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  • ASTM E 1473 : 2016

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    Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Nickel, Cobalt and High-Temperature Alloys

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  27-05-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1These test methods describe the chemical analysis of nickel, cobalt and high-temperature alloys having chemical compositions within the following limits:

    Element

    Composition Range, %

    Aluminum

    0.005

    to

    7.00

    Beryllium

    0.001

    to

    0.05

    Boron

    0.001

    to

    1.00

    Calcium

    0.002

    to

    0.05

    Carbon

    0.001

    to

    1.10

    Chromium

    0.10

    to

    33.00

    Cobalt

    0.10

    to

    75.00

    Copper

    0.01

    to

    35.00

    Iron

    0.01

    to

    50.00

    Lead

    0.001

    to

    0.01

    Magnesium

    0.001

    to

    0.05

    Manganese

    0.01

    to

    3.0

    Molybdenum

    0.01

    to

    30.0

    Niobium (Columbium)

    0.01

    to

    6.0 

    Nickel

    0.10

    to

    98.0

    Nitrogen

    0.001

    to

    0.20

    Phosphorus

    0.002

    to

    0.08

    Sulfur

    0.002

    to

    0.10

    Silicon

    0.01

    to

    5.00

    Tantalum

    0.005

    to

    1.00

    Tin

    0.002

    to

    0.10

    Titanium

    0.01

    to

    5.00

    Tungsten

    0.01

    to

    18.00

    Vanadium

    0.01

    to

    3.25

    Zinc

    0.001

    to

    0.01

    Zirconium

    0.01

    to

    2.50

    1.2The test methods in this standard are contained in the sections indicated as follows:

    Aluminum, Total by the 8-Quinolinol Gravimetric Method
     (0.20 % to 7.00 %)

    53 to 60

    Chromium by the Atomic Absorption Method
     (0.018 % to 1.00 %)

    91 to 100

    Chromium by the Peroxydisulfate Oxidation—Titration Method
     (0.10 % to 33.00 %)

    101 to 109

    Cobalt by the Ion-Exchange-Potentiometric Titration Method
     (2 % to 75 %)

    25 to 32

    Cobalt by the Nitroso-R-Salt Spectrophotometric Method
     (0.10 % to 5.0 %)

    33 to 42

    Copper by Neocuproine Spectrophotometric Method
     (0.010 % to 10.00 %)

    43 to 52

    Iron by the Silver Reduction Titrimetric Method
     (1.0 % to 50.0 %)

    118 to 125

    Manganese by the Metaperiodate Spectrophotometric Method
     (0.05 % to 2.00 %)

    8 to 17

    Molybdenum by the Ion Exchange—8-Hydroxyquinoline
      Gravimetric Method (1.5 % to 30 %)

    110 to 117

    Molybdenum by the Spectrophotometric Method
     (0.01 % to 1.50 %)

    79 to 90

    Nickel by the Dimethylglyoxime Gravimetric Method
     (0.1 % to 84.0 %)

    61 to 68

    Niobium by the Ion Exchange—Cupferron Gravimetric Method
     (0.5 % to 6.0 %)

    126 to 133

    Silicon by the Gravimetric Method (0.05 % to 5.00 %)

    18 to 24

    Tantalum by the Ion Exchange—Pyrogallol Spectrophotometric
     Method (0.03 % to 1.0 %)

    134 to 142

    Tin by the Solvent Extraction-Atomic Absorption Method
     (0.002 % to 0.10 %)

    69 to 78

    1.3Other test methods applicable to the analysis of nickel alloys that may be used in lieu of or in addition to this method are Test Methods E1019, E1834, E1835, E1917, E1938, E2465, E2594, E2823.

    1.4Some of the composition ranges given in 1.1 are too broad to be covered by a single method, and therefore, these test methods contain multiple methods for some elements. The user must select the proper test method by matching the information given in the scope and interference sections of each test method with the composition of the alloy to be analyzed.

