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  • ASTM E 1231 : 2015

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures of Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  12-09-2019

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-11-2015

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This practice covers the calculation of hazard potential figures of merit for exothermic reactions, including:(1)Time-to-thermal-runaway,(2)Time-to-maximum-rate,(3)Critical half thickness,(4)Critical temperature,(5)Adiabatic decomposition temperature rise,(6)Explosion potential,(7)Shock sensitivity,(8)Instantaneous power density, and(9)NFPA instability rating.1.2The kinetic parameters needed in this calculation may be obtained from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) curves by methods described in other documents.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This practice covers the calculation of hazard potential figures of merit for exothermic reactions, including:

    (1)Time-to-thermal-runaway,

    (2)Time-to-maximum-rate,

    (3)Critical half thickness,

    (4)Critical temperature,

    (5)Adiabatic decomposition temperature rise,

    (6)Explosion potential,

    (7)Shock sensitivity,

    (8)Instantaneous power density, and

    (9)NFPA instability rating.

    1.2The kinetic parameters needed in this calculation may be obtained from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) curves by methods described in other documents.

    1.3This technique is the best applicable to simple, single reactions whose behavior can be described by the Arrhenius equation and the general rate law. For reactions which do not meet these conditions, this technique may, with caution, serve as an approximation.

    1.4The calculations and results of this practice might be used to estimate the relative degree of hazard for experimental and research quantities of thermally unstable materials for which little experience and few data are available. Comparable calculations and results performed with data developed for well characterized materials in identical equipment, environment, and geometry are key to the ability to estimate relative hazard.

    1.5The figures of merit calculated as described in this practice are intended to be used only as a guide for the estimation of the relative thermal hazard potential of a system (materials, container, and surroundings). They are not intended to predict actual thermokinetic performance. The calculated errors for these parameters are an intimate part of this practice and must be provided to stress this. It is strongly recommended that those using the data provided by this practice seek the consultation of qualified personnel for proper interpretation.

    1.6The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.7There is no ISO standard equivalent to this practice.

    1.8This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 27
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 2160 : 2004 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Heat of Reaction of Thermally Reactive Materials by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 1952 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Diffusivity by Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 1445 : 2008 : R2015 Standard Terminology Relating to Hazard Potential of Chemicals
    ASTM E 2890 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters for Thermally Unstable Materials by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using the Kissinger Method
    ASTM E 1981 : 1998 : R2012 : EDT 2 Standard Guide for Assessing Thermal Stability of Materials by Methods of Accelerating Rate Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2012 : 2006 : R2012 Standard Guide for the Preparation of a Binary Chemical Compatibility Chart
    ASTM E 698 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters for Thermally Unstable Materials Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry and the Flynn/Wall/Ozawa Method

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 2070 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods
    ASTM E 2890 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters for Thermally Unstable Materials by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using the Kissinger Method
    ASTM E 1269 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2890 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters for Thermally Unstable Materials by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using the Kissinger Method
    ASTM E 2041 : 2008 : EDT 1 Standard Method for Estimating Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimeter Using the Borchardt and Daniels Method
    ASTM E 1269 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2716 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Sinusoidal Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2041 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Estimating Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimeter Using the Borchardt and Daniels Method
    ASTM E 1269 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2070 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods
    ASTM E 2041 : 2003 Standard Method for Estimating Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimeter Using the Borchardt and Daniels Method
    ASTM E 2890 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters for Thermally Unstable Materials by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using the Kissinger Method
    ASTM E 1952 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Diffusivity by Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2716 : 2009 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Sinusoidal Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2041 : 1999 Standard Method for Estimating Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimeter Using the Borchardt and Daniels Method
    ASTM E 2041 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Estimating Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimeter Using the Borchardt and Daniels Method
    ASTM E 1952 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Diffusivity by Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2070 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods
    ASTM E 2070 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods
    ASTM E 1269 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2041 : 2001 Standard Method for Estimating Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimeter Using the Borchardt and Daniels Method
    ASTM E 1269 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 1952 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Diffusivity by Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2070 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods
    ASTM E 1269 : 2011 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 1952 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Diffusivity by Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 1952 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Diffusivity by Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
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