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  • ASTM D 8071 : 2017

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbon Group Types and Select Hydrocarbon and Oxygenate Compounds in Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel Using Gas Chromatography with Vacuum Ultraviolet Absorption Spectroscopy Detection (GC-VUV)

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  13-09-2019

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-03-2017

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 05.05, 2018 Defines a standard procedure for the determination of paraffins, isoparaffins, olefins, naphthenes, aromatics, ethanol, and methanol in automotive spark-ignition engine fuels using gas chromatography and vacuum ultraviolet detection (GC-VUV).

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method is a standard procedure for the determination of paraffins, isoparaffins, olefins, naphthenes, aromatics, ethanol, and methanol in automotive spark-ignition engine fuels using gas chromatography and vacuum ultraviolet detection (GC-VUV).

    1.2Concentrations of compound classes and certain individual compounds are determined by percent mass or percent volume.

    1.2.1The method is developed for testing automotive spark-ignition engine fuels having concentrations of approximately 6 % to 17 % by mass paraffins, 24 % to 70 % by mass isoparaffins, 0.1 % to 16 % by mass olefins, 1 % to 14 % by mass naphthenes, and 16 % to 58 % by mass aromatics. Pending confirmation by a full interlaboratory study, the method is projected to be applicable to a wider range of concentrations and matrices. Temporary repeatability has been determined on a limited subset of samples given in 17.1.

    1.3Individual aromatic components and groups of aromatics greater than 0.01 % by mass are determined.

    1.3.1The method is developed for testing automotive spark-ignition engine fuels having concentrations of 0.08 % to 2.2 % by mass benzene, 1.7 % to 15 % by mass toluene, 0.3 % to 3 % by mass ethylbenzene, 1.5 % to 17 % by mass total xylenes, 0.06 % to 0.6 % by mass naphthalene, and 0.06 % to 1.1 % by mass total methylnaphthalenes. Pending confirmation by a full interlaboratory study, the method is projected to be applicable to a wider range of concentrations and matrices. Temporary repeatability has been determined on a limited subset of samples given in Table 8.

    1.4Isooctane (2,2,4-trimethylpentane) content is determined in the range 0.1 % by mass to 22 % by mass.

    1.5Ethanol and methanol may be determined by this test method. Ethanol is determined in the range of 0.1 % by mass to 15.0 % by mass. Methanol is determined in the range of 0.1 % by mass to 1.0 % by mass. Temporary repeatability has been determined on a limited subset of samples containing ethanol given in 17.1. Repeatability for methanol is currently not available.

    1.6Individual hydrocarbon components are typically not baseline-separated by the procedure described in this test method, that is, some components will coelute. The coelutions are resolved at the detector using VUV absorbance spectra and deconvolution algorithms.

    1.7While this test method reports percent mass and percent volume for several specific components that may be present in automotive spark-ignition engine fuel, it does not attempt to speciate all possible components that may occur in automotive spark-ignition engine fuel. In particular, this test method is not intended as a type of detailed hydrocarbon analysis (DHA).

    1.8This test method has been tested for spark-ignition engine fuels; the method may apply to spark-ignition blending streams but has not been extensively tested for such applications.

    1.9Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.10This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6300 : 2013 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV B Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6300 : 2017 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2009 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6300 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2013 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6792 : 2006 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 6792 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 6792 : 2004 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 5842 : 2014 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6300 : 2016 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5842 : 2004 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
    ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2006 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100–Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6300 : 2004 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100–Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6300 : 2019 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5842 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
    ASTM D 6792 : 2004 : REV A Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 : R2004 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 6792 : 2005 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 6299 : 2000 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2016 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6730 : 2001 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100–Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2000 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6300 : 2006 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6792 : 2013 Standard Practice for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 6792 : 2017 Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 6300 : 2014 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6300 : 2015 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6300 : 1999 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6792 : 2007 Standard Practice for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 5842 : 2004 : R2009 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
    ASTM D 4307 : 2017 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 6299 : 2008 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6300 : 2013 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6300 : 2008 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 : R2010 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 6300 : 2003 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6300 : 2007 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4307 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 6300 : 2002 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6792 : 2003 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 6300 : 2016 : REV A Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6792 : 2002 Standard Guide for A Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 6299 : 2007 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 : R2015 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 6300 : 2014 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias Data for Use in Test Methods for Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6730 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6299 : 2002 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
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