    1.5The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Section 7 and in 13.4, 15.1.1, 15.1.2, 21.2, 22.5, 57.3, 114.5, 115.4, 130.4, 130.5, 138.5, and 138.6.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 01
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM B 573 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Specification for Nickel-Molybdenum-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N10003, N10242) Rod
    ASTM B 167 : 2018 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Aluminum Alloys (UNS N06699), Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, N06601, N06603, N06690, N06693, N06025, N06045, and N06696), Nickel-Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N06617), Nickel-Iron-Chromium-Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06674), and Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Copper Alloy (UNS N06235) Seamless Pipe and Tube
    ASTM B 474/B474M : 2019 Standard Specification for Electric Fusion Welded Nickel and Nickel Alloy Pipe
    ASTM B 688 : 2018 Standard Specification for Chromium-Nickel-Molybdenum-Iron (UNS N08367) Plate, Sheet, and Strip
    ASTM B 163 : 2018 Standard Specification for Seamless Nickel and Nickel Alloy Condenser and Heat-Exchanger Tubes
    ASTM B 815 : 2002 : R2016 Standard Specification for Cobalt-Chromium-Nickel-Molybdenum-Tungsten Alloy (UNS R31233) Rod
    ASTM B 564 : 2018 Standard Specification for Nickel Alloy Forgings
    ASTM F 3055 : 2014 : REV A Standard Specification for Additive Manufacturing Nickel Alloy (UNS N07718) with Powder Bed Fusion
    ASTM B 621 : 2002 : R2016 Standard Specification for Nickel-Iron-Chromium-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N08320) Rod
    ASTM B 756 : 2000 : R2016 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Tungsten Alloy(UNS N06110) Rod and Bar (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM B 649 : 2017 Standard Specification for Ni-Fe-Cr-Mo-Cu-N Low-Carbon Alloys (UNS N08925, UNS N08031, UNS N08034, UNS N08354, and UNS N08926), and Cr-Ni-Fe-N Low-Carbon Alloy (UNS R20033) Bar and Wire, and Ni-Cr-Fe-Mo-N Alloy (UNS N08936) Wire
    ASTM B 443 : 2000 : R2014 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Columbium Alloy(UNS N06625) and Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-SiliconAlloy (UNS N06219) Plate, Sheet, and Strip
    ASTM B 805 : 2006 : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Precipitation Hardening Nickel Alloys Bar and Wire
    ASTM B 160 : 2005 : R2019 Standard Specification for Nickel Rod and Bar
    ASTM B 335 : 2003 : R2018 Standard Specification for Nickel-Molybdenum Alloy Rod
    ASTM B 512 : 2004 : R2014 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Silicon Alloy (UNS N08330) Billets and Bars
    ASTM B 719 : 2000 : R2014 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Cobalt-Tungsten-Iron-Silicon Alloy (UNS N06333) Bar
    ASTM B 829 : 2019 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Nickel and Nickel Alloys Seamless Pipe and Tube
    ASTM B 775/B775M : 2019 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Nickel and Nickel Alloy Welded Pipe
    ASTM B 425 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Specification for Ni-Fe-Cr-Mo-Cu Alloy (UNS N08825, UNS N08221, and UNS N06845) Rod and Bar
    ASTM B 574 : 2018 Standard Specification for Low-Carbon Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum, Low-Carbon Nickel-Molybdenum-Chromium, Low-Carbon Nickel-Molybdenum-Chromium-Tantalum, Low-Carbon Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Copper, and Low-Carbon Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Tungsten Alloy Rod
    ASTM B 691 : 2018 Standard Specification for Iron-Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N08367) Rod, Bar, and Wire
    ASTM B 462 : 2018 Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Nickel Alloy Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for Corrosive High-Temperature Service
    ASTM B 936 : 2019 Standard Specification for Copper-Chromium-Iron-Titanium Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip and Rolled Bar
    ASTM B 581 : 2017 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Iron-Molybdenum-Copper Alloy Rod
    ASTM B 751 : 2019 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Nickel and Nickel Alloy Welded Tube
