monitoring of Used Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5185 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 445 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 445 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM D 2896 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM E 2412 : 2004 Standard Practice for Condition Monitoring of Used Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5967 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 5967 : 2012 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4175 : 2017 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6595 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4057 : 2022 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5967 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 2896 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 4175 : 2009 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5185 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 7279 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 4177 : 2020 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4175 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2016 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5967 : 2010 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 5185 : 2002 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 7279 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 445 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM G 40 : 2017 Standard Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5967 : 1999 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4175 : 2017 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7279 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids by Automated Houillon Viscometer
    ASTM D 4175 : 2019 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 2896 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4175 : 2015 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4175 : 2008 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
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