    ASTM B 168 : 2019 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Aluminum Alloys (UNS N06699), Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, N06601, N06603, N06690, N06693, N06025, N06045, and N06696), Nickel-Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N06617), Nickel-Iron-Chromium-Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06674), and Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Copper Alloy (UNS N06235) Plate, Sheet, and Strip
    ASTM B 834 : 2017 Standard Specification for Pressure Consolidated Powder Metallurgy Iron-Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum (UNS N08367), Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Columbium (Nb) (UNS N06625), Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600 and N06690), and Nickel-Chromium-Iron-Columbium-Molybdenum (UNS N07718) Alloy Pipe Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts
    ASTM F 3056 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Additive Manufacturing Nickel Alloy (UNS N06625) with Powder Bed Fusion
    ASTM B 446 : 2019 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Columbium Alloy (UNS N06625), Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Silicon Alloy (UNS N06219), and Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06650) Rod and Bar
    ASTM B 475 : 2007 : R2018 Standard Specification for UNS N08020, UNS N08024, and UNS N08026 Nickel Alloy Round Weaving Wire
    ASTM B 473 : 2007 : R2018 Standard Specification for UNS N08020, UNS N08024, and UNS N08026 Nickel Alloy Bar and Wire
    ASTM B 546 : 2004 : R2014 Standard Specification for Electric Fusion-Welded Ni-Cr-Co-Mo Alloy (UNS N06617), Ni-Fe-Cr-Si Alloys (UNS N08330 and UNS N08332), Ni-Cr-Fe-Al Alloy (UNS N06603), Ni-Cr-Fe Alloy (UNS N06025), and Ni-Cr-Fe-Si Alloy (UNS N06045) Pipe
    ASTM B 872 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Specification for Precipitation-Hardening Nickel Alloys Plate, Sheet, and Strip
    ASTM B 408 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Specification for Nickel-Iron-Chromium Alloy Rod and Bar
    ASTM B 572 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Specification for UNS N06002, UNS N06230, UNS N12160, and UNS R30556 Rod
    ASTM B 804 : 2002 : R2018 Standard Specification for UNS N08367 and UNS N08926 Welded Pipe
    ASTM B 472 : 2018 Standard Specification for Nickel Alloy Billets and Bars for Reforging
    ASTM B 906 : 2019 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Flat-Rolled Nickel and Nickel Alloys Plate, Sheet, and Strip
    ASTM B 511/B511M : 2016 Standard Specification for Nickel-Iron-Chromium-Silicon Alloy Bars and Shapes
    ASTM F 3213 : 2017 Standard for Additive Manufacturing – Finished Part Properties – Standard Specification for Cobalt-28 Chromium-6 Molybdenum via Powder Bed Fusion
    ASTM B 755 : 2000 : R2016 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Tungsten Alloys (UNS N06110) Plate, Sheet, and Strip (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM B 164 : 2003 : R2019 Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy Rod, Bar, and Wire
    ASTM B 672 : 2002 : R2018 Standard Specification for Nickel-Iron-Chromium-Molybdenum-Columbium Stabilized Alloy (UNS N08700) Bar and Wire
    ASTM B 637 : 2018 Standard Specification for Precipitation-Hardening and Cold Worked Nickel Alloy Bars, Forgings, and Forging Stock for Moderate or High Temperature Service
    ASTM B 690 : 2018 Standard Specification for Iron-Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N08367) Seamless Pipe and Tube
    ASTM B 166 : 2019 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Aluminum Alloy, Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys, Nickel-Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy, Nickel-Iron-Chromium-Tungsten Alloy, and Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Copper Alloy Rod, Bar, and Wire
    ASTM B 880 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Chemical Check Analysis Limits for Nickel, Nickel Alloys and Cobalt Alloys
    ASTM B 865 : 2004 : R2015 Standard Specification for Precipitation Hardening Nickel-Copper-Aluminum Alloy (UNS N05500) Bar, Rod, Wire, Forgings, and Forging Stock
    ASTM B 718 : 2000 : R2016 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Cobalt-Tungsten-Iron-Silicon Alloy (UNS N06333) Plate, Sheet, and Strip

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 352 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Tool Steels and Other Similar Medium- and High-Alloy Steels
    ASTM E 1938 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Titanium in Nickel Alloys by Diantipyrylmethane Spectrophotometry
    ASTM E 352 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Tool Steels and Other Similar Medium- and High-Alloy Steels
    ASTM E 29 : 2013 : R2019 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
    ASTM E 1938 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Titanium in Nickel Alloys by Diantipyrylmethane Spectrophotometry
    ASTM E 1917 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorous in Nickel, Ferronickel, and Nickel Alloys by the Phosphovanadomolybdate Molecular Absorption Spectrometric Method
    ASTM E 29 : 2002 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
    ASTM E 1834 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1193 : 1977 : R1983 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM E 2594 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (Performance-Based)
    ASTM E 135 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 354 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
    ASTM E 1019 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel, Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys by Various Combustion and Inert Gas Fusion Techniques
    ASTM E 1834 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Lead in Nickel Alloys by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM E 353 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Stainless, Heat-Resisting, Maraging, and Other Similar Chromium-Nickel-Iron Alloys
    ASTM E 1019 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel and in Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
    ASTM E 2823 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (Performance-Based Method)
    ASTM E 1917 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorous in Nickel, Ferronickel, and Nickel Alloys by Phosphovanadomolybdate Molecular Absorption Spectrometric Method
    ASTM E 60 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry
    ASTM E 2465 : 2011 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Ni-Base Alloys by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM E 135 : 2003 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 1938 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Determination of Titanium in Nickel Alloys by Diantipyrylmethane Molecular Absorption Spectrometric Method
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM E 1601 : 2019 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
    ASTM E 1938 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determination of Titanium in Nickel Alloys by Diantipyrylmethane Molecular Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM E 1917 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus in Nickel, Ferronickel, and Nickel Alloys by Phosphovanadomolybdate Molecular Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM E 1601 : 1998 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
    ASTM E 1019 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel, Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys by Various Combustion and Fusion Techniques
    ASTM E 1938 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Titanium in Nickel Alloys by Diantipyrylmethane Molecular Absorption Spectrometric Method
    ASTM E 1835 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM E 1601 : 2010 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
    ASTM E 2465 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Ni-Base Alloys by X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM E 2594 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (Performance-Based Method)
    ASTM D 1193 : 1991 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM E 135 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 354 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
    ASTM E 1601 : 2012 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
    ASTM E 2465 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Ni-Base Alloys by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM E 1835 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM E 2823 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (Performance-Based)
    ASTM E 2594 : 2009 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (Performance-Based Method)
    ASTM E 354 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
    ASTM E 135 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 135 : 2003 Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 135 : 2003 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 1917 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus in Nickel, Ferronickel, and Nickel Alloys by Phosphovanadomolybdate Spectrophotometry
    ASTM E 1917 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus in Nickel, Ferronickel, and Nickel Alloys by Phosphovanadomolybdate Spectrophotometry
    ASTM E 353 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Stainless, Heat-Resisting, Maraging, and Other Similar Chromium-Nickel-Iron Alloys
    ASTM E 60 : 2011 : R2022 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 1193 : 1970 Standard Specification For Reagent Water
    ASTM E 173 : 1993 Practice for Conducting Interlaboratory Studies of Methods for Chemical Analysis of Metals (Withdrawn 1997)
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM E 1834 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determination of Lead in Nickel Alloys by Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Method
    ASTM E 50 : 1982 : R1986 Standard Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Precautions for Chemical Analysis of Metals
    ASTM D 1193 : 1999 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM E 1834 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM E 1835 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM E 135 : 2020 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 1019 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel and in Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
    ASTM E 1835 : 2014 : R2022 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 : R2018 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM E 1019 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel and in Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
    ASTM E 1019 : 2011 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel, Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys by Various Combustion and Fusion Techniques
    ASTM E 2465 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Ni-Base Alloys by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM E 29 : 2022 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